Diagnostic Tests for Joint pain
Diagnostic Test list for Joint pain:
The list of diagnostic tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Joint pain
- Physical examination
- A systematic examination of the affected joint or joints looking for signs of inflammation, deformity, swelling and reduced range of motion - e.g. tenderness and warmth indicates inflammation; redness of the skin over the joint indicates gout, pseudogout, rheumatic fever or septic arthritis.
- Note the pattern of the joints affected which can assist in diagnosis
- Full physical examination looking for signs of systemic disease that can predispose or present with joint pain - e.g. rash and pitted nails of psoriasis; Raynaud's phenomenon of systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus; doughnut-shaped rash of Lyme disease; butterfly rash of systemic lupus erythematosus; abdominal tenderness of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease; heart murmur of rheumatic fever or subacute bacterial endocarditis.
- Blood tests
- Full blood count, ESR and CRP
- Renal function tests and Electrolytes
- ASO titre, if suspect rheumatic fever
- Arthritis screen depending on suspicion including Rheumatoid factor, ANA and ENA antibodies, HLA-B27
- Uric acid (marker of gout)
- Coagulation profile
- Lyme disease serology
- Brucellosis antibodies
- Blood cultures, if fever
- Monospot test, if suspect Epstein-Barr virus
- Ross River Virus serology
- Rubella serology
- Iron studies, if suspect hemochromatosis
- Hemoglobin S test, if suspect Sickle cell disease
- Urine tests
- Urinalysis for blood, sugar and protein
- 24 hour urinary uric acid, if suspect gout
- Homogentistic acid, if suspect ochronosis
- Mantoux test - if suspect Skeletal tuberculosis.
- Radiological examination
- X-Ray of involved joints
- Bone survey at times may be indicated
- Bone scan will help diagnose Rheumatoid spondylitis and Ochronosis. It can detect the early development of malignant disease, osteomyelitis and inflammatory disease before changes are apparent on plain X-Ray
- MRI may be indicated to diagnose torn menisci or other conditions
- Ultrasound scan examination for joints such as shoulder and hip can be useful
- Synovial fluid analysis and culture - should be done if there is sufficient joint fluid.
- Urethral discharge smear and culture, if urethral discharge is present
Home Diagnostic Testing
These home medical tests may be relevant to Joint pain causes:
- Nerve Neuropathy: Related Home Testing:
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Joint pain:
The following list of conditions
have 'Joint pain' or similar
listed as a symptom in our database.
This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete.
Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause
of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which
include a symptom of Joint pain or choose View All.
Conditions listing medical complications: Joint pain:
The following list of medical conditions have 'Joint pain'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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