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Glossary for Cardiovascular disorders

Medical terms related to Cardiovascular disorders or mentioned in this section include:

  • Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
  • Angina: Angina is a particular type of pain related to heart conditions
  • Aortic aneurysm: A localised dilatation of the aorta which results in a 50% increase in its diameter
  • Aortic dissection: A tear in the inner layer of the aorta (major artery in the body) which allows blood to escape into outer layers of the artery.
  • Aortic stenosis: A condition which affects the aortic valve of the heart resulting in stenosis of the valve.
  • Arrhythmia: The occurrence of an irregular heart beat
  • Arrhythmias: The occurrence of irregular heart beats
  • Atherosclerosis: A condition which is a form of arteriosclerosis where atheromas are caused by the aggregation of cholesterol and lipids
  • Atrial Septal Defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 atria, or upper chambers of the heart
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Blood vessel symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood vessels
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Cardiac tamponade: Symptoms caused by compression of the heart due to the accumulation of blood or fluid in the space between the heart muscle and the membrane covering the heart.
  • Cardiomyopathy: A condition characterized by an increase in the size of the heart
  • Cardiovascular disorder: diseases of the heart function, pumping mechanism or any diseases of the heart valves and conduction mechanism
  • Cardiovascular symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart and related vascular systems.
  • Circulation symptoms: Symptoms affecting the circulatory system
  • Congenital heart disease: Diseases of the heart that one is born with
  • Discontinuation syndrome: Symptoms that can occur when a person suddenly stops taking their high blood pressure medication.
  • Dressler syndrome: A group of symptoms that can occur days, weeks or months after a heart attack or heart surgery. The symptoms may be due to such things as autoimmune processes, virus or bleeding around the heart which can result in inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart.
  • HOCM: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • Heart disease: Any disease that affects that heart but particularly relating to its own blood supply
  • Heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
  • Heart rhythm symptoms: Problems with the rhythm of the heartbeat (arrhythmias)
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heart valve disorder:
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • Hyperthyroidism: The excessive activity of the thyroid gland
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Mitral regurgitation: A condition which is characterized by a regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the atrium due to a problem with the mitral valve
  • Mitral stenosis: Narrowing of the mitral heart valve
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Myocarditis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the muscles of the heart
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Pericardial effusion: Occurs when there is an abnormal collection of fluid within the pericardial sac
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium that surrounds the heart
  • Pulmonary embolus: Pulmonary embolus is a condition in which a blood clot, piece of fat, or other solid substance travels through the bloodstream and lodges in a blood vessel of the lungs causing a blockage.
  • Renal failure: A condition characterized by a failure of the kidney to excrete toxic metabolites from the body
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Sepsis: The presence of microorganisms in the blood circulation
  • Tetralogy of Fallot: A condition which is characterized pulmonary stenosis, interventricular septal defect, right ventricular hypertrophy and dextroposition of the aorta
  • Thiamine deficiency: Dietary deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Transient global amnesia: Sudden, short-term memory loss
  • Tricuspid atresia: A rare congenital malformation where the tricuspid valve is absent and hence the right atrium is not connected to the right ventricle
  • Tricuspid stenosis:
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome: Heart arrhythmia causing increased heart rate

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Cardiovascular disorders:

The following list of conditions have 'Cardiovascular disorders' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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