Glossary for Limb ataxia
Medical terms related to Limb ataxia or mentioned in this section include:
- Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
- Aganglionosis, total intestinal: A developmental defect of the intestinal tract where the muscles of the intestines are unable to function and move food along the digestive tract. This form of Hirschsprung disease is differentiated from the other types by the location of the genetic defect.
- Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
- Alcoholism: High dependence on excessive amounts of alcohol.
- Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
- Ataxia: Failure of muscular coordination
- Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
- Balance symptoms: Problems with balance or vertigo
- Brain abscess: abscess in the brain may involve any of the lobes of the brain
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Cerebellar abscess: An abscess that forms in the part of the brain called the cerebellum. The abscess may result from other infections such as ear infections, dental abscess and lung infections. The prognosis is determined by the size and exact location of the abscess
- Cerebellar ataxia, X-linked: A disorder where degeneration of certain parts of the brain results in symptoms such as ataxia. The rate of progression can vary.
- Clumsiness: Clumsy motions or poor coordination
- Communication symptoms: Symptoms related to problems with communication.
- Coordination problems: Symptoms affecting physical coordination.
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: A very rare degenerative brain disease that can be inherited, transmitted (eg in surgical transplants using infected tissue) or as a result of genetic mutations. The condition is fatal.
- Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
- Glycogen storage diseases: A condition which is characterized by a defect in the ability of the body to store glycogen
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
- Guillain-Barre syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hepatic encephalopathy: Caused by marked liver disease that results in disturbances of consciousness
- Hydrocephalus: A condition which is characterized by marked dilatation of the cerebral ventricles
- Hyponatraemia: Hyponatraemia means there is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood.
- Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
- Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
- Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
- Limb-body wall complex: A rare condition where disruption of the amniotic band system can result in head, heart, lung, diaphragm, kidney or gonad abnormalities .
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy: A group of diseases progressive degeneration occurs in a particular area of the brain (olivopontocerebellar area) which results in various neurological symptoms.
- Paraneoplastic syndromes:
- Spinocerebellar Ataxia: A condition characterised by a failure of muscle coordination due to pathology arising in the spinocerebellar tract of the spinal cord
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 10: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 22q13 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). The severity of the condition is variable with some patients becoming wheelchair dependent.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 11: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 15q14-21.3 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). This form of the condition progresses slowly and doesn't affect life expectancy.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 12: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 5q31-q33 defect) characterized by variable symptoms such as arm tremors, gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) with other.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 14: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19q13.4qter defect) characterized by gait ataxia, tremors and dysarthria (speech disorder). The condition progresses slowly.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 15: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 3p26-p25 defect) characterized by gait ataxia, eye movement problems and dysarthria (speech disorder). The condition tends to progress slowly over decades with most patients retaining the ability to walk.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 16: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 3p26.2-pter defect) characterized by gait ataxia, eye movement problems, tremor and dysarthria (speech disorder). The progression of the condition is variable (1-40 years).
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 17: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 6q27 defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 21: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 7p21.3-p15.1 defect) characterized by extrapyramidal features and cognitive impairment. The condition progresses slowly over decades. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 23: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 20p13-12.3 defect) characterized by ataxia, sensory loss and pyramidal signs. It is a slowly progressing condition.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 26: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19p13.3 defect) characterized by slowly progressive ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder).
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 28: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 18p11 defect) characterized by eye muscle paralysis (ophthalmoplegia) and increased reflexes. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia 5: A genetic disorder involving progressive degeneration of the spinal cord resulting in symptoms such as incoordination and eye movement problems.
- Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 7: A rare, recessively inherited neurological disorder caused by abnormalities in the cerebellum and spinal cord. The severity of the disorder is variable.
- TIA: Transient ischemic accident
- Tumor: Abnormal tissue growth which may be malignant or benign.
- Varicella -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the development of Varicella during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Wernicke's encephalopathy: Brain condition with various effects
- Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
- Xeroderma pigmentosum: A rare pigmentary disease that is caused by an enzyme deficiency
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Limb ataxia:
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