Glossary for Infantile spasms
Medical terms related to Infantile spasms or mentioned in this section include:
- Aicardi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the structure connecting the two halves of the brain fails to develop which results in seizures and eye abnormalities .
- Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1/IIX: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type I/IIX refers to cases where the specific abnormality cannot be determined.
- Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1J: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type Ij is caused by a defect on chromosome 11q23.3 and involves a defect on the gene for UDP-GlcNAc:dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosamine phosphotransferase.
- Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
- Dup (2) (p22-p21): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
- Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 2: A genetic form of epilepsy which is severe and starts during infancy. The condition is considered an atypical form of Rett syndrome due to the development of stereotypical hand movements and repetitive behaviors. This form of the condition is caused by a defect on the CDKL5 gene.
- Febrile Seizures: Fever-caused seizures in infants or children.
- Glutamate decarboxylase deficiency: A rare disorder of amino acid metabolism characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme called glutamate decarboxylase which causes seizures that will only respond to pyridoxine (vitamin B6).
- Glycine encephalopathy, atypical mild form: A rare disorder of amino acid metabolism where glycine are unable to be metabolized properly due to defects in the glycine cleavage system. The atypical mild form tends to be quite mild and can be difficult to diagnose due to the nonspecific symptoms.
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Infant symptoms: Symptoms affecting babies and infants.
- Isolation: Social withdrawal or isolation
- Lissencephaly: A very rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain formation so that the brain surface appears smooth rather than convoluted.
- Lissencephaly syndrome type 1: A very rare form of the brain formation disorder called lissencephaly where the brain surface is abnormally smooth rather than convoluted resulting in mental retardation. Physical malformations are also present.
- Lissencephaly, isolated: A rare brain malformation where the surface of the brain is smoother than normal.
- Malformations in neuronal migration: A rare disorder where the brain fails to develop normally - usually the cerebral cortex is involved. Various parts of the brain can be affected to various degrees depending on what stage of development the defect occurs. Mental retardation is one of the most common symptoms associated with brain malformations.
- Microcephaly with spastic quadriplegia: A very rare disorder characterized by an abnormally small head and quadriplegia.
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Non-ketotic hyperglycinemia: A rare disorder of amino acid metabolism where glycine and proline are unable to be metabolized properly due to defects in the glycine cleavage system.
- Non-lissencephalic cortical dysplasia: A brain development abnormality characterized by the development of small brain convolutions that generally cause mental retardation. Symptoms depend on the location and extent of the abnormality.
- Pena-Shokeir syndrome Type 2: A rare progressive congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities as well as eye abnormalities.
- Perisylvian syndrome: A very rare nerve disorder characterized by weakness or paralysis of face, jaw tongue and throat muscles. Other symptoms include seizures, delayed development and mental retardation.
- Personality symptoms: Symptoms or changes to the personality.
- Porencephaly: A central nervous system disorder involving cysts in the brain cortex caused by stroke, infection or genetic anomaly.
- Seizures: Uncontrolled physical movements
- Spasms: Involuntary muscle movements without full control.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Infantile spasms:
The following list of conditions
have 'Infantile spasms' or similar
listed as a symptom in our database.
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