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Diagnostic Tests for Learning disabilities

Diagnostic Test list for Learning disabilities:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Learning disabilities includes:

  • Information/report from school - teacher questionnaire is useful. The teachers may be asked for their perception of a child's academic and developmental strengths and weaknesses, peer relationships and classroom behaviors.
  • General appearance and observation
    • Looking for any dysmorphic (abnormality of shape) features of face and body - e.g. fetal alcohol syndrome.
  • Physical examination
    • A careful physical examination must be performed to exclude any acute or chronic illness
    • Neurological examination to look for signs of focal neurological signs and papilledema
    • Visual acuity
  • Assessment of vision and hearing
  • Neurodevelopment assessment - is an important part of the evaluation of children who are thought to have learning difficulties to elicit individual profile of developmental strengths and weaknesses.
  • Educational assessment - in order to determine the child's level of academic functioning, preferred learning styles, motivation, concentration and sensitivity to their performance.
  • Psychological/Psychiatric assessment
  • Pure tone Audiometry - to assess hearing, especially if speech delay.

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Learning disabilities causes:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Learning disabilities:

By law, learning disability is defined as a significant gap between a person's intelligence and the skills the person has achieved at each age. This means that a severely retarded 10-year-old who speaks like a 6-year-old probably doesn't have a language or speech disability. He has mastered language up to the limits of his intelligence. On the other hand, a fifth grader with an IQ of 100 who can't write a simple sentence probably does have LD.

Learning disorders may be informally flagged by observing significant delays in the child's skill development. A 2-year delay in the primary grades is usually considered significant. For older students, such a delay is not as debilitating, so learning disabilities aren't usually suspected unless there is more than a 2-year delay. Actual diagnosis of learning disabilities, however, is made using standardized tests that compare the child's level of ability to what is considered normal development for a person of that age and intelligence. (Source: excerpt from Learning Disabilities: NIMH)

Each type of LD is diagnosed in slightly different ways. To diagnose speech and language disorders, a speech therapist tests the child's pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar and compares them to the developmental abilities seen in most children that age. A psychologist tests the child's intelligence. A physician checks for any ear infections, and an audiologist may be consulted to rule out auditory problems. If the problem involves articulation, a doctor examines the child's vocal cords and throat.

In the case of academic skills disorders, academic development in reading, writing, and math is evaluated using standardized tests. In addition, vision and hearing are tested to be sure the student can see words clearly and can hear adequately. The specialist also checks if the child has missed much school. It's important to rule out these other possible factors. After all, treatment for a learning disability is very different from the remedy for poor vision or missing school.

ADHD is diagnosed by checking for the long-term presence of specific behaviors, such as considerable fidgeting, losing things, interrupting, and talking excessively. Other signs include an inability to remain seated, stay on task, or take turns. A diagnosis of ADHD is made only if the child shows such behaviors substantially more than other children of the same age. (Source: excerpt from Learning Disabilities: NIMH)

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Learning disabilities:

The following list of conditions have 'Learning disabilities' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Learning disabilities or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Learning disabilities:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Learning disabilities' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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