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Symptoms » Arm symptoms » Glossary
 

Glossary for Arm symptoms

Medical terms related to Arm symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 18p minus syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: A rare genetic disorder caused by the absence of a small portion of genetic material. A small section of chromosome 22 is missing at a location called q11.2. Chromosome 22 is one of 23 pairs of chromosomes that exist in humans.
  • 2q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 1: A recessively inherited metabolic disorder characterized by methylglutaconic acid in the urine.
  • 3q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 3 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 46,XX chromosome 7 deletion p13: A chromosomal disorder where a small portion of chromosome 7 is deleted which results in a range of abnormalities.
  • 47,XXX syndrome: A genetic condition where females have an extra X chromosome in each of their cells. Normally female cells have two X chromosomes. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • 49,XXXXX syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder that affects only females and involves body cells having five copies of the X chromosome instead of the normal two.
  • 49,XXXXY syndrome: A rare sex chromosome abnormality where there are three extra copies of the X chromosome.
  • ADULT syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by nail abnormalities, abnormal teeth development, tear duct obstruction, pigmentation anomalies and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • AREDYLD: A rare condition characterized by abnormalities of the extremities, teeth, hair, nail and kidney as well as lipoatrophic diabetes.
  • ARTS syndrome: A rare lethal syndrome characterized by deafness, optic atrophy and ataxia.
  • ATRUS syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by fusion of the forearm bones near the elbow and a blood disorder.
  • Aarskog Syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by facial, hand, genital and growth abnormalities.
  • Abdominal Aneurysm: Dilatation of a section of the abdominal aorta, usually due to a weakness in the wall of the artery
  • Abnormal carrying angle of elbow in children: Abnormal carrying angle of elbow in children is an abnormality of a child's elbow.
  • Abnormal extensor reflex: also known as decerebrate posture
  • Abnormal flexor response: An abnormal flexor response is an abnormal reflex to stimulation.
  • Abnormal number of nipples: More than or less than 2 the number of nipples on a persons body
  • Abnormal palmar crease: An abnormal palmar crease is an atypical or unusual crease in the palm of the hand.
  • Absence of doll's eye sign: Reflex movement of the eyes such that the eyes lower as the head is raised, indicating functional integrity of the nerve pathways involved in eye movement
  • Absence of femoral pulse on one side: Absence of femoral pulse on one side is a lack of a pulse that is normally felt in the inguinal area between the hip and the groin on one side.
  • Absence of pedal pulse on both sides: Absence of pedal pulse on both sides is a lack of pulses that are usually felt on the top of both feet.
  • Absence of pedal pulse on one side: Absence of pedal pulse on one side refers to a lack of a pulse that is usually felt on the top of one foot.
  • Absence of tibia with polydactyly: The congenital absence of the tibial bone which is the shin bone as well as the presence of extra fingers.
  • Absent femoral pulse: the femoral pulse is palpated below the inguinal ligament and about midway between symphysis pubis and anterior superior iliac spine, it is absent in ceratin conditions
  • Absent patellae -- scrotal hypoplasia -- renal anomalies -- facial dysmorphism -- mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized by absent kneecaps, underdeveloped scrotum, kidney anomalies, unusual facial appearance and mental retardation.
  • Absent pedal pulse: the distal pulse of the foot, also referred to as pedal pulse, may be taken at either of two sites: the posterior tibial pulse (located behind the medial ankle) or the dorsalis pedis pulse (located on the anterior surface of the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the great toe), it may be absent in certain conditions
  • Aceruloplasminemia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a lack of the protein ceruloplasmin in the blood resulting in a buildup of iron in the liver, brain and pancreas. This in turn causes diabetes and degeneration of the neural system causing tremors and walking abnormalities.
  • Achard syndrome: An inherited connective tissue disorder characterized primarily by a short head, long, slender bones, recessed lower jaw and loose hand and foot joints.
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women where body hair grows in a masculine manner. Hormonal therapy is used to correct the endocrine imbalance.
  • Achilles tendon bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Achilles tendon burning sensation: burning sensation of the Achilles tendon usually due to systemic disorders.
  • Achilles tendon bursitis due to running: It is estimated that Achilles tendonitis accounts for around 11% of all running injuries. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. The achilles tendon can become inflamed through overuse as well as a number of contributory factors. The Achilles tendon has a poor blood supply which is why it is slow to heal.
  • Achilles tendon deformity: Alteration in the normal position and function of the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon infection: Infection of the Achilles tendon is usually due to any secondary infectious disorder.
  • Achilles tendon inflammation: Infection of the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon lump: Small palpable mass in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon numb: Abnormal sensations felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon pain: Achilles tendon also known as the calcaneal tendon is the tendon of the posterior part of the leg.
  • Achilles tendon redness: Erythematous changes in the skin overlying the Achilles tendon usually due to inflammation.
  • Achilles tendon sensitive: Increased responsiveness to stimulation.
  • Achilles tendon spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon stiff: tendon stiffness due to physical trauma or abnormal muscle contraction.
  • Achilles tendon swelling: Inflammatory changes associated with the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendonitis: Achilles tendonitis is a condition of irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle.
  • Aching joints: A sensation of aching located in the joints
  • Aching muscles of both arms: Aching muscles of both arms is an aching of the muscles of both arms.
  • Achondrogenesis: A type of dwarfism where the main limbs are short and the head and trunk are hydropic (contain an accumulation of clear fluid).
  • Achondroplasia: A rare disease characterized by abnormal bone growth which results in short stature with short arms and legs, large head and characteristic facial features.
  • Acidic dry cell batteries inhalation poisoning: Acidic dry cell batteries contain toxic chemicals which can cause symptoms if inhaled. The smoke emitted from burning batteries can also cause poisoning symptoms if sufficient quantities are inhaled. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved.
  • Acinic cell carcinoma: A usually slow-growing malignant tumor that that can occur in various parts of the body but is most often found in the pancreas, salivary glands, palate and upper lip. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the growth.
  • Ackerman syndrome: An extremely rare condition characterized primarily by glaucoma, upper lip deformity and abnormal tooth roots.
  • Acne-like arm skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the arm
  • Acne-like behind-knee skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated patches on the skin behind the knee
  • Acne-like calf skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated patches on the calf skin
  • Acne-like elbow skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the elbow
  • Acne-like forearm skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the forearm skin
  • Acne-like hand skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the hand
  • Acne-like knee skin symptoms: acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acne-like leg skin symptoms: acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acquired total lipodystrophy: A rare acquired disorder that involves adipose tissue abnormalities and is characterized by loss of adipose tissue through the body. The disorder is very similar to the congenital form but the liver involvement is more severe.
  • Acro coxo mesomelic dysplasia: A rare inherited form of dwarfism characterized mainly by shortening of the middle and end parts of the limbs.
  • Acro-pectoro-renal field defect: A very rare genetic syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the genital and urinary systems as well as the absence of chest muscles at birth.
  • Acrocallosal Syndrome (Schinzel Type): A rare condition characterized by absence of portion of the brain (corpus callosum), mental deficiency, duplicated toes, mental deficiency and other abnormalities.
  • Acrocapitofemoral dysplasia: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by short limbs, dwarfism and cone-shaped epiphyses mainly in the hands and hips.
  • Acrocephalopolydactyly II: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head, hand and genital anomalies as well as mental retardation.
  • Acrocephalopolysyndactyly, type 2 (ACPS 2): A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones, craniofacial abnormalities, heart defects, growth retardation and other disorders.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly Syndrome type 5: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 3 (ACPS 3): A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature joining of certain skull bones during development which has an impact on the shape of the head and face. Features include brachycephaly, ear deformities as well as craniofacial, finger and bone abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 5 (ACPS 5): A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrocyanosis: A condition where the body extremities sweat and turn blue and cold. Exposure to cold, emotional stress and smoking may trigger the condition. Also known as Raynaud's phenomenon or Raynaud's sign.
  • Acrodermatitis in children: Acrodermatitis in children is a type of dermatitis or skin condition in children.
  • Acrodermatitis, persistent: A rare chronic skin condition characterized by the eruption of pustules that usually occur on the ends of fingers
  • Acrodynia: A disease occurring in infants or young children. Symptoms include edema, pruritis, skin rash, extremities are pink, cheeks and nose are scarlet, profuse sweating, digestive disturbance, photophobia, polyneuritis, irritability, listlessness, apathy and failure to thrive.
  • Acrodysplasia scoliosis: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by short fingers and toes, scoliosis and other spine anomalies.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Preis type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Preis type is very rare and the range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Rodriguez type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Rodriguez type is very rare and primarily involves severe limb and organ malformations.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Nager type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, forearm and cheekbones as well as ear defects.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Palagonia type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Palagonia type is very rare and the symptoms are relatively mild.
  • Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the bones of the skeleton as well as mental retardation. Various facial, eye and urogenital anomalies are also present.
  • Acrogeria (Gottron Type): An extremely rare, mild form of progeria.
  • Acromegaloid changes, cutis verticis gyrata and corneal leukoma: A rare disorder characterized by acromegaly (enlarged extremeties) , furrowed skin on scalp and face and corneal leukomas.
  • Acromegaloid facial appearance syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by thick lips and gums, thick upper eyelids, large hands and occasionally mental deficiency.
  • Acromegaloid facies -- hypertrichosis: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by thick lips and gums, thick upper eyelids, large hands and occasionally mental deficiency.
  • Acromegaloid, Cutis Verticis Gyrata, Corneal Leukoma Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the association of acromegaly, cutis verticis gyrate and corneal leukoma.
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia: A rare genetic progressive skeletal disorder characterized by short limbs, a large head and lower thoracic kyphosis.
  • Acroosteolysis neurogenic: A very rare inherited condition characterized mainly by the loss of all sensations - the lose the ability to feel pain, temperature and touch. The loss of sensation generally starts at the toes and fingers and spreads up the limbs and the trunk may also be involved in some cases.
  • Acroparesthesia syndrome: A condition involving episodes of paresthesia (tingling, numbness and stiffness) mainly in the lower arms and hands. It most often occurs in middle-aged women.
  • Acropectoral syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by extra fingers and toes, fusion of fingers and toes and anomalies involving the abdominal and chest wall.
  • Acropectorovertebral dysplasia: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities involving the fingers, toes, palate and chest bones.
  • Acrorenal syndrome recessive: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized by the association of kidney and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A type of encephalitis that usually follows an acute viral infection and involves an immune attack on myelin tissue which is part of the nervous system. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting and drowsiness followed by seizures, coma and paralysis. Often results in permanent neurological disorders.
  • Acute acne-like arm skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the arm
  • Acute acne-like behind-knee skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated patches on the skin behind the knee
  • Acute acne-like calf skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated patches on the calf skin
  • Acute acne-like elbow skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the elbow
  • Acute acne-like foot skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the foot
  • Acute acne-like forearm skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the forearm skin
  • Acute acne-like hand skin symptoms: reddish raised elevated lesions on the hand
  • Acute acne-like knee skin symptoms: acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acute acne-like leg skin symptoms: acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acute chronic knuckle pain: severe pain of the heads of the metacarpal bones
  • Acute elbow pain: conditions of the elbow which can cause acute pain for a long period of time
  • Acute feet pain: Acute feet pain is the sudden onset of pain in the feet.
  • Acute foot pain: Acute foot pain is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain in one foot.
  • Acute forearm pain: forearm pathologies which cause acute pain for a short duration
  • Acute ichthyosis-like arm skin symptoms: rough skin on the arm
  • Acute ichthyosis-like behind-knee skin symptoms: rough and dry skin behind the knee
  • Acute ichthyosis-like calf skin symptoms: rough and dry skin
  • Acute ichthyosis-like elbow skin symptoms: rough elbow skin
  • Acute ichthyosis-like foot skin symptoms: rough and dry skin foot skin
  • Acute ichthyosis-like forearm skin symptoms: rough and dry skin of the forearm
  • Acute ichthyosis-like hand skin symptoms: rough and dry skin of the hands
  • Acute ichthyosis-like knee skin symptoms: rough skin on the knee
  • Acute ichthyosis-like leg skin symptoms: rough skin on the legs
  • Acute injuries of both knees related to sports: Acute injuries of both knees related to sports is the sudden onset of sports-related trauma to the knees.
  • Acute injuries of the knee related to sports: The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities.
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Acute pain in both thumbs: Acute pain in both thumbs is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly in both thumbs.
  • Acute paronychia:
  • Acute pimples on arms: also known as acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acute pimples on legs: also known acne, the inflammatory process varies from a papule, pustule to a nodule
  • Acute psoriasis-like arm rash: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin disorder that most commonly appears as inflamed, edematous skin lesions covered with a silvery white scale. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis
  • Acute psoriasis-like behind-knee rash: Psoriasis like plaques on the chest may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like calf rash: Psoriasis like plaques on the calf may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like elbow rash: Psoriasis like plaques on the elbow may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like foot rash: Psoriasis like lesions on the foot may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like forearm rash: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin disorder that most commonly appears as inflamed, edematous skin lesions covered with a silvery white scale. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis like plaques on the chest may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like hand rash: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin disorder that most commonly appears as inflamed, edematous skin lesions covered with a silvery white scale. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis like plaques on the hand may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like knee rash: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin disorder that most commonly appears as inflamed, edematous skin lesions covered with a silvery white scale. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis like plaques on the knee may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute psoriasis-like leg rash: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin disorder that most commonly appears as inflamed, edematous skin lesions covered with a silvery white scale. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis like plaques on the leg may be seen in a few cases such as
  • Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb: Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb is sudden pain or discomfort in the thigh.
  • Acute rheumatic fever: Bacterial joint infection with risk of heart complications.
  • Acute sole pain on both sides: Acute sole pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly on both soles of the feet.
  • Acute sole pain on one side: Acute sole pain on one side is a condition in which there is sudden discomfort or pain on the sole of one foot.
  • Acute thumb pain: Acute thumb pain is sudden pain or discomfort in the thumb.
  • Acute toe pain in both feet: Acute toe pain in both feet is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes in both feet.
  • Acute toe pain in one foot: Acute toe pain in one is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes on one foot.
  • Acute triceps pain on both sides: Acute triceps pain on both sides is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute triceps pain on one side: Acute triceps pain on one side is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Acute upper arm pain on both sides: Acute upper arm pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that happens suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute upper arm pain on one side: Acute upper arm pain on one side is a condition in which discomfort or pain happens suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Adactyly: Congenital absence of fingers or toes.
  • Adams-Oliver Syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by scalp, skull and limb abnormalities. The range and severity of the symptoms can vary greatly from mild to severe.
  • Adducted thumb syndrome recessive form: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adducted thumbs -- arthrogryposis, Christian type: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adduction and extension of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adduction of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adult Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition characterized by the production of thick sticky mucus by the mucus glands in the lungs, intestines, liver and pancreas. The condition is most often diagnosed in children or young adults but occasionally, relatively mild symptoms may lead to frequent misdiagnosis or no diagnosis at all unless the symptoms become worse. The condition may be misdiagnosed as emphysema, asthma or chronic bronchitis. It is usually females with a mild form of the disease who tend to be diagnosed at a later age.
  • Adult SMA: Form of Spinal Muscular Atrophy in adults.
  • Aglossia-Adactylia syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of a missing tongue with missing fingers or toes. Other malformations are also variably present.
  • Aglossia-Hypoactylia syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of a missing tongue with missing fingers or toes. Other malformations are also variably present.
  • Al Awadi syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by severe malformations involving the limbs and pelvis.
  • Al Awadi-Raas-Rothschild syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by severe malformations involving the limbs and pelvis. The exact type and severity of symptoms is variable. Most cases appear to occur in cases where the parents were related.
  • Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder where the body fails to recognize and respond to the parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid hormone is involved in controlling the blood levels of calcium and phosphate.
  • Alcohol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Alcohol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Alcohol Withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when alcohol consumption is discontinued or reduced. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence.
  • Alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome: The excessive consumption of alcohol can result in symptoms similar to a condition called Cushing's syndrome. When alcohol consumption is stopped, symptoms regress.
  • Alexander Syndrome: Brain myelin disorder causing mental degeneration.
  • Allain Babin Demarquez syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by premature fusion of skullbones, abnormal development of skeletal bones and hypertension.
  • Alopecia -- hypogonadism -- extrapyramidal disorder: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, progressive movement problems and a lack of gonadal function which affects puberty.
  • Alopecia mental retardation syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by a lack of hair and mental retardation.
  • Alpers Syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by liver disease, seizures and progressive, episodic psychomotor retardation.
  • Alternating Hemiplegia: Episodes of one-sided paralysis.
  • Alves Castelo dos Santos syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by hair, eye, skin and spinal abnormalities.
  • Amastia, bilateral, with ureteral triplication and dysmorphism: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by the absence of both breasts, triplicated ureters (normally they are duplicated), facial anomalies and various other defects.
  • Amlodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amlodipine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amniotic Bands: A rare condition where abnormal fetal development occurs when bands of tissue encircle parts of the fetus and affect the growth of that portion. The band of tissue develops from the internal womb lining. The location of the band on the fetus determines the symptoms and the seriousness of the condition.
  • Amobarbital -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amobarbital during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amphetamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amphetamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amyloidosis AL: A disease involving the abnormal deposit of amyloid fibrils in virtually any part of the body - the heart, liver, kidney and peripheral and autonomic nerves are most commonly affected. The abnormal amyloid fibrils are produced abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow. In some cases, the excess growth of abnormal plasma cells can result in a cancerous condition called myeloma resulting in bone pain and infections. A patient with myeloma may develop amyloidosis but it is rare for a patient with AL amyloidosis to go on to develop myeloma.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A degenerative motor neuron disease marked by weakness and wasting of the muscles which starts at the hands and legs and spreads to the rest of the body. Death occurs in 2 to 5 years. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease or wasting palsy.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 1:
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial:
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 1: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 1 is characterized by adult onset and relatively fast progression of symptoms. It usually occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 2: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 2 is characterized by childhood or adolescent onset of symptoms which progress very slowly over decades. It occurs in an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 3: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is characterized late adulthood onset of symptoms which progress slowly over 5 years. It occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 4: A generally fatal progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 4 is characterized by the onset of symptoms before the age of 25 and slow progression over the next few decades. It occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 5: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is characterized adolescent onset of symptoms with progression varying between 1 and 20 years. It occurs in an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 6: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is characterized adult onset of symptoms with progression varying between 1 and 20 years. It occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 7: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is characterized adult onset of symptoms with progression varying between less than 5 years to several decades. It occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 8: A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 8 is characterized by adult onset and relatively slow progression of symptoms. It occurs in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 6: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12.
  • Anaphylaxis: An immediate hypersensitivity reaction due to the exposure of a specific antigen to a sensitized individual
  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma: A rare type of cancer where a tumor develops in lymph tissue and usually consists of white blood cells and null cells. It is a form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The tumors can develop in more than one lymph node and can also occur in the skin and various organs such as the liver, bones or lungs.
  • Anaplastic small cell lymphoma: A rare type of cancer where a tumor develops in lymph tissue and consists mainly of small cells. It is a form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The tumors can develop in more than one lymph node and can also occur in the skin and various organs such as the liver, bones or lungs.
  • Anauxetic dysplasia: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal skeletal and spinal development.
  • Angel shaped phalangoepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic bone development disorder characterized mainly by an unusual angel-shaped ends of some bones (fingers and hips) which leads to early osteoarthritis.
  • Angelman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features.
  • Angina: Angina is a particular type of pain related to heart conditions
  • Ankle bleeding: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle blister: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle blueness: A blue discolouration of the ankle
  • Ankle bruise: A haematoma that occurs at the ankle.
  • Ankle burning sensation: A burning sensation located in the ankle
  • Ankle clonus: a rhythmic contraction of the calf muscles following a sudden dorsiflexion of the foot, the leg being semiflexed
  • Ankle coldness: A cold sensation occurring at the ankle
  • Ankle deformity: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle infection: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle inflammation: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle itch: A sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin of the ankle
  • Ankle lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically at or near the ankle joint
  • Ankle numbness: A loss of sensation located at or around the ankle region of the foot.
  • Ankle pain: Pain affecting the ankle joint
  • Ankle pain in children: Ankle pain in children is any discomfort or pain in the ankle of a child.
  • Ankle pain on both sides: Ankle pain on both sides refers to pain or discomfort in both ankles.
  • Ankle pain on one side: Ankle pain on one side is a condition in which there is discomfort or pain in one ankle.
  • Ankle paralysis: A loss of the motor and or sensory function of the ankle due to either a muscular or neural mechanism
  • Ankle paresthesia (tingling): A loss of sensation located at or around the ankle region of the foot.
  • Ankle paresthesia of both sides: Ankle paresthesia of both sides is a condition in which there is numbness, tingling or other abnormal sensations in both ankles.
  • Ankle paresthesia of one side: Ankle paresthesia of one side is a condition in which there is numbness, tingling or other abnormal sensations in one ankle.
  • Ankle rash: An eruption on the skin of the ankle.
  • Ankle redness: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula. Most traumatic events involving the ankle result in ankle sprains.
  • Ankle spasm: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the ankle joint.
  • Ankle sprain: Damage to the ankle ligaments.
  • Ankle stiffness: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula. Most traumatic events involving the ankle result in ankle sprains.
  • Ankle swelling: Ankle swelling often from injury or fluid retention.
  • Ankle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ankle
  • Ankle tingling/paresthesias: A tingling sensation located on the ankle.
  • Ankle ulcer: The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula.
  • Ankle weakness: A decrease in the usual strength of the movements of the ankle
  • Ankylosis -- facial anomalies -- pulmonary hypoplasia syndrome: A rare familial syndrome characterized mainly by fused or stiff joints, facial anomalies and underdeveloped lungs.
  • Anonychia -- microcephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized by the absence of nails and a small head.
  • Anonychia onychodystrophy brachydactyly type b: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized abnormal or absent nails, permanently flexed fingers and a broad, finger-like thumb.
  • Anonychia-onychodystrophy with brachydactyly type B and ectrodactyly: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized abnormal or absent nails, missing fingers, permanently flexed fingers and a broad, finger-like thumb.
  • Anophthalmia -- hand and foot defects -- mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hand and foot defects and absent eyes.
  • Anophthalmia -- megalocornea -- cardiopathy -- skeletal anomalies: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by absent or very small eyes, large corneas, congenital heart defects and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Anophthalmia -- short stature -- obesity: A very rare syndrome characterized by absent eyes, short stature and obesity.
  • Anophthalmos with limb anomalies: A rare disorder characterized by absent eyes
  • Ansell-Bywaters-Elderking syndrome: A rare familial syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, rash, eye inflammation and joint disease.
  • Anterior Interosseous Nerve Compression: Compression or entrapment of the radial nerve which is in the forearm. The problem can result from such things as bone tumors, trauma, lipomas or the repetition of certain arm motion. This nerve is involved in controlling various muscles in the hand and the wrist. The condition may be misdiagnosed as tennis elbow - the pain from tennis elbow is usually closer to the elbow than the pain in radial tunnel syndrome.
  • Anterior knee pain related to sports: The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities.
  • Antley-Bixler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones, choanal atresia and craniofacial and limb abnormalities.
  • Aphalangia -- syndactyly -- microcephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized by the absence of one or more bones of the fingers and toes, a small head and fusion of fingers.
  • Aphalangy -- hemivertebrae -- urogenital-intestinal dysgenesis: A rare congenital disorder characterized by missing fingers and toes, abnormal vertebrae and various malformations of the organs.
  • Aphasia: inability to produce and comprehend language
  • Aplasia cutis congenital -- intestinal lymphangiectasia: A rare disorder characterized by a skin defect and dilated intestinal lymph vessels.
  • Arachnodactyly: Hands and fingers, and feet and toes, are abnormally long and slender.
  • Arachnodactyly in children: Arachnodactyly in children refers to a child who has unusually long and thin fingers that are the result of a congenital syndrome.
  • Arachnoid Cysts: A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the spinal cord and brain. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the cyst.
  • Arm blister: A small pocket of fluid within the upper layers of the skin of the arm.
  • Arm blueness: A blue discolouration of the arm
  • Arm bruise: Injury or trauma to the arm tissue which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Arm burning sensation: Abnormal burning sensation in the arm.
  • Arm cold: Abnormal sensation of coldness in the arm.
  • Arm coldness: A cold sensation occurring on the arm
  • Arm coldness in children: Arm coldness in children is an abnormally cold or cool sensation in the arm of a child.
  • Arm conditions: Conditions that affect the arm
  • Arm deformity: Malformation or distortion of the arm.
  • Arm fracture: Arm fracture is a break in any of the bones in the arm.
  • Arm infection: Infection of the tissues of the arm.
  • Arm inflammation: Inflammation of the tissues of the arm.
  • Arm injury: An injury to the arm
  • Arm itch: A sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin of the arm
  • Arm lump: Raised small swellings seen on the arm.
  • Arm numb: Abnormal sensation of numbness in the arm.
  • Arm numbness: Loss of feeling or sensation
  • Arm pain: Pain or discomfort of one or both arms
  • Arm pain in children: Arm pain in children is a sensation of pain or discomfort of an arm in a child.
  • Arm paralysis: A loss of the motor and or sensory function of the arm due to either a muscular or neural mechanism
  • Arm paresthesia: Arm tingling, prickling, numbness or burning sensations
  • Arm rash: An eruption on the skin of the arm.
  • Arm redness: Erythema due to inflammatory changes in the arm.
  • Arm sensitive: Increased responsiveness of the arm to any form of stimulus.
  • Arm spasm: Involuntary contractions of muscles in the arm.
  • Arm stiffness: Lacking the ease or comfort of arm joint movement.
  • Arm swelling: Swelling of the arm due to an inflammatory reaction.
  • Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
  • Arm tingling: Abnormal tingling sensation in the arm.
  • Arm tremor: The occurrence of a physical tremor located in the arm
  • Arm weakness: Weakness of the muscles of the arm.
  • Arm weakness in children: Arm weakness in children is a lack of strength of the arm of a child.
  • Armpit lump in children: Armpit lump in children is a mass or growth in the armpit or axilla of a child.
  • Armpit rash in children: Armpit rash in children is an abnormal condition or eruption of the skin of the armpit or axilla in a child.
  • Arms are adducted and extended: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Arterial occlusive disease, progressive -- hypertension -- heart defects -- bone fragility -- brachysyndactyly: A rare syndrome characterized by narrowing or blockage of a number of arteries (in the kidneys, abdomen, brain and heart) as well as fragile bones, heart defects and finger abnormalities. Fractures and high blood pressure often start during the first years of life.
  • Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Arteriosclerosis that results in the narrowing and gradual blockage of the artery. Arteriosclerosis involves the deposition of cholesterol plaques and other material on the inside of the artery walls. The symptoms will depend on the location of the arteries affected and how severe the blockage is.
  • Arthralgia in lower limb: unilateral arthralgia
  • Arthralgia of both lower limbs: Bilateral arthralgia
  • Arthritis -- short stature -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized by arthritis, short stature, deafness and numerous other abnormalities.
  • Arthritis-related enthesitis: Inflammation of the entheses due to arthritis. The enthuses is the site at which the tendon or ligament attaches to the bone.
  • Arthrogryposis Distal: A form of arthrygryposis (congenital contractures) which tends to affect mainly the distal parts of limbs (hands and feet). The degree of limb involvement is variable.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita -- pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities. Reduced fetal activity causes many of the problems.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita neurogenic type: A rare non-progressive syndrome characterized by congenital contractures that originates from a nerve problem (spinal motor neuron depletion).
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, distal type 1: A form of arthrygryposis (congenital contractures) which tends to affect mainly the distal parts of limbs (hands and feet). The degree of limb involvement is variable.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, distal, X-linked: A rare condition characterized by the presence of contractures at birth as well as various other anomalies. The condition is X-linked.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, type 2A: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that involves additional symptoms such as facial and spinal anomalies.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, type 2B: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that also involves craniofacial abnormalities.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, with hypopituitarism, mental retardation, and facial anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, permanent flexion of fingers, low pituitary hormone level and facial anomalies.
  • Asbestos conditions: Medical conditions caused be exposure to asbestos dust
  • Asphyxiating Thoracic Dystrophy 2: Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy is rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the ribcage The ribcage is restricted to the point where breathing is impaired and death during infancy is a common occurrence. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 15q13.
  • Asphyxiating Thoracic Dystrophy 3: Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy is rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the ribcage The ribcage is restricted to the point where breathing is impaired and death during infancy is a common occurrence. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11q13.5.
  • Asterixes: A flapping tremor that occurs at the wrist, hand or hip joints.
  • Asterixis: The intermittent loss of sustained contraction of the arms against ones will.
  • Asymmetric limbs in children: Asymmetric limbs in children refers to a condition in which the arms and/or legs are not evenly formed or shaped in a child.
  • Asymmetrical brachial pulses: difference in the reading of the brachial artery on palpation of the right and left brachial artery in the cubital fossae
  • Asymmetrical paralysis in the legs: loss of function of one of the lower limb
  • Asymmetrical paralysis of the lower limbs: Asymmetrical paralysis of the lower limbs is an uneven loss or lack of normal movement in the legs.
  • Ataxia spastic congenital miosis: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by ataxia, spasticity and small pupils that respond poorly to light.
  • Atelosteogenesis Type III: A very rare inherited skeletal ossification disorder. Unlike types I and II, survival past infancy is possible in type III.
  • Atelosteogenesis, type 2: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving the bone and cartilage and resulting in various bone abnormalities.
  • Atherosclerosis, premature -- deafness -- diabetes mellitus -- photomyoclonus -- nephropathy -- degenerative neurologic disease: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, kidney disease and premature hardening of the arteries.
  • Atherosclerosis- deafness -- diabetes -- epilepsy -- nephropathy: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, kidney disease and premature hardening of the arteries.
  • Athlete's foot: A condition which is characterized by a chronic superificial infection of the foot caused by a fungi
  • Autoimmune peripheral neuropathy: Damage to peripheral nerves that occurs when the body's own immune system attacks it.
  • Autoimmune thyroid diseases: Autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Axial mesodermal dysplasia spectrum: A variable range of defects that occur during fetal development. The defect occurs at a cellular level and affects the way various parts of the body develop.
  • Axillary Swelling: Enlargement, swelling or lump in the axillary (armpit) region.
  • Axillary lump infection: Axillary lump infection is an infected lump or bump in the armpit.
  • Axillary lymphadenopathy: in localized axillary lymphadenopathy, the enlargement is restricted to lymph nodes in the axillary areas (both arm pits)
  • Axillary mass: A mass located in the armpit
  • Back tumour: The presence of tumour growth in the vertebra, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Bahemuka Brown syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by spastic paraplegia and skin pigmentation irregularities.
  • Banki syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal curvature of fingers, thin middle sections of long bones, fusion of certain wrist bones (lunate and cuneiform bones) and other hand abnormalities.
  • Baraitser burn fixen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by skeletal abnormalities, a skin disorder and an expressionless face.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a defect in chromosome 11q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 10: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 10 is caused by a defect in chromosome 12q.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 11: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 11 is caused by a defect in chromosome 9q33.1.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 12: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 12 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a defect in chromosome 16q21.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 3: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 3 is caused by a defect in chromosome 3p12-q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 4: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 4 is caused by a defect in chromosome 15q22.3.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 5: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 5 is caused by a defect in chromosome 2q31.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 6: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 6 is caused by a defect in chromosome 20p12.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 7: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 7 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 8: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 8 is caused by a defect in chromosome 14q32.11.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 9: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 9 is caused by a defect in chromosome 7p14.
  • Barrett syndrome: Barrett's syndrome refers to cellular changes in the lower portion of the oesophagus as a result of chronic reflux. The changes in the cells of the esophagus can lead to cancer of the esophagus (adenocarcinoma).
  • Basal ganglia disease, biotin-responsive: A neurological disease that affects the part of the brain called the basal ganglia. The disease responds well to biotin administration but relapses within a month if the biotin is stopped. If the condition is diagnosed late or there are recurring episodes, the patient may suffer ongoing symptoms such as paraparesis, mild mental retardation or dystonia.
  • Basilar artery migraine: Basilar migraine (BM), also known as Bickerstaff syndrome, consists of headache accompanied by dizziness, ataxia, tinnitus, decreased hearing, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, diplopia, loss of balance, bilateral paresthesias or paresis, altered consciousness, syncope, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
  • Basilar impression primary: A congenital bone abnormality where the skull and vertebrae meet which can compress some of the brain structures and result in neurological abnormalities. The defect is often associated with other vertebral abnormalities. In severe cases, the cerebrospinal fluid flow may be obstructed which can cause fluid to build up inside the skull (hydrocephalus).
  • Bd syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of mental retardation, small eyes and a movement disorder.
  • Beals syndrome: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by joint contractures, arachnodactyly and a crumpled appearing ear.
  • Behind knee itch: A sensation thatcauses a desire to scratch the skin behind the knee
  • Behind knee lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically behind the knee
  • Behind knee pain: A feeling of distress and agonycaused by the stimulation of pain nerve endings behind the knee
  • Behind knee rash: An eruption on the skin behind the knee.
  • Behind knee swelling: Swelling behind the knee
  • Benazepril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Benazepril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Benign Fasciculation Syndrome: Common movement disorder manifesting in a fine (fast) tremor; it is an inherited condition of unknown cause.
  • Beriberi: Disease due to vitamin B1 deficiency (thiamine)
  • Berylliosis: Beryllium poisoning which causes granulomas and pulmonary fibrosis.
  • Beveridge syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a large head, skeletal and visceral problems and patches of reduced skin pigmentation.
  • Bhaskar-Jagannathan syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by long, thin fingers, amino acids in the urine, cataracts (during infancy), incoordination and delayed development.
  • Biceps blister: A small pocket of fluid within the upper layers of the skin.
  • Biceps bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Biceps burning sensation: Occurs due to vasospasm that results in decrease blood supply.
  • Biceps cold: Occurs due to vasospasm that results in decrease blood supply to the arm.
  • Biceps deformity: Malformation or distortion of the biceps.
  • Biceps infection: Infection of the muscle and tendons of the arm.
  • Biceps inflammation: Inflammation of the muscle and tendons of the arm.
  • Biceps lump: Raised small swellings seen on the biceps.
  • Biceps numb: Occurs due to vasospasm that results in decrease blood supply.
  • Biceps redness: Erythema due to inflammatory changes in the arm.
  • Biceps rupture: Occurs when there is a rupture of the biceps muscle or tendon separating it into two distinct segments
  • Biceps rupture on both sides:
  • Biceps rupture on one side:
  • Biceps spasm: Occurs due to vasospasm that results in decrease blood supply to the arm.
  • Biceps swelling: Swelling of the biceps due to an inflammatory reaction.
  • Biceps tingling: Occurs due to vasospasm that results in decrease blood supply.
  • Biceps weakness: Weakness of the biceps muscle.
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis: A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute.
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE): A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute.
  • Biemond syndrome type 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and underdeveloped genitals.
  • Big toe infection: Infection of the big toe.
  • Big toe inflammation: Inflammation of the muscles and tendons of the big toe.
  • Big toe sensitive: raised responsiveness of the foot to stimulus.
  • Big toe spasm: Involuntary muscle contractions in the big toe.
  • Big toe stiff: Inability to contract the muscles of the big toe.
  • Big toe swelling: Edema or swelling of the big toe.
  • Bilateral increase of soft tissue around the terminal phalanges: also known as clubbing
  • Bindewald-Ulmer-Muller syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a heart defect, and mental and growth retardation.
  • Black hairy tongue: The occurrence of a hairy tongue where the papillae are brown or black
  • Blanching in the fingers: fingers which appear pale
  • Blepharophimosis -- ptosis -- syndactyly -- mental retardation: A rare genetic disorder characterized by eye anomalies, webbed fingers and mental retardation.
  • Blepharophimosis ptosis esotropia syndactyly short: A rare disorder characterized by eye anomalies, webbed fingers and short stature.
  • Blepharophimosis, ptosis, polythelia and brachydactyly: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by droopy eyelids, short digits, blepharophimosis and accessory nipples (polythelia).
  • Blepharoptosis -- cleft palate -- ectrodactyly -- dental anomalies: A rare genetic disorder characterized primarily by dental symptoms, opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate) and missing fingers giving the hands a claw like appearance.
  • Blue hands: Blue appearance of the hands
  • Blue hands in children: Blue hands in children, sometimes called cyanosis, can occur due to a lack of oxygen in the cells of the hands, extreme cold, and other causes.
  • Blue nails: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of nails that are blue in appearance
  • Blue nails in children: Blue nails in children, sometimes called cyanosis, occurs due to extreme cold, a lack of oxygen in the cells of the skin under the nails, and other causes in children.
  • Bluefarb-Stewart syndrome: A rare disorder where blood vessel defects in a limb causes skin lesions. It most often occurs in one leg. The blood vessel defects involves abnormal connections between arteries and veins.
  • Bluish discoloration of both arms: Bluish discoloration of both arms, sometimes called cyanosis, is an abnormally blue tint or coloring of both arms.
  • Bluish discoloration of both hands: Bluish discoloration of both hands, sometimes called cyanosis, refers to a condition in which there is a blue tone or tint of both hands.
  • Bluish discoloration of one arm: Bluish discoloration of one arm, sometimes called cyanosis, occurs when one arm appears bluish.
  • Bluish discoloration of one hand: Bluish discoloration of one hand refers to an abnormal bluish color of one hand, sometimes called cyanosis.
  • Bonnier's syndrome: A range of symptoms caused by damage to Dieter's nucleus (the lateral nucleus of the vestibular nerve) or its connections.
  • Bony foot mass in children: Bony foot mass in children refers to a hard, bony lump or swelling in a child.
  • Borrone-Di Rocco-Crovato syndrome: A rare progressive syndrome characterized by skin, heart and skeletal defects. Only several reported cases of the condition.
  • Botulism food poisoning: Extremely dangerous food poisoning requiring medical attention, but not always recognized because of its non-abdominal symptoms.
  • Bow legs: Bowlegs is a condition in which the knees remain wide apart when a person stands with the feet and ankles together
  • Bowed legs: Bowed legs are a deformity of the legs in which they are abnormally bent outward.
  • Bowed legs in children: Bowed legs in children refers to a deformity of the legs in which a child's legs are abnormally bent outward.
  • Brachial Neuritis: Condition where there is a sudden onset of shoulder weakness and pain, thought to be due to a viral infection of the nerve roots in the cervical spine
  • Brachial Plexus Injury: Damage to the nerves controlling the shoulder and arm (often from childbirth).
  • Brachmann-De Lange Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, synophrys, thin downturning upper lip and micromelia.
  • Brachycephalofrontonasal dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by widely spaced eyes and other head and face abnormalities.
  • Brachydactylous dwarfism, Mseleni type: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by progressive joint disease, short stature and short fingers and toes. The joint disease affects mainly the hips, knees, ankles and spine. The condition can eventually lead to disability and hip and/or knee replacements in serious cases.
  • Brachydactyly: Brachydactyly refers to abnormally short fingers and toes.
  • Brachydactyly -- arterial hypertension: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of hypertension with short digits. Premature death (by the fifth decade) due to stroke occurs in untreated patients.
  • Brachydactyly -- dwarfism -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized by short fingers, very short stature and mental retardation.
  • Brachydactyly -- elbow, wrist dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by elbow and wrist abnormalities and short end bones of fingers.
  • Brachydactyly -- mesomelia -- mental retardation -- heart defects: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, heart defects, short digits and short limbs.
  • Brachydactyly -- scoliosis -- carpal fusion: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short fingers and toes, scoliosis (curved spine) and fused hand bones.
  • Brachydactyly -- small stature -- face anomalies: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, short fingers and toes and facial anomalies.
  • Brachydactyly type A3: A hand malformation characterized by a short middle bone of the fifth finger and this finger usually bends towards the fourth finger.
  • Brachydactyly type C: A rare malformation characterized primarily by variable deformities involving the two sections closest to the hand of the second and third fingers.
  • Brachydactyly, long thumb type: A rare digital anomaly characterized by short fingers and a long thumb.
  • Brachydactyly, type B2: A rare dominantly inherited hand and foot malformation involving varying degrees of absence or underdevelopment of the ends of the fingers and toes as well as fusion of bones in the wrist and ankle.
  • Brachymetapody, anodontia, hypotrichosis, albinoidism: A rare syndrome characterized by short foot bones, total absence of teeth, reduced amount of hair and lack of skin pigmentation.
  • Brachytelephalangy, characteristic facies, Kallmann: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by very short end bones of fingers and facial anomalies.
  • Brain -- bone -- fat: A rare inherited disease characterized by bone cysts and progressive presenile dementia.
  • Brain malformation -- congenital heart disease -- postaxial polydactyly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a brain defect, congenital heart disease and extra fingers.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Breast abscess: The presence of an abscess which has formed within the breast
  • Breast cancer: A condition which is characterized by the presence of malignant tissue within breast tissue
  • Breast carcinoma: Carcinoma occurring in breast tissue.
  • Brittle fingernails: A condition which is characterized by brittle fingernails
  • Brittle nails: thinning of the nail plate
  • Brittle nails in children: Brittle nails in children are fingernails or toenails in a child that are dry and break easily.
  • Broad big toes: Broad big toes occur when the big toes are bigger and/or wider than normal.
  • Broad hands: Broad hands are hands that are bigger and wider than the average hands.
  • Broad thumb: A broad thumb is a thumb that is wider and larger than the average thumb.
  • Broad thumbs: Broad thumbs refers to thumbs that are wider and bigger than usual.
  • Broken elbow: Fracture at the elbow joint
  • Broken finger: Fracture of a finger bone
  • Broken hand: Fracture of one or more bones in the hand
  • Broken shoulder blade: Fracture of the shoulder blade bone (scapula)
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Ammonia inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Ammonia. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Chlorine inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Chlorine. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Diacetyl inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Diacetyl. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Hydrogen bromide inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Hydrogen bromide. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Hydrogen chloride inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Hydrogen chloride. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Hydrogen fluoride inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Hydrogen fluoride. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Hydrogen sulfide inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Hydrogen sulfide. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Methyl isocyanate inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Methyl isocyanate. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Nitrogen Oxide inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Nitrogen oxides. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Ozone inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of ozone. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Phosgene inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Nitrogen oxides. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Polyamide-amine dyes inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Polyamide-amine dyes. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Sulphur dioxide inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Sulphur dioxide. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans -- Thionyl chloride inhalation: A lung disease caused by inhalation of Thionyl chloride. The exposure can cause scarring of the lungs which can lead to obstruction of the small airways and ultimately impaired lung function. Chronic exposure can lead to gradual worsening of symptoms over a period of time. Acute exposure can result in lung damage that may be asymptomatic for a short period of time but can then lead to rapid death due to severe obstructive breathing problems. Severity of symptoms and outcome depend on degree of exposure.
  • Brown arcs under the nail margins: brown line under the nails is seen in
  • Brown nails: The occurrence of brown nails
  • Brown nails in children: Brown nails in children occur when a child's nails are brown colored.
  • Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome: A very rare progressive disorder characterized by nerve deafness and cranial (and sometimes spinal) nerve paralysis.
  • Brudzinski's sign: A symptom which occurs in meningitis when flexion of the neck causes flexion of the hip and knee
  • Brugsch's syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by small hands and feet as well as thickened skin on the hands, feet, scalp and face.
  • Bruyn-Scheltens syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by limb weakness and muscle wasting in the hands and feet.
  • Bubonic plague: Severe flea-borne bacterial disease
  • Buerger's disease: Buergers's disease is a recurring inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Bunion: A bunion is a painful swelling of the soft tissue, and bone enlargement over the inside of the ball of the big toe. Often the big toe will look as if it is bent in towards the other toes or even can lie across them.
  • Buntinx-Lormans-Martin syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye anomalies and fusion of the forearm bones.
  • Burning Legs: Burning sensation in one or both feet.
  • Burning feet: Burning sensation in one or both feet.
  • Burning feet in children: Burning feet in children is a condition in which there is a stinging, hot, or inflamed sensation in both feet.
  • Burning foot: A burning foot is a condition in which there is a hot, inflamed or stinging sensation of the foot.
  • Burning sensation of the hand: Burning sensation of the hand is a condition in which burning is felt in the hand.
  • Bursitis in both arms:
  • Bursitis of one arm:
  • Buttiens-Fryns syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a small jaw, small mouth and defects involving the hands and feet.
  • C-like syndrome: A rare disorder involving poor fetal growth, limb and facial defects and severe developmental delay.
  • C1esterase deficiency: C1esterase deficiency is a condition characterized by swelling under the skin or mucosal tissue - the skin, respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract may be affected. The condition may be inherited or acquired. Symptoms tend to develop over a few days and then abate after two to five days. Swelling attacks may occur fairly regularly e.g. weekly or sporadically e.g. once or twice a year.
  • CAMFAK syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, small head, failure to thrive and spinal curvature.
  • CFS subtype 1 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 1 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being anxiety, depression and cognitive, musculoskeletal and sleeping problems.
  • CFS subtype 2 ( musculoskeletal, pain, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 2 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being anxiety, depression, pain and musculoskeletal problems.
  • CFS subtype 3 (mild): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 3 tends to have milder symptoms than other subtypes.
  • CFS subtype 4 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 4 tends to be dominated by cognitive symptoms.
  • CFS subtype 5 (musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 5 tends to be dominated by musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal symptoms.
  • CFS subtype 6 (postexertional): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 6 tends to be dominated by excessive fatigue following exertion.
  • CFS subtype 7 (pain, infectious, musculoskeletal, sleep, neurological, gastrointestinal, neurocognitive, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 7 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being pain, infections, anxiety, depression and musculoskeletal, sleep, neurological, gastrointestinal and neurocognitive problems.
  • Calcaneal bone deformity: Alteration in the normal position and function of the heel bone and the surrounding structures.
  • Calcaneal bone infection: Infection of the heel bone is usually due to any secondary infectious disorder.
  • Calcaneal bone inflammation: Infection of the heel bone.
  • Calcaneal bone lump: Small palpable mass in the heel.
  • Calcaneal bone numb: Abnormal sensation of numbness felt in the heel.
  • Calcaneal bone pain: A pain that occurs in the heel of the foot.
  • Calcaneal bone redness: Erythematous changes in the skin overlying the heel - usually due to inflammation.
  • Calcaneal bone sensitive: Increased responsiveness of the heel bone to the any external stimuli.
  • Calcaneal bone spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles in the heel.
  • Calcaneal bone stiff: Stiffness of the heel movement.
  • Calcaneal bone swelling: Swelling of the heel.
  • Calcaneal bone tingling: Abnormal tingling sensation felt in the heel.
  • Calcaneal stress fracture due to running: The calcaneus bone is the big heel bone at the back of the foot. Due to overuse a stress fracture can occur in the bone.
  • Calcaneus burning sensation: Burning sensation in the heel usually due to systemic disorders.
  • Calf blueness: A blue discolouration on the calf or calves
  • Calf bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the calf or calves.
  • Calf burning sensation: A burning sensation on the calf or calves
  • Calf coldness: A cold sensation occurring on the calf
  • Calf itch: A sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin of the calf or calves
  • Calf lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically on the calf or calves
  • Calf lump in children: A calf lump in children includes any swelling, mass, or bump that occurs in the calf of a child.
  • Calf lump on both sides: A calf lump on both sides is a condition in which there is a swelling, mass, or bump in both calves.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Arm symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Arm symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Arm symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Arm symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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