Glossary for Involuntary movements
Medical terms related to Involuntary movements or mentioned in this section include:
- 2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of a certain chemical (2-Hydroxyglutaric) which causes a serious progressive neurological disease and damage to the brain. The features of this disorder are variable and some cases are milder than others.
- 3 alpha methylglutaconicaciduria, type 3: A rare genetic condition where a gene mutation prevents the production of certain protein which leads to a build-up of an acid (3-methylglutaconic acid) which can have a negative impact on the body. The condition is characterized mainly by damage to the optic nerve.
- Basal Ganglia Disease, Adult-Onset: A rare disorder where a genetic mutation results in a neurological disease resulting from abnormal iron and ferritin deposits in the brain.
- Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
- Benign essential blepharospasm: A neurological disorder where certain eye muscles fail to function properly.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Brain tumour: various extrinsic and intrinsic factors add up to to cause tumour in the brain
- Calcification of basal ganglia with or without hypocalcemia: Calcification of a part of the brain called the basal ganglia. That calcification may be associated with conditions such as hypothyroidism, cytomegalovirus, and AIDS or may occur for no apparent reason. The severity of the condition may vary greatly from asymptomatic to neurological, psychiatric and movement disorders. The disorder may also progress at variable rates or remain stable depending on the underlying disease process.
- Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
- Choreoacanthocytosis amyotrophic: A rare inherited disease involving neurological degeneration and abnormal red blood cell shape. The disorder progresses slowly and causes involuntary movements, loss of cognitive ability, behavioral changes and seizures.
- Choreoathetosis-spasticity, episodic: A dominantly inherited movement disorder characterized by episodes of involuntary movments. Symptom episodes are often triggered by fatigue, alcohol, physical exertion and stress.
- Dentatorubral Pallidoluysian Atrophy: A condition caused by an abnormality of the DNA sequence on chromosome 12
- Dystonia 3, torsion, X-linked: A rare genetic movement disorder. The muscles contract involuntarily causing involuntary movements. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome Xq13.
- Epilepsy: Paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may manifest as loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena
- Eye spasm: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles of the eye.
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Focal dystonia: A neurological condition that affects a localized muscle group causing the muscle to contract and twist. For example, foot dystonia can cause the muscles to contract and the toes to curl inwards. The disorder can occur in the limbs, larynx, jaw, neck trunk and other body parts.
- Head injury: Any injury that occurs to the head
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Inborn amino acid metabolism disorder: A group of inherited disorders where the body is not able to metabolize amino acids consumed in the diet. Amino acids are a part of carbohydrates, fats and proteins and are metabolized in order to provide energy or to make other needed compounds. There are many steps involved in metabolism and the severity can be greatly variable depending on the exact nature of the disorder.
- Mixed Cerebral Palsy: Cerebral palsy is movement disorder originating from some sort of damage to the brain. There are a few different types of cerebral palsy (e.g. spastic, athetoid, ataxic) and a combination of two or more types is known as mixed cerebral palsy. The symptoms of mixed cerebral palsy usually involves spasticity and athetoid movements but other variations such as ataxia can occur.
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Moyamoya disease: Brain blood vessel disorder.
- Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Myoclonus: Contraction of a single muscle or muscle groups.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neuroacanthocytosis: An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by tics, chorea, and personality changes
- Neuroferritinopathy: A rare disorder where a genetic mutation results in a neurological disease resulting from abnormal iron and ferritin deposits in the brain.
- Neuroferritinopathy (adult-onset basal ganglia disease): A rare disorder where a genetic mutation results in a neurological disease resulting from abnormal iron and ferritin deposits in the brain.
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Pathologic tremor: Pathologic tremor is a condition in which involuntary trembling or fine spasms are caused by an underlying disease.
- Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease: Rare brain myelin disorder.
- Personality symptoms: Symptoms or changes to the personality.
- Seizures: Uncontrolled physical movements
- Spasms: Involuntary muscle movements without full control.
- Spastic disorders: Brain disorders leading to sustained spasms, stiffness and rigidity
- Spastic tetraplegic -- cerebral palsy: A rare disorder characterized by the association of spasticity (muscle tightness of the arms and legs as well as cerebral palsy.
- Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis: A progressive neurological disorder involving inflammation of the brain caused by a complication of the measles virus. It can occur up to 10 years after the initial measles virus and may be due to a defective immune response to the virus or a reactivation of the virus.
- Sydenham chorea: Brain disease causing involuntary movements or spasms.
- Syncope: Loss or interruption of consciousness.
- Tardive dyskinesia: The toxic neurological side effects of neuroleptic drugs that have been used long term.
- Tics: A condition which is characterized by an involuntary, compulsive, rapid and repetitive movement
- Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
- Tremors: The occurrence of involuntary trembling
- Tuberous sclerosis: A rare genetic disorder characterized by harmartomatous skin nodules, seizures, phakomata and bone lesions.
- Twitches: Involuntary sudden movements of part of the body
- Whispering dysphonia, hereditary: A rare inherited disorder where an individual is able to talk normally when they’re asleep, drunk or emotional but for the most part are only able to whisper. The condition may be progressive and leaves the person unable to make a single sound. Sufferers also exhibited involuntary movements (torsion dystonia).
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Involuntary movements:
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