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Glossary for Menstrual irregularities

Medical terms related to Menstrual irregularities or mentioned in this section include:

  • 18p minus syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • 46,XX Gonadal dysgenesis epibulbar dermoid: A rare disorder characterized by gonad abnormalities and an eye disorder called epibulbar dermoid.
  • 47,XXX syndrome: A genetic condition where females have an extra X chromosome in each of their cells. Normally female cells have two X chromosomes. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • Abdominal Cancer: Growth of abnormal cells (tumour) affecting the organs in the abdominal cavity; may be due to primary growth of a tumour or spread from another tumour (metastases, secondary tumour)
  • Abdominal pain: Pain in the abdominal area or stomach.
  • Abdominal pain that worsens with menses: also known as dysmenorrhea
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Abnormal infrequent menstrual bleeding: also known as oligomenorrhea is the infrequent uterine bleeding episodes with intervals of more than 35 days
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding: The loss of blood from the uterus that varies from that which is considered normal
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding: refers to vaginal bleeding at any time during the menstrual cycle other than normal menstruation
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding in children: Abnormal vaginal bleeding in children is any kind of bleeding or hemorrhage from the vagina in a girl who has not yet reached menses or puberty.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding in pregnancy: Bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy that occurs after conception but before the onset of labour.
  • Abrikosov's tumor: A rare condition characterized by superficial, usually benign, slow-growing tumors occurring mostly on oral and genital tract tissue.
  • Abruptio placentae: A condition which is characterized by the premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus
  • Absence of vaginal bleeding: also called amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation in a women of reproductive age group. It maybe be primary or secondary
  • Absent menses: amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women where body hair grows in a masculine manner. Hormonal therapy is used to correct the endocrine imbalance.
  • Acquired prothrombin deficiency: A deficiency of prothrombin (vital for blood clotting) which is acquired through other conditions such as liver disease, anticoagulant drugs or vitamin K deficiency. The severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of deficiency.
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Actinomycosis: A chronic infection usually caused by an organism normally found in human bowels and mouths. The disease usually affects the face and neck and results in deep, lumpy abscesses that emit a grainy pus through multiple sinuses.
  • Acute leukaemia of ambiguous lineage: A term used to describe a type of leukemia (a blood cancer) where the leukemic cells cannot be determined as myeloid or lymphoid or where both types of cells are present.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 1: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of immature blood cells (blast cells).
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 2: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 3: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 3 involves the proliferation of promyelocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 6: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 6 involves the proliferation of the immature precursors of red blood cells called erythroblasts.
  • Acute myelocytic leukemia: A malignant cancer of blood-forming tissues resulting in a high number of immature leukocytes. Symptoms include soft bleeding gums, anemia, fatigue, fever, dyspnea, moderate splenomegaly, joint and bone pains and frequent infections. Also called acute granulocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, myeloid leukemia, splenomedullary leukemia, splenomyelogenous leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to alkylating agent: The use of alkylating agents to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to topoisomerase type II inhibitor: The use of topoisomerase type II inhibitors to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes, therapy related: Certain cancer therapies can result in the development of leukemia in some patients. These therapies includes topoisomerase type II inhibitors and alkylating agents.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, adult: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets. It is one of the most common forms of leukemia in adults but can occur in children.
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia: A rare bone marrow cancer characterized by a lack of mature blood cells and excessive amounts of immature blood cells (promyelocytes).
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell: A type of cancer that occurs mainly in the genitourinary tract and the cells that make up the tumor are clear. It is very rare and most cases occur in females whose mothers used a drug called DES (synthetic estrogen) while pregnant.
  • Adenomyosis: presence of ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasms: A type of tumour that develops on particular organs - eyes, skin and uterus. The tumors are usually benign but some may become malignant. The symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor and whether it is benign or malignant. These type of tumors tend to be most common in middle-aged women.
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal Cortex Diseases: Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue.
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids.
  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital (General): Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an inherited condition characterized by adrenal insufficiency. It is caused by a deficiency in an enzyme needed to produce certain adrenal hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone.
  • Adrenal adenoma, familial: A benign tumor that develops in the adrenal gland and tends to run in families. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids . Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction: Excessive activity of the adrenal gland which causes excessive production of one or more adrenal hormones (aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The increased adrenal gland activity may be caused by an adrenal gland tumor or by excessive stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital, due to 11-Beta-hydroxylase deficiency: A rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia characterized by a deficiency of 11-Beta-hydroxylase which results in excess androgen production and hypertension. The disorder can occur in virilizing, hypertensive and salt-wasting forms and symptoms may range from mild to severe.
  • Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked: A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
  • Adrenal incidentaloma: A tumor of the adrenal gland that is discovered incidentally while performing an imaging examination for reasons other than an adrenal tumor. The tumor may be asymptomatic or can causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones and resulting symptoms. The tumor may also be malignant or benign.
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma: A condition which is characterized by malignancy which affects the adrenocortex.
  • Aging: The medical conditions from getting older.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Alopecia -- hypogonadism -- extrapyramidal disorder: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, progressive movement problems and a lack of gonadal function which affects puberty.
  • Alpha thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Alpha thalassemia -- Hemoglobin H disease: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Hemoglobin H disease involves defects in three of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is moderate to severe anemia.
  • Alpha thalassemia major: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia major is very rare involves defects in all of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The condition leads to infant death before or soon after birth.
  • Alport syndrome with leukocyte inclusions and macrothrombocytopenia: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes. End-stage kidney disease occurs in about a third of patients and tends to occur during the 3rd and 4th decades of life.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods.
  • Amphetamine abuse: Use of the stimulant drugs known as amphetamines or "speed"
  • Andrade's syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by deposits of an abnormal protein called amyloid in various parts of the body including organs. The condition mainly involves neurological symptoms.
  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Females with male XY genetics but inability to respond to testosterone.
  • Anemia: Reduced red blood cells in the blood
  • Anemia, Blackfan Diamond: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. The severity of symptoms is variable but most cases are serious.
  • Anemia, Iron-Deficiency: A lack of fully functioning red blood cells due to a deficiency of iron. The iron allows the body to make hemoglobin in red blood cells which in turn allows the red blood cell to carry oxygen.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. There are two types: type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a quarter of cases in type 1 and a third of cases in type 2.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts, type 1: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. Type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a quarter of cases in type 1.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts, type 2: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. Type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a third of cases in type 2.
  • Anophthalmia -- hypothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anophthalmia -- hypyothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anorexia: This is known as a lack of or loss of appetite for food
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Anorexia nervosa, genetic types: There is mounting evidence that anorexia nervosa may be caused by genetic factors which when combined with psychosocial factors can increase a persons risk of developing the condition.
  • Aplastic anemia: A blood disorder where the bone marrow produces insufficient new blood cells.
  • Aromatase deficiency: A congenital deficiency of the enzyme called aromatase which is needed to convert androgens to estrogens.
  • Asherman Syndrome: A condition where adhesions form inside the uterus because of uterine surgery or infection. The adhesions may cause menstruation to cease and/or infertility.
  • Asherman's syndrome: Scarring and adhesions that develop in the uterus and can result in menstrual and fertility problems.
  • Ataxia -- diabetes -- goiter -- gonadal insufficiency: A rare disorder characterized by diabetes, goiter, insufficient hormone production by the gonads and progressive ataxia.
  • Ataxia -- hypogonadism -- choroidal dystrophy: A very rare disorder characterized by spinocerebellar ataxia, eye abnormalities and a failure of the pituitary to stimulate gonadal development during puberty.
  • Attenuated congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A late onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where insufficient adrenal corticosteroids are produced by the body due to the deficiency of a particular chemical. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person and onset may occur as early as childhood.
  • Autoimmune Endometriosis: An endometriosis that is caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia: Autoimmune disorder causing a lack of blood platelets.
  • Autoimmune oophoritis: An autoimmune condition where the body's own immune system attacks the ovaries and causes them to become inflamed. It can lead to ovarian function stopping prematurely.
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease associated Celiac Disease: Patients with autoimmune thyroid disease are more susceptible to developing celiac disease than the average population. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The type and severity of symptoms varies amongst people - some people have severe gastrointestinal symptoms from infancy whereas other have no symptoms other than fatigue or anemia during adulthood.
  • Autoimmune thyroid diseases: Autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • BXO: Skin condition of the penis which can effect the glans, prepuce or urethra.
  • Bangstad syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by diabetes, goiter, insufficient hormone production by the gonads and progressive ataxia.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a defect in chromosome 11q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 10: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 10 is caused by a defect in chromosome 12q.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 11: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 11 is caused by a defect in chromosome 9q33.1.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 12: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 12 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a defect in chromosome 16q21.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 3: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 3 is caused by a defect in chromosome 3p12-q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 4: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 4 is caused by a defect in chromosome 15q22.3.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 5: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 5 is caused by a defect in chromosome 2q31.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 6: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 6 is caused by a defect in chromosome 20p12.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 7: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 7 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 8: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 8 is caused by a defect in chromosome 14q32.11.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 9: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 9 is caused by a defect in chromosome 7p14.
  • Bassoe syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by hypogonadism, cataracts during infancy and muscle weakness.
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Bernard-Soulier Syndrome: A congenital bleeding disorder marked by inability of platelets to coagulate or by insufficient platelets. The platelets that are present are often large.
  • Beta Thalassemia intermedia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. There are two subtypes of the disorder (alpha and beta) depending on what portion of the hemoglobin is abnormally synthesized. Beta Thalassemia intermedia involves defects in both of the two genes required to make each ? protein chain. The condition causes varying degrees of moderate anemia.
  • Beta thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Beta thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the two genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Biemond syndrome type 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and underdeveloped genitals.
  • Bird-headed dwarfism with progressive ataxia, Insulin-resistant diabetes, goiter and primary gonadal insufficiency: A rare disorder characterized by diabetes, goiter, insufficient hormone production by the gonads and progressive ataxia.
  • Birth control pill poisoning: Birth control pill contain hormones such as estrogen and progestin and excessive ingestion of the pills can result in relatively minor symptoms - usually there are no serious problems associated with the ingested of many birth control pills at one time. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Bladder cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bleeding after sex: Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Bleeding that occurs after a woman has stopped menstruating: postmenopausal bleeding
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid. The severity of symptoms is variable. There are two subtypes of the condition: Type 2 involves eye anomalies as well as female fertility problems whereas type 1 only involves the eye anomalies.
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid. The severity of symptoms is variable. There are two subtypes of the condition: Type 2 involves eye anomalies as well as female fertility problems whereas type 1 only involves the eye anomalies.
  • Blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid.
  • Bloody vaginal discharge: discharge from the vagina other than normal menstruation
  • Bosma-Henkin-Christiansen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a reduced sense of smell, an underdeveloped nose and hypogonadism.
  • Breakthrough bleeding: Breakthrough bleeding includes any type of mild to severe bleeding or hemorrhaging that occurs after initial bleeding has stopped.
  • Brenner tumor: A benign ovarian tumor
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Bullous dystrophy, macular type: A rare condition characterized by loss of scalp hair, increased skin pigmentation, small head, mental retardation, short stature and blisters. The blisters do not form necessarily on skin that has suffered trauma but occurs spontaneously.
  • CCFDN: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized by cataracts during infancy, unusual facial appearance and neuropathy.
  • Camurat-Engelmann disease, type 2: A rare syndrome characterized by a range of abnormalities including waddling gait, muscle weakness, knee and hip contractures, delayed puberty and leg pain.
  • Cantu Sanchez-Corona Fragoso syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by severe mental retardation, dwarfism and delayed puberty.
  • Cataract deafness hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, cataracts and a deficiency of sex hormone production.
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 1: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p21.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 10: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q25-q26. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 11: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q28. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 12: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6q25.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 13: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect in the SH2B3 gene on chromosome 12q24. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 2: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 5q31-q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 3: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 4: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 19p13.1. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 5: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 15q11-q13. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 6: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 4q27. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 7: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 1q31. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 8: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q11-q12. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 9: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3p21. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cephalothoracic progressive lipodystrophy: A rare acquired disorder that involves adipose tissue abnormalities and is characterized by loss of adipose tissue mainly in the trunk and arms.
  • Cervical cancer: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of malignancy on the cervix
  • Cervical erosion: A shallow superficial ulceration of the cervix.
  • Cervical polyps: Benign polyps on the cervix of the uterus
  • Cervicitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervix conditions: Conditions of the cervix (entrance) of the female uterus.
  • Changes in normal menstrual cycle: can cause increase or decrease in the menstrual flow
  • Chapple syndrome: A rare birth disorder characterized by painful menstruation, knees bent back and a uterus that is tilted backwards (retroverted). It is believed to be caused by an abnormal fetal position inside the womb.
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Chlamydial infection: Infection from Chlamydia genus.
  • Chondrodysplasia punctata with steroid sulfatase deficiency: A genetic skeletal and skin disorder involving a deficiency of steroid sulfatase. The skin condition is characterized by large brownish scales which can occur almost anywhere on the skin and can be disfiguring. The face, scalp, palms and soles are usually not involved. The skeletal disorder involves abnormal bone calcification near the joints also results in shortened limbs.
  • Chondrodysplasia, acromesomelic, with genital anomalies: A very rare condition characterized by severe limb malformations and genital anomalies. The reported case involved related parents.
  • Choriocarcinoma: Rare cancer of the placenta
  • Chromosome 13 ring syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 13 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic material missing.
  • Chromosome 14 uniparental disomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where two homologues are obtained from one parent.
  • Chromosome 15q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 15q, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 17p, partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the lost genetic material.
  • Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Chromosome 18p minus syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material from the short arm of chromosome18 is missing. The symptoms or severity may vary somewhat between patients.
  • Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p2: A very rare chromosomal disorder involving the deletion of the end portion of short arm of chromosome 3. Symptoms vary according to the exact size and location of the deletion.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 9 is duplicated so there is three copies of it instead of the normal two.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
  • Chronic renal insufficiency: Chronic lack of function of the renal system. Kidneys.
  • Clomiphene Citrate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Clomiphene Citrate during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cockayne syndrome type 1: A rare inherited condition characterized by short stature, light sensitivity and a prematurely aged appearance. Type 1 is an early-onset form and involves progressive symptoms that usually start after 1 year of age.
  • Cohen Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced muscle tone, obesity and prominent front teeth.
  • Collagenous celiac disease: Collagenous celiac disease is used to describe progressive celiac disease characterized by the presence of a layer of collagen (scarring) in the intestinal layers. This form of celiac disease usually fails to respond to treatments such as gluten-free diets. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The condition usually fails to respond to treatment and has a poor prognosis.
  • Combined pituitary hormone deficiency, non acquired, non syndromic: Deficiency of more than one pituitary hormone not associated with any other malformations or abnormalities. The condition may be due to a genetic defect or the result of tumors, surgery or radiation therapies. Symptoms can vary considerable depending on which hormones are affected.
  • Complete androgen insensitivity:
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A condition where excessive secretion of adrenocortical androgens cause a somatic masculization or ?virilization? effect on a fetus or baby. Symptoms in girls may include masculization of sex organs, low voice, acne, amenorrhea and masculine hair distribution and muscle growth. Symptoms in boys include enlarged penis, small testes. Children with the condition are usually taller than average but develop into short adults. Also called adrenogenital syndrome or adrenal virilism.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- non-classical form: A late onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where insufficient adrenal corticosteroids are produced by the body due to the deficiency of a particular chemical. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person and onset may occur as early as childhood.
  • Congenital spherocytic hemolytic anemia: A blood disorder present at birth where the membranes of red blood cells are defective which results in them being spherical rather than doughnut-shaped. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are broken down prematurely by the body which results in anemia. The condition may range from mild to severe.
  • Cortisone reductase deficiency: An inborn error of steroid metabolism due to a deficiency of an enzyme called cortisone reductase (11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase). This enzyme is needed to convert cortisone to cortisol.
  • Cramps: Refers to abdominal cramps, muscle cramps, or menstrual cramps
  • Crandall syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by twisted hair, hearing loss and sex hormone deficiency.
  • Cushing syndrome, familial: A hormonal disorder caused by high levels of the cortisol hormone due to the abnormal development of the adrenal gland.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cushing-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Deafness neurosensory -- pituitary dwarfism: A very rare syndrome characterized by deafness and deficient sex hormone and pituitary hormone activity.
  • Decreased menses: oligomenorrhea is the term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
  • Delayed puberty: A lack of sexual maturation in an adolescent at an age significantly higher than the average age that child of that epidemiology attains puberty.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2q37.3.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 12q24.2.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q12-q13.1.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 5q34-q35.2.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. The severity of symptoms is variable but most cases are serious.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 1: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 1 is caused by a defect on the RPS19 gene located on chromosome 18q13.2.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 2: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 19q13.2.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 3: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 3 is caused by a defect on the RPS24 gene located on chromosome 10q22-q23.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 4: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 4 is caused by a defect on the RPS17 gene located on chromosome 15q.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 5: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 5 is caused by a defect on the RPL35A gene located on chromosome 3q29-qter.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 6: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 6 is caused by a defect on the RPL5 gene located on chromosome 1p22.1.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 7: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 7 is caused by a defect on the RPL11 gene located on chromosome 1p36.1-p35.
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 8: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. Type 8 is caused by a defect on the RPS7 gene on chromosome 2p25.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Disorders of the uterus in the reproductive age group:
  • Distinctive Craniofacial Features -- Pterygia -- Mental Retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, underdeveloped genitals and various skull and facial anomalies.
  • Dosage-sensitive sex reversal: A genetic defect resulting in a sex reversal in people with a normal 46,XY karyotype. Thus a genetic male may develop female external genitalia. The severity of the condition is variable with external genitalia ranging from female to ambiguous to male.
  • Double uterus-hemivagina-renal agenesis: A very rare malformation of the uterus and vagina.
  • Down's syndrome associated Celiac Disease: Patients with Down's syndrome have a high degree of susceptibility to developing celiac disease. Up to 17% of Down's syndrome sufferers develop celiac disease but this rate varies amongst age groups and country of origin. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The type and severity of symptoms varies amongst people - some people have severe gastrointestinal symptoms from infancy whereas other have no symptoms other than fatigue or anemia during adulthood.
  • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding: Uterus bleeding unrelated to periods
  • Dysmenorrhea: Excessive menstrual-like cramping pain
  • Dysmenorrhea in young adults: Dysmenorrhea in young adults is a condition in which a young woman experiences severe pain and cramps during menstruation.
  • Dystrophia myotonica 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by myotonia, muscle atrophy, cataracts and hypogonadism.
  • Eating symptoms: Symptoms related to eating.
  • Eclampsia: serious complication of pregnancy and is characterised by high blood pressure and convulsions
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, Berlin type: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the absence of many or all teeth, a lack of hair, mental retardation and skin abnormalities.
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Endometrial conditions: Conditions that affect the female endometrium that is located in the uterus
  • Endometrial hyperplasia: Thickening of the endometrium (lining of the uterus)
  • Endometrial stromal sarcoma: A rare type of cancer that develops from the endometrial layer of the uterus. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Endometritis: Inflammation of the endometrium (uterine lining)
  • Epiphyseal dysplasia -- hearing loss -- dysmorphism: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hearing loss, unusual face and bone development abnormalities.
  • Epiphyseal dysplasia dysmorphism camptodactyly: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hearing loss, unusual face and bone development abnormalities.
  • Epstein's Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by the association of kidney disease, deafness and a blood disorder.
  • Essential thrombocytosis -- same as essential thrombocythemia: A rare blood disorder where the blood contains too many platelets due to excessive megakaryocytes (platelet-producing cells). Platelets are essential for blood clotting but in essential thrombocythemia excessive platelets can cause the blood to form abnormal clots. If the platelets are defective as well then bleeding problems can occur. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Eunuchoidism familial: A rare inherited defect that affects production of gonadotropin which affects puberty and the development of secondary sexual characteristics.
  • Ewing's family of tumors: A rare condition where tumors develop in bone or soft tissue. Usually teenagers are affected.
  • Excessive dieting: Excessive limitation of food intake can lead to problems and effects such as dizziness, depression, intestinal problems, edema and impaired growth.
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excess of blood loss during menstruation
  • FSH-resistant ovaries (FSH-RO): A recessively inherited disorder where the ovaries are unable to respond to the follicle stimulating hormone which results in symptoms such as lack of menstruation and infertility.
  • Factor V and factor VIII, combined deficiency of: A rare inherited blood disorder where a deficiency of Factor V and factor VIII results in bleeding problems. Factor V and factor VIII is involved in blood coagulation.
  • Factor V deficiency: An inherited disorder where the deficiency of a blood component affects its ability to clot properly which can lead to bleeding problems. The severity of the disorder can vary from easy bruising to life-threatening hemorrhages.
  • Factor VII deficiency: A rare inherited blood disorder caused by a deficiency of a blood protein called Factor VII and resulting in poor blood coagulation. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Factor X deficiency: A rare blood clotting disorder which may be inherited or acquired in people suffering from conditions such as liver disease, amyloidosis, leprosy and certain cancers. The underlying cause is the deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The condition may cause mild to severe bleeding depending on the degree of deficiency of Factor X.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Friuli: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Fruili variant tends to only cause moderate bleeding problems and occurs mainly in an area of Italy called Fruili.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Kanazawa: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Kanazawa variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Ketchikan: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Ketchikan variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Nottingham: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Nottingham variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Padua: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Padau variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- San Antonio: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The San Antonia variant results in 14% of normal Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Santo Domingo: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Santo Domingo variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Shanghai: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Shangai variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- St. Louis II: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The St. Louis II variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Stockton: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Stockton variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Taunton: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Taunton variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Tokyo: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Tokyo variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Vorarlberg: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Vorarlberg variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Wenatchee I: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Wenatchee I variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- Wenatchee II: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The Wenatchee II variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor X deficiency -- autosomal dominant: A rare inherited blood clotting disorder where there is a deficiency of a protein (Factor X) which is needed for the blood to clot properly. The autosomal dominant variant results in reduced Factor X blood clotting activity.
  • Factor XIII Deficiency: A very rare inherited or acquired blood disorder caused by a deficiency of Factor XIII which is involved in stabilizing blood clot formation. The condition manifests as bleeding problems.
  • Factor XIII deficiency, congenital: A very rare inherited blood disorder caused by a deficiency of Factor XIII which is involved in stabilizing blood clot formation. The condition manifests as bleeding problems.
  • Factor XIII, A1 subunit Deficiency: A very rare inherited or acquired blood disorder caused by a deficiency of subunit A of Factor XIII which is involved in stabilizing blood clot formation. The condition manifests as bleeding problems.
  • Factor XIII, B subunit Deficiency: A very rare inherited or acquired blood disorder caused by a deficiency of subunit B of Factor XIII which is involved in stabilizing blood clot formation. The condition manifests as bleeding problems.
  • Fallopian tube cancer: A cancer that originates in the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Fallopian tube conditions: Conditions that affect the fallopian tubes of a woman
  • Fallopian tube symptoms: Symptoms affecting the female fallopian tubes
  • Familial dysautonomia: An inherited biochemical disorder that primarily affects the autonomic and sensory nervous system.
  • Fechtner syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes.
  • Female athlete triad: The components of the triad consist ofdisordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Not all patients have all 3 components of the triad, and new dataarebeginning to emerge that even having only1 or 2 elements of the triad greatly increases these females' long-term morbidity. Often difficult to recognize, the female athlete triadcan have a significant impact on morbidity and even mortality in a relatively young segment of the population.
  • Female genital disorders: Any condition affecting the female genital organs.
  • Female genital organ tumors: Tumors affecting the female genital organs, whether cancerous or bening.
  • Female genital symptoms: Symptoms affecting the female genital organs.
  • Female infertility: A condition characterized by the inability of a female to become pregnant
  • Female reproductive symptoms: Symptoms affecting the female reproductive organs.
  • Female reproductive toxicity: There is mounting evidence which indicates that exposure to certain agents may produce adverse reproductive or fetal developmental effects. The possible range of effects includes reduced fertility, low birth weight, childhood cancer, spontaneous abortion and birth defects. Agents which may be implicated in these adverse effects includes anticancer drugs, carbon disulfide, carbon monoxide, lead, pesticides, organic solvents and tobacco smoke.
  • Female reproductive toxicity -- Dioxins: There is limited conflicting evidence which indicates that some women exposed to dioxins may suffer adverse effects as a result. Spontaneous abortion and menstrual disorders and birth defects are the possible adverse effects.
  • Female sexual conditions: Sexual conditions that affect the female
  • Female sexual symptoms: Symptoms of the female sexual organs.
  • Fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Fibromatosis multiple non ossifying: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by bone abnormalities which causes the bones to fracture easily.
  • Fleisher syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by a deficiency of growth hormones and reduced blood levels of antibodies in the blood.
  • Florid cystic endosalpingiosis of the uterus: Benign tumor-like uterine cysts.
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency, isolated: A genetic disorder characterized by the deficiency of follicle-stimulating hormone which primarily affects fertility.
  • Forbes disease: A rare inherited glycogen storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme amylo-1,6-glucosidase resulting in a build up of glycogen in the liver and muscles.
  • Froelich's syndrome: A rare condition where an endocrine abnormality (caused by such things as a pituitary tumor or damage to the hypothalamus) affects hormone levels which results in a variety of symptoms.
  • Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: Tumors that develop in the pancreas and cause excessive secretion of one or more pancreatic hormones such as insulin, somatostatin, glucagons, gastrin, ACTH (corticosteroids) and vasoactive intestinal peptidase.
  • Galactorrhea: This is where there is an excessive or spontaneous flow of milk from the female breast
  • Galactorrhoea-Hyperprolactinaemia: Increased blood prolactin levels associated with galactorrhea (abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females.
  • Genital symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sex organs.
  • Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix: A rare type of cervical cancer.
  • Glycogen debranching deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (amylo-1,6-glucosidase) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme deficiency and how strictly treatment measures are adhered to.
  • Gonadal dysgenesis: The abnormal development of gonads which means that the sex hormones are not being produced. The gonads are the primary reproductive organs - testes in males and ovaries in females. These organs produced sperm and eggs as well as sex hormones - testes produce the male hormone called testosterone and ovaries produce the female hormone called estrogen. Abnormal gonad development and hence lack of sex hormones can affect sexual differentiation between males and females and puberty may be delayed or fail to occur altogether.
  • Gonadal dysgenesis Turner type: The abnormal development of gonads that occurs in Turner syndrome due to a chromosomal abnormality. It occurs when the there is only one fully functioning X chromosome instead of two which results in underdeveloped female characteristics. The severity of symptoms is determined by how much of the second sex chromosome is missing.
  • Gonadal dysgenesis, XX type: A rare genetic condition involving non-functional ovaries causing a failure of puberty due to the lack of production of sex hormones by the ovaries.
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Gordan-Overstreet syndrome: A rare variant of Turner syndrome.
  • Granuloma inguinale: Granulomous disease spread sexually.
  • Graves disease: A condition which is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid resulting hyperthyroidism
  • Growth Delay, Constitutional: A genetic tendency for delayed puberty. Children tend to be small for their age but once puberty does start, normal height is usually achieved.
  • Growth Hormone Receptor Deficiency: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Gynaecological conditions: Any condition the affects the female reproductive organs
  • Gynandroblastoma: A type of ovarian tumor that causes feminizing and masculinizing effects of estrogen and androgen.
  • HAIR-AN Syndrome: A very rare syndrome that affects females only and is characterized mainly by insulin resistance, dark velvety patches of skin and increased male hormone production in females.
  • Habitual abortion: The occurrence of two or more spontaneous abortions in a row. The condition may result from severe fetal abnormality, endocrine disorders, severe kidney problems, structural defects of the cervix or uterus or immune problems.
  • Halal Setton Wang syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities.
  • Hall-Riggs mental retardation syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by mental retardation, distinctive facial features and various bone abnormalities.
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis: Hashimoto thyroiditis is characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis have antibodies to various thyroid antigens, the most frequently detected of which include antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg), and, to a lesser extent, TSH receptor-blocking antibodies.
  • Haspeslagh Fryns Muelenaere syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, underdeveloped genitals and various skull and facial anomalies.
  • Heavy menstruation: When there is more than usual blood loss during menstruation
  • Heavy periods: Excessive menstrual bleeding (called menorrhagia or hypermenorrhea)
  • Hematuria during menses: Hematuria during menses is the presence of blood in the urine during a woman's menstruation.
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hemochromatosis-related diabetes: A single-gene disease that causes iron accumulation in the tissues of the body. Diabetes is a primary complication if hemochromatosis goes untreated. Hemochromatosis is sometimes referred to as "bronze diabetes."
  • Hemorrhagic thrombocythemia: A rare blood disorder characterized by increased number of platelets in the blood which often results in an enlarged spleen, bleeding and blood vessel blockages.
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (fibrolamellar variant): A rare form of liver cancer. The prognosis for this variant of hepatocellular cancer is better than for hepatocellular cancer.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Cottonseed: Cottonseed can be used as a herbal agent used to reduce male fertility in China. The herbal agent contains a chemical called gossyphol which can cause various overdose symptoms if ingested in excessive quantities.
  • Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer: A rare inherited condition characterized by the presence of tumors that develop from smooth muscle tissue in the skin, uterus and the kidneys. The skin anomalies can occur on any part of the body and gradually increase in number and size with age. Kidney tumors develop in only a relatively small proportion of patients with the condition.
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by epistaxes and multiple telangiectases.
  • Hereditary hypothyroidism: Hereditary hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is a defect in the thyroid gland which leads to increased production of TSH reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Hersh-Podruch-Weisskopk syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive retinal damage, mental retardation and deafness.
  • Hydatidiform mole: A rare condition where an abnormal union between an egg and a sperm results in the formation of grape-like cysts instead of a baby. The growth is not malignant.
  • Hydrocephalus obesity hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by obesity, buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) and impaired sex hormone production.
  • Hyperadrenalism: Excessive levels of adrenal hormones in the body. Symptoms depend on which hormone is involved and the degree of involvement. Adrenal hormones are aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine.
  • Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure: Premature onset of menopause - occurs before the fourth decade -average age of onset of menopause is about 50 years of age. The condition can occur sporadically or may be inherited in a familial manner.
  • Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure, familial or sporadic: A rare disorder where the ovaries fail to function prematurely. Ovarian failure can occur in the 20's or 30's. Normal ovarian failure occurs during menopause. Premature ovarian failure can be caused by a genetic mutation and can occur sporadically or in a familial pattern.
  • Hyperprolactinemia: High levels of prolactin in the blood.
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Hyperthyroidism: The excessive activity of the thyroid gland
  • Hypogonadism -- mitral valve prolapse -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a heart disorder, hypogonadism and mental retardation.
  • Hypogonadism -- retinitis pigmentosa: A very rare syndrome characterized by eye disease (retinal pigmentosa) and the absence of puberty caused by a deficiency of hormones that stimulate the sex organs (gonads) into producing the hormones that initiate puberty.
  • Hypogonadism hypogonadotropic due to mutations in GR hormone: Hypogonadism hypogonadotropic due to mutations in GR hormone is a condition where defects in the gene for gonadotropin-releasing hormone results in problems with sexual maturation during development. The symptoms may vary in severity depending on the degree of mutation.
  • Hypogonadism, isolated, hypogonadotropic: A rare condition involving a deficiency of sex hormones (leutinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone) which results in partial or complete failure of puberty.
  • Hypogonadism, primary -- partial alopecia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hypogonadism and the presence of hair in the middle of the scalp only.
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism alopecia: A very rare syndrome characterized by partial alopecia and lack of secondary sex hormone production.
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism without anosmia, X-linked: A rare X-linked disorder involving a deficiency of sex hormones (leutinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone). It is similar to Kallman syndrome but the sense of smell is preserved.
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction: Abnormal function of the thalamus located in the brain. The thalamus controls pituitary gland function which in turn controls other hormone producing glands such as the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, ovaries and testes. The thalamus also regulates functions such as temperature control, emotions, sleep, appetite and salt balance. Abnormal thalamus functioning may be caused by such things as surgery, infection, genetic disorders, poor nutrition and tumors.
  • Hypothyroid goitre: Goitre is the enlargement of the thyroid gland and hypothyroid state is characterized by increased TSH levels and decreased T3 and T4 levels circulating in the body.
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • IMAGe syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by retarded fetal growth, abnormal bone development, underdeveloped adrenal glands and genital abnormalities.
  • Ichthyosis and male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Ichthyosis male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Idiopathic dysmenorrhea: Idiopathic dysmenorrhea refers to severe uterine pain and cramping during menstruation with no known cause.
  • Infantile hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of thyroid hormones that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or hypothyroidism in infants of mothers treated with thiouracil during pregnancy.
  • Insulin resistance, short fifth metacarpals: A rare syndrome characterized by short fifth fingers and fifth hand bones as well as insulin resistance.
  • Insulin-resistance syndrome, type A: A syndrome characterized by insulin resistance resulting in distinctive skin lesions called acanthosis nigricans. It is the least severe form of insulin resistance.
  • Intercourse symptoms: Symptoms related to the act of sexual intercourse.
  • Intermittent menstrual disturbances: Intermittent menstrual disturbances include any change or irregularity in the menstrual cycle that occurs on and off.
  • Intrauterine growth retardation -- metaphyseal dysplasia -- adrenal hypoplasia congenita -- genital anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized by retarded fetal growth, abnormal bone development, underdeveloped adrenal glands and genital abnormalities.
  • Kallmann Syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism, eunuchoidism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance.
  • Kallmann Syndrome 5: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism, eunuchoidism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. The symptoms and their severity may be somewhat variable. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q12.1.
  • Kallmann Syndrome 6: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism, eunuchoidism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. The symptoms and their severity may be somewhat variable. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q24.
  • Kallmann syndrome 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect located at chromosome 8p11.2-p11.1.
  • Kallmann syndrome, type 1, X-linked: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect located at chromosome Xp22.3.
  • Kallmann syndrome, type 3, recessive: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. Type 3 is recessively inherited and the genetic defect is located at chromosome 20p13.
  • Kallmann syndrome, type 4: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance. Type 4 is caused by a genetic defect located at chromosome 3p21.1.
  • Klotz syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by absent menstruation, infantile genitals and other sexual organ abnormalities in females who are genetically male.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Lactotroph adenoma: A benign pituitary tumor that secretes excessive prolactin which can affect the functioning of the reproductive system - testes and ovaries. The tumor may also grow large enough to compress adjacent structures such as the eye nerves.
  • Laron Dwarfism: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron Pituitary Dwarfism: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron Syndrome: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron Type Pituitary Dwarfism 1: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron syndrome type 1: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron syndrome type 2: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron-type Dwarfism Phenotypic Syndrome: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Laron-type dwarfism: A rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results.
  • Late start of menstruation: Late first period in adolescent girls
  • Leukemia, Myeloid: A form of blood cancer that causes a proliferation of the precursors or immature red blood cells, platelets and certain white blood cells such as granulocytes and monocytes.
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Aggressive-Phase: Myeloid leukemia is a form of cancer where the bone marrow makes too many myeloid cells (granulocytes and their precursors) in the bone marrow which accumulates in the blood and eventually invades various parts of the body. The aggressive phase of myeloid leukemia follows the chronic form and is a sign that the condition is progressing more rapidly to a blast crisis which is the final stage of leukemia.
  • Leydig cells hypoplasia: A condition resulting from reduced or absent functioning of Leydig cells which leads to insufficient production of the male hormone androgen which can cause problems with sex differentiation in males at puberty. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the degree of functioning of the Leydig cells. Type 1 is a more severe form of the condition where males develop a female appearance whereas type II results in symptoms such as small penis and hypogonadism though the patients has an overall male appearance.
  • Leydig cells hypoplasia, type I: A condition resulting from reduced or absent functioning of Leydig cells which leads to insufficient production of the male hormone androgen which can cause problems with sex differentiation in males at puberty. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the degree of functioning of the Leydig cells. Type 1 is a more severe form of the condition where males develop a female appearance whereas type II results in symptoms such as small penis and hypogonadism though the patients has an overall male appearance.
  • Lichen sclerosis: Disease causing leathery or dry skin in genital areas.
  • Light periods: Unusually light menstrual bleeding
  • Lipodystrophy, familial partial, type 3 (FPLD3): A rare metabolic disorder involving abnormal fat gradually disappears from the limbs, trunk and buttocks but stays the same or accumulates on areas such as the face, shoulders, neck and genitals.
  • Lower abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower abdominal region.
  • Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone, deficiency of, with ataxia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by insufficient sex hormone production and impaired balance and coordination due to nervous system dysfunction.
  • Lymphangiectasies and lymphedema Hennekam type: A rare disorder characterized by buildup of lymphatic fluid in the limbs, face and genitals, seizures and mental and growth retardation.
  • Lymphoedema -- lymphangiectasia -- mental retardation: A rare disorder characterized by buildup of lymphatic fluid in the limbs, face and genitals, seizures and mental and growth retardation.
  • Male reproductive toxicity -- Benzene: Exposure to Benzene, a recognized reproductive toxicant, can negatively affect the male reproductive system. Benzene is a widely used chemical - in pesticides and as a solvent in industries such as pesticide manufacturing, laboratory chemicals, printing, paper and pulp manufacture and pharmaceuticals manufacture. The severity and nature of the adverse effect is variable and can be influenced by factors such as level of exposure and individual sensitivity to the chemical. Effects on the male reproductive system can include such things as altered sexual behavior, altered fertility and problems with sperm shape or count.
  • Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor: A rare malignant cancer that develops in the uterus, ovary or fallopian tubes. The tumor contains epithelial and stromal cells. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Malouf syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease as well as abnormal ovaries.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. There are two subtypes with type B involving loss of fat layers under the skin mainly in the extremities, face and trunk whereas type A involves mainly the extremities. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia with type A lipodystrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. Loss of fat layers under the skin occurs mainly in the extremities in type B. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia with type B lipodystrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. Loss of fat layers under the skin occurs mainly in the extremities, face and trunk in type B. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Marijuana abuse: Illicit depressant/hallucinogenic drug
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Masculinisation: Increased male physical appearance in females
  • May-Hegglin Anomaly: A rare inherited blood disorder involving abnormalities in some of the blood components (platelets and certain leukocytes). Some patients develop bleeding problems whereas other remain asymptomatic.
  • May-Hegglin thrombocytopenia: A rare inherited blood disorder involving abnormalities in some of the blood components (platelets and certain leukocytes). Some patients develop bleeding problems whereas other remain asymptomatic.
  • McCune-Albright Syndrome: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation and endocrine gland dysfunction and replacement of parts of bone tissue with fibrous material.
  • Menopause: End of female reproductive years
  • Menopause symptoms: Symptoms similar to menopause or closely related.
  • Menorrhagia: Excessive or prolonged blood loss during menstruation
  • Mens health symptoms: Symptoms closely related to men's health.
  • Menstrual bleeding that occurs between menstrual periods: known as intermenstrual bleeding, refers to vaginal bleeding at any time during the menstrual cycle other than normal menstruation
  • Menstrual changes: Any change to a females usual menstrual cycle
  • Menstrual conditions: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Menstrual cramps: Pelvic or other menstrual-related pains
  • Menstrual disorders: Any medical condition which alters a womans menstrual cycle from normal
  • Menstrual irregularities: Various abnormalities of periods and menstruation.
  • Menstrual pain: Pain that occurs with menstruation
  • Menstruation: The passage of blood and uterine tissue through the vagina cyclically
  • Mental Retardation -- Pterygia -- Shortness -- Distinctive Facial Appearance: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, underdeveloped genitals and various skull and facial anomalies.
  • Mental retardation -- dysmorphism -- hypogonadism -- diabetes: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Mental retardation -- epilepsy -- bulbous nose: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, epilepsy and a bulbous nose. The condition has been reported in only two families.
  • Mental retardation -- hypotonic facies syndrome, X-linked, 1: A group of rare syndromes characterized by severe mental retardation, unusual facial appearance and other variable abnormalities.
  • Mental retardation -- myopathy -- short stature -- endocrine defect: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, muscle disease, short stature and endocrine defects.
  • Mental retardation X-linked syndromic 7: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, obesity, hypogonadism and tapered fingers.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- hypogonadism -- ichthyosis -- obesity -- short stature: A rare X-linked disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, short stature, hypogonadism and a skin disorder. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked, Cabezas type: A rare X-linked disorder characterized by mental retardation, muscle wasting, short stature and other problems. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Metaphyseal undermodeling, spondylar dysplasia, and overgrowth: A rare condition characterized by the association of skeletal anomalies and overgrowth. One of the three children observed with the condition died during adolescence.
  • Metrorrhagia: Metrorrhagia is a condition in which a woman experiences irregular episodes of bleeding from the uterus, especially between menstrual periods.
  • Michels-Caskey syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, spine deformities and lack of development of the female reproductive organs such as the uterus and vagina (mullerian duct aplasia). The external genitalia may appear to be normal.
  • Microcephaly -- hypergonadotropic hypogonadism -- short stature: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head, short stature and hypogonadism.
  • Miscarriage: Symptoms related to miscarriage or stillbirth.
  • Missed period: When a female you is menstruating fails to menstruate when expected
  • Mittelschmerz: Mid-cycle abdominal pain due to ovulation
  • Mullerian aplasia: A birth defect involving the absence of the uterus, cervix and top part of the vagina but normal external genitals and ovarian function. Secondary sexual characteristics generally develop normally but menstruation is absent.
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Myopathy with lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia: A rare disorder of the bone marrow and skeletal muscles which manifests as muscle disease and anemia. Progressive intolerance to exercise usually starts during childhood with anemia occurring around adolescence.
  • Nathalie syndrome: A very rare condition described in four children of one family. The condition is characterized by wasting of the spine muscles, abnormal heart electrical activity, cataracts, hypogonadism and hearing impairment.
  • Neuroectodermal endocrine syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hormonal, hair, skin and brain abnormalities.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix: A rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive.
  • Neurosarcoidosis: A rare disorder involving sarcoidosis of the nervous system. Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect virtually any part of the body. Neurosarcoidosis involves inflammation and abnormal deposits in parts of the nervous system including the brain and spinal cord which affects their functioning. Symptoms may be sudden and severe or may be mild and progress slowly. Symptoms are determined by the degree of nerve involvement.
  • Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
  • Non Classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: A late onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where insufficient adrenal corticosteroids are produced by the body due to the deficiency of a particular chemical. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person and onset may occur as early as childhood.
  • Noonan syndrome 3: A genetic condition characterized by short stature, distinctive facial characteristics, learning difficulties, congenital heart conditions and various other anomalies.
  • Not getting a menstrual period: known as amennorhea is the absence of menses. It maybe primary or secondary in nature
  • Not getting a period: Not getting a period refers to either the absence of menses or the skipping of a period.
  • Obesity due to prohormone convertase-I deficiency: A form of monogenic obesity caused by a genetic mutation which results in a deficiency of prohormone convertase-I. Monogenic obesity is obesity caused by a mutation in a single gene.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Bladder cancer: Occupational exposure to naphthylamine can increase the risk of developing bladder cancer.
  • Oligomenorrhoea: Periods occurring infrequently, with time between periods varying from 35 days to 6 months.
  • Osteosclerosis -- ichthyosis -- premature ovarian failure: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density, scaly skin and premature menopause.
  • Osteosclerosis with ichthyosis and premature ovarian failure: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density, scaly skin and premature menopause.
  • Ovarian cancer: A condition which is characterized by a malignancy that is located in the ovary
  • Ovarian carcinosarcoma: A type of ovarian cancer.
  • Ovarian cysts: Cysts which are located in the ovaries
  • Ovarian insufficiency due to FSH resistance: A rare disorder where the ovaries fail to function normally as they are unable to respond to follicle stimulating hormones.
  • Ovarian insufficiency, familial: A rare inherited disorder where the ovaries fail to function normally despite normal levels of hormones that stimulate ovarian activity. Ovarian failure is a normal phase of aging and is associated with menopause but it is termed ovarian insufficiency when it occurs in a female under the age of 40.
  • Ovarioleukodystrophy: A rare syndrome characterized by ovarian failure and degeneration of the brain white matter which causes mental and motor problems.
  • Ovary symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ovaries
  • Owren Parahemophilia: An inherited disorder where the deficiency of a blood component affects its ability to clot properly which can lead to bleeding problems. The severity of the disorder can vary from easy bruising to life-threatening hemorrhages.
  • PMS: premenstrual syndrome occurs a few days before the onset of menstruation
  • Painful menstruation: The association of pain with menstruation
  • Painful urination: Painful urination refers to discomfort while urinating.
  • Pancytopenia: A term used to describe a lack of all of the different types of blood cells - red and white blood cells and blood platelets. Cancer, infections and toxins are some of the causes of pancytopenia. Symptoms depend on the severity of the deficiency.
  • Panhypopituitarism: A rare condition where all pituitary hormones are absent or reduced. The condition may be congenital or acquired through such things as pituitary tumors. The pituitary gland regulates the activity of other endocrine glands as well as controlling growth. Other endocrine glands include adrenal, parathyroid, thyroid, pancreas, ovaries and testes. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the degree of deficiency of the various hormones.
  • Pelvic Cancer: Any malignancy that is located in the anatomical location of the pelvis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the upper female genital tract
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the upper female genital tract
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease like symptoms: The main symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include diarrhoea, fever and abdominal pain.
  • Pelvis conditions: Any condition that affects the pelvis
  • Perimenopause: The start of onset of menopause
  • Peritoneum cancer: A condition that is characterised by the location of a malignant lesion in the perineum
  • Peritoneum disorders: Any condition that affects the peritoneum
  • Pituitary Cancer: Cancer of the pituitary gland.
  • Pituitary tumors, adult: A benign or cancer tumor that develops in the tissue of the pituitary gland in adults. The pituitary gland produces various hormones and some pituitary tumors (functioning tumors) can affect the secretion of one or more of these hormones resulting in a range of symptoms depending on the exact location of the tumor. Some pituitary tumors do not affect hormone production (nonfunctioning tumors).
  • Placenta previa: Misplaced placenta covering the cervix
  • Plasminogen activitor inhibitor type 1 deficiency, congenital: A rare disorder where a deficiency of a protein results in mild bleeding problems. Though the bleeding disorder is mild, minor trauma can result in excessive bleeding.
  • Polycystic ovarian disease, familial: A rare familial condition characterized by menstrual abnormalities, excessive growth of hair, obesity and infertility.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Polyembryoma: An aggressive type of tumor that develops from germ cells. It occurs mainly in the ovaries but sometimes in the testes.
  • Polyneuropathy -- mental retardation -- acromicria -- premature menopause: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by premature menopause, sensory impairment, mental retardation and small, delicate facial bones.
  • Post-menopausal bleeding: onset of bleeding after menopause
  • Prader-Willi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced muscle tone, obesity and small hands and feet.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 1: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 1 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xq26-q28.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xq13.3-q21.1.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2A: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2A is linked to a defect in the DIAPH2 gene on chromosome Xq22.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 2B: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 2B is linked to a defect in the POF2B gene on chromosome Xq21.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 3: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 3 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 3q23.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 4: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 4 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome Xp11.2.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 5: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 5 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 7q35.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure 6: A condition where menopause occurs earlier than normal due to premature loss of function of the ovaries. Premature menopause refers to menopause occurring before the age of 40 years with the average age of menopause occurring about the age of 50 years. Type 6 is linked to a genetic anomaly on chromosome 2p12.
  • Premature ovarian failure, familial: A familial condition where menopause tends to occur before the fourth decade -average age of onset of menopause is about 50 years of age.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: A collection of symptoms that some women suffer that occurs directly before menstruation
  • Premenstrual tension: symptoms of sufficient severity which interferes with daily activities , usually occurs two weeks prior to menses
  • Prenatal dwarfism -- elevated growth hormone levels -- mental retardation -- congenital hearing loss: A rare disorder characterized by retarded growth before and after birth, mental retardation, hearing loss at birth. High growth hormone levels combined with abnormalities in the utilization of the hormone results in growth problems. The growth hormone levels are high as the body produces it in excess amounts in an attempt to stimulate growth which is being retarded by the body's inability to utilize the hormone.
  • Primary Fallopian Tube Cancer: A cancer that originates in the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Primary amenorrhea: Primary amenorrhea is a condition in which menstruation has not begun in a girl by the age of 16 when she has maturing of other sexual characteristics, such as breast development.
  • Primary amenorrhea in children: Primary amenorrhea in children refers to a girl in whom menstruation has not begun by the age of 16 when she has maturing of other sexual characteristics, such as breast development.
  • Primary amenorrhoea in children: Primary amenorrhoea in children refers to a girl in whom menstruation has not begun by the age of 16 when she has maturing of other sexual characteristics, such as breast development.
  • Primary cortisol resistance: A rare genetic disorder where the body is unable to respond to a hormone called cortisol. The body produces excess cortisol to compensate for this defect.
  • Primary hypothyroidism: Primary hypothyroidism is a condition in which a defect in the thyroid gland leads to reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Primary malignant melanoma of the cervix: A form of cervical cancer where the tumor consists of pigment containing cells.
  • Profuse or extended menstrual bleeding: known as menorrhagia
  • Profuse or prolonged menstrual bleeding: Profuse or prolonged menstrual bleeding refers to a period that is excessively heavy or last a long time.
  • Progeria short stature pigmented nevi: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by premature aging, short stature, and immune system deficiency. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Prolactinoma: Benign cancer of the pituitary gland producing prolactin.
  • Prolactinoma, familial: A pituitary tumor that secretes prolactin and occurs in a familial pattern of inheritance. The tumor is benign but can cause symptoms due to high prolactin levels or compression of the optic nerve.
  • Pseudohermaphroditism, female -- skeletal anomalies: A rare disorder characterized by skeletal anomalies and ambiguous female genitals with female gonads.
  • Psychiatric disorders associated Celiac Disease: Patients with Psychiatric disorders are more susceptible to developing celiac disease than the average population. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The type and severity of symptoms varies amongst people - some people have severe gastrointestinal symptoms from infancy whereas other have no symptoms other than fatigue or anemia during adulthood.
  • Pterygia -- Mental retardation -- Distinctive Craniofacial Features: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, underdeveloped genitals and various skull and facial anomalies.
  • Puerperal fever: Delayed uterine infection after childbirth
  • Pure red cell aplasia, congenital: A rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. The severity of symptoms is variable but most cases are serious.
  • Reduced menstrual flow: A reduced amount of blood loss during female menstruation
  • Refractory Celiac Disease: Refractory Celiac Disease is celiac disease that fails to respond to treatment which involves a gluten-free diet. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The condition is quite uncommon and often the resulting poor absorption of nutrients from the intestines leads to a poor prognosis.
  • Renal nutcracker syndrome: A rare condition where the left renal vein becomes compressed between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. Symptoms usually don't become obvious until the third or fourth decade. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Reproductive conditions: Medical conditions of the reproductive system in men or women.
  • Reproductive toxicity -- Xylene (mixed isomers): Xylene (mixed isomers) is a suspected reproductive toxicant and exposure to it has the potential to negatively affect the human reproductive system. Xylene (mixed isomers) is used mainly as an industrial solvent and is used in the manufacture paints, lacquers, resins, inks and also in the manufacture of dyes, plastics and pharmaceuticals. The severity and nature of the adverse effect is variable and can be influenced by factors such as sex, level of exposure and individual sensitivity to the chemical. Effects on the female reproductive systems can include such things as menstrual problems, altered sexual behavior, infertility, altered puberty onset, altered length of pregnancy, lactation problems, altered menopause onset and pregnancy outcome. Effects on the male reproductive system can include such things as altered sexual behavior, altered fertility and problems with sperm shape or count.
  • Resistance to LH (luteinizing hormone): A genetic abnormality where the body is unable to respond to luteinizing hormone which affects ovarian and testicular function.
  • Resistance to thyroid stimulating hormone: A very rare disorder where the body is unable to respond to thyroid stimulating hormone even though it is present in sufficient quantities. The problem lies in defective thyroid stimulating hormone receptors.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa -- mental retardation -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive retinal damage, mental retardation and deafness.
  • Retroverted uterus: The tipping back in the position of the uterus in the female pelvis
  • Richards-Rundle syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, ataxia, deafness and ketoaciduria.
  • Riedel syndrome: A rare condition that occurs when fibrous tissue forms in the thyroid area and progressively destroys the thyroid gland.
  • Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome: A rare condition characterized by absence of the vagina and uterine abnormalities.
  • Salti-Salem syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by partial alopecia and lack of secondary sex hormone production.
  • Sarcoma: Any cancer of the connective tissue.
  • Sarcoma botryoides: An aggressive form of cancer that arises from embryonic muscle cells. The tumor resembles a bunch of grapes and tends to occur in the genitourinary tract. Common locations are the cervix, vagina and bladder and very rare cases can occur in the bile duct or the soft tissues of the head and neck. It occurs most often in female infants and young children. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the tumor.
  • Satoyoshi syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, diarrhea, skeletal abnormalities and painful leg cramps caused by physical exercise or emotional stress.
  • Schaap-Taylor-Baraitser syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, cataracts and a deficiency of sex hormone production.
  • Schofer beetz bohl syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain calcification, mental retardation, short stature, diabetes insipidus and unusual facial appearance.
  • Schroeder syndrome 1: High blood pressure and reduced salt concentration in sweat associated with an overactive adrenal cortex which is involved with hormone production.
  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: Menstrual-like cramping (dysmenorrhea) from an underlying condition.
  • Secondary Fallopian Tube Cancer: A cancer that originates in some other part of the body and metastasizes to the fallopian tubes which form part of the female reproductive organs. This type of cancer is relatively uncommon.
  • Secondary amenorrhea: Secondary amenorrhea refers to a woman who has menstruated in the past but has not had a menstrual period for at least six months and who is not pregnant, breastfeeding, or menopausal.
  • Secondary amenorrhea in children:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Menstrual irregularities:

The following list of conditions have 'Menstrual irregularities' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Menstrual irregularities:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Menstrual irregularities' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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