Glossary for Abdominal distention
Medical terms related to Abdominal distention or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal fullness: The sensation of fullness located in the abdomen
- Abdominal mass: Abdominal swelling with hard mass felt
- Abdominal pain: Pain in the abdominal area or stomach.
- Abdominal swelling: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
- Accessory navicular bone: An abnormal bone that develops in the arch in the middle of the foot. Often there are no symptoms but if the bone is large it may rub against shoes and cause problems.
- Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
- Ascites: The presence of serous fluid within the abdominal cavity
- Blind loop syndrome: A rare intestinal defect where there is a small loop in the intestines that allow digesting material to enter but not exit. The symptoms are variable depending on the size and location of the pouch.
- CML-Like Syndrome, Familial: A very rare condition characterized by symptom similar to myelocytic leukemia that develop during infancy. The condition can result in death during the first years of life.
- Chylous ascites: A rare disorder involving obstruction of the drainage of the abdominal lymph glands which results in abdominal accumulation of milky white fluid.
- Cirrhosis of liver: diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules
- Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
- Colonic volvulus: Twisting of the colon.
- Congenital hepatic porphyria: A rare congenital disorder where there is an excess of porphyrin (pigments) in the body. The liver is responsible for making porpyrins.
- Congenital lactase deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where a deficiency of an enzyme called lactase impairs the body's ability to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of lactase deficiency.
- Congenital megacolon: A rare condition similar to Hirschsprung's disease where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through. Congenital megacolon differs from Hirschsprung's disease in that the whole colon tends to be dilated.
- Congenital short bowel: A rare birth defect where the bowel is abnormally short. A short bowel can impair the body's ability to absorb enough nutrients and hence result in malabsorption.
- Congenital tuberculosis: Fetal infection with tuberculosis
- Developmental Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency occurs in premature infants. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
- Diarrhea: Loose, soft, or watery stool.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- End Stage Liver Failure: Late stage of liver failure characterised by the onset of mental and neurological symptoms, due to build up of toxic metabolites.
- Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula: A rare condition characterized by an underdeveloped esophagus where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach. An abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus may or may not also be present. The two abnormalities usually occur together.
- Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula: A rare condition characterized by an abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus as well as an underdeveloped esophagus where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach.
- Familial Lactase Deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where normal amounts of lactase are produced but the lactase is defective and unable to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products.
- Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency: An hereditary condition characterized by a deficiency of lipoprotein lipase
- Familial Mediterranean fever: A rare inherited condition characterized by recurrent fever and inflammation. The inflammation usually involves the stomach, lungs or joints.
- Familial hyperchylomicronemia: A rare inherited inborn error of metabolism involving the absence of the enzyme called lipoprotein lipase which results in increased blood triglyeride and chylomicron levels.
- Familial hyperlipoproteinemia: A group of genetic disorder characterized by abnormal breakdown of lipoproteins which causes abnormal lipoprotein and lipid levels in the blood. There are various types of this condition: hyperlipoproteinemia type I, II, III, IV and V. The type and severity of symptoms vary between types. The disorder tends to run in families (familial).
- Flank mass: A palpable lesion located anatomically in the flanks
- Flatulence: Gas passed from the anus
- Gas/bloat syndrome: Excessive production of gas in the gastrointestinal system which causes bloating. Causes can include gastrointestinal infection, excessive gulping of air, altered diet and malabsorption disorders.
- Gastrointestinal mucormycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the order Mucorales which is normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is very rare and involves infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Gastrointestinal zygomycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the orders Mucorales and Entomophthorales which are normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. The infection differs from mucormycosis which only involves the order Mucorales. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Gastrointestinal zygomycosis involves infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary: A rare type of ovarian tumor which can cause excess estrogen hormone production. The tumor is a low grade malignant tumor.
- Heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
- Helminthiasis: Infection of the human body with a parasitic worm such as roundworms and pinworms. The worms usually only involve the intestinal tract but sometimes they may invade other organs. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the type of worm and the part of the body infected.
- Hepatorenal tyrosinemia: A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver. Type 1 involves a deficiency of the enzyme fumaril acetoacetate hydrolase.
- Hirschsprung -- microcephaly -- cleft palate: A rare disorder characterized by the association of Hirschsprung megacolon, a small head and a cleft palate.
- Hirschsprung disease: congenital disorder of the colon in which the ganglionic nerver cells are absent leading to constipation
- Hirschsprung disease -- polydactyly -- heart disease: A rare disorder characterized by Hirschsprung disease, extra little finger, extra big toe and a heart defect.
- Hirschsprung's disease: A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel.
- Hypokalemia: Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood.
- Hypothyroidism due to iodide transport defect: Low thyroid hormone levels in infants due to abnormal iodide transport in the body caused by a genetic defect. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the defect and the length of time taken to diagnose the condition. Symptoms tend to become worse, the longer the condition is undiagnosed.
- Idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis: A rare disorder that affects the lining of the digestive tract. The lining of the small bowel mesentery (membrane that joins small intestine to back of abdominal wall) becomes thickened and inflamed. The condition may be mild or severe enough to cause death. The idiopathic form of the condition occurs for no apparent reason.
- Intestinal obstruction: Any obstruction that occurs in the gastrointestinal system
- Irritable bowel syndrome: A chronic non inflammatory disease with a psychophysiologic basis
- Jirasek-Zuelzer-Wilson syndrome: A rare abnormality that can occur in newborn infants and involves a complete lack of nerve tissue in the entire colon. The colon is unable to move digesting material through it and leads to a blockage of the digestive system.
- Leprechaunism: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by insulin resistance which leads to growth delay and endocrine system abnormalities.
- Lipoproteine lipase deficiency: A rare inherited inborn error of metabolism involving the absence of the enzyme called lipoprotein lipase which results in increased blood triglyeride and chylomicron levels.
- Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
- Lower abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower abdominal region.
- Meconium plug syndrome: A condition that can occur in newborns where a mass of thickened meconium obstructs the large intestines. The condition may occur as a result of other disorders such as cystic fibrosis, colon atresia, narrowed colon, impaired intestinal motility (Hirschsprung disease) or for no apparent reason. Often, bowel function returns to normal once the meconium plug is passed from the body.
- Necrotizing enterocolitis: A rare disease that is tends to occur in premature infants and involves inflammation and destruction of gastrointestinal tissue. It usually occurs within weeks of birth - often after the start of milk feeding. The condition can be extremely serious and even fatal.
- Neonatal bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis that occurs in an infant under 3 months of age. Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial brain infection.
- Neonatal sepsis: Bacterial blood infection in an infant under 3 months of age.
- Nephrotic syndrome: A condition involving excess loss of protein in the urine, reduced albumin levels in the blood and swelling.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- OHSS: Excessive stimulation of the ovaries that usually occurs as a complication of in vitro fertilization but may also occur spontaneously. The degree of excessive ovarian stimulation may vary from mild to severe.
- Ogilvie's syndrome: A rare gastrointestinal disorder where the peristaltic action of the colon is absent which prevents fecal matter from passing through.
- Ovarian cyst: A cyst which is located in the ovary
- Ovarian cysts: Cysts which are located in the ovaries
- Paralytic ileus: Temporary intestinal paralysis
- Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum.
- Polyneuropathy -- Ophthalmoplegia -- Leukoencehalopathy -- Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease.
- Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is abnormally high in the portal vein system, which carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver.
- Potassium deficiency: A deficiency of potassium in the body
- Sclerosing Mesenteritis: A rare disorder that affects the lining of the digestive tract. The lining of the small bowel mesentery (membrane that joins small intestine to back of abdominal wall) becomes thickened and inflamed. The condition may be mild or severe enough to cause death. It may occur for no apparent reason or may be associated with previous abdominal surgery and certain inflammatory disorders such as sclerosing cholangitis.
- Secondary Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency results from some sort of damage to the intestines either due to a disease or surgery. Some possible causes include untreated celiac disease, long-term use of antibiotics, giardiasis, carcinoid syndrome, HIV enteropathy, gastrectomy and intestinal resection. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
- Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome: The small bowel is a part of the digestive system. A healthy small bowel contains some bacteria but in bacterial overgrowth syndrome, there are an excessive number of bacteria. Abnormal small bowel muscle function is often associated with conditions such as intestinal motility problems due to neurological diseases and muscular diseases, diabetes mellitus, small intestine obstruction and diverticulitis. It may also be caused by certain medications and abdominal surgeries.
- Smith disease: A harmless condition involving increased lymphocyte levels which may manifest as a variety of symptoms or may be asymptomatic. Diseases such as whooping cough and German measles are believed to be possible causes. The disease most commonly occurs in children and young adults.
- Stalker-Chitayat syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal rotation of the intestines and an unusual facial appearance.
- Stomach ache: Stomachache is a condition in which there is any type of discomfort in the stomach or upper abdominal area.
- Stomach pain: The occurrence of pain located in the stomach
- Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
- Truncal obesity: fat body with thin limbs or centripetal obesity
- Urethral obstruction sequence: A condition which is characterised by the early obstruction of the urethra.
- Urorectal septum malformation sequence: A rare disorder characterized by fetal developmental problems involving the urorectal septum.
- Valvular dysplasia of the child: A condition which is characterised by the dysplasia of one or more of the valves to a childs heart
- Variegate porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of a certain enzyme which results in a build-up in the body of porphyrins or their precursors. This form of hepatic porphyria causes the sufferer to have acute attacks as well as skin sensitivity.
- Visceral neuropathy, familial, autosomal dominant: A dominantly inherited gastrointestinal disorder where the intestinal walls are unable to contract normally to move digested material through the system which produces symptoms similar to an obstruction in the intestinal tract.
- Waardenburg syndrome, type 4: A rare inherited eye disorder characterized by loss of central vision as well as symptoms of Hirschsprung disease which is an intestinal disorder that prevents waste material from moving effectively through the digestive system.
- Wolman syndrome: A form of lipoidosis where acid cholesteryl ester hydrolase deficiency causes an accumulation of lipids (particularly cholesterol esters and triglycerides) in tissues and organs.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Abdominal distention:
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Conditions listing medical complications: Abdominal distention:
The following list of medical conditions have 'Abdominal distention'
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