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Vasculitis

Vasculitis: Introduction

Vasculitis is an inflammation of any of the blood vessels of the body. This includes the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins and venules. Vasculitis can result in many manifestations in any organ or body system and can lead to potentially serious complications, such as heart attack, stroke, aneurysm of the lungs, and arteritis. In some cases vasculitis can be fatal.

Vasculitis can be caused by a number of autoimmune disorders. In an autoimmune disorder the body's immune system sees normal cells and tissues of the body as potentially dangerous invaders and attacks them. Vasculitis can also occur for unknown reasons.

Vasculitis can affect all sizes and types of arteries and veins in the body. This results in a wide variety of symptoms and complications that can affect almost any part of the body. For more information on symptoms, refer to symptoms of vasculitis.

Underlying disorders that can cause vasculitis include Behcet's syndrome, which causes inflammation of blood vessels of nearly all sizes and types. Wegener's granulomatosis affects the sinuses, nose, ears, kidneys, lungs, and trachea. Temporal arteritis affects the temporal artery that is located in the temple area of the head. Polyarteritis nodosa affects the small and medium arteries of the body. Takayasu's arteritis affects large blood vessels, especially the aorta, the largest artery of the body.

Making a diagnosis of vasculitis begins with taking a thorough medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. There is no single test to diagnose vasculitis or its underlying cause. Diagnosis is based on compiling and evaluating symptoms in conjunction with medical history and a variety of tests. Many tests are performed to evaluate general health and help to determine damage to tissues and organs and complications that may be caused by suspected vasculitis.

An angiogram may be done to reveal any narrowing of arteries. Tests may also include a complete blood count (CBC), which can detect infection, anemia, and bleeding. An erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a blood test that can detect if an inflammatory process is occurring in the body. An urinalysis may detect damage to the kidneys. Imaging tests, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, and ultrasound can detect damage that has occurred in many organs. An ECG and echocardiogram can detect damage to the heart. A pulmonary function test can evaluate how well the lungs are functioning.

It is possible that a diagnosis of vasculitis can be missed or delayed because there is no specific diagnostic test for it, and because some symptoms can resemble symptoms of other diseases, disorders, and conditions. For more information on misdiagnosis and disease and conditions that can mimic vasculitis, refer to misdiagnosis of vasculitis.

Treatment of vasculitis varies depending on the underlying disorder, the severity of symptoms, complications, the person's age and medical history, and other factors. Treatment may include medication. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of vasculitis....more »

Vasculitis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of vasculitis may be delayed or missed because there is no specific test to diagnose the disorder. A diagnosis of vasculitis can be difficult to make and requires numerous tests and evaluations before the diagnosis is reached.

In addition, symptoms of vasculitis can be similar to symptoms of many other diseases and conditions. These include influenza, upper respiratory ...more misdiagnosis »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Vasculitis

Home medical tests possibly related to Vasculitis:

Causes of Types of Vasculitis:

Review causes of more specific types of Vasculitis:

Vasculitis: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Vasculitis, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker

Symptom Checker

Vasculitis Treatments

The treatment plan for vasculitis varies depending on the underlying disorder, the severity of symptoms, the presence of complications, a person's age and medical history, and other factors. Vasculitis cannot be cured, but treatment can help to reduce symptoms and minimize the develoment of serious complications, such as meningitis, blindness and aneurysm ...Vasculitis Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Vasculitis may include:

Review further information on Vasculitis Treatments.

Stories from Users for Vasculitis

Real-life user stories relating to Vasculitis:

Vasculitis: Animations

Medications or substances causing Vasculitis:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Vasculitis as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Vasculitis: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Vasculitis may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Vasculitis

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Vasculitis:

Vasculitis: Deaths

Read more about causes and Vasculitis deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Vasculitis

Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, but often fails to be correctly diagnosed. Women...read more »

Vasculitis: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Causes of Vasculitis listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Vasculitis as a symptom include:

Article Excerpts about Vasculitis

Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessel system, which includes the veins, arteries, and capillaries. Vasculitis may affect blood vessels of any type, size, or location, and therefore can cause dysfunction in any organ system, including the central and peripheral nervous systems. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Vasculitis including Temporal Arteritis Information Page: NINDS)

Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessel system, which... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Vasculitis including Temporal Arteritis Information Page: NINDS)

Definitions of Vasculitis:

Inflammation of a blood vessel.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Inflammation of a blood vessel
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Inflammation of a blood vessel.
- (Source - CRISP)

Detailed list of causes of Vasculitis

The list below shows some of the causes of Vasculitis mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Vasculitis?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Vasculitis. Of the 65 causes of Vasculitis that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 5 causes are "common" diseases
  • 3 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 1 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 4 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 57 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Vasculitis:

The following list of conditions have 'Vasculitis' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Vasculitis or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Vasculitis:

The following list of medical conditions have Vasculitis or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Causes of Vasculitis Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Vasculitis based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    What are the alternative names for Vasculitis:

    Angiitides, Angiitis, Arteritis, Vasculitides
    - (Source - Diseases Database)

    Classifications of Vasculitis:

    Medical Conditions associated with Vasculitis:

    Blood vessel symptoms (480 causes), Circulatory system symptoms (1579 causes), Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes)

    Symptoms related to Vasculitis:

    Vein symptoms (68 causes), Red veins, Vein inflammation, Phlebitis (42 causes), Allopurinol, Behcet's disease (2 causes), C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency, Cefaclor, Cholesterol embolism, Churg-Strauss syndrome, Degos' disease, Factor H deficiency, Granulocyte colony stimulating factor

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Vasculitis:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:

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