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Symptoms » Liver dysfunction » Glossary
 

Glossary for Liver dysfunction

Medical terms related to Liver dysfunction or mentioned in this section include:

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Absent alpha 1 band: An absence of alpha-1-antitrypsin the the body
  • Acetaminophen poisoning: Excessive ingestion of a drug called acetaminophen.
  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy: A rare complication of pregnancy that can occur in the second half of the pregnancy. It is characterized by excessive fatty deposits in the liver which can be fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment which involves delivering the baby as soon as possible.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
  • Amyloidosis AL: A disease involving the abnormal deposit of amyloid fibrils in virtually any part of the body - the heart, liver, kidney and peripheral and autonomic nerves are most commonly affected. The abnormal amyloid fibrils are produced abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow. In some cases, the excess growth of abnormal plasma cells can result in a cancerous condition called myeloma resulting in bone pain and infections. A patient with myeloma may develop amyloidosis but it is rare for a patient with AL amyloidosis to go on to develop myeloma.
  • Amyloidosis, inflammatory: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. Secondary amyloidosis is caused by a chronic infection of inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple myeloma, tuberculosis and osteomyelitis. The main organs affected in secondary amyloidosis are usually the kidneys, liver, spleen and lymph nodes. The peripheral and autonomic nerves and the heart are rarely affected.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Balsam apple poisoning: The Balsam apple is a climbing vine which produces yellowish fruit. The fruit contains toxins - resin, saponic glycoside and alkaloids - which can cause various symptoms if eaten. Large amounts of the fruit or seeds to be consumed to cause toxicity. The leaves of the plant may be cooked, drained and eaten safely.
  • Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
  • Biliary obstruction: Biliary obstruction is a blockage of the system of tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine.
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome: A disorder where the main vein leaving the liver becomes blocked leading to symptoms such as liver enlargement and fluid buildup in the abdomen. Also called Chiari's syndrome or Rokitansky's disease.
  • CDG syndrome type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Chemical poisoning: Morbid condition caused by chemical.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,3-Dichloropropene: 1,3-Dichloropropene is a chemical used in solvents and soil fumigants for nematode control. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,4-Dioxane: 1,4-Dioxane is a chemical used mainly as a reagent in laboratries and as a solvent in chemical processing. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Boric Acid: Boric Acid is a chemical used mainly in foods (preservative, emulsifier, neutralizer), antiseptics, pesticides and contact lens cleaners. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. Application of boric acid directly to damaged skin can cause the chemical to be absorbed rapidly into the body and lead to death. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Polysulfide: Calcium polysulfide is a chemical used mainly in antifungal treatments for trees. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloralose: Chloralose is a chemical used mainly in poisons for rodents and crows . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloromethane: Chloromethane is a chemical used mainly in the production of silicones as well as agricultural chemicals, butyl rubber and other products. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Glaze: Glazes are used to put a shiny finish on various surfaces such as pottery. Glazes contain chemicals such as lead and zinc oxide which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are eaten. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Imazapyr: Imazapyr is a chemical used mainly in herbicides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chlordiazepoxide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlordiazepoxide (a sedative or hypnotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cholangitis: bile duct inflammation (cholangitis)
  • Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation Type Ia: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Congenital hepatic fibrosis: A rare inherited birth disorder characterized by fibrosis (scarring) of the liver which affects its ability to function. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients being symptomatic during infancy while others may be asymptomatic for most of their life.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Galactosemia: Accumulation of galactose in the blood leading to mental retardation and failure to thrive if not corrected.
  • Gallstones: A condition where biliary calculi form in the gallbladder
  • Glycogen Storage Disease IXa1: Glycogen storage disease type IX is a relatively mild glycogen storage disease which involves a deficiency of the enzyme hepatic phosphorylase kinase. Thee are four subtypes of the condition, each caused by a different genetic defect which results in the enzyme deficiency. Type IXa is linked to a defect in the PHKA2 gene on chromosome Xp22.2-p22.1. It is inherited in a X-linked recessive manner which means that only males will exhibit symptoms though females may be carriers.
  • Glycogen Storage Disease IXb: Glycogen storage disease type IX is a relatively mild glycogen storage disease which involves a deficiency of the enzyme hepatic phosphorylase kinase. There are four subtypes of the condition, each caused by a different genetic defect which results in the enzyme deficiency. Type IXb is linked to a defect in the PHKG2 gene on chromosome 16q12-q13 and is inherited in a recessive manner. The metabolic anomaly results in the accumulation of glycogen in the liver and muscle.
  • Glycogen Storage Disease IXc: Glycogen storage disease type IX is a relatively mild glycogen storage disease which involves a deficiency of the enzyme hepatic phosphorylase kinase. There are four subtypes of the condition, each caused by a different genetic defect which results in the enzyme deficiency. Type IXc is linked to a defect in the PHKG2 gene on chromosome 16p12.1-p11.2 and is inherited in a recessive manner.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hepatitis: Any inflammation of the liver
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hydatid disease: Rare multi-organ tapeworm infection caught from animals.
  • Inborn amino acid metabolism disorder: A group of inherited disorders where the body is not able to metabolize amino acids consumed in the diet. Amino acids are a part of carbohydrates, fats and proteins and are metabolized in order to provide energy or to make other needed compounds. There are many steps involved in metabolism and the severity can be greatly variable depending on the exact nature of the disorder.
  • Jaundice: yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver dysfunction during pregnancy: Problems with the liver in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Liver dysfunction in pregnancy: Liver dysfunction in pregnancy is found as the result of a blood test, usually undertaken in a pregnant woman who is experiencing nausea or pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, or as a screening tool when other abnormalities such as raised blood pressure are found on examination.
  • Liver pain: Pain or discomfort due to the liver
  • Liver problems: Any problems that are associated with the livers structure and function
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • MGA 4: MGA (methylglutaconic aciduria) is a rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • Metabolic disorder: occurs when abnormal chemical reactions occur in the body
  • Multiple endocrine abnormalities -- adenylyl cyclase dysfunction: A rare syndrome characterized by an enzyme defect (adenylyl cyclase) and a number of endocrine abnormalities.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Plant poisoning -- Hydroquinone: Hydroquinone is a chemical metabolized by the human digestive system from a naturally occurring chemical called arbutin found in the leaves of plants such as blueberries, cranberries, bearberries and red whortleberries. The main symptoms are irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa but severe poisoning can cause systemic symptoms.
  • Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology that is recognized increasingly in children.
  • Reye's syndrome: is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Upper abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the upper abdominal region.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.
  • Zinc poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to zinc.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Liver dysfunction:

The following list of conditions have 'Liver dysfunction' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Liver dysfunction:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Liver dysfunction' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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