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Diagnostic Tests for Jaundice-like symptoms

Diagnostic Test list for Jaundice-like symptoms:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Jaundice-like symptoms includes:

  • Physical examination
    • Inspect color of the skin and sclera of the eyes - e.g. the yellow discoloration of the sclerae and the skin in jaundice results from elevated Bilirubin levels in the blood; skin pigmentation that is not bilirubin may suggest hemochromatosis as the cause of jaundice; examine for signs of anemia.
    • Abdominal examination for enlarged liver, enlarged spleen, ascites and palpable gallbladder which may be associated with various causes of jaundice and may help in determining the cause - e.g. if there is little or no enlargement o the liver this would suggest hemolytic anemia, Gilbert's disease , pernicious anemia and Dubin-Johnson syndrome; massively enlarged liver may suggest Gaucher's disease; enlarged gallbladder may suggest obstructive jaundice, cancer of the pancreas, cancer of the bile ducts or cancer of the ampulla of Vater; significantly enlarged spleen may suggest infectious mononucleosis, cirrhosis of the liver, hemolytic anemia, Gaucher's disease or Kala azar; edema and ascites would suggest alcoholic cirrhosis.
    • Look for evidence of chronic liver disease such as reddening of the palms, easy bruising, muscle wasting, testicular atrophy and enlargement of the breasts in males
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count, ESR, reticulocyte count
    • Red cell fragility test
    • Renal function tests and biochemistry
    • Liver function tests with Bilirubin level
    • Viral serology for Hepatitis A, B and C
    • CMV, EBV and leptospirosis serology, if suspected
    • ANA autoantibodies and smooth muscle antibody, if suspect lupus hepatitis
    • Iron studies, if suspect hemochromatosis
    • Serum Haptoglobin, hemoglobin electrophoresis and sickle cell preparation, if suspect hemolytic anemia
    • Antimitochondrial antibodies if suspect biliary cirrhosis
    • Alpha 1 - fetoprotein will help diagnose primary liver cancer.
    • Serum caeruloplasmin is low in Wilson's disease
  • Urine analysis and microscopy - Look for Bilirubin present in jaundice.
  • Radiological investigations
    • Upper abdominal ultrasound scan to look for an obstructive cause of jaundice - e.g. cancer or gallstones.
    • CT Scan of the abdomen may be done to rule out a enlargement of the head of the pancreas due to pancreatic cancer
    • ERCP - if upper abdominal ultrasound suggests obstructive cause outside the liver i.e. dilated bile ducts. Used to diagnose a stone in the common bile duct or biliary obstruction due to cancer.
  • Liver biopsy may be required if upper abdominal ultrasound does not show dilated bile ducts and suspect hepatocellular jaundice

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Jaundice-like symptoms causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Jaundice-like symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Jaundice-like symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Jaundice-like symptoms or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Jaundice-like symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Jaundice-like symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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