Glossary for Coma in children
Medical terms related to Coma in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
- Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A type of encephalitis that usually follows an acute viral infection and involves an immune attack on myelin tissue which is part of the nervous system. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting and drowsiness followed by seizures, coma and paralysis. Often results in permanent neurological disorders.
- Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
- Anaphylaxis: An immediate hypersensitivity reaction due to the exposure of a specific antigen to a sensitized individual
- Arrhythmia: The occurrence of an irregular heart beat
- Arrhythmias: The occurrence of irregular heart beats
- Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
- Brain tumor: A condition which is characterized by the abnormal growth of tissue within the brain
- Chemical addiction: Addiction to and abuse of various substances.
- Child abuse: Physical, sexual, emotional abuse or neglect of child.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Coma: Loss of consciousness for a long period
- Concussion: Brain injury causing loss of consciousness and bruising of the brain
- Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
- Diabetic ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Encephalitis: Infection of the brain (as a symptom)
- Epilepsy: Paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may manifest as loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena
- Fungal infections: Symptoms from various fungal infections
- Head injury: Any injury that occurs to the head
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Heart attack: An acute myocardial infarction
- Hepatic encephalopathy: Caused by marked liver disease that results in disturbances of consciousness
- Hepatitis: Any inflammation of the liver
- Hydrocephalus: A condition which is characterized by marked dilatation of the cerebral ventricles
- Hypercalcemia: Raised blood calcium levels
- Hyperglycemia: Where there is an increase above normal of the blood sugar levels
- Hypernatremia: Increased blood sodium levels. Can be caused by excessive sodium levels but is more often a result of low water levels in the body.
- Hypocalcemia: Low blood calcium levels
- Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar levels
- Hyponatremia: An electrolyte disturbance involving low sodium levels in the blood. Symptoms are determined by the degree of imbalance. Very low sodium levels can cause water intoxication which can be very dangerous.
- Hypotension: Low blood pressure refers to blood pressure that is lower than the range that is considered normal. This may or may not cause symptoms and a person with low blood pressure may be catastrophically unwell, or perfectly well depending on the cause. Blood pressure refers to the pressure of the blood circulating through the blood vessels.
- Hypovolemia: a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma
- Hypoxia: This is where there is a reduction of oxygen supply to parts of the body below what is required for adequate perfusion
- Hysteria: hysteria describes a state of mind, one of unmanageable fear or emotional excesses
- Increased intracranial pressure: Increased pressure inside the skull due to brain swelling or fluid accumulation
- Intracranial Hemorrhages: Bleeding inside the skull. The condition is a medical emergency and the greater the bleeding, the more severe the condition.
- Intracranial hemorrhage: Intracranial hemorrhage is a condition in which there is bleeding within the cranium of the skull.
- Japanese encephalitis: A form of encephalitis caused by a flavivirus (Japanese B encephalitis virus - JBEV) and transmitted by mosquito bites. Most cases are mild and asymptomatic but severe cases can lead to death.
- Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
- Level of consciousness symptoms: Symptoms related to consciousness such as coma or loss of consciousness.
- Low blood pressure: Low blood pressure refers to blood pressure that is lower than the range that is considered normal. This may or may not cause symptoms and a person with low blood pressure may be catastrophically unwell, or perfectly well depending on the cause. Blood pressure refers to the pressure of the blood circulating through the blood vessels.
- Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Poisoning: The condition produced by poison
- Reye's syndrome: is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver
- Sepsis: The presence of microorganisms in the blood circulation
- Shock: Physical and mental reaction to reduced circulation
- Stroke: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
- Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
- Substance abuse: Abuse of illicit substances
- Syncope: Loss or interruption of consciousness.
- Thyroid disease: Any medical condition which affects the thyroid
- Tumor: Abnormal tissue growth which may be malignant or benign.
- Urea Cycle Disorders: Any disorder that affects the urea cycle.
- Uremia: Build up of toxins usually excreted by the kidneys, associated with real failure in a woman who is pregnant.
- Vasculitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation to blood vessels
- Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Coma in children:
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