Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Insomnia. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.
It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.
Create your printable checklist by answering questions that your doctor may ask below:
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Why: to determine if acute or chronic. Transient insomnia can last up to 3-4 weeks and after that it is considered to be chronic.
Why: Common problems with the sleeping environment that may contribute to insomnia and sleep disturbance include noise, extreme temperatures, poorly ventilated room, hot bedroom, cold bedroom, mattress that is too soft or hard, too much light in bedroom.
Why: may cause or prolong the problem of insomnia.
Why: a reduction in sleep requirements often accompanies aging. If the sleep disturbance is in a child or infant must consider hunger, colic, indigestion, dirty diaper, too hot, too cold, teething.
Why: e.g. overeating before bedtime, sugar snack before bedtime, environment change (in an unfamiliar hotel or hospital bed), sleep schedule change, jet lag, shift work, mental stimulation before bedtime, sex at bedtime (some people become stimulated after sex), lack of exercise, partner who has restless legs syndrome or who snores loudly.
Why: questions specifically about relationship, family, children, social support, occupation, general physical health and financial stresses. Stressors are a common cause of insomnia such as a change of occupation, loss of a loved one, illness, anxiety over a deadline or examination.
Why: The regular use of sedatives or hypnotics will interfere with sleep patterns and lead to chronic insomnia. Often the dosage of these medications will have been increased in the past so as to maintain hypnotic effectiveness after tolerance begins to develop. In cases of withdrawal, individuals may sleep only 1-4 hours each night ("rebound insomnia") for several weeks and will also experience an increase in anxious dr and nightmares and awakenings through the night.
Why: many medical problems may increase the risk of insomnia such as hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, Parkinson's disease, asthma, congestive cardiac failure, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, Addison's disease, Cushing's disease.
Why: certain mental illnesses are well known to cause insomnia such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, mania.
Why: Some medications may cause insomnia including thyroid hormones, certain weight loss drugs, phenylpropanolamine (PPA), nasal decongestants, diuretics (due to night urination), high-potency vitamins, certain antidepressants (e.g. SSRIs and also MAOs). Withdrawal of some medications may also cause insomnia such as severe rebound insomnia with benzodiazepine sleeping pills.
Why: may cause insomnia especially at bedtime. The use of nicotine patches for smoking cessation may cause vivid dreams and disturbed sleep in some people.
Why: excessive alcohol before bedtime may cause insomnia. Typically alcohol causes increased drowsiness and reduced time to fall to sleep but even moderate amounts of alcohol can increase awakenings after sleep onset by interfering with the ability of the brain to maintain sleep.
Why: including coffee, tea, cola, chocolate (especially before bedtime but even in the afternoon in some people) may cause insomnia. It causes an increased time to fall to sleep, more frequent arousals during sleep, and a reduction in total sleep time for up to 8-14 hours after caffeine ingestion.
Why: e.g. amphetamine and cocaine usage may cause insomnia.
Why: causes of night time urination such as cystitis, prostatitis, benign enlargement of the prostate, prostate cancer, diuretic usage and diabetes may effectively cause insomnia due to the practical need to urinate.
Why: any disease that causes any discomfort may interfere with sleep such as chronic back pain, arthritis pain, peptic ulcer pain, angina chest pain, skin ulcer pain, ear ache, tooth ache, anal itch, leg cramps.
Why: any disease that causes shortness of breath especially at night may interfere with sleep such as congestive heart failure, asthma, emphysema.
Why: e.g. loose bowel motions, intolerance to heat, sweating of hands, muscle weakness, increased appetite, weight loss, heart palpitations, emotional disturbance, sleep disturbance.
Why: e.g. hot flushes, night sweats, heart palpitations, lightheadedness, dry vaginal, dry skin, headaches, disturbed sleep due to night sweats and hot flushes.
Why: e.g. depressed mood, crying spells, anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure), increase or decrease in appetite (usually decreased), weight loss or gain, insomnia or increased sleeping, fatigue, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, feelings of excessive guilt, poor concentration, difficulty making decisions, low libido, thoughts of death or suicide attempt. The great majority of individuals who experience major depression will suffer form insomnia, usually early morning wakening (usually around 3am) with difficulty returning to sleep.
Why: e.g. nervousness, shakiness, tremor, restlessness, irritability, insomnia, poor concentration, heart palpitations, racing heart, sweating, dizziness, diarrhea, lump in throat and frequency of urination. Difficulty with getting to sleep (both at the beginning of the night and following night time awakenings) is a common feature of generalized anxiety disorder, due to increased autonomic arousal and worry.
Why: e.g. episodes of depression (often psychotic in intensity) and at other times episodes of psychotic excitement (mania or hypomania). Symptoms of psychotic excitement may include elevation of mood, increased activity, insomnia, decreased need for sleep, grandiose ideas, irritability, disinhibition (which affects social, sexual and financial behavior), rapid speech and racing thought, delusions (persecutory or grandiose) and sometimes hallucinations.
Why: e.g. irresistible urge to move their legs when awake and inactive, especially when lying in bed just prior to sleep. This interferes with the ability to fall asleep. People experience a creeping, crawling sensation deep in their calves that is only relieved by movement, particularly walking.
Why: e.g. loud snoring, disturbed nocturnal sleep, daytime sleepiness, unrefreshed sleep, restless sleep, morning headache, nocturnal choking, reduced libido.
Why: e.g. excessive daytime sleepiness wit involuntary daytime sleep episodes, disturbed nocturnal sleep and cataplexy (sudden weakness or loss of muscle tome, often elicited by emotion).
Why: e.g. coarse hand tremor most marked at rest, rigidity of limbs, slowness in initiating and executing movements and speech, expressionless mask-like face and dementia. Sufferers of Parkinson's disease frequently complain of difficulty getting to sleep and increased awake time during the night.
The following list of conditions have 'Insomnia' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Insomnia or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Insomnia'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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