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Symptoms » Areflexia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Areflexia

Medical terms related to Areflexia or mentioned in this section include:

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • ARTS syndrome: A rare lethal syndrome characterized by deafness, optic atrophy and ataxia.
  • Adie syndrome: A rare condition where the pupil of the eye is dilated and reacts very slowly to light and other stimulus. Knee and ankle reflexes are also impaired.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Arima syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by eye and brain abnormalities.
  • Arthrogryposis due to muscular dystrophy: A rare disorder where a non-progressive muscle disease results in the presence of multiple joint contractures at birth.
  • Autonomic nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the autonomic nervous system
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • CAMFAK syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, small head, failure to thrive and spinal curvature.
  • CDG syndrome type Ic: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1C has a differs from the other subtypes by the type of enzyme which is deficient.
  • COFS syndrome: A genetic disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord that starts during the fetal stage.
  • Cataract -- ataxia -- deafness: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, ataxia and progressive deafness.
  • Cerebellar ataxia -- areflexia -- pes cavus -- optic atrophy -- sensorineural hearing loss: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ataxia, absent reflexes, high foot arch (pes cavus), progressive optic nerve degeneration and hearing impairment. The ataxic symptoms tended to occur early in life after an illness involving fevers. The ataxia then tends to come and go but then persists into adulthood. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorinural hearing loss: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ataxia, absent reflexes, high foot arch (pes cavus), progressive optic nerve degeneration and hearing impairment. The ataxic symptoms tended to occur early in life after an illness involving fevers. The ataxia then tends to come and go but then persists into adulthood.
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome: A genetic disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord that starts during the fetal stage.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with pyramidal features, autosomal dominant: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 5 has an autosomal dominant inheritance, progresses slowly and involves movement disorders.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2K: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2K has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect on chromosome 8.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4E: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4B2 has an autosomal recessive inheritance and involves a defect in the EGR2 gene on chromosome 10.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4H: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4H has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and involves a defect on Chromosome 11.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, X-linked recessive, 2: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type X2 is an inherited defect of the X chromosome and affects males to a greater degree than females.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, X-linked recessive, 3: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type X3 is an inherited defect of the X chromosome and affects males to a greater degree than females.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth, demyelinating, autosomal recessive: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4 has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and is a severe form of the disease.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barium: Barium is an element used in fireworks, glassmaking, contrast X-rays and in the electronics industry . The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10pter p13: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 10 causes various abnormalities such as a wasted build, gut and heart placement abnormalities and lack of reflexes.
  • Chromosome 12p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are four copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chylomicron Retention Disease: A rare condition characterized by the inability of the intestines to absorb fats from the diet which cause failure to thrive in infants.
  • Cone shell poisoning: A number of species of cone shells are capable of envenomating humans. The toxin is a neurotoxin and thus primarily affects the nervous system. Cone shells are found mainly in shallow waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans. The toxicity varies amongst species with some delivering a benign stink whereas others are capable of causing death. The cone snails a proboscis on the end of which is a poison-filled barb.
  • Congenital disorder of Glycosylation type Ic: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1C has a differs from the other subtypes by the type of enzyme which is deficient.
  • Congenital hypomyelination neuropathy: A rare neurological disorder that is apparent at birth and is characterized by breathing difficulty and muscle problems.
  • Dermatoleukodystrophy: A very rare progressive brain disease associated with thick wrinkled skin. Only two reported cases with both dying within three years of birth.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Developmental delay -- hypotonia extremities hypertrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by poor muscle tone, developmental delay.
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: An inherited degenerative disease of the muscles which progresses rapidly compared to other muscle wasting diseases.
  • FACWA syndrome: A rare progressive neurological disorder involving degeneration of part of the brain (basal ganglia) and muscle wasting.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Glycine synthase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels which is toxic to the body. The severity of the condition varies according to the degree of deficiency and age of onset. The classical neonatal form is generally quite severe, the atypical mild form which generally includes symptoms such as aggressiveness, behavioral problems and speech problems. The transient neonatal form involves high blood glycine levels at birth which then returns to normal within a couple of months - there was no neurological or developmental impairment.
  • Glycine synthase deficiency, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels. It is caused by a defect in the P protein (pyridoxal phosphate-dependent glycine decarboxylase) in the energy creating center of cells (mitochondria).
  • Glycine synthase deficiency, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels. It is caused by a defect in the T protein (tetrahydrofolate-requiring enzyme) in the energy creating center of cells (mitochondria).
  • Glycogen storage disease type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down.
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hyporeflexia: A decreased reflex of the muscles
  • Infantile hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of thyroid hormones that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or hypothyroidism in infants of mothers treated with thiouracil during pregnancy.
  • Marie type ataxia: An inherited brain disorder that affects muscle coordination.
  • Marijuana abuse: Illicit depressant/hallucinogenic drug
  • Miller Fisher Syndrome: Autoimmune nerve condition.
  • Motor and Sensory Neuropathy with Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Bouldin type: A rare condition observed in two sibling and characterized by hearing loss during adulthood and motor and sensory neuropathy.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Myopathy: Any disease that occurs in the muscle.
  • Myopathy -- ophthalmoplegia -- hypoacousia -- areflexia: A rare disorder characterized mainly by muscle weakness, paralysis of eye muscles, lack of reflexes and partial hearing loss.
  • Myxedema: The most severe form of hypothyroidism characterized by swelling of extremities and face.
  • Nemaline myopathy, early onset type: A rare inherited muscle disorder and is characterized by muscle weakness caused by the presence of nemalin rods in the muscle tissue which affects its function. The muscle weakness may be severe but is generally not a progressive condition. The main muscles affected are the limbs, neck and face
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuroaxonal dystrophy, infantile: An inherited disorder involving progressive muscular and coordination problems, impaired brain function and speech and vision impairment.
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neuronal intranuclear hyaline inclusion disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle problems and seizures. The disorder results from the presence of hyaline compounds inside nerve cells.
  • Neuropathy: A condition which is characterized by a functional disturbance or pathological change in the peripheral nervous system
  • Neuropathy motor sensory type 2 deafness mental retardation: An inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Deafness and mental retardation are also involved.
  • Neurosyphilis: Syphilis affecting the nervous system.
  • Neurosyphilis -- tabes dorsalis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the spinal cord and progressively impairs muscle function and nerve damage may also occur. This form of the condition is progressive and life-threatening.
  • Nipah virus encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain caused by the Nipah virus which can infect pigs and humans so transmission usually occurs through contact with pigs.
  • Optic atrophy, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy, autosomal recessive: A very rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by degeneration of the optic nerve, hearing impairment and peripheral neuropathy. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Pena-Shokeir syndrome Type 2: A rare progressive congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities as well as eye abnormalities.
  • Poliomyelitis: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Polyneuritis: Widespared inflammation of nerves
  • Pompe disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder where insufficient maltase acid results in accumulation of glycogen. The condition is often fatal in infants, causes mental retardation, hypotonia and a short life in children and progressive muscle weakness in adults. Also called glycogen storage disease type II.
  • Reflex symptoms: Changes to the nerve reflexes
  • Robinson syndrome: A very rare condition observed in a West Coast Indian family. The condition is characterized by scoliosis, hearing impairment, ataxia and sensory loss. The severity, rate of progression and age of onset of the neuropathic symptoms was highly variable. Sensory symptoms tend to be most prominent in the hands and feet.
  • Rommen-Mueller-Sybert syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart defects, short stature and craniofacial anomalies.
  • Roussy-Levy hereditary areflexic dystasia: An inherited ataxia (incoordination) involving muscle wasting, kyphoscoliosis and absence of tendon reflexes.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A rare condition characterized by progressive degeneration of the spinal and brainstem motor neurons. During fetal development excess primary neurons are formed. The body automatically destroys the extra primary neurons so that only some survive and mature into neurons. In spinal muscular dystrophy, the process that destroys the excess primary neurons doesn't switch off and continues destroying the neurons resulting in progressive motor problems. Various types of the condition range from mild to severe enough to cause death within a couple of years of birth.
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia: A condition characterised by a failure of muscle coordination due to pathology arising in the spinocerebellar tract of the spinal cord
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 1: A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4th decade.
  • Tendon symptoms: Symptoms affecting the tendons in joints.
  • Thoracic dysplasia -- hydrocephalus syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal chest development and excess fluid inside the skull.
  • Trihydroxycholestanoylcoa oxidase isolated deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme (Trihydroxycholestanoyl-CoA oxidase) deficiency disturbs the formation of bile acids.
  • Wohlwill-Andrade syndrome: A form of amyloidosis that is inherited from the parents
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Areflexia:

The following list of conditions have 'Areflexia' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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