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Symptoms » Hyperreflexia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Hyperreflexia

Medical terms related to Hyperreflexia or mentioned in this section include:

  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- xylene: Xylene is an ingredient used in certain insecticides. Exposure to the chemical can cause a range of symptoms depending on the level and route of exposure. Exposure can occur through inhalation, ingestion, the skin or eyes. Acute exposure involves a exposure over a short period of time whereas chronic exposure occurs over a longer period of time.
  • Amitriptyline toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Amoxapine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2, juvenile: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q33.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 3: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 18q21.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 4, juvenile: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 9q34.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 15q15.1-q21.1.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 6: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20p13.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20q13.3 and is a dominantly inherited, late-onset form.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, 11: An inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 11 is differentiated by the origin of the genetic defect involved (6q21).
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 6: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12.
  • Angelman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features.
  • Arizona Bark Scorpion poisoning: A bite from the Arizona Bark scorpion contains chemicals toxic to the nerve system and can cause serious, life-threatening symptoms.
  • Arthrogryposis, congenital -- myopathic seizures: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation and muscle problems.
  • Ataxia spastic congenital miosis: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by ataxia, spasticity and small pupils that respond poorly to light.
  • Ataxia, Hereditary, Autosomal Dominant: A group of rare, dominantly inherited neuromuscular disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord. The range, progression and severity of symptoms can vary quite considerably depending on the genetic defect involved.
  • Ataxia, spastic, 3, autosomal recessive: A recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by spasticity and ataxia.
  • Autonomic nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the autonomic nervous system
  • Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia, type 11:
  • Bahemuka Brown syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by spastic paraplegia and skin pigmentation irregularities.
  • Baraitser Brett Piesowicz syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by a small head and calcification in the brain.
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis: A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute.
  • Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE): A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute.
  • Black widow spider envenomation: The black widow spider bite is toxic to the nerves and can cause serious symptoms. The black widow spider is most commonly found in North America.
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Brain tumour: various extrinsic and intrinsic factors add up to to cause tumour in the brain
  • Cerebellar ataxia -- ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by balance and coordination problems and teeth and hair abnormalities.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, X-linked: A disorder where degeneration of certain parts of the brain results in symptoms such as ataxia. The rate of progression can vary.
  • Cerebral Autosomal Recessive Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy: A rare inherited condition characterized primarily by progressive degeneration of the brain white matter and disease of the brain blood vessels as well as additional symptoms not involving the brain e.g. thin skin, alopecia and spinal disc disease.
  • Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 1: Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 1 refers to a developmental brain abnormality linked to the GAD1 gene on chromosome 2q31.
  • Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 2: Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 2 refers to a developmental brain abnormality linked to the ANKRD15 gene on chromosome 9p24.3.
  • Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 3: Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 3 refers to a developmental brain abnormality linked to the AP4M1 gene on chromosome 7q22.1.
  • Cerebro oculo skeleto renal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain, eye, skeletal and kidney abnormalities.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with ptosis and parkinsonism: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. This particular type of CMT also involves a drooping upper eyelid and parkinsonism.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Bifluoride: Ammonium Bifluoride is a chemical used wheel cleaners, herbicides and in the manufacture of magnesium. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Fluoridated toothpaste: Fluoridated toothpaste contains fluoride and various other chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. As little as half a tube of children's paste can cause death in a 2 year old child and a whole tube can cause death in a 9 year old child. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lysergic Acid Diethylamide: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide is a hallucinogenic drug which is often misused. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metaldehyde: Metaldehyde is a chemical used mainly as a molluscicide, in heating fuel and in fire lighters. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Choreoathetosis-spasticity, episodic: A dominantly inherited movement disorder characterized by episodes of involuntary movments. Symptom episodes are often triggered by fatigue, alcohol, physical exertion and stress.
  • Choroido cerebral calcification syndrome infantile form: A rare syndrome characterized by abnormal calcification in part of the brain and mental retardation.
  • Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The symptoms are variable depending on the exact location of chromosomal deletion.
  • Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are four copies of short arm of chromosome 18 instead of the normal two which results in various genital, kidney, digital, head and face abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q: A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic material involved.
  • Chromosome 9q duplication: A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic material involved.
  • Chromosome 9q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Clomipramine Toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10), deficiency: A rare inherited disorder characterized by the deficiency of Coenzyme Q 10. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Congenital ichthyosis, microcephalus, quadriplegia: A rare birth disorder characterized by scaly skin, small head and paralysis of legs and arms.
  • De Barsy Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by loose, inelastic skin, involuntary limb movements, cloudy corneas and other abnormalities.
  • Dermatoleukodystrophy: A very rare progressive brain disease associated with thick wrinkled skin. Only two reported cases with both dying within three years of birth.
  • Desipramine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Dexedrine overdose: Dexedrine is a prescription drug mainly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
  • Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency: A metabolic error where a deficiency of an enzyme called dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase prevents the normal metabolism of certain proteins. High levels of certain proteins are excreted in the urine. The enzyme is also needed the breakdown a chemotherapy drug called 5-flurouracil and its absence can result in a severe toxicity reaction.
  • Diomedi-Bernardi-Placidi syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by epilepsy, mental retardation and progressive leg weakness and spasticity.
  • Doxepin toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Dysequilibrium syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and nonprogressive incoordination.
  • Dysmorphism -- cleft palate -- loose skin: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by facial abnormalities, an opening in the roof of the mouth and loose skin.
  • Dystonia with cerebellar atrophy: A recessively inherited movement disorder (dystonia) which responds poorly to Levodopa treatment and involves wasting of part of the brain.
  • Encephalopathy progressive -- optic atrophy: A rare birth disorder characterized by progressive brain disease, facial anomalies and eye problems.
  • Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 1: A genetic form of epilepsy which is severe and starts during infancy. This form of the condition is caused by a defect on the ARX gene.
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Fara-Chlupackova syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ear, face and neck abnormalities.
  • Fitzsimmons-McLachlan-Gilbert syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation paraplegia and thickened coarse skin on palms and soles.
  • Fitzsimmons-Walson-Mellor syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spastic paraplegia, progressive kidney disease and deafness.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Fryns macrocephaly: A rare syndrome characterized by a large head, seizures, spasticity, weakness and unusual facial appearance.
  • GM1 gangliosidosis: A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the disorder and involves a greater degree of accumulation than type II or III.
  • Gamma aminobutyric acid transaminase deficiency: A rare disorder of amino acid metabolism characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme called Beta-aminobutyrate aminotransferase.
  • Gangliosidosis generalized GM1, type 1: A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the disorder and involves a greater degree of accumulation than type II or III.
  • Gaucher Disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3.
  • Gaucher disease type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 2 is acute neurological form apparent in infancy.
  • Glucose transport defect, blood-brain barrier: A rare metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of a molecule needed to transport glucose (GLUT1). The glucose is unable to be transported from the blood and into the brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Sugar transport to the brain is essential for normal development. The blood sugar level remains normal. Fasting exacerbates symptoms which can very in severity depending on the degree of deficiency.
  • Glut-1 Deficiency Syndrome: A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of the GLUT-1 transported of cells
  • Gradual onset of hyperreflexia: Gradual onset of hyperreflexia is the slow development of overactive or overresponsive reflexes.
  • Haas-Robinson syndrome: A rare, recessively inherited disorder involving defective copper metabolism within the body which causes symptoms such as mental retardation, seizures and poor muscle tone.
  • Hartnup Disease: A disorder of amino acid transport resulting in light sensitive dermatitis, ataxia, migraines and personality changes.
  • Head injury: Any injury that occurs to the head
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Head trauma: injury to the haed
  • Holoprosencephaly deletion 2p: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the failure of the brain to separate into two lobes, facial deformities and various other anomalies.
  • Hyperexplexia: A rare condition where the startle reflex is exaggerated. Triggers include sudden noise, movement or touch.
  • Hypernatraemia: increased concentration of sodium in the blood
  • Hyperreflexia: An exaggerated reflex of the muscles
  • Hyperreflexia in children: Hyperreflexia in children is a condition on which there are over active reflexes in a child.
  • Hypomyelination and congenital cataract: An inherited disorder characterized by congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment due to reduced myelination of nerves.
  • Imipramine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Intermittent hyperreflexia: Intermittent hyperreflexia refers to periodic episodes of overactive reflexes.
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: Inherited biochemical disorder of purine metabolism caused by the virtual absence of an enzyme called hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase or HPRT.
  • Leukoencephalopathy -- metaphyseal chondrodysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by brain disease and abnormal skeletal development.
  • Macrogyria, pseudobulbar palsy and mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development which results in mild mental retardation, epilepsy, developmental delay and pseudobulbar palsy which affects speech, chewing and swallowing functions.
  • Mental Retardation, Joint Hypermobility With or without Metabolic Abnormalities: A rare syndrome observed in a small number of patients and characterized by the association of mental retardation, loose joints. Metabolic abnormalities occur in only some patients.
  • Mental retardation -- short stature -- deafness -- genital: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, short stature, deafness and genital abnormalities.
  • Mental retardation -- spasticity -- ectrodactyly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, spasticity and a cleft hand. In the reported case, the parents came from the same bloodline.
  • Mental retardation, Smith-Fineman-Myers type: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation and low facial muscle tone.
  • Mescal poisoning: The Mescal is a small rounded cactus which has no spines but has tufts of hairs and a flower in the centre. The plant is grown for use as a narcotic in some parts of the world due to its hallucinogenic effect. All above-ground parts of the plant contain toxic chemicals (mescaline, lophophorine) which can cause symptom if eaten. The plant itself is considered to have a low level of toxicity but the chemical mescaline derived from it can cause strong symptoms if ingested in excessive quantities. The psychic effects following plant ingestion can last from 6 to 12 hours.
  • Methylmalonic aciduria -- microcephaly -- cataract: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by excess methylmalonic acid in the urine, small head and cataracts.
  • Microcephaly -- cervical spine fusion anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head and fused neck vertebrae.
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 4: A form of migraine caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 14q21.2-q22.3. Physical activity can exacerbate symptoms. The headaches can last between 4 hours and 3 days.
  • Molybdenum, cofactor deficiency, inherited: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase (as in xanthinuria type I) and enzyme aldehyde oxidase (as in xanthinuria type II) as well as sulfite oxidase which are needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality causes severe xanthinuria with neurological symptoms. The condition may be an inherited or acquired (due to certain drug therapies) deficiency.
  • Monosomy 1p36: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The range and severity of symptoms is variable with some cases being relatively mild.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuraminidase deficiency: A rare inherited disorder involving an enzyme (neuraminidase and beta-galactosidase) deficiency which results in a build up of glycoproteins (sialyloligosaccharides) in the urine.
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle and nerve degeneration.
  • Neuropathy sensory spastic paraplegia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by sensory nerve degeneration and spastic paraplegia. The extremities of the hands and feet have reduced pain sensation and disfiguring ulcers tend to develop.
  • Nortriptyline toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Oculorenocerebellar syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, kidney and brain abnormalities.
  • Olivopontocerebellar atrophy -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain abnormalities and deafness.
  • Ovarioleukodystrophy: A rare syndrome characterized by ovarian failure and degeneration of the brain white matter which causes mental and motor problems.
  • Paine syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a small head, mental and physical retardation and vision and movement problems.
  • Pallidopyramidal syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by pyramidal signs and parkinsonism caused by a degeneration of the pyramidal tract and the part of the brain called the pallidum.
  • Parkinson disease 10: A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 1p.
  • Parkinson disease 11: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 2q36-q37.
  • Parkinson disease 12: A X-linked form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome Xq21-q25.
  • Parkinson disease 13: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the serine protease gene on chromosome 2p12.
  • Parkinson disease 4, autosomal dominant, Lewy body: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene on chromosome 4q21.
  • Parkinson disease 6, autosomal recessive, recessive early-onset: A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the PINK1 gene on chromosome 1p36.
  • Parkinson disease 7, autosomal recessive, early-onset: A recessively inherited form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the DJ1 gene on chromosome 1p36. Disease progression tends to be slow.
  • Parkinson disease 8: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the dardarin gene on chromosome 12q12.
  • Phenothiazine antenatal infection: Maternal use of a drug called phenothiazine has not been proven to cause problems in offspring. Animal studies show there is a risk but no definitive studies have been done on humans. Phenothiazine is used to treat mental and emotional disorders such as schizophrenia. The biggest risks are likely to occur during the first trimester (malformations) and towards the end of the pregnancy (poor muscle tone, poor reflexes and jaundice).
  • Pilo dento ungular dysplasia -- microcephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair, tooth and nail abnormalities as well as a small head.
  • Polymicrogyria, Bilateral Frontoparietal: Polymicrogyria refers to abnormal brain development where the brain has abnormally smooth gyri (convolutions) on the surface of the brain. In the bilateral frontoparietal form, both sides of the portion of the brain called the frontoparietal region are affected.
  • Polyneuropathy, Hearing Loss, Ataxia, Retinitis Pigmentosa and Cataract: A very rare, recessively inherited condition characterized by the association of vision, hearing and neurological problems. The condition generally starts during the second decade of life and progresses slowly.
  • Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is abnormally high in the portal vein system, which carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver.
  • Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension: Preeclampsia is the development of high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine and swelling during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The blood pressure usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • Premature chromosome condensation with microcephaly and mental retardation: A genetic disorder characterized mainly by a small head and mental retardation.
  • Primary lateral sclerosis, adult: A rare adult-onset genetic disorder characterized by increasing weakness and stiffness of the limb muscles due to damage to nerve cells that control motor movement.
  • Protriptyline toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Reflex symptoms: Changes to the nerve reflexes
  • Richards-Rundle syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, ataxia, deafness and ketoaciduria.
  • Ritalin overdose: Ritalin is a prescription drug used to treat ADHD. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
  • Roy-Maroteaux-Kremp syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by skin lesions abnormal bone development and spastic paraplegia.
  • Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, broad thumbs and toes, slanted palpebral fissures and hypoplastic maxilla.
  • Seemanova-Lesny syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by spasticity, seizures, absent abdominal reflexes, small head and mental retardation.
  • Segawa syndrome, autosomal dominant: A rare inherited disorder involving progressive dystonia (neurological movement disorder) which would improve in the mornings and then deteriorate towards the evening.
  • Serotonin Syndrome: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Serotoninergic syndrome: A disorder involves high levels of serotonin which can result from use of medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
  • Sialidosis type 1 and 3: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-N-acetylneuraminidase) which results in the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (sialyloligosaccharides and sialylglycopeptides) in various body tissues.
  • Smith-Fineman-Myers syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation and low facial muscle tone. The genetic defect occurs on chromosome Xq13.
  • Soto's Syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder characterized by excessive growth during the first few years of life as well as various other mental and physical anomalies.
  • Spastic paraparesis: A rare disorder where parts of the body develop spasticity and weakness. Usually the limbs are involved. The disorder is usually an inherited condition.
  • Spastic paraparesis deafness: A syndrome that is characterized with spastic paraparesis and deafness.
  • Spastic paraplegia -- neuropathy -- poikiloderma: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and weakness of the legs, peripheral nerve degeneration and a skin disorder called poikiloderma. The eyelashes and eyebrows are usually gone by the age of three.
  • Spastic paraplegia 11, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower legs as well as mental retardation.
  • Spastic paraplegia 14, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by lower leg spasticity and mild mental retardation.
  • Spastic paraplegia 2, X-linked: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by lower leg spasticity and weakness. It has an early onset, progresses slowly and eventually the brain becomes involved as well which produces sensory, speech and eye problems.
  • Spastic paraplegia 26, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by progressive weakness of the lower legs. The condition also involves herniation of spinal discs.
  • Spastic paraplegia 31, autosomal dominant: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles.
  • Spastic paraplegia epilepsy mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by epilepsy, mental retardation and progressive leg weakness and spasticity.
  • Spastic paraplegia glaucoma precocious puberty: A rare syndrome characterized by premature puberty, mental retardation, glaucoma and progressive spastic paraplegia.
  • Spastic paraplegia nephritis deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spastic paraplegia, progressive kidney disease and deafness.
  • Spinal cord injury: spinal cord injury causes myelopathy or damage to white matter or myelinated fiber tracts that carry sensation and motor signals to and from the brain
  • Spinal shock: A state of spinal shock accompanied by temporary paralysis of the lower extremities often associated with spinal injury.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia -- amyotrophy -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized by muscle weakness and wasting, ataxia and deafness.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 11: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 15q14-21.3 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). This form of the condition progresses slowly and doesn't affect life expectancy.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 13: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19 defect) characterized by progressive mental retardation. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 17: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 6q27 defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 23: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 20p13-12.3 defect) characterized by ataxia, sensory loss and pyramidal signs. It is a slowly progressing condition.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 1: A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4th decade.
  • Stroke: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive blood vessel growth, calcium accumulation inside the brain and seizures.
  • Tendon symptoms: Symptoms affecting the tendons in joints.
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Tome-Brune-Fardeau syndrome: A rare syndrome involving neurological impairment which manifests as movement disorders and dementia.
  • Trimipramine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Vitiligo mental retardation facial dysmorphism uremia: A condition that is characterised by a number of symptoms including mental retardation, facial dysmorphism and uremia
  • Vocal cord dysfunction familial: A rare inherited disorder where the vocal cord closes while breathing in which causes breathing difficulty which can be severe in some cases. Mental retardation is also associated.
  • Wells Jankovic syndrome: A syndrome that is characterised with spastic paraparesis and deafness
  • Western equine encephalitis: An infectious disease caused by an arbovirus (Alphavirus - Togaviraidae) and transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The infection primarily attacks that central nervous system and severity can range from asymptomatic to severe complications and even death in rare cases.
  • White matter hypoplasia corpus callosum agenesia mental retardation: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain development and mental retardation.
  • Wolman syndrome: A form of lipoidosis where acid cholesteryl ester hydrolase deficiency causes an accumulation of lipids (particularly cholesterol esters and triglycerides) in tissues and organs.
  • Woods Black Norbury syndrome: A condition that is characterised by immune deficiency in the newborn ultimately resulting in death
  • X-linked mental retardation -- hypotonia: A very rare inherited disorder characterized primarily by mental retardation. Initial symptoms of muscle weakness gives way to spasticity and contractures.
  • Young McKeever Squier syndrome: A condition that affects the olivopontocerebellum and the cerebellar cortex of the brain
  • Ziehen-Oppenheim syndrome: A very rare genetic condition involving progressive spasming of the muscles causing the body to twist and turn.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hyperreflexia:

The following list of conditions have 'Hyperreflexia' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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