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The first step in treating kidney stones is prevention. Prevention measures include avoiding dehydration, drinking plenty of fluids, urinating as soon as possible when the urge is felt, and drinking lemonade, which may have qualities that prevent the formation of kidney stones. Medications may be prescribed to prevent the formation of certain types of kidney stones. Treating hypertension and maintaining a normal weight are also preventive measures.
It is not uncommon for a person with a small kidney stone to be unaware of the condition. A small kidney stone may pass out of the body by itself without any treatment. General treatment of kidney stones includes drinking plenty of fluids to dilute the urine and help flush out a kidney stone. Treatment for pain includes pain medications. For a large kidney stone pain medication and fluids may need to be given intravenously in the hospital.
If a kidney stone does not pass out of the body by itself and becomes lodge in the lower third of the ureter, a variety of procedures are available to remove it or break it up into small pieces. These include cystoscopy, in which specialized instruments are passed in to the ureter through the bladder to withdrawal the stone. A similar procedure may be used to remove or crush the kidney stone using a lazar or ultrasonic probe. A procedure that is performed for a stone located in the upper ureter or in the kidney is called an extracorporeal lithotripsy. In this procedure the kidney stone is crushed by a machine using shock waves.
In rare cases in which the complication of kidney damage has occurred, it may be necessary to remove the affected kidney. This is called a nephrectomy.
The following treatments are listed for Kidney stones in our knowledge base:
Alternative treatments, home remedies, other other complementary therapies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Kidney stones in various sources may include:
Some of the drugs and medications used in the treatment of Kidney stones may include:
Unlabelled alternative drug treatments for Kidney stones may include:
The following medications/drugs/procedures are some of the latest treatments for Kidney stones:
Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Kidney stones:
More causes: not all possible causes for Kidney stones are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Kidney stones.
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Kidney stones' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Kidney stones or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Kidney stones'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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