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Symptoms » Hypokalemia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Hypokalemia

Medical terms related to Hypokalemia or mentioned in this section include:

  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Abnormal blood test symptoms: Abnormal results from diagnostic blood tests.
  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning: Unripe ackee fruit contains a chemical called hypoglycin A and B which affect the central nervous system and fatty acid oxidation. Eating the unripe fruit can cause symptoms can occur in as little as two hours but is generally 6 to 48 hours. The ackee fruit is found mainly in Jamaica, West Africa, Central America, Sought Florida, southern California and Hawaii.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Alcoholism: High dependence on excessive amounts of alcohol.
  • Alkalosis: A condition that iscaused by the accumulation of base in the body.
  • Aloe poisoning: Aleo vera is often used on the skin to treat such things as burns and dermatitis. The sap from the leaves contain a chemical called anthraquinone glycoside which can cause skin irritation in susceptible people but can also cause poisoning symptoms.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess, type 2: A form of inherited high blood pressure that starts during early childhood. The condition is caused by a genetic defect which results in an inborn error of metabolism of peripheral cortisol. Type 2 causes similar symptoms to type 1 but the urinary steroid levels are different.
  • Apparent mineralocorticoid excess: A form of inherited high blood pressure that starts during early childhood. The condition results from a genetic defect which causes impaired metabolism of cortisol.
  • Bartter Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder of kidney metabolism characterized by reduced blood acidity and low potassium levels.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4 also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4A: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4A also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4B: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4B also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Beer-drinker syndrome: Symptoms that can occur when large amounts of beer is consumed with little or no food.
  • Blood symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood and its blood cells.
  • Bowel Obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
  • Bowel obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
  • Bufotenine poisoning: The skin glands of certain toads (Cane toad and Colorado river toad) contain a poison called bufotoxin.
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Bumetanide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Bumetanide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Amitraz: Amitraz is a chemical used mainly as a topical parasitic preventative in livestock and fruit trees. It is also used as an insect repellant and a prevention of mite infestation. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Chloride: Ammonium Chloride is a chemical used as a medical agent for conditions such as metabolic acidosis, in deodorizer cleaners and also used in industry in fertilizers, electroplating, galvanizing, soldering and in deodorizer cleaners. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Toluene: Toluene is a chemical used mainly in pesticides, degreasers, glues and pain removers. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chlorothiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlorothiazide ( a diuretic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cholera: An acute bacterial disease transmitted through food or water contaminated with human faeces. The intestinal infection is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • Chronic pyelonephritis: chronic pyelonephritis is persistent kidney inflammation that can scar the kidneys and may lead to chronic renal failure
  • Cirrhosis of liver: diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules
  • Classic Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis: A condition which is characterized by the formation of an acidosis due to a problem with the renal distal tubule
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency: A rare genetic condition involving deficiency of 17-alpha-hydroxylase which impairs androgen production by the testes and estrogen production by the ovaries. This results in lack of development of secondary sexual characteristics and hypertension as well as other anomalies.
  • Congenital chloride diarrhea: A rare birth disorder where the intestines don't absorb electrolytes properly (especially chloride) which leads to electrolyte imbalance which is potentially fatal if untreated. Symptoms often start while the infant is still inside the womb.
  • Conn's syndrome: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called primary hyperaldosteronism.
  • Corticosterone Methyloxidase type I Deficiency: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical (aldosterone synthase) results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • Cushing's syndrome: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Cushing-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Diabetes: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
  • Diarrhea: Loose, soft, or watery stool.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Eating symptoms: Symptoms related to eating.
  • Electrolyte imbalance symptoms: Symptoms related to an imbalance of the electrolyte levels in the blood.
  • Fanconi renotubular syndrome: A condition where the kidneys are unable to reabsorb glucose and amino acids and hence they are excreted in the urine. The condition may be inherited or occur as a result of heavy metal toxicity, malignancy and myeloma.
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Fanconi's syndrome: A sometimes genetic condition where a kidney disorder leads to loss of important chemicals and nutrients through the urine. This leads to symptoms such as osteomalacia, acidosis, rickets and hypokalemia.
  • Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: Tumors that develop in the pancreas and cause excessive secretion of one or more pancreatic hormones such as insulin, somatostatin, glucagons, gastrin, ACTH (corticosteroids) and vasoactive intestinal peptidase.
  • Gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor: A rare form of gastrointestinal tumor. It includes two main groups of cancer called carcinoid and endocrine pancreatic tumors. Some of the tumors consist of hormone secreting cells which results in excessive secretion of certain hormones.
  • Gentamicin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Gentamicin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Gitelman syndrome: A rare, relatively mild, genetic kidney disorder that causes hypokalemia. The defective gene (NCCT) impairs the function of the Na-Cl cotransporter.
  • Glucocorticoid resistance: A rare condition where all or parts of the body are unable to respond to glucocorticoids. Symptoms depend on the level or resistance.
  • Gullner Syndrome: A rare, inherited kidney condition inherited in a familial manner.
  • Heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Cleistanthus Collinus: Cleistanthus collinus can be used as a herbal agent which is very toxic and has been used to commit suicide or murder. The herbal agent contains toxic chemicals such as dyphyllin, collinusin and glycosides.
  • Hereditary primary Fanconi disease: A rare inherited disorder characterized by defective reabsorption of various substances such as phosphate, potassium, amino acids and glucose which manifests as a wide range of abnormalities and problems.
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydrochlorothiazide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Hydroflumethiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroflumethiazide (a diuretic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Hyperreninemic Hypoaldosteronism, Familial 2: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • Hypertension: Excessive blood pressure.
  • Hypoaldosteronism, familial: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical (aldosterone synthase) results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • Hypokalaemia: Decreased concentration of potassium in the blood
  • Hypokalemia: Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypokalemic periodic paralysis: A rare inherited muscle condition characterized by periods of severe muscle weakness or paralysis which can last from hours to days. Episodes can occur as often as daily or only rarely.
  • Idiopathic liver cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is defined histologically as a diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules. The progression of liver injury to cirrhosis may occur over weeks to years.
  • Insulin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Insulin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Iodine overuse: The consumption of high doses of iodine can cause symptoms.
  • Laxative abuse: When a person uses laxatives to excess
  • Lightwood-Albright syndrome: A rare syndrome caused by kidney dysfunction.
  • Lithium -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lithium during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver failure: When the liver fails to function
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Mayapple poisoning: The Mayapple is a small flowering plant which is often found growing naturally. It bears small single flowers and apple-like fruit which turns yellow when ripe. The unripe fruit and leaves contain a chemical called podophyllin which can cause poisoning if eaten. The plant is considered highly toxic and death can occur if sufficient quantities are eaten. The leaves, roots and unripe fruit are toxic but the ripe fruit is edible. The plant has been used to treat venereal warts.
  • Methyclothiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methyclothiazide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Metolazone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metolazone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Para-Amino Salicylic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Para-Amino Salicylic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Polythiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Polythiazide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Phenolphthalein: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Phenolphthalein has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure. Phenolphthalein is used primarily to make dyes and as an acid-base indicator
  • Prednisolone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisolone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Primary Aldosteronism: primary aldosteronism is a condition which the body's adrenal glands produce too much of the hormone aldosterone, causing retention sodium and loss of potassium
  • Primary Hyperaldosteronism: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called Conn's syndrome.
  • Primary aldosteronism: primary aldosteronism is a condition which the body's adrenal glands produce too much of the hormone aldosterone, causing retention sodium and loss of potassium
  • Primary cortisol resistance: A rare genetic disorder where the body is unable to respond to a hormone called cortisol. The body produces excess cortisol to compensate for this defect.
  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis: This is a condition that is characterised by a metabolic acidosis state caused by impairment of a persons renal function
  • Pseudoaldosteronism: A rare genetic disorder involving early onset high blood pressure, reduced aldosterone secretion, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. The disorder originates from kidney dysfunction rather than impaired aldosterone secretion.
  • Renal tubular acidosis progressive nerve deafness: A kidney disorder where progressive nerve deafness is associated with the kidney's is inability to effectively remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal -- type I: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine. Type I also involves potassium level abnormalities.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal -- type III: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine. Type III involves the potassium level abnormalities of type I as well as bicarbonate level abnormalities resulting from excessive bicarbonate removal from the blood at the proximal part of the kidney tubules.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal, autosomal dominant: A rare kidney disorder characterized mainly by increased urine alkalinity and high blood acidity due to abnormal kidney functioning.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal, autosomal recessive: A rare kidney disorder characterized mainly by increased urine alkalinity and high blood acidity due to abnormal kidney functioning. Hearing loss may occur later in life.
  • SIADH: Inappropriate release of Antidiuretic hormone, resulting in fluid retention.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome: Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands.
  • Tacrolimus -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tacrolimus during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Toni-Fanconi syndrome type 1:
  • Trichlormethiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Trichlormethiazide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Undereating: Eating too little food.
  • Vipoma: A rare disorder caused by an increase in secretion of vasoactive intestinal peptide by the pancreas. The syndrome is often caused by an islet-cell tumor (except for beta cells) in the pancreas.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hypokalemia:

The following list of conditions have 'Hypokalemia' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Hypokalemia:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Hypokalemia' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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