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Diagnostic Tests for Blood in urine

Diagnostic Test list for Blood in urine:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Blood in urine includes:

  • Physical examination
    • Examine for signs of anemia
    • Temperature may suggest urinary tract infection, lupus erythematosus, infective endocarditis
    • Blood pressure e.g. if high blood pressure may suggest glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidneys, lupus erythematosus
    • Cardiovascular examination to look for signs of infective endocarditis which maycause emboli to kidney e.g. fever, heart murmur, small hemorrhages on the nails
    • Abdominal palpation for mass in flanks:
      • E.g. bilateral flank masses may suggestpolycystic kidneys and hydronephrosis
      • E.g. unilateral flank mass may suggest a hypernephroma (renal cell carcinoma), unilateral hydronephrosis, solitary kidney cyst or renal vein thrombosis
    • Examine for bladder tenderness or enlargement - which may suggest prostatic obstruction and urine retention.
    • Digital rectal examination for enlarged prostate ( benign or malignant) or tender prostate of prostatitis
    • Examine for signs of bleeding disorder e.g. widespread bruising, swollen joints, bleeding gums
    • Urine analysis and microscopy - looking for protein, granular casts and red cell casts suggestive of glomerulonephritis and lupus erythematosus.
    • Urine culture and sensitivity - to diagnose urinary tract infection.
    • Urine cytology - may be useful to detect malignancies of the bladder and lower urinary tract, but is usually negative for kidney cancers.
    • First pass Urine PCR test for gonorrhea and Chlamydia to rule out sexually acquired urethritis
    • Anaerobic culture and AFB smear and culture - to rule out tuberculosis.
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count and ESR
    • Renal function tests (urea and Creatinine)
    • Anti-streptolysin O titers and serum complement level if suspect glomerulonephritis
    • Coagulation profile to help rule out acquired or hereditary bleeding disorders
    • Antinuclear antibody, dsDNA, Rheumatoid factor may help diagnose lupus erythematosus
  • Radiological investigations
    • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
    • Renal ultrasound scan may help diagnose a renal cyst, but is less sensitive at detecting lower urinary tract abnormalities
    • Retrograde pyelography
  • If the above tests are not revealing, may need to have cystoscopy by Urologist; CT scan of abdomen and pelvis or renal biopsy
  • Renal angiogram and aortogram may be necessary to evaluate renovascular hypertension and renal embolism

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Blood in urine causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Blood in urine:

The following list of conditions have 'Blood in urine' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Blood in urine or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Blood in urine:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Blood in urine' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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