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Symptoms » Back pain » Glossary
 

Glossary for Back pain

Medical terms related to Back pain or mentioned in this section include:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute idiopathic polyneuritis: An inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nerves The condition is characterized by weakness, numbness or tingling in the legs or arms or occasionally loss of movement and feeling in the legs, arms, upper body and face. Some patients have minor symptoms and others suffer severe symptoms such as paralysis. Also called Guillain-Barre syndrome, infectious polyneuritis or acute febrile polyneuritis.
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Acute leukemia: An acute condition which affects a cell line of the blood which shows little or no differentiation
  • Acute pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
  • Acute prostatitis: An acute condition which affects the prostate which is the result of infammation
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell: A type of cancer that occurs mainly in the genitourinary tract and the cells that make up the tumor are clear. It is very rare and most cases occur in females whose mothers used a drug called DES (synthetic estrogen) while pregnant.
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Alkaptonuria: A rare inherited metabolic disease characterized by homogentisic aciduria, arthritis and ochronosis. Symptoms include darkening of urine, alkinization due to overproduction of homogentisic acid, arthritis in the large joints and black ochronotic pigmentation of cartilage and collagen tissue. However, many of these symptoms may not occur until middle age. The condition may also be caused by chronic phenol poisoning.
  • Alternating Bowel Habit IBS: It is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the absence of any organic cause. IBS may be associated with pain disorders.
  • Aneurysm: Swelling or ballooning of part of an artery
  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: Bleeding in the space around the brain that occurs from a leak in a weakened or dilated blood vessel under the arachnoid layer of the brain. Death can occur if treatment is not prompt.
  • Angiofollicular lymph hyperplasia: A rare disorder of the lymph system characterized by the development of benign tumors in lymph tissue anywhere in the body.
  • Angioma: A benign tumor containing blood or lymph vessels.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine which may also affect joints in the shoulder, hip, neck, ribs and jaw. May result in loss of mobility. Also called Marie-Strumpell disease.
  • Ankylosing spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints. The spine becomes progressively painful and stiff and the spine joints may eventually fuse and cause disability. The condition may vary from mild to severe. Inflammation can affect other joints and tissues.
  • Anxiety: Excessive worry, anxiety, or fear.
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: Bulging and weakness of the aorta in the area of the chest. The condition is life-threatening as death can occur rapidly if the aneurysm bursts.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 1: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q23.3-q24.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 2: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 5q13-q14.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 3: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 3p22.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 4: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 4 also involves another heart defect (patent ductus arteriosus) and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 16p13.13-p13.12.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 5: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 5 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 9q33-q34.
  • Arthritis: A condition which is characterized by the inflammation of a joint
  • Autoimmune oophoritis: An autoimmune condition where the body's own immune system attacks the ovaries and causes them to become inflamed. It can lead to ovarian function stopping prematurely.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Axial osteomalacia: A rare bone disorder where an enzyme defect affects bone formation that primarily affects the ribs and iliac crest (hip bone).
  • Axial osteosclerosis: A rare bone abnormality involving patches of increased bone density which tend to occur in the spine, pelvis and the ball part of the hip joint.
  • Back conditions: A group of conditions that affect the back
  • Back injuries: A term usually used to describe any musculoskeletal back injury - a common workplace occurrence.
  • Back lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically at or near the ankle joint
  • Back muscle pain: The occurrence of the sensation of muscle pain anatomically located in the back
  • Back numbness: A loss of sensation located at or around the back
  • Back pain: Pain in the back region.
  • Back pain in children: Back pain in children is a condition in which a child feels pain or discomfort in the back.
  • Back pain in pregnancy: Back pain in pregnancy usually occurs in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Back paresthesia (tingling): A loss of sensation located at or around the back
  • Back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the back.
  • Back symptoms: Symptoms affecting the back
  • Back tumour: The presence of tumour growth in the vertebra, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Backache: The occurrence of the sensation of pain located in the anatomical position of the back
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Bacterial prostatitis: Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Barsony-Polgar syndrome 1: Nerve pain associated with the hip. Pregnancy and physical activity can make symptoms worse.
  • Bartonella infections: Infection with bacteria from the Bartonella genus of bacteria. Specific bacteria from within this group are Bartonella bacilliforms (Oroya fever), Bartonella Heneslae (Cat-scratch disease). Other conditions caused by this bacteria are endocarditis, bacteremia and angiomatosis. Symptoms vary depending on the type of bacteria involved and the severity of the infection - immunocompromised patients face greater risk of severe infection.
  • Beardwell syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by abnormal calcium deposits along the vertebrae as well as the development of calluses on the palms and soles.
  • Biliary tract cancer: Cancer that develops in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
  • Blood cancer: Malignancy of one or several of the different types of cells in the blood
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bone cancer: Malignancy that occurs in the bone
  • Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Breakdance back syndrome: Difficulty bending over and lower back pain caused by breakdancing.
  • Breast Cancer: A condition which is characterized by the presence of malignant tissue within breast tissue
  • Breast cancer: A condition which is characterized by the presence of malignant tissue within breast tissue
  • Bright's Disease: A condition where the parts of the kidneys that are responsible for filtering become inflamed and results in blood and proteins accidentally leaking into the urine. The condition can occur after certain infections and serious kidney dysfunction can result in severe or chronic complications.
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Burning symptoms: Any burning or burn-like sensations.
  • Bwamba virus: A viral illness caused by a species of bunyavirus and transmitted by mosquitoes. The main symptom is fever and it is often mistaken for malaria. Symptoms generally persist for 5 to 7 days. The virus is most common in East Africa.
  • Carcinomatous meningitis: Carcinomatous meningitis, is a form of metastatic cancer that has spread to the lining of the brain and spinal cord, the parts of the body that make up the central nervous system.
  • Cast syndrome: Obstruction of the third part of the duodenum by an artery following the use of a body plaster cast or a Bradford frame.
  • Cat scratch disease: An infectious disease transmitted through a cat's bite, scratch or lick and resulting primarily in lymph node pain and swelling. The condition can be mild or severe.
  • Cauda equina syndrome: Is a neurological syndrome which occurs when a vertebral disc protrudes and compresses the spinal cord.
  • Cerebral Autosomal Recessive Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy: A rare inherited condition characterized primarily by progressive degeneration of the brain white matter and disease of the brain blood vessels as well as additional symptoms not involving the brain e.g. thin skin, alopecia and spinal disc disease.
  • Cervical Spondylosis: Condition where bony changes within the cervical spine causes spinal cord compression with associated neck pain; usually seen in patients over 40 years of age.
  • Cervical injury: damage to white matter or myelinated fiber tracts that carry sensation and motor signals to and from the brain
  • Cervicitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervix symptoms: Symptoms affecting the cervix
  • Chat room addiction: Chat room addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on computer chat rooms. When the person attempts to reduce the amount of time spent on the activity they suffer withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and anxiety. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance.
  • Chest pain: Any chest pain must be considered as cardiac in origin until proven otherwise.
  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome: A hormonal disorder where a woman continues to produce milk even after the child has been weaned.
  • Chikungunya: A rare viral disease usually transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by fever, rash and severe arthritis.
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Chlamydial infection: Infection from Chlamydia genus.
  • Cholecystitis: inflammation of the gall bladder.
  • Chondrodysplasia, type Nance-Sweeney: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Chordoma: Chordomas are tumors originating from embryonic remnants of the primitive notochord
  • Chromophil renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor take up dye readily during pathology testing.
  • Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: A rare type of kidney tumor. The cells that make up the tumor tend to be clear and do not readily take up dye during pathology analysis. Metastasis often only occurs late in the course of the disease and surgical removal usually leads to a good prognosis.
  • Chronic Pancreatitis: Chronic ongoing inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Chronic leukemia: Leukemia in which the cell line is well differentiated, usually B lymphocytes.
  • Chronic meningitis: Chronic meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges with subacute onset and persisting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities lasting for at least one month.
  • Chronic renal insufficiency: Chronic lack of function of the renal system. Kidneys.
  • Clear cell renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor are clear.
  • Coccydynia: pain in the area of the coccyx (tailbone)
  • Collecting duct carcinoma: A rare, aggressive type of kidney cancer that arises from the kidney collecting ducts. The cancer cells can form irregular tubes.
  • Colorectal Polyps: Polyp growths in the colon or rectum.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Combat stress reaction: A term used in the military which refers to behaviors that result from the stress of fighting in a war.
  • Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
  • Computer addiction: Computer addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on the computer. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance. The time spent on the computer does not refer to work-related activities.
  • Congenital bronchogenic cyst: A rare birth condition characterized by the formation of a cyst in the middle of the chest, usually near the area where the trachea branches off. The condition may be asymptomatic but if the cyst is large enough it may cause problems by compressing nearby structures such as the trachea.
  • Constant back pain: Constant back pain is discomfort in the back that is steady and continual.
  • Constipation-predominant IBS: IBS is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits
  • Copper toxicity: Excessive accumulation of copper in the body can cause symptoms.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Cushing syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cushing-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Danubian endemic familial nephropathy: A form of slow-progressing kidney disease that occurs in a particular geographic area which includes countries such as Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Romania. The condition can remain asymptomatic for many years until serious kidney damage has occurred.
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: Chronic or recurrent back and neck pain due to degeneration and occasionally prolapse of spinal discs.
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Dent-Friedman syndrome: A rare form of osteoporosis that occurs in children and adolescents and no cause can be determined.
  • Depressive disorders: Depression or its various related conditions.
  • Depressive symptoms: Inappropriate depressed mood.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor: A rare aggressive tumor that usually develops in soft tissue and tends to grow to a large size. It usually occurs in the abdomen but may also in other parts of the body such as abdominal organs, brain, testicles, ovaries, spinal cord and skull.
  • Dialyzer hypersensitivity syndrome: An anaphylactic reaction that occurs in some patients who are dialyzed on artificial kidneys. A compound (ethylene oxide) used to dry sterilize artificial kidneys is a likely allergen.
  • Diarrhea-predominant IBS: IBS is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: A type of degenerative joint disease where spinal column ligaments lose their flexibility due to calcification.
  • Disc Disorders: Disorders that affect the discs of the spine
  • Discitis: A subacute infection of the vertebral discs that usually occurs in children.
  • Dressler (D.)syndrome: A rare autoimmune blood disorder where erythrocytes are destroyed suddenly after exposure to cold (usually 15°C or lower).
  • Dysmenorrhea: Excessive menstrual-like cramping pain
  • Dysthymia: Chronic depression usually associated with elderly people suffering stress from a variety of causes.
  • EGE: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the layers of the lining of the stomach and intestines and cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The degree of infiltration will determine the severity of symptoms.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: The occurrence of a pregnancy outside that of the uterus
  • Ehlers danlos syndrome: An inherited disorder of the connective tissue causing it to become weak and fragile. Connective tissue is found in skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments and hence all of these may be affected by weakness
  • Endometrial stromal sarcoma: A rare type of cancer that develops from the endometrial layer of the uterus. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Eosinophilic enteropathy, pattern II: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the top layers of the lining of the stomach and small intestine.
  • Ependymoma: A tumor that occurs in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Symptoms vary according to the aggressiveness, size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Esophageal carcinoma: A cancer of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal disorder:
  • Esophagus symptoms: Symptoms affecting the esophagus (digestive throat passage)
  • Facet syndrome: An irritation, sprain or strain involving the vertebral joints of the spine. The exact symptoms may vary depending on the part of the spine involved. The condition most often results osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease or injury.
  • Fallopian tube symptoms: Symptoms affecting the female fallopian tubes
  • Familial renal cell carcinoma: A genetic form of kidney cancer that develops in the lining of the tubules in the kidney and tends to run in families.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism: A rare disorder where some of the material from a vertebral disc enters the blood supply to the spinal cord where it causes an obstruction. Symptoms are determined by where the obstruction occurs. The obstruction causes damage to part of the spinal cord resulting in neurological symptoms which can result in death depending on the size and location of the obstruction.
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Filaminopathy, autosomal dominant: A rare dominantly inherited muscle disease characterized slow-progressing muscle weakness. The upper legs seemed to be the most affected with the arms being less involved.
  • Flu-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to flu including fever
  • Foix-Alajouanine syndrome: A rare type of spinal cord disease caused by malformations in blood vessels supplying the spinal cord. Insufficient blood flow to the spinal cord causes muscle problems.
  • Fractures: Breakage of bones
  • Gallstones: A condition where biliary calculi form in the gallbladder
  • Gaming addiction: Gaming addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on online computer games. When the person attempts to reduce the amount of time spent on the activity they suffer withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and anxiety. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance.
  • Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix: A rare type of cervical cancer.
  • Glenard syndrome: The downward displacement of internal organs.
  • Glioma: A rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor.
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare enzyme abnormality involving a deficiency of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase which causes premature destruction of red blood cells. The excessive destruction of red blood cells can be triggered by certain infections or drugs or by eating fava beans.
  • Glycogen storage disease type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down.
  • Glycogenosis type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down. The severity of the condition is variable and onset may occur during infancy, childhood or adulthood.
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
  • Hantavirosis: Infection by hantavirus which is a virus from the family Bunyaviridae. Infection generally causes severe febrile illness which can involve bleeding, shock and even death in some cases. The disease is transmitted by infected rodents.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heart attack: An acute myocardial infarction
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hemorragic fever with renal syndrome: A group of infectious diseases that involve bleeding, fever and kidney problems. Examples of viruses that can cause such infectious diseases include Hantan virus, Puumala virus and Seoul virus. Examples of diseases caused by viruses in this group includes epidemic nephritis, Hantaan fever and Songo fever. The virus is usually transmitted to human by rodents or biting insects such as mosquitos. The severity and range of symptoms is determined by the particular virus involved.
  • Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer: A rare inherited condition characterized by the presence of tumors that develop from smooth muscle tissue in the skin, uterus and the kidneys. The skin anomalies can occur on any part of the body and gradually increase in number and size with age. Kidney tumors develop in only a relatively small proportion of patients with the condition.
  • Herniated disc: A misaligned or "slipped" disc in the spine.
  • Hip Replacement: The replacement of a hip with an synthetic joint
  • Hip cancer: The presence of tumour growth in the bone of the hip, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast; cancer affecting bone of hip likely to affect other bones e.g. vertebra, ribs
  • Hip conditions: Any condition that affects the hip
  • Hip injury: Any injury that affects the hip
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hydronephrosis: Swelling of the kidney resulting from a blockage to the flow of urine.
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Hypoparathyroidism: causesd by lack of PTH
  • Hypophosphatemic rickets: A rare genetic type of rickets involving defective phosphate transport and vitamin D metabolism in the kidneys. Poor calcium absorption from the intestines leads to bone softening.
  • Hysteria: hysteria describes a state of mind, one of unmanageable fear or emotional excesses
  • Inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia: An inherited muscle wasting disorder associated with dementia and bone disease.
  • Inheritable disorders of connective tissue: Disorders that affect the connective tissue of the body that are handed down from generation to generation
  • Intercostal neuralgia: Nerve pain affecting the ribs
  • Interstitial nephritis: Any primary or secondary condition which affects the renal interstitial tissue
  • Intervertebral disc disease: Degenerative changes in the discs located between vertebrae. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Joint injury: An injury to any joint in the body. The larger limb joints tend to be the most utilized and are hence more prone to injuries. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and location of injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A joint injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Juvenile Paget's Disease:
  • Juvenile osteoporosis: Osteoporosis (progressive bone loss) that occurs in children. Osteoporosis in children can be caused by certain medical conditions (e.g. diabetes, malabsorption syndromes, kidney disease, hyperthyroidism), certain medications (e.g. corticosteroids, anticonvulsants), prolonged immobility or sometimes for no detectable reason (idiopathic).
  • Kidney stones: A crystal deposit that is made of urates and phosphates that occurs in the kidneys
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Labor Pain: Pain that occurs during active childbirth.
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • Lateral meningocele syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by lateral meningoceles (openings in the spinal cord on the inside of the spine) as well as craniofacial anomalies. The syndrome is believed to involve the abnormal development of the spinal cord, cerebellum and cerebral cortex.
  • Leukemia, mast-cell: A very aggressive form of leukemia - a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia. The cancer can in rare cases develop from chronic myeloid leukemia or systemic mastocytosis but generally develops on its own.
  • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H: An autosomal recessive form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of the TRIM32 protein.
  • Lipoma: Tumor of fat cells usually just under the skin
  • Listeriosis: Bacterial food poisoning
  • Listeriosis of pregnancy: Listeria monocytogenes infection in pregnant women.
  • Liver cancer: The occurrence of malignancy that occurs in the liver
  • Lordosis: Inward curvature of the spine.
  • Lower back pain: Pain in the lower back region
  • Lower back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the lower back.
  • Lumbago: A low backache.
  • Lumbar pain: Lower back pain.
  • MN1: A rare genetic defect that can cause meningiomas to develop. A meningioma is a tumor of the meninges which is a membrane that encloses the brain and spinal cord The genetic defect occurs on chromosome 22. The tumor is usually slow-growing and benign.
  • Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor: A rare malignant cancer that develops in the uterus, ovary or fallopian tubes. The tumor contains epithelial and stromal cells. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Malingering: A wilful feigning of the symptoms of illness or injury to attain a consciously desired end.
  • Meningioma: A slow-growing tumor of the meninges that is not cancerous. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining) or peritoneum (abdominal lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibres. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- pleural: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibers. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Middle back pain: Back pain in the middle back area
  • Mittelschmerz: Mid-cycle abdominal pain due to ovulation
  • Multifocal fibrosclerosis: A rare disorder characterized by the development of fibrous tissue that can occur in various parts of the body such as the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, eye area, bile ducts and thyroid gland. The severity and range of involvement is variable. There is no obvious cause for the condition.
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature and limb, joint and hip abnormalities which become evident from two to 10 years.
  • Multiple myeloma: A rare malignant cancer that occurs in the bone marrow. More common in skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis and legs.
  • Muscle spasm: The occurrence of a sudden prolonged and uncontrolled contraction of a muscle
  • Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, autosomal recessive, type 2H: An autosomal recessive form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of the TRIM32 protein.
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Myelitis: Spinal cord inflammation.
  • Myelography: A test used to screen whole spinal cord and cauda equina for compressive or expanding lesions
  • Myeloma: A primary malignancy of the plasma cells
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Myopathy, X-linked with postural muscle atrophy: An inherited, adult-onset muscle disease where the postural muscles become progressively weak and wasted while other muscles become enlarged. During early adulthood, patients tend to have an athletic build and muscle symptoms tend to start during the fourth decade of life. Death usually occurred between the ages of 40 and 75 years of age due to involvement of the heart.
  • Neck conditions: Any condition that affects the neck
  • Nerve conditions: Any condition that affects the nerves
  • Nerve sheath neoplasm: Tumors that develop from the protective sheath surrounding nerves. There are two types of nerve sheath tumors: schwannomas and neurofibromas. They most often occur around the spinal cord. Symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuroectodermal tumors primitive: A type of brain tumor that consists of small round cells and is believed to originate from primitive nerve cells in the brain. Symptoms are determined by the exact location of the tumor.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix: A rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive.
  • Neurofibroma: A benign tumor that originates from nerve cells. The tumors usually arise from nerves in the skin or just under the skin.
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Non functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: A tumor of the pancreas that does not result in an increased hormone production but can cause symptoms when the tumor becomes big enough to push against other structures. The tumor may be malignant or benign.
  • OSMED, Homozygous: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
  • Obstructive nephropathies: nephropathy from obstruction to the kidneys
  • Occult spinal dysraphism: A rare disorder characterized by progressive neurological deterioration due to compression of the spinal cord in the spine.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Liver cancer: Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride can increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Occupational vibrational exposure: Exposure to vibration can cause a variety of health problems such as back pain, blood vessel problems and nerve conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. This sort of exposure most often occurs in outdoor occupations such as farming, construction, forestry and transportation. Vibration may involve the whole body (e.g. driving forklifts) or only one or two limbs (e.g. using power tools).
  • Oophoritis: Oophoritis, also known as pelvic inflammatory disease, is an inflammation and infection of a woman's ovaries, often due to a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Opioid withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when opioid use is discontinued or reduced. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence. Opioids includes heroin, methadone and codeine.
  • Osteoarthritis: A form of degenerative arthritis due to chronic degeneration
  • Osteoid Osteoma: Benign bone tumor usually in long bones
  • Osteomalacia: Softening of bones caused by a vitamin D deficiency.
  • Osteomyelitis: An infection that occurs in bone
  • Osteoporosis: Bone mass loss (osteoporosis) as a symptom
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, homozygous: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone growth causes hearing loss, skeletal abnormalities and characteristic facial features.
  • Ovarian cancer: A condition which is characterized by a malignancy that is located in the ovary
  • Ovarian carcinosarcoma: A type of ovarian cancer.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Paget's disease, type 1: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile. Type 1 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Paget's disease, type 4: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile. Type 1 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 5q31.
  • Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
  • Pain Disorder: Somatoform disorder causing pain
  • Pancreatic Acinar Cell Tumors: Pancreatic acinar cell tumors are a rare type of tumor that develops from acinar cells in the pancreas. Normal acinar cells secrete enzymes and hence acinar cells in the tumor will also usually secrete additional enzymes - mostly lipase. This type of tumor usually occurs in old age.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pancreatic cancer, adult: Cancer that develops in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas produces digestive juices and certain hormones such as insulin that regulate sugar levels in the body and tumors can in some cases causes excessive hormone secretion.
  • Pancreatic carcinoma, familial: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the pancreas and tends to run in families. The pancreas produces digestive juices and certain hormones such as insulin that regulate sugar levels in the body.
  • Pancreatic inflammation: Pancreatic inflammation refers to swelling, tenderness, and irritation of the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic islet cell tumors (non-functioning tumor): A tumor that arises from the pancreatic islet cells and may involve cells that produce excess pancreatic hormones.
  • Pancreatitis: Any inflammation that occurs in the pancreas
  • Papillary renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor. It can be inherited in a familial pattern or occur sporadically.
  • Pelvic abscess: A pus-filled cavity in the pelvis due to infection.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the upper female genital tract
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Perforated ulcer: is a very serious condition where an untreated ulcer can burn through the wall of the stomach (or other areas of the gastrointestinal tract), allowing digestive juices and food to leech into the abdominal cavity
  • Pleuritic chest pain: Specific type of chest pain
  • Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, adult type: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. PKD 2 is an autosomal dominant form of the disease and differs from PKD 1 in that it is less severe and is caused by a mutation in a different gene.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, infantile type: Severe form of polycystic kidney disease which is a genetic kidney disease. Symptoms develop very early in life and may even be present during the fetal stage.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, type 2: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. This adult form of the condition is milder than the infantile form.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Pompe disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder where insufficient maltase acid results in accumulation of glycogen. The condition is often fatal in infants, causes mental retardation, hypotonia and a short life in children and progressive muscle weakness in adults. Also called glycogen storage disease type II.
  • Porphyria: A group of disorders characterized by excess production of porphyrin or its precursors which affects the skin and/or nervous system.
  • Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis: A condition characterized by glomerulonephritis which occurs after a streptococcal infection
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: A collection of symptoms that some women suffer that occurs directly before menstruation
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy: A disorder characterized by reduced motor control, dementia and eye movement problems.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Prostate cancer, familial: An inherited form of prostate cancer where cancer cells develop in the prostate tissue in males.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 1: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q24-q25 and is inherited in a dominant manner.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 10: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 10 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q24.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 11: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 11 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 12: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 12 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2p15.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 13: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 13 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q11.2.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 14: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 14 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 15: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 15 is linked to a defect on chromosome 19q13.4.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p11.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 3: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 4: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7p11-q21.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 5: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 3p26.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 6: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 22q12.3.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 7: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 7 is linked to a defect on chromosome 15q12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 8: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 8 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q42.2-q43.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 9: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17q21-q22.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, X-linked 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. X-linked type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xp11.22.
  • Prostate symptoms: Symptoms of the male prostate gland
  • Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Putti-Chavany syndrome: Irritation of one of the sciatic nerves which causes back and foot pain followed by reduced pain and paralysis and sensory abnormalities in the foot.
  • Pyelonephritis: Any inflammation of the kidney
  • Radiculopathy: A condition characterized by disease of the nerve roots
  • Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma 2: A genetic form of kidney cancer.
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma 3: A dominantly inherited form of kidney cancer which is linked to chromosome 5q.
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma 4: A genetic form of kidney cancer.
  • Renal abscess: A pus-filled cavity that develops in the kidney as a result of inflammation. The inflammation may result from other purulent infections in the body. It is most common in young adults.
  • Renal calculi: A condition characterized the formation of a stone I the renal tract caused by deposition of urates and phosphates
  • Renal cancer: Cancer (malignant) of the kidneys. The kidneys are organs that make certain hormones and remove waste from the blood and turning it into urine.
  • Renal cancer, familial: A genetic form of kidney cancer that tends to run in families.
  • Renal cell carcinoma, papillary, familial: A type of kidney tumor inherited in a familial manner and characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor.
  • Renal cell carcinoma, papillary, hereditary: A type of kidney tumor characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor. The cancer can occur in a sporadic manner as well as a familial manner.
  • Renal cell carcinoma, papillary, sporadic: A type of kidney tumor characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor. The cancer can occur in a sporadic manner as well as a familial manner.
  • Renal colic: Severe urinary system pain usually from a urinary stone
  • Renal pelvis and ureter, transitional cell cancer: Cancer that develops in certain cells that make up the ureter and renal pelvis. The ureter is a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder and the renal pelvis is a part of the kidney. Transitional cells line the inside of the renal pelvis and the ureter.
  • Renal tubular transport disorders, inborn: Genetic defects in the transporters and channels along the kidney tubules that help to regulate body fluids as well as defects in the receptors and enzymes involved in the process. Examples of such disorders include nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and hereditary renal hypouricemia. Symptoms are determined by the exact nature of the disorder.
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis: A rare disorder involving the formation of a fibrous mass of tissue in the hollow space at the back of the abdomen. The mass can affect the flow of urine to the kidneys and may also affect other abdominal organs.
  • Rheumatism: Rheumatism is a colloquial term used to describe a range of conditions which are considered to be rheumatalogical disorders. These may include conditions affecting the heart, lung, bones, joint, kidney and skin.
  • Rib symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ribs
  • Rickets: A condition that affects the bones due to vitamin D deficiency
  • Rickettsia: A self limiting condition that is transmitted by mites
  • Rift Valley Fever: Mosquito-borne viral infection affecting animals and humans
  • Ritter syndrome: A rare infantile skin disorder involving severe redness, inflammation, blistering and peeling of skin and mucous membranes which can result from a variety of infections, malignancies and drugs.
  • Ruptured intervertebral disk: A herniated nucleus pulposus is a slipped disk along the spinal cord.
  • SAPHO syndrome: A rare disorder involving skin (acne, pustulosis), bone (hyperostosis, osteitis) and joint problems.
  • Scapulocostal syndrome: Pain in the back and or shoulder that may involve other parts of the arms or chest. The cause is unknown but may be a result of postural problems.
  • Scheuermann's disease: A rare disorder that causes abnormal spine development during adolescence and results in a rounded appearance to the back.
  • Sciatica: neuralgia along the nerve course of the sciatic nerve
  • Sciatica as seen in rheumatoid arthritis: Neuralgia along the course of the sciatic nerve. It can also occur in chronic inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Scoliosis: A condition which is characterized by lateral curvature of the spine
  • Secondary Bone Cancer: Tumour development in bone as a result of spread from a primary malignant tumour from another body site (usually lung bronchus, breast and prostate)
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
  • Septic abortion: An abortion associated with a uterine infection. The infection can occur during or just before or after an abortion. The infection can result from factors such as Chlamydia, IUD's or attempted abortion using infected tools.
  • Seronegative spondyloarthropathy: Spondyloarthropathy that is negative to rheumatoid facotr
  • Severe upper back pain: severe pain in the upper back region
  • Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
  • Sickle cell crisis: A condition which is characterized by either a hemolytic crisis or vaso-occlusive crisis
  • Side pain: Pain on the sides
  • Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone: A type of cancer from plasma cells where the plasma cells multiply uncontrollably. It can occur in the bone or in soft tissue. If the cancer is located in only one part of the body it is called a solitary plasmacytoma and if there are multiple sites it is called a multiple myeloma. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the cancer. Bone plasmacytomas generally tend to cause localized pain and even pathological fractures if the bone has been significantly weakened due to the tumor.
  • Somatoform Disorders: A disorder that is characterised by multiple somatic complaints
  • Spastic paraplegia 25, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by progressive weakness of the lower legs. The condition also involves herniation of spinal discs.
  • Spastic paraplegia 4, autosomal dominant: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles. The severity of the condition is very variable as is the age of onset.
  • Spastic pelvic floor syndrome: A condition where the pelvic floor muscles contract instead of relaxing during straining which blocks the rectum during defecation and can affect urination.
  • Spinal AVM: Spinal AVM's refers to a group of abnormal blood vessels (arteries and veins) in the spinal canal. The severity of symptoms depends on the size and growth of the blood vessel malformation. Severe complications such as paralysis can result if the malformed blood vessels rupture and bleed.
  • Spinal Arthritis: Inflammation of the spine joints. The inflammation can be the result of such things as degenerative joint disease, gout, infection, trauma and autoimmune conditions.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Spinal Cord Tumor: Cancer of the spinal cord or central nervous system.
  • Spinal arthritis: Inflammation of the spine joints. The inflammation can be the result of such things as degenerative joint disease, gout, infection, trauma and autoimmune conditions.
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • Spinal fracture: A fracture of one or multiple bony vertebrae
  • Spinal pain: Pain in the back.
  • Spinal pain and rigidity: Usually occurs due to simple reasons such lack of exercise or may involve something as complicated such as metastatic spread of carcinoma breast to the vertebrae.
  • Spinal pain experienced on movement: When a person experiences pain on movement of the spine
  • Spinal pain experienced when lying still: When a person experiences pain in the spine whilst lying still
  • Spinal pain on palpation of the spinal vertebrae: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of pain on palpation of the spinal vertebrae
  • Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal cavity around the spinal cord.
  • Spine Tenderness: Pain in the region of the spine.
  • Spine pain: Pain affecting the spine or spinal cord
  • Spine symptoms: Symptoms affecting the spine
  • Spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints.
  • Spondylitis: Inflammation of the synovial joints of the backbone.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature and skeletal abnormalities which are usually not apparent before 12 years.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone development primarily involves the spine and epiphyses (end of long bones where growth occurs).
  • Spondylolisthesis: forward slippage of one vertebra over another.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Sports Injuries: Any condition that has resulted from injury to a part of the body due to participation in a sporting activity
  • Staphylococcal infection: Any infection caused by the bacteria staphylococcal
  • Stomach symptoms: Symptoms affecting the stomach.
  • Stones: The formation of consolidations that are stone like in nature
  • Strain: Muscle or tendon injury; compare sprain
  • Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover the brain. This area is called the subarachnoid space
  • Swayback: A spinal deformity where the spin curves inward. The condition may be caused by tightness in the lower back muscles, pregnancy and excessive abdominal size or vertebral abnormality. The curvature can be noted as a gap between the lower back and the floor when a person lays face-down on a flat surface.
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Syringomyelia: Spinal cord cysts
  • Tarlov cysts: Development of a cyst in the spinal nerve. Symptoms can be asymptomatic or severe depending on the size and location of the cyst.
  • Tethered Spinal Cord Syndrome: Spinal cord condition from abnormally stretched spinal cord.
  • Tingling: Tingling, prickling, or pins-and-needles sensations
  • Transfusion Reaction: The allergic reaction to the transfusion of blood products to a person
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the urinary system organs (renal pelvis, bladder or ureter).
  • Transverse myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord which results in various neurological and muscle symptoms. The inflammation can occur for no obvious reason or may result from a virus, bacterial infection, autoimmune disease or vaccination. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and degree of inflammation.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis: A rare disorder characterized by neurological degeneration and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Type I spinal osteoporosis: Spinal osteoporosis is rarely diagnosed until spinal bones have broken. These breaks occur at the weakest points of the spinal column.
  • Type II Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Upper back pain: Pain in the upper back region
  • Upper back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the upper back.
  • Urinary tract infection: Infection of the urinary tract
  • Urinary tract infections (child): Infection of the urinary system in children.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Uterine prolapse: Prolapse of the uterus into the wrong position
  • Vaginal atresia: A birth defect where the vagina is blocked off to varying degrees. It is often associated with syndromes such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Fraser syndrome and Rokitansky-Mayer-Juster-Hauser syndrome.
  • Vertebral fracture: Any fracture which occurs to the vertebrae of the back
  • Vipoma: A rare disorder caused by an increase in secretion of vasoactive intestinal peptide by the pancreas. The syndrome is often caused by an islet-cell tumor (except for beta cells) in the pancreas.
  • Viral prostatitis: Acute prostatitis almost always results from an infection. Infections that cause prostatitis are often bacterial. They are rarely fungal, viral, or protozoal.
  • Vitamin C Overdose: Symptoms occurring due to the ingestion of an amount of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in excess of recommended doses or prolonged chewing of vitamin C supplement tablets; overdose is rare except in people with predisposing conditions as ascorbic acid is non-toxic.
  • Weil's syndrome: Severe form of Leptospirosis
  • Whiplash: Neck injury often from a car accident.
  • Whiplash Injuries: An injury to the neck when the neck is rapidly forced backward and then forwards or vice versa. It most commonly occurs in vehicle accidents when the vehicle is stopped abruptly or pushed forwards suddenly.
  • Whipple's Disease: Rare malabsorption disease from bacterial digestive infection
  • Xiphoid syndrome: Pain and discomfort that occurs in the lowest portion of the sternum called the xiphoid process. The symptoms may occur sporadically or be associated with conditions such as heart disease, gallbladder disease and bone disease. Certain movements (bending, lifting) or eating large meals may precipitate an attack.
  • Yaws: A rare infections disease caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Treponema pertenue. The disease consists of three phases: skin lesions are followed by bone, joint and widespread skin symptoms and finally by inflammation and destruction of cartilage in the nose, pharynx and palate. Transmission can be through direct contact with infected skin, insect bites or sex.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Back pain:

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Conditions listing medical complications: Back pain:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Back pain' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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