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Vaginitis is a common condition in which there is inflammation of the vagina resulting in such symptoms as irritation and heavy vaginal discharge. Vaginitis can be caused by an infection or by non-infectious causes.
Infectious causes of vaginitis include a yeast infection caused by the fungus candida. Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginitis caused by an overgrowth of the bacteria gardnerella, which normally live in the vagina. Vaginitis can also be the result of trichomoniasis, which is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a parasite. Other sexually transmitted diseases that can cause vaginitis include chlamydia and genital herpes.
Non-infectious vaginitis is caused by exposure of the female genitals to irritating substances or to allergens, a substance that a women is allergic to. Typical irritants and allergens include perfumed soaps, bubble bath products, douches, detergents, spermicides and vaginal deodorants.
Symptoms of the different types of vaginitis vary depending on the cause but generally result in vaginal irritation, itching and abnormal vaginal discharge. Untreated vaginitis that is caused by a sexually transmitted disease can lead to potentially serious complications. For more information on complications and symptoms, refer to symptoms of vaginitis.
Women at an increased risk of developing vaginitis include women who are sexually active, especially if they do not use condoms. Other women at risk include those who are allergic or sensitive to products or substances that can come in contact with the genitalia, such as detergents, spermicides and perfumes.
Women who are prescribed antibiotics may also be at risk for developing vaginitis. Some antibiotics can cause an imbalance in the normal growth of bacteria and other microorganisms in the vagina, resulting in an overgrowth of candida and a yeast infection.
Making a diagnosis of a vaginitis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. It also includes performing a pelvic exam in which the vagina is examined using a lighted instrument called a speculum. During the exam small samples are taken from the vagina and cervix for culture and sensitivity testing. This and various other tests on the samples are performed to determine if a bacteria, fungus or parasite is causing the infection and to determine the most effective medication to treat it.
If an allergy is suspected to be causing the vaginitis, diagnostic testing may include skin patch testing. In a skin patch test, small amounts of common allergens are applied methodically to the skin to determine what substances are triggering an allergic response.
A diagnosis of vaginitis can easily be missed or delayed, because some women have no symptoms and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of vaginitis.
Treatment of vaginitis varies depending on the cause. Vaginitis caused by a mild allergic reaction or irritation is treated by avoiding the specific product that causes symptoms. In moderate to severe cases, other treatment may be necessary. Vaginitis caused by an infection require medication and other measures. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of vaginitis....more »
A diagnosis of vaginitis can easily be missed or delayed because there may be no symptoms and a woman may be unaware of an infection. Embarrassment and not being honest with a health care provider about specifics, as sexual activity or an abnormal discharge from the vagina or genital itching, can also delay a diagnosis.
The symptoms of various causes of vaginitis can be similar, although ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Vaginitis.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
Home medical tests possibly related to Vaginitis:
Review causes of types of Vaginitis in more specific categories:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Vaginitis, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
The first step in treating vaginitis is prevention. Prevention measures include seeking regular medical care throughout a lifetime. Regular medical care allows a health care professional to best evaluate the risks of catching sexually transmitted diseases that can cause vaginitis and regularly test for them. These measures greatly increase the chances of catching and treating sexually ...Vaginitis Treatments
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Vaginitis may include:
Review further information on Vaginitis Treatments.
Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Vaginitis may include:
Real-life user stories relating to Vaginitis:
The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible
causes of Vaginitis as a symptom.
Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using,
including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Vaginitis may include these symptoms:
Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:
Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Vaginitis:
Read more about causes and Vaginitis deaths.
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Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible
causes of Vaginitis as a symptom include:
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, and it is sometimes accompanied by discharge, odor, pain, itching, or burning. (Source: excerpt from Bacterial Vaginosis (BV): DSTD)
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, odor, irritation, and/or itching. The cause of vaginitis may not always be determined adequately solely on the basis of symptoms or a physical examination. For a correct diagnosis, a doctor should perform laboratory tests including microscopic evaluation of vaginal fluid. A variety of effective drugs are available for treating vaginitis. (Source: excerpt from Vaginitis Due to Vaginal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis symptoms among women of childbearing age. Previously called nonspecific vaginitis or Gardnerella-associated vaginitis, BV is associated with sexual activity. (Source: excerpt from Vaginitis Due to Vaginal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
Vaginal infections are often accompanied by vaginitis, which is an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, irritation, and/or itching. The cause of vaginitis cannot be adequately determined solely on the basis of symptoms or a physical examination. Laboratory tests allowing microscopic evaluation of vaginal fluid are required for a correct diagnosis. A variety of effective drugs are available for treating vaginal infections and accompanying vaginitis. (Source: excerpt from Vaginal Infections & Vaginitis: NWHIC)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis symptoms among women of childbearing age. BV (previously called nonspecific vaginitis) can be transmitted through sexual activity although the organisms responsible also have been found in young women who are not sexually active. (Source: excerpt from Vaginal Infections & Vaginitis: NWHIC)
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge,... (Source: excerpt from Vaginitis Due to Vaginal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
Vaginal infections are often accompanied by vaginitis, which is an inflammation of the vagina... (Source: excerpt from Vaginal Infections & Vaginitis: NWHIC)
Inflammation of the vagina.
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)
Inflammation of the vagina characterized by pain and a purulent discharge.
- (Source - CRISP)
The list below shows some of the causes of Vaginitis mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Vaginitis. Of the 32 causes of Vaginitis that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Vaginitis' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Vaginitis or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have Vaginitis or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Vaginitis based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Medical Conditions associated with Vaginitis:
Vaginal symptoms (443 causes), Female sexual symptoms (505 causes), Sexual symptoms (1838 causes), Genital symptoms (986 causes), Vagina symptoms (443 causes), Female genital symptoms (529 causes), Women's health symptoms (1177 causes), Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes), Infection-related symptoms (1293 causes), Pregnancy symptoms (699 causes), Intercourse symptoms (258 causes), Female reproductive symptoms (928 causes), Mens health symptoms (291 causes)
Symptoms related to Vaginitis:
Vaginal discharge (145 causes), Vaginal itch, Vulvitis (43 causes), Vulvovaginitis (14 causes), Douche allergies, Detergent allergies, Spermicide allergies, Bacterial vaginosis (32 causes), Pelvic inflammatory disease (28 causes), Ovary removal surgery, Vaginal hygiene product allergies, Vaginal cancer, Menopause (18 causes)
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