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Symptoms » Brittle nails » Glossary
 

Glossary for Brittle nails

Medical terms related to Brittle nails or mentioned in this section include:

  • Accutane -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Accutane during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Achrestic anemia: Achrestic anemia is a form of anemia similar to that caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency but it doesn't respond to treatment with Vitamin B12. The condition tends to progress slowly and can result in death if not treated. There are a variety of possible causes.
  • Alopecia Areata: A condition where hair loss occurs in patches for unknown reasons. Although the condition often disappears within a year, it often reoccurs.
  • Anemia: Reduced red blood cells in the blood
  • Anemia, Iron-Deficiency: A lack of fully functioning red blood cells due to a deficiency of iron. The iron allows the body to make hemoglobin in red blood cells which in turn allows the red blood cell to carry oxygen.
  • Anemia, hypochromic microcytic: A blood disorder where red blood cells are too small and lack sufficient iron. It can be inherited or caused by insufficient iron in the diet or from a genetic disorder.
  • Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
  • Blue nails: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of nails that are blue in appearance
  • Brittle nails in children: Brittle nails in children are fingernails or toenails in a child that are dry and break easily.
  • Chloramphenicol-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Chloramphenicol-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called chloramphenicol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Copper deficiency-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Copper deficiency-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of copper. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of copper. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Cycloserine-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Cycloserine -induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called Cycloserine. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Decreased mean cell haemoglobin: A decreased hemoglobin content of the average red blood cell, calculated from the hemoglobin therein and the red cell count in erythrocyte indices
  • Decreased mean cell haemoglobin concentration: A decreased average haemoglobin concentration in the a specified volume
  • Decreased mean cell volume: A decreased mean red cell volume
  • Dimorphic anemia: Dimorphic refers to anemia that has two different causes acting together e.g. iron deficiency as well as a Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Drug-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Drug-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by drugs such as cycloserine, isoniazid and ethanol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia: A group of rare inherited conditions which affect the ectodermal skin layer which includes the skin, hair, teeth and nails.
  • Ectrodactyly ectrodermal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by missing digits and hair, teeth and nail abnormalities. The severity of the hand and foot malformations is variable.
  • Endocrine disorders: Any disorder that affects the endocrine system
  • Ethanol-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Ethanol-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by consuming ethanol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Finger symptoms: Symptoms affecting any fingers
  • Fingernail symptoms: Symptoms affecting the fingernails
  • Folate-deficiency anemia: Folate-deficiency anemia is a blood condition characterized by low levels of folate in the body which leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells. It is usually the result of a poor diet, malabsorption issues or the use of certain medications.
  • Foot symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both feet
  • Fungal nail infections: Fungal conditions of the toenail or fingernail
  • Fungal symptoms: Symptoms from various fungal infections
  • Graeck-Imerslund disease:
  • Grasbeck-Imerslund Disease: A rare inherited disorder characterized by vitamin B12 deficiency which results from the body's inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the foods eaten.
  • Hand symptoms: Symptoms affecting the hand
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hemolytic anemia: A condition which is characterized by anaemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
  • Hutchinson Gilford Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by alopecia and senile-like appearance.
  • Hyperchromic Anemia: Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin as well as a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly is often caused by such things as Vitamin B12 deficiency and pernicious anemia.
  • Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
  • Hypodontia -- nail dysgenesis: A syndrome that is characterized by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities. Primary teeth are usually normal but some secondary teeth may be missing. The toenails tend to be more affected than the fingernails.
  • Hypodontia dysplasia of nails: A syndrome that is characterised by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities. Primary teeth are usually normal but some secondary teeth may be missing. The toenails tend to be more affected than the fingernails.
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • Ichthyosis: Fish-like scaly dry skin areas
  • Inherited spherocytic anemia: Inherited Spherocytic anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of red blood cells (anemia).
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Iron deficiency anemia: Iron-deficiency anemia is a blood condition characterized by low levels of iron in the body which leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells.
  • Isoniazid-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Drug-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called isoniazid. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Isotretinoin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Isotretinoin (an acne treatment drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Lichen planus: Skin rash
  • Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
  • Lower leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower legs, calves and shins.
  • Macrocytic Hyperchromic Anemia: Macrocytic Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by abnormally large red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin. There is also a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly can be associated with such things as celiac disease or alcoholism.
  • Macrocytic anemia: Macrocytic anemia is a blood disorder where the red blood cells are larger than normal but have low levels of haemoglobin which is needed to carry oxygen throughout the body. The condition usually results from a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folate, digestive problems, malabsorption and certain medications which affect folic acid levels. Various rare inherited disorders may also result in macrocytic anemia e.g. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Severity and range of symptom may vary depending on the underlying condition.
  • Malnutrition: Any disorder that relates to inadequate intake of nutrients.
  • Megaloblastic Anemia 1: A rare genetic blood disorder where a defect in the vitamin B12 receptor means that it can't be absorbed from food during digestion. As a result of the low vitamin B12 levels, the body produces increased numbers of abnormal enlarged red blood cells (megaloblasts).
  • Megaloblastic anemia: Megaloblastic anemia, also called pernicious anemia, is a condition in which there is a low number of red blood cells most often caused by a lack of vitamin B12.
  • Megalocytic-Normochromic anemia: Megalocytic-Normochromic is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within abnormally large red blood cells. However, the number of red blood cells is low.
  • Microcytic Anemia: Microcytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by small red blood cells (erythrocytes). The red blood cells are small due to a failure of haemoglobin synthesis or insufficient quantities of haemoglobin available. The blood disorder is usually caused by conditions such as iron deficiency, chronic diseases and thalassemias.
  • Microcytic Hyperchromic Anemia: Microcytic Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by abnormally small red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin. There is also a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly can be associated with such things as chronic infections and severe malnutrition.
  • Microcytic hypochromic anemia: Microcytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by small red blood cells (erythrocytes) which have insufficient haemoglobin and hence have a reduced ability to carry oxygen through the body. The red blood cells are small due to a failure of haemoglobin synthesis or insufficient quantities of haemoglobin available. The blood disorder is usually caused by conditions such as iron deficiency, chronic diseases and thalassemias. The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Microcytic-Normochromic anemia: Microcytic-Normochromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within small red blood cells. However the number of red blood cells is low.
  • Nail conditions: Any condition that affects the nail
  • Nail symptoms: Symptoms affecting the fingernails or toenails
  • Nail-Patella Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by small or absent kneecap and ridged and/or absent nails as well as other abnormalities
  • Non-hereditary spherocytic anemia: Non-inherited spherocytic anemia is an acquired blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of red blood cells (anemia). The blood condition may result from such things as acute, widespread burns to the body, low blood phosphate levels, Zieve's syndrome and toxins from poisonous snakes, spiders and insects.
  • Normocytic anemia: Normocytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are of a normal size but present in insufficient quantities. It is often associated with chronic diseases, blood loss, bone marrow problems and kidney disease. It can also be the result of an inherited condition.
  • Normocytic-Normochromic anemia: Megalocytic-Normochromic is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within normal-sized red blood cells. However, the number of red blood cells is low. Conditions such as haemolytic anemia, liver disease and aplastic anemia may be associated with this blood disorder.
  • Nutritional Sideroblastic anemia: Nutritional sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of pyridoxine or copper. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of pyridoxine or copper. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Nutritional anemia: Nutritional anemia refers to a reduced red blood cell count due to a poor diet which is deficient in iron, folat and/or Vitamin B12.
  • Oculo tricho dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, tooth and hair abnormalities
  • Onchyomycosis: A fungal infection of the nail. The toenails tend to be affected more than the fingernails.
  • Onycho-tricho-dysplasia -- neutropenia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair and nail abnormalities, neutropenia and psychomotor retardation.
  • Onychotrichodysplasia and neutropenia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by nail, hair and blood abnormalities.
  • Onychotrichodysplasia, chronic neutropenia and mental retardation syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair and nail abnormalities, neutropenia and mental retardation.
  • Pernicious anemia: A megaloblastic anaemia due to malabsorption of the vitamin B12
  • Plummer-Vinson syndrome: A disorder characterized by swallowing difficulty associated with severe iron-deficiency anemia.
  • Poikilocytic anemia: Poikilocytic anemia refers a blood disorder characterized by abnormally shaped red blood cells. The abnormal red blood cells may be destroyed prematurely resulting in anemia. The severity of the anemia and hence the severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Progeria: A rare fatal genetic disorder characterized by extremely premature aging.
  • Protein deficiency:
  • Proximal subungual onychomycosis: A fungal infection of the nail which tends to start at the nail fold and affects new nail growth. The infection starts on the top of the nail and then spreads deeper into the nail. This form of onychomycosis tends to occur primarily in AIDS patients.
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Pyridoxine deficiency-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Pyridoxine deficiency-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of pyridoxine. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of pyridoxine. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Raynaud's disease: It is a reversible ischemia of the peripheral arterioles. It is a painful sensation affecting the fingers and toes associated with whitening or redness
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: A condition where the body extremities sweat and turn blue and cold. Exposure to cold, emotional stress and smoking may trigger the condition. Also known as acrocyanosis.
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Selective Vitamin B12 malabsorption with Proteinuria: A rare genetic blood disorder where a defect in the vitamin B12 receptor means that it can't be absorbed from food during digestion. As a result of the low vitamin B12 levels, the body produces increased numbers of abnormal enlarged red blood cells (megaloblasts).
  • Selenium poisoning: Excessive exposure to selenium. Selenium is essential to the diet in small amounts but is toxic in large amounts. Poisoning can occur through inhalation or ingestion.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
  • Sideroblastic anemia: Sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder where the body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly. The condition may be inherited, acquired or secondary.
  • Sideroblastic anemia, hereditary: An inherited form of anemia where an enzyme deficiency prevents red blood cells from using iron properly. The red blood cells become overloaded with iron which impairs the blood's ability to carry oxygen.
  • Sideroblastic anemia, pyridoxine-responsive, autosomal recessive: Pyridoxine-responsive sideroblastic anemia is a rare inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of iron in the red blood cells which makes them unable to function properly. The condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and responds to treatment with pyridoxine.
  • Sideropenic anemia: Sideropenic anemia is a blood abnormality characterized by reduced iron levels in the plasma. It is a very common form of anemia.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome: Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands.
  • Spherocytic anemia: Spherocytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of red blood cells (anemia). The condition may be inherited or acquired.
  • TDO type II: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by kinky hair, tooth enamel and bone abnormalities and differs from type I mainly by a small head and increased long bone density.
  • Thyroid disease: Any medical condition which affects the thyroid
  • Thyroid disorders: Any medical condition which affects the thyroid
  • Tinea: A condition which is characterized by an infection caused by a fungus
  • Tinea unguium: A condition which is characterized by tinea of the nails
  • Toe symptoms: Symptoms affecting the toes
  • Toenail symptoms: Symptoms of the nails on the toes
  • Tooth and nail syndrome: A genetic condition which affects the teeth and nails
  • Toxin-induced Sideroblastic anemia: Toxin-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by toxins such as lead or zinc poisoning. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly.
  • Tricho-dento-osseous syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by kinky hair, tooth enamel and bone abnormalities. There are two different subtypes with type I being distinguished from type II by the presence of a small head and increased density in the long bones.
  • Tricho-dento-osseous syndrome II:
  • Tricho-dento-osseous syndrome type:
  • Tricho-dento-osseous syndrome type I: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by kinky hair, tooth enamel and bone abnormalities.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Vitamin A deficiency: Dietary deficiency of vitamin A
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A deficiency of Vitamin B12 primarily causes anemias the body is unable to make sufficient quantities of normal red blood cells. Severe cases can lead to permanent nervous system problems. The vitamin B12 deficiency can result from absorption problems, insufficient dietary intake, certain medications (e.g. metformin), inherited conditions (e.g. transcobalamin deficiency) and certain chronic parasitic intestinal infestations.
  • Watermelon stomach: The dilation of the blood vessels in the antral of the stomach
  • X-linked sideroblastic anaemia:
  • X-linked sideroblastic anemia: X-linked sideroblastic anemia is a rare inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of iron in the red blood cells which makes them unable to function properly. The body continues to absorb more iron from digesting food in order to try and correct the problem but this simply leads to excessive iron being deposited in body tissues as the it can't use the iron properly. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Xeroderma: Genetic condition in which the enzyme systems repairing damage from solar ultraviolet rays is defective, causing early development of skin cancers.
  • Zanier-Roubicek syndrome: An inherited syndrome characterized by reduced sweating, hyperthermia, sparse hair, missing teeth and brittle nails.
  • Zinc deficiency: When there is a deficiency of zinc in an individuals body

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Brittle nails:

The following list of conditions have 'Brittle nails' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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