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Symptoms » Hypoventilation » Glossary
 

Glossary for Hypoventilation

Medical terms related to Hypoventilation or mentioned in this section include:

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Anaesthesia: loss of sensations
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 2: A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. The extent of the deformity is greater in type 2 than type 1 and hence the symptoms are more severe and are often associated with a myelomeningocele (opening of the spine and spinal cord).
  • Asphyxiation: A condition which is characterized by the inability to respire
  • Asthma: A condition which is characterized by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnoea
  • Atelectasis: is a collapse of lung tissue affecting part or all of one lung
  • Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis: A rare neurological disorder caused by abnormal brainstem development and function.
  • Bosley-Salih-Alorainy syndrome: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving inner and outer ear deformity, eye movement disorder, deafness, cardiovascular malformations and other anomalies. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Brain abscess: abscess in the brain may involve any of the lobes of the brain
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Brain tumour: various extrinsic and intrinsic factors add up to to cause tumour in the brain
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome: A very rare progressive disorder characterized by nerve deafness and cranial (and sometimes spinal) nerve paralysis.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Centronuclear myopathy, congenital: A severe inherited form of muscle wasting disease which often results in infant death.
  • Cone shell poisoning: A number of species of cone shells are capable of envenomating humans. The toxin is a neurotoxin and thus primarily affects the nervous system. Cone shells are found mainly in shallow waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans. The toxicity varies amongst species with some delivering a benign stink whereas others are capable of causing death. The cone snails a proboscis on the end of which is a poison-filled barb.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2B: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 2B has glucosidase I enzyme defect.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Diaphragmatic paralysis: Diaphragmatic paralysis occurs when the muscles associated with breathing become do weak to function properly. Breathing becomes difficulty and severe cases can result in death if breathing assistance is not delivered. The condition can result from such things as motor neuron disease, trauma and myopathy.
  • Drug overdose: A condition characterized by the consumption in excess of a particular drug causing adverse effects
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Flail Chest: abnormal movement of a portion of the chest wall
  • Flail chest: abnormal movement of a portion of the chest wall
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hypoventilation: Occurs when there is a reduction in the amount of air entering into the pulmonary alveoli
  • Increased intracranial pressure: Increased pressure inside the skull due to brain swelling or fluid accumulation
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Kyphoscoliosis: kyphoscoliosis describes an abnormal curvature of the spine in both a coronal and sagittal plane. It is a combination of kyphosis and scoliosis
  • Kyphosis: Increased curvature of the thoracic spine, giving the appearance of being hunched over.
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Motor neuron diseases: Any of various disorders of the "motor neurons", nerves that control movement.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Myasthenia Gravis: An autoimmune disorder which interferes with nerve impulses to muscles and hence results in weak, easily fatigued muscles.
  • Myxedema coma: Myxedema coma is a rare, life-threatening condition, occurs late in the progression of hypothyroidism. The condition is seen typically in elderly women and is often precipitated by infection, medication, environmental exposure, or other metabolic-related stresses.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuromuscular disorder: neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control the voluntary muscles
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity (body mass index above 30kg/m2), hypoxia (falling oxygen levels in blood) during sleep, and hypercapnia (increased blood carbon dioxide levels) during the day, resulting from hypoventilation (excessively slow or shallow breathing)
  • Ondine's curse: A condition involving defects in the mechanism that control breathing.
  • Persistent Vegetative State: Physically alive with basic mental function but without high mental capacity.
  • Pickwickian syndrome: A syndrome characterized by obesity, somnolence, hypoventilation and erythrocytosis
  • Pleural effusion: A fluid collection between the layers that surround the lungs and chest wall.
  • Pneumonia: Lung infection or inflammation (as a symptom)
  • Pneumothorax: pneumothorax is the collection of air in the space around the lungs and chest wall
  • Poliomyelitis: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Postperfusion lung syndrome: A breathing complication that can occur within hours of heart surgery involving blood transfusions. Death is relatively common with this complication.
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Rib fracture: A fracture of the ribs
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Snoring: Snoring noises during sleep.
  • Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, bowed long bones and permanent flexion of fingers.
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Tetraodon Poisoning: Food poisoning from Tetradons.
  • Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
  • Tick paralysis: Paralysis from Australian tick bites
  • Tracheal Stenosis: Narrowing and hardening of the trachea.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hypoventilation:

The following list of conditions have 'Hypoventilation' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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