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Symptoms » Foot pain » Glossary
 

Glossary for Foot pain

Medical terms related to Foot pain or mentioned in this section include:

  • Achilles tendinitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation and tenderness located in the Achilles tendon of the leg
  • Achilles tendonitis: Achilles tendonitis is a condition of irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle.
  • Acute foot pain: Acute foot pain is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain in one foot.
  • Adult hypophosphatasia: An rare inherited bone disorder due to an inborn error of metabolism characterized by a deficiency of alkaline phosphate. The condition involves the early loss of primary teeth and childhood rickets followed by a reasonable health until mid-adulthood when dental and skeletal abnormalities again become prevalent.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Ankle Arthritis: Inflammation of the ankle joint. The inflammation can be the result of such things as degenerative joint disease, gout, infection, trauma and autoimmune conditions.
  • Ankle conditions: Conditions that affect the ankle
  • Ankle fracture: Ankle fracture refers to a broken bone in the ankle.
  • Ankle injuries: Injury to the ankle
  • Ankle pain: Pain affecting the ankle joint
  • Ankle sprain: Damage to the ankle ligaments.
  • Arm strain: An arm strain is an injury or damage to a muscle or tendon in the arm.
  • Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
  • Arterial insufficiency: Where the arterial blood flow is insufficient.
  • Arthritis: A condition which is characterized by the inflammation of a joint
  • Arthritis-related enthesitis: Inflammation of the entheses due to arthritis. The enthuses is the site at which the tendon or ligament attaches to the bone.
  • Athlete's foot: A condition which is characterized by a chronic superificial infection of the foot caused by a fungi
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bone conditions: Conditions that affect the bones
  • Bone infection: Inflammation of the bone also known as osteomyelitis.
  • Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Broken foot: Fracture of one or more foot bones
  • Broken toe: Fracture of a bone in a toe
  • Bruising: Bleeding under skin leading to discoloration.
  • Buerger's disease: Buergers's disease is a recurring inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet
  • Bunion: A bunion is a painful swelling of the soft tissue, and bone enlargement over the inside of the ball of the big toe. Often the big toe will look as if it is bent in towards the other toes or even can lie across them.
  • Bunions: Bony growth on the big toe.
  • Burning feet syndrome: Abnormal burning and stinging sensations in the feet which may be accompanied by redness and swelling. It may be caused by factors such as kidney failure, liver damage, thyroid problems, blood disorders, nerve damage, fungal infections, chronic alcoholism and ill-fitting shoes. In some cases, the eyes may also be affected
  • Bursitis: inflammation of one or more bursae (small sacs) of synovial fluid in the body.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disorder: Degeneration of limb muscles.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease -- deafness: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and deafness involves the usual CMT symptoms as well as deafness.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1A: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1A is inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern and involves the duplication of the PMP22 gene on chromosome 17.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1B: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1B is inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern and involves a defect in the MPZ gene on chromosome 1. The severity of the condition is variable depending on the age of onset with severe infantile cases resulting in the inability to walk at an early age.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1C: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1C is inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern and involves a defect in the LITAF/SIMPLE gene on chromosome 16.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1D: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1D is caused by a defect of the ERG2 gene on chromosome 10 and usually results in a severe form of the disease.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1E: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1E involves the usual CMT symptoms as well as deafness.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 1F: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 1F is caused by a defect of a gene in chromosome 8 and involves the neurofilament light chain protein.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2A: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2AI: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2A1 has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in the KIF1B gene on chromosome 1p36.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2AII: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2A2 has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in the MFN2 gene on chromosome 1p36.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2C: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2C has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in chromosome 12 and involves diaphragm and vocal cord weakness as well as hand and foot problems.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2D: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2D has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in the glycyl RNA synthetase gene on chromosome 7p15. The hands tend to be more severely affected than the feet.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 2E: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 2C has an autosomal dominant inheritance and involves a defect in the neurofilament light gene on chromosome 8p21.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4A: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4A has an autosomal recessive inheritance and involves a defect in the GDAP 1 protein gene on chromosome 8. The recessive forms of CMT tend to be more severe than the dominant form and often involve hand and foot problems as well as additional systemic symptoms.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4B1: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4B1 has an autosomal recessive inheritance and involves a defect in MTMR2 gene on chromosome 11.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4C: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4B2 has an autosomal recessive inheritance and involves a defect in the KIAA1985 gene on chromosome 5. It involves motor and sensory problems as well as scoliosis.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4E: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4B2 has an autosomal recessive inheritance and involves a defect in the EGR2 gene on chromosome 10.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4F: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4F has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and is a severe form of the disease. It involves a defect in the PRX gene on Chromosome 19q13.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4G: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4G has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and is a severe form of the disease. It involves a defect on Chromosome 10.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Type 4H: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4H has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and involves a defect on Chromosome 11.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, X-linked: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type X2 is an inherited defect of the X chromosome and affects males to a greater degree than females.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, X-linked, 1: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type X1 is an inherited defect of the X chromosome (defect in GJB1 gene) and affects males to a greater degree than females. Transient central nervous system symptoms are also sometimes involved.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 4: A rare group of demyelinating motor and sensory neuropathies consisting of a number of subtypes. The various subtypes are caused by different genetic defects.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth, demyelinating, autosomal recessive: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. Type 4 has an autosomal recessive form of inheritance and is a severe form of the disease.
  • Chronic foot pain: pain in the foot present for a long period of time
  • Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
  • Complex regional pain syndrome: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition that affects individuals following some form of trauma or injury to one or more of the limbs. It manifests as a non-stop,extremely intense pain most commonly affecting one of the arms, hands, legs or feet. Typical symptoms of CPRS include changes in the colour and temperature of the skin over the affected limb.
  • Constant foot pain: Constant foot pain refers to any type of discomfort that occurs in the foot and is steady and continual.
  • Corns: Conical hardened skin on the toes
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Dupuytren's contracture: Dupuytren's contracture is a slowly developing deformity of the hand.
  • Eosinophilic fasciitis: A rare disorder where the skin on the limbs become painfully inflamed and looses it's elasticity.
  • Erythromelalgia: A rare disorder characterized by periods of burning pain, redness and warmth in the feet and hands.
  • Fabry disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Falls: Recurrent unintentional falls
  • Favre-Chaix angiodermatitis: Skin and blood vessel changes that occur in the feet due to chronically poor blood supply. The size of the lesion may vary from tiny to covering a large part of the foot.
  • Flat feet: A collapse of the arch of the foot, leading to a flattening of the feet.
  • Flat foot: This is a condition where there has been a loss of one or more of the arches of the foot causing the foot to be flattened
  • Foot conditions: Any condition that may affect the foot
  • Foot deformity: A alteration of the foot structurally that it doesn't appear as normal
  • Foot fracture: A fracture of one or several bones of the foot
  • Foot injury: Any injury to the foot
  • Foot pain: Pain affecting one or both feet
  • Foot paresthesia: Foot tingling, prickling, numbness or burning sensations
  • Foot sprain: Damage to ligaments in the foot.
  • Foot symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both feet
  • Foot ulcer: Ulcer on foot area
  • Freiberg disease: A condition where progressive degeneration of the head of a toe bone (usually the second toe) results in foot pain.
  • Gangrene: Death (necrosis) of a portion of tissue or entire organ due to decreased perfusion with blood or infectious destruction of tissue.
  • Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
  • Gradual onset of foot pain: Gradual onset of foot pain is a condition in which there is a slow development of discomfort in a foot.
  • Hallux Rigidus: A stiff big toe and loss of it's mobility due to degenerative arthritis at the base joint of the big toe. It usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 60 years.
  • Hallux limitus: The early stages of toe stiffness due to degenerative arthritis of the base of the big toe. As the condition progresses and the toe becomes totally immobile and the condition is then called hallux rigidus.
  • Hallux valgus: A condition which is characterized by the prominence of the inner aspect of the first metatarsal head with bursal formation.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heel burning sensation: Burning sensation of the heel usually due to systemic disorders.
  • Heel pain: Heel pain - injury to the Achilles tendon is one of the major causes of pain in the heel.
  • Heel paresthesia/ tingling: A loss of sensation located at or around the heel
  • Heel spur: Bony spur on the heel bone
  • Hypocalcemia: Low blood calcium levels
  • Hypoparathyroidism: causesd by lack of PTH
  • Impingement syndrome: A condition characterised by pathologic changes resulting in the impingement of components of the shoulder joint
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Ingrown toenail: A condition which is characterized by an aberrant growth of the toenail
  • Intermittent claudication: is muscle pain which occurs during physical exercise and is relieved by rest. It usually is a feature or arterial abnormality of the lower limbs
  • Ischemia: Inadequate blood supply to tissues, usually caused by a problem in the blood vessel.
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Joint symptoms: Symptoms affecting the joints.
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Chronic arthritis affecting children and teens
  • Kohler disease: A rare disorder where the foot becomes sore, swollen and difficult to walk on due to damage to midfoot bone (navicular bone). The cause is unknown.
  • Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
  • Limping: Walking with a limp or other gait problem
  • Lower leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower legs, calves and shins.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. There are two subtypes with type B involving loss of fat layers under the skin mainly in the extremities, face and trunk whereas type A involves mainly the extremities. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia with type A lipodystrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. Loss of fat layers under the skin occurs mainly in the extremities in type B. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Morton's neuroma: Morton's neuroma is a benign neuroma of an intermetatarsal plantar nerve, most commonly of the third and fourth intermetatarsal spaces. It is characterised by numbness and pain, relieved by removing footwear.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Muscle strain: An arm strain is an injury or damage to a muscle or tendon in the arm.
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Nail infection: Infection of the nails of the fingers or toes.
  • Nerve entrapment: Compression of a nerve that becomes trapped in a confined space due to any cause e.g. trauma, inflammation or a disease process. This usually occurs near joints. The resulting pressure on the nerve can be very painful and if left untreated can result in damage to the nerve and eventually muscle weakness and wasting. Conditions such as bone spurs, joint swelling due to injury, cysts and trauma can result in nerve entrapment. The exact symptoms will depend on which nerve is trapped and the duration and severity of the entrapment.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neuropathy, hereditary, sensory, radicular: A rare inherited degenerative disorder of the nervous system characterized by sensory loss in limbs, pain and foot ulcers.
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
  • Oedema: The abnormal retention of fluid in a given anatomical area
  • Osteoarthritis: A form of degenerative arthritis due to chronic degeneration
  • Osteochondrosis: A disease that is affects the growth ossification centres in children
  • Osteomyelitis: An infection that occurs in bone
  • Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
  • Pain Disorder: Somatoform disorder causing pain
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Any loss in the function of the peripheral nervous system
  • Pernicious anemia: A megaloblastic anaemia due to malabsorption of the vitamin B12
  • Pes planus: A collapse of the arch of the foot, leading to a flattening of the feet.
  • Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia or arch tendon of the foot. It is an overuse injury causing heel pain which may radiate forward into the foot.
  • Plantar fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia or arch tendon of the foot. It is an overuse injury causing heel pain which may radiate forward into the foot.
  • Plantar fascitis:
  • Polyneuritis: Widespared inflammation of nerves
  • Porphyria, hereditary coproporphyria: An inherited disorder that affects the nervous system and sometimes the skin. It occurs when a metabolic disorder results in excessive production of coproporphyrins which accumulate in body tissues and is excreted in large amounts.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Zalcitabine: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Zalcitabine has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure. Zalcitabine has been used as an anti-HIV agent although its use for this purpose has been largely discontinued.
  • Posterior tibial tendon rupture: Rupture of the tendon at the bottom of the foot that helps maintain the foot arch. Some people are more prone to this condition than others - e.g. those who are over weight or have a history of flat feet. The pain usually begins on the inside of the foot behind the ankle.
  • Putti-Chavany syndrome: Irritation of one of the sciatic nerves which causes back and foot pain followed by reduced pain and paralysis and sensory abnormalities in the foot.
  • Raynaud's disease: It is a reversible ischemia of the peripheral arterioles. It is a painful sensation affecting the fingers and toes associated with whitening or redness
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: A condition where the body extremities sweat and turn blue and cold. Exposure to cold, emotional stress and smoking may trigger the condition. Also known as acrocyanosis.
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome: A condition characterized by pain and reduced range of motion in the shoulder and hand of the affected arm.
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Rheumatic conditions: Any condition that affects ones joints
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune inflammatory condition which primarily affects the joints
  • Sciatica: neuralgia along the nerve course of the sciatic nerve
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
  • Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
  • Sports Injuries: Any condition that has resulted from injury to a part of the body due to participation in a sporting activity
  • Synovitis: Inflammation of the synovial membrane which causes arthritis. It usually results from injury, infection or rheumatic disease.
  • Talonavicular coalition: An uncommon congenital anomaly where the bones of the talonavicular joint are fused together. Often the condition is detected incidentally and is often asymptomatic.
  • Tarsal carpal coalition syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by fused ankle and wrist bones.
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome: A pinched nerve in the lower ankle area (posterior tibial nerve) which results in foot pain.
  • Tendinitis: a painful inflammation of a tendon
  • Thalidomide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Thalidomide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Toe pain: Pain affecting one or more toes
  • Toe paresthesia: Toe tingling, prickling, numbness or burning sensations
  • Vasculitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation to blood vessels

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Foot pain:

The following list of conditions have 'Foot pain' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Last revision: Nov 3, 2003
 

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