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Sydenham's chorea: A condition which is self limiting and is characterized by involuntary movements. See detailed information below for a list of 5 causes of Sydenham's chorea, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes.
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Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible
causes of Sydenham's chorea as a symptom include:
Sydenham chorea, also called St. Vitus dance, is a childhood movement disorder characterized by rapid,... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Sydenham Chorea Information Page: NINDS)
WHAT: Chorea. Chorea (Sydenham's): a neurological disorder characterized by purposeless, rapid, involuntary movements, emotional lability, and muscular weakness. WHY: Sydenham's chorea is seen in rheumatic fever. The chorea may be associated with other rheumatic manifestations or it may present as the sole expression of rheumatic fever. HOW: Typically, the onset of chorea is gradual, with irritability, uncooperativeness, fits of anger, crying, and inappropriate behavior present before the choreiform movements are noted. The movements are rapid and jerky, unlike the slower, rhythmic motion seen in athetosis. Characteristically, on raising his arms above the head, the patient turns the arms so as to oppose the backs of the hands. The patient is unable to sustain a tetanic muscular contraction. On squeezing an examiner's hand the patient can only provide a repetitive, spasmodic grip which is overly pronated and is similar to the motion of milking a cow (milk-maid's grip). The patient's facial expression alternates between frowning, grinning and grimacing. His tongue darts in and out of his mouth. His speech is slurred and vacillates between a halting and an explosive rhythm. The deep tendon reflexes tend to be pendular, i.e., when the knee jerk is elicited with the patient sitting, the leg swings back and forth four or five times like a pendulum, rather than one or two times as in a normal person. Chorea is most common prior to puberty, and in females. It is occasionally seen in adult women but never in adult men. REFS: 1) Jones criteria (revised) for guidance in the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Circulation 32:664, 1965. 2) Cooper, IS: Involuntary Movement Disorders. New York: Hoeber, 1969.
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Sydenham's chorea is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of
Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH). This means that Sydenham's chorea, or a subtype of Sydenham's chorea,
affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
- (Source - National Institute of Health)
The list below shows some of the causes of Sydenham's chorea mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Sydenham's chorea. Of the 5 causes of Sydenham's chorea that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Sydenham's chorea' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Sydenham's chorea based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Medical Conditions associated with Sydenham's chorea:
Muscle spasms (929 causes), Spasms (2183 causes), Seizures (2418 causes), Movement symptoms (6001 causes), Muscle symptoms (7251 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Nerve symptoms (9132 causes), Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes)
Symptoms related to Sydenham's chorea:
Chorea (119 causes), Muscle spasms (929 causes), Seizures (2418 causes), Clonus (23 causes), Acute rheumatic fever, Rheumatic fever, Streptococcal rheumatic fever, Streptococcus, Streptococcus Group A
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