Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Symptoms » Nerve symptoms » Glossary
 

Glossary for Nerve symptoms

Medical terms related to Nerve symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 10q Partial Trisomy: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by the duplication of genetic material from the long arm (q) of chromosome 10 - the genetic material occurs three times in body cells instead of the normal two. The type and severity of symptoms may vary considerably depending on the exact location and size of the duplicated genetic material.
  • 11q Partial Trisomy: A very rare genetic disorder caused by a duplication of part of chromosome 11q. The characteristic symptoms of the disorder are delayed growth before and after birth, mental retardation (varying severity) and skull and facial defects. The type and severity of symptoms that can occur are variable.
  • 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 1q terminal deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where the terminal part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities.
  • 2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of a certain chemical (2-Hydroxyglutaric) which causes a serious progressive neurological disease and damage to the brain. The features of this disorder are variable and some cases are milder than others.
  • 2-Methylbutyric Aciduria: A very rare genetic disorder where an enzyme deficiency prevents the break down of certain proteins into energy and results in a harmful accumulation of acids in the blood and body tissues. More specifically, there is a deficiency of an enzyme (2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to convert the amino acid isoleucine into energy. 2-methylbutyrylglycine levels build up in the body and may cause damage. Symptoms vary according to the degree of enzyme deficiency - can range from asymptomatic to life-threatening.
  • 2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: A very rare genetic disorder where an enzyme deficiency prevents the break down of certain proteins into energy and results in a harmful accumulation of acids in the blood and body tissues. More specifically, there is a deficiency of an enzyme (2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to convert the amino acid isoleucine into energy. 2-methylbutyrylglycine levels build up in the body and may cause damage. Symptoms vary according to the degree of enzyme deficiency - can range from asymptomatic to life-threatening.
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: A rare genetic disorder caused by the absence of a small portion of genetic material. A small section of chromosome 22 is missing at a location called q11.2. Chromosome 22 is one of 23 pairs of chromosomes that exist in humans.
  • 2p21 deletion syndrome: This syndrome is a more severe form hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome as a larger portion of genetic material from chromosome 2p21 is deleted. It is characterized by infant seizures, reduced muscle tone, developmental delay, lactic acidosis and unusual facial appearance.
  • 2q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 3 alpha methylglutaconicaciduria, type 3: A rare genetic condition where a gene mutation prevents the production of certain protein which leads to a build-up of an acid (3-methylglutaconic acid) which can have a negative impact on the body. The condition is characterized mainly by damage to the optic nerve.
  • 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase II Deficiency: A rare genetic disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (hydroxyacyl-coa dehydrogenase). The severity of the symptoms is highly variable with some cases resulting in death during the first decade while others suffer psychomotor and regression. Symptoms tend to be more severe in males who suffer progressive neurodegeneration whereas females tend to suffer mainly from developmental delay.
  • 3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria: A rare inborn metabolic disorder which causes brain and facial anomalies, seizures and growth problems.
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • 3C syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by cardiac malformations, cerebellar hypoplasia and cranial dysmorphism which gives the disease it's name.
  • 3q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 3 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 4-hydroxyphenylacetic aciduria: A urinary abnormality usually caused by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxidase). The urine contains excess 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid.
  • 46,XX chromosome 7 deletion p13-p21: A chromosomal disorder where a small portion of chromosome 7 is deleted which results in a range of abnormalities.
  • 46,XY chromosome 7 deletion p13-p21: A chromosomal disorder where a small portion of chromosome 7 is deleted which results in a range of abnormalities.
  • 4p16.3 deletion: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of chromosome 4 is deleted at a location called 16.3. The condition is characterized by malformations in most parts of the body as the deletion affects growth and development of the fetus.
  • 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where insufficient levels of tetrahydropterin leads to a build up of phenylalanine in the blood which can cause toxic side effects such as nerve damage or even brain damage. The condition does not usually cause any significant symptoms.
  • 7th cranial nerve palsy: 7th cranial nerve palsy, also called Bell's palsy, is a paralysis of the facial muscles on one side of the face due to unknown causes that affect the facial nerve.
  • ABCD syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by albinism, deafness, a black lock of hair and intestinal abnormalities.
  • ACAD8 deficiency: An extremely rare metabolic disorder where the body is unable to metabolize certain proteins properly. More specifically, an insufficient level of the enzyme (isobutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to metabolize the amino acid valine. The onset and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • ACTH resistance: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency due to the adrenal gland's inability to respond to ACTH and hence produce the hormone called cortisol.
  • AChR deficiency and short channel open time: Extremely rare condition characterized by respiratory insufficiency from birth, facial dysplasia and paralysis of eye muscles.
  • ADANE: A potentially fatal inherited neurological disease involving brain lesions. Symptoms tend to occur during childhood after an illness involving a fever. The disease is similar to Leigh syndrome but the course is acute rather than chronic.
  • ADHD-like symptoms: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • ADHD-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • ADHD-like symptoms in children: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • ALL-Down syndrome: The presence of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Down syndrome patients. These patients tend to have a poorer prognosis for the leukemia than patients without Down syndrome.
  • ARTS syndrome: A rare lethal syndrome characterized by deafness, optic atrophy and ataxia.
  • ATR-X syndrome: A rare X-linked disorder that affects males and is characterized by mental retardation and alpha thalassemia.
  • Abalone poisoning: Abalone are a shellfish that are commonly eaten by humans. The internal organs of the abalone sometimes contain toxins which can cause various symptoms. The toxins are believed to originate from toxic components in the abalones diet.
  • Abdomen burning sensation: Burning sensation of the abdomen can be superficial or deep in nature.
  • Abdomen numbness: Sensation of abdominal numbness.
  • Abdomen sensitivity: Raised abdominal response to stimulus.
  • Abdomen spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the abdominal muscles.
  • Abdomen tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal Aneurysm: Dilatation of a section of the abdominal aorta, usually due to a weakness in the wall of the artery
  • Abdominal Cancer: Growth of abnormal cells (tumour) affecting the organs in the abdominal cavity; may be due to primary growth of a tumour or spread from another tumour (metastases, secondary tumour)
  • Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy: Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy are spasms of pain felt in the region between the lowest line of the ribs and the pubic/pelvic bones.
  • Abdominal Hernia: A protrusion of the intraabdominal contents through a defect in the abdominal wall
  • Abdominal Injuries: Any injury involving the abdomen. Injuries may penetrating or caused by a fall or blow to the abdomen. Symptoms are variable depending on the nature of the injury.
  • Abdominal Neoplasms: A tumor that occurs in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy: Moderate to severe discomfort in the abdomen, occurring during pregnancy, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy is a painful sensation felt in the region between the lower border of the ribs and the pelvis.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Abdominal chemodectomas with cutaneous angiolipomas: A rare genetic condition involving the growth of a tumor-like mass of lymphatic tissue in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal cramps: Painful muscular contractions occurring in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal cramps during pregnancy: Intermittant discomfort in the abdomen, related to abdominal muscles or internal organs, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal cystic lymphangioma: A rare form of benign tumor that occurs in infants. It is essentially a malformation of one of the abdominal lymph vessels where a portion is dilated and form a lymph fluid-filled cyst. Symptoms may vary depending on the exact location and size of the cyst.
  • Abdominal discomfort: The sensation of discomfort located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal muscle spasm: also known as abdominal rigidity
  • Abdominal muscle strain: Damage to the abdominal muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Abdominal obesity metabolic syndrome: A syndrome characterized by a group of conditions that are considered major risk factors for diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.
  • Abdominal pain: Pain in the abdominal area or stomach.
  • Abdominal pain exacerbated by exercise: Any acute or chronic pathological condition of the abdomen can be exacerbated by physical exercise or a sporting activity. Some of the abdominal conditions which can be worsened by exercise or sports include
  • Abdominal pain in adults: Abdominal pain in adults refers to abdominal discomfort that occurs in adults.
  • Abdominal pain in children: Abdominal pain in children refers to discomfort or pain in the abdomens of children.
  • Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia: Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia is a condition in which a person with mesenteric ischemia is experiencing abdominal discomfort.
  • Abdominal pain in the elderly: Abdominal pain in the elderly refers to an older adult who has abdominal discomfort.
  • Abdominal pain in the second trimester: Abdominal pain in the second trimester refers to pain, cramping, or discomfort that occurs in the abdomen during the second trimester of pregnancy.
  • Abdominal pain similar to Inflammatory bowel disease: it is a lower central abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain that worsens with menses: also known as dysmenorrhea
  • Abdominal pain worsened by exercise: Abdominal pain in case of exercise is usually due to muscle cramps but previously present abdominal pain can be worsened in the following cases
  • Abdominal rebound tenderness: Where pain is felt on the release of applied pressure upon the abdomen.
  • Abdominal rebound tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal rebound tenderness in pregnancy is the feeling of pain that occurs immediately after an examiner removes the hand with which he/she has been palpating the abdomen.
  • Abdominal swelling: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen
  • Abdominal tenderness: Abdominal point tenderness refers to the pain you feel when pressure is applied to a specific part of the belly area
  • Abdominal wall burning sensation: Burning sensation of the abdomen can be superficial or deep in nature.
  • Abdominal wall inflammation: Inflammation of the abdominal wall or inflammation of the abdominal organs.
  • Abdominal wall itch: An irritating abdominal skin sensation due to various etiological factors.
  • Abdominal wall numbness: Sensation of abdominal numbness.
  • Abdominal wall sensitivity: Raised abdominal response to stimulus.
  • Abdominal wall spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the abdominal muscles.
  • Abdominal wall tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the abdomen.
  • Abductor lurch: deviation from the normal gait pattern expected for a child's age.
  • Abetalipoproteinemia: A rare genetic disorder involving fat metabolism. The disorder is also known as Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome. Signs of the disease include acanthocytosis, little or no serum beta-lipoproteins and hypocholesterolemia. In severe cases, steatorrhea, ataxia, nystagmus, motor incoordination and retinitis pigmentosa may also occur.
  • Abidi X-linked mental retardation syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a number of physical abnormalities
  • Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy: Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy is a change in the usual appearance of the way an adult woman moves when ambulating.
  • Abnormal brain biopsy: Abiopsy taken of the brain which reveals an abnormal result
  • Abnormal extensor reflex: also known as decerebrate posture
  • Abnormal eye movements: Uncontrollable eye movements are involuntary, rapid, and repetitive movement of the eyes.
  • Abnormal flexor response: An abnormal flexor response is an abnormal reflex to stimulation.
  • Abnormal gait: An abnormal way of walking
  • Abnormal gait in children: Abnormal gait in children refers to a type of walk that is irregular or deviates from the normal, possibly indicating pathology.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the eyes: involuntary spasms of the eyelid muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the face: repetitive, spasmodic movement often involving the eyes and facial muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the mouth: repetitive spasmodic movements of the oral muscles
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the neck: repetitive spasmodic movements of the neck muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the tongue: repetitive spasmodic movements of the tongue.
  • Abnormal movement during inspiration: decreased or increased movement of the chest wall during inspiration
  • Abnormal neuromuscular transmission: Neuromuscular disease is a very broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that either directly, via intrinsic muscle pathology, or indirectly, via nerve pathology, impair the functioning of the muscles
  • Abnormal pain: The abnormal presence of pain that one may feel
  • Abnormal peripheral neuropathy:
  • Abnormal pupillary response to light: the pupillary light reflex is the reduction of pupil size in response to light. A sluggish or slow pupillary response is known as an abnormal pupillary response to light
  • Abnormal pupillary size: pathological increase or decrease in the pupil size
  • Abnormal pupillary size in one eye: Abnormal pupillary size in one eye refers to an uncharacteristically small or large pupil in one eye.
  • Abnormal sensations: altered sensations due to involvement of the posterior column
  • Abnormal sensations as in case of diabetes mellitus: altered sensations due to involvement of the posterior column
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light: dislike of bright light
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light in both eyes: Abnormal sensitivity to light in both eyes is a condition in which the eyes are unusually sensitive to light, also called photosensitivity.
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light in one eye: Abnormal sensitivity to light in one eye is a condition in which one eye is unusually sensitive to light, also called photosensitivity.
  • Abnormal sensory nerve action potential and sensory conduction velocity: An investigation used to determine nerve function and the conduction velocity of a nerve
  • Abnormal spasm of the facial muscles: a jerk usually caused by sudden muscle contractions
  • Abnormal spasm of the facial nerve: inflammation of the peripheral nervous system. Often representing as Bell's palsy
  • Abnormal taste sensation: Abnormal taste sensation refers to an unusual or unexpected taste in the mouth.
  • Abnormal thinking: Abnormal thinking is any type of thought process that is considered deviant or outside of what is expected, usual, understandable, or typical.
  • Abnormal thinking in pregnancy: Abnormal thinking in pregnancy is a deviation from the woman's usual, expected thought processes or attitude.
  • Abnormal walk: An abnormal walk is any type of gait that is irregular, unsteady, or unusual, possibly indicating pathology.
  • Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced: Conditions arising from the use of radiation therapy to treat various cancers. Radiation therapy can result in minor abnormalities such as dry, flaky skin or serious abnormalities such as cancer.
  • Abruptio placentae: A condition which is characterized by the premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus
  • Abruzzo Erickson syndrome: A genetic disorder characterized by a combination of features including cleft palate, coloboma and deafness.
  • Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
  • Absence of septum pellucidum and septo-optic dysplasia: A rare birth defect where a thin membrane in the middle of the brain is missing. This brain abnormality is never present on it's own but is a characteristic of septo-optic dysplasia where the patient also has optic disk abnormalities and pituitary deficiencies.
  • Absence of thirst in children: Absence of thirst in children is a condition in which a child is not thirsty.
  • Absent abdominal reflexes: the abdominal reflex includes contraction of abdominal muscles in the quadrant of the abdomen that is stimulated by scraping the skin tangential to or toward the umbilicus. This contraction can often be seen as a brisk motion of the umbilicus toward the quadrant that is stimulated, it is absent in ceratin conditions
  • Absent corneal reflex: Loss of blinking when the edge of the cornea is touched.
  • Absent corneal reflex in one eye: Absent corneal reflex in one eye is the lack of a blink reflex in one eye.
  • Absent corpus callosum -- cataract -- immunodeficiency: A rare syndrome characterized by immunodeficiency, cleft lip or palate, cataract, reduced pigmentation and brain abnormalities.
  • Absolute Glaucoma: The final stage of blindness in glaucoma in which a glaucoma-induced increase in intraocular pressure results in permanent vision loss.
  • Acanthamoeba infection: Infection with a microscopic, free-living ameba that is readily found in the environment - soil, air and water. Most people exposed to the ameba will not become infected but when infections do occur, they tend to affect the eyes, central nervous system or can cause widespread infection throughout the body.
  • Acanthamoeba infection of the central nervous system: Infection by an amoebic organism called Acanthamoeba. Infection usually occurs when the amoeba enters through a break in the skin or through the nose. Infection can be localized or systemic where it can involve the central nervous system and cause potentially fatal meningoencephalitis. Infection of the eye can occur by cleaning contact lenses in contaminated water.
  • Acanthamoeba infection of the eye: Infection by an amoebic organism called Acanthamoeba. Infection usually occurs when the amoeba enters through a break in the skin or through the nose. Infection can be localized or systemic where it can involve the central nervous system and cause potentially fatal meningoencephalitis. Infection of the eye can occur by cleaning contact lenses in contaminated water.
  • Acanthamoeba keratitis: Infection of the eye with a microscopic, free-living ameba (Acanthamoeba) that is readily found in the environment - soil, air and water. Infection most often occurs through exposure to contaminated water while wearing contact lenses e.g. swimming or showering in infected waters.
  • Acanthocheilonemiasis: A rare tropical infection caused by a particular threadworm usually found in Africa. It may cause skin rashes, muscle and joint pains, neurologic disorders and skin lumps. The cerebrospinal fluid may also contain the larvae.
  • Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
  • Acanthosis nigricans muscle cramps acral enlargement: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle cramps, dark velvety patches of skin and large hands and feet.
  • Acanthosis nigricans, malignant: The development of skin lesions which signify the presence of malignancies - especially tumors of the gut. Patches of dry, rough bumpy skin become discolored and thickened. Mucosal tissue (inside the mouth and lips) is also often involved.
  • Accelerated hypertension: Accelerated hypertension is a condition characterized by a rapid increase in blood pressure. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Accelerated silicosis: An occupation lung disease caused by breathing in silica dust over a long period of time. The lung damage becomes symptomatic and affects breathing and often causes weight loss as well.
  • Accessory bone pain in children: Accessory bone pain in children is any discomfort or pain in the accessory bones in children.
  • Accessory navicular bone: An abnormal bone that develops in the arch in the middle of the foot. Often there are no symptoms but if the bone is large it may rub against shoes and cause problems.
  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Accidental Eye Injury: The accidental injury to an eye
  • Aceruloplasminemia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a lack of the protein ceruloplasmin in the blood resulting in a buildup of iron in the liver, brain and pancreas. This in turn causes diabetes and degeneration of the neural system causing tremors and walking abnormalities.
  • Acetaminophen poisoning: Excessive ingestion of a drug called acetaminophen.
  • Achalasia: A rare condition where the patients muscles, such as the cardiac sphincter of the stomach, are unable to relax.
  • Achalasia -- Addisonianism -- Alacrimia syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome: A familial disorder characterized by adrenal gland-related hormonal problems, swallowing difficulty (achalasia) and a lack of tears (alacrima). Neurological impairment and motor and sensory neuropathy is progressive. The adrenal glands in patients are resistant to the ACTH hormone and hence fails to operate normally.
  • Achalasia, familial esophageal: A rare familial disorder where the esophagus lacks the normal peristaltic motions that help food move through the digestive system.
  • Achalasia, primary: A rare motor disorder of the esophagus characterized by inability of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal muscle to relax as well as dilation of the esophagus. The disorder is not associated with any other disease or disorder.
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women where body hair grows in a masculine manner. Hormonal therapy is used to correct the endocrine imbalance.
  • Achenbach syndrome: A rare condition where a blood blister the size of a coin develops spontaneously on the palm of the hand. Sharp pain and redness accompany the blood blister. In some cases the blood blister can develop after strain or temperature change.
  • Aches: General body aches or muscle aches
  • Aches in pregnancy: Aches in pregnancy are physical areas of discomfort felt in any part of the body, but usually confined to the torso, including the pelvis and ribs. Aching legs are also common.
  • Achilles tendon burning sensation: burning sensation of the Achilles tendon usually due to systemic disorders.
  • Achilles tendon bursitis due to running: It is estimated that Achilles tendonitis accounts for around 11% of all running injuries. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. The achilles tendon can become inflamed through overuse as well as a number of contributory factors. The Achilles tendon has a poor blood supply which is why it is slow to heal.
  • Achilles tendon numb: Abnormal sensations felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon pain: Achilles tendon also known as the calcaneal tendon is the tendon of the posterior part of the leg.
  • Achilles tendon sensitive: Increased responsiveness to stimulation.
  • Achilles tendon spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon stiff: tendon stiffness due to physical trauma or abnormal muscle contraction.
  • Achilles tendon tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendonitis: Achilles tendonitis is a condition of irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle.
  • Aching eyes: A sensation of aching located in the eyes
  • Aching joints: A sensation of aching located in the joints
  • Aching muscles in children: Aching muscles in children is a condition in which a child's muscles ache.
  • Aching muscles of both arms: Aching muscles of both arms is an aching of the muscles of both arms.
  • Aching pain: severe pain in the body
  • Achrestic anemia: Achrestic anemia is a form of anemia similar to that caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency but it doesn't respond to treatment with Vitamin B12. The condition tends to progress slowly and can result in death if not treated. There are a variety of possible causes.
  • Achromatopsia: Patients who have achromatopsia (sometimes called achromatopia) do not have normal "cone vision.". Although the term may refer to acquired disorders such as color agnosia and cerebral achromatopsia, it typically refers to an autosomal recessive congenital color vision disorder, the inability to perceive color AND to achieve satisfactory visual acuity at high light levels (typically exterior daylight).
  • Achromatopsia 2: A rare form of colorblindness involving atypical rod monochromatism which and causing pendular nystagmus and photophobia.
  • Achromatopsia 3: A rare form of colorblindness which also involves myopia.
  • Achromatopsia incomplete, X-linked: An inherited form of blue color blindness.
  • Achromatopsia type 2: A rare form of colorblindness involving atypical rod monochromatism which and causing pendular nystagmus and photophobia.
  • Achromatopsia with Myopia: A rare form of colorblindness which also involves myopia.
  • Acid reflux / heartburn:
  • Acid regurgitation: The regurgitation of stomach contents
  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Acidemia, isovaleric: A rare genetic condition where the body can't process proteins adequately. More specifically, there are insufficient levels of the enzyme needed to break down an amino acid called leucine. This results in a build up of isovaleric acid which can harm the brain and nervous system. Some people suffer severe symptoms from birth and others suffer milder symptoms that come and go and are affected by such things as infections or consumption of high protein food.
  • Acidemia, methylmalonic: An inborn error of metabolism where amino acids in the body aren't metabolized properly resulting in high levels of the acid throughout the body.
  • Acidemia, propionic: An inherited genetic disorder where the body is incapable of processing some proteins and fats resulting in the accumulation of certain substances in the body which causes the symptoms of the condition. The condition can be life threatening.
  • Acidic dry cell batteries inhalation poisoning: Acidic dry cell batteries contain toxic chemicals which can cause symptoms if inhaled. The smoke emitted from burning batteries can also cause poisoning symptoms if sufficient quantities are inhaled. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved.
  • Acidic tastes: Acidic or metallic taste in mouth
  • Acinic cell carcinoma: A usually slow-growing malignant tumor that that can occur in various parts of the body but is most often found in the pancreas, salivary glands, palate and upper lip. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the growth.
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning: Unripe ackee fruit contains a chemical called hypoglycin A and B which affect the central nervous system and fatty acid oxidation. Eating the unripe fruit can cause symptoms can occur in as little as two hours but is generally 6 to 48 hours. The ackee fruit is found mainly in Jamaica, West Africa, Central America, Sought Florida, southern California and Hawaii.
  • Ackerman Dermatitis Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the association of skin and joint symptoms. It is characterized by arthritis preceded by a skin rash (interstitial granulomatous dermatitis) which can vary in appearance from person to person. The condition tends to go through periods of flares and remission.
  • Acorn poisoning: Acorns contain tannic acid which affects the metabolism of proteins and causing serious symptoms if large amounts are consumed. The amount of tannin in the acorn varies amongst species - higher tannin content results in a more bitter tasting acorn.
  • Acoustic Neurinoma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Acoustic neuroma: A rare benign tumor that forms in the hearing canal. Can cause tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, headaches, facial numbness, papilledema, dizziness and an unsteady walk. Speaking and swallowing difficulty can occur in advanced stages. Also called acoustic neurilemoma, acoustic neurinoma and acoustic neurofibroma.
  • Acquired Aplastic Anemia: A rare disorder involving severe failure of the bone marrow to produce new blood cells. Acquired aplastic anemia means that the condition was not present at birth but developed during the persons lifetime. The condition may be caused by such things as autoimmune reactions, radiation and certain drugs, chemicals or viral infections.
  • Acquired angioedema: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. The disorder occurs in patients with lymphoproliferative or autoimmune disorders which result in the dysfunction of a complex blood protein called C1 inhibitor.
  • Acquired angioedema, type 1: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. The disorder occurs in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders which affects the function of a complex blood protein called C1 inhibitor.
  • Acquired angioedema, type 2: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. Type 2 is an autoimmune disorder where patients develop autoantibodies which destroy the function of C1 esterase inhibitor.
  • Acquired facial paralysis in children: Acquired facial paralysis in children is paralysis or the facial muscles in children that is due to a disease or cause that is not present at birth and is acquired later in life.
  • Acquired hypothyroidism: Acquired hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland makes too little or no thyroid hormone. Acquired hypothyroidism can be caused by both thyroid disease (primary hypothyroidism) and hypothalamic-pituitary disease (central hypothyroidism)
  • Acquired total lipodystrophy: A rare acquired disorder that involves adipose tissue abnormalities and is characterized by loss of adipose tissue through the body. The disorder is very similar to the congenital form but the liver involvement is more severe.
  • Acrocallosal Syndrome (Schinzel Type): A rare condition characterized by absence of portion of the brain (corpus callosum), mental deficiency, duplicated toes, mental deficiency and other abnormalities.
  • Acrocallosal syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped or absent corpus callosum of brain, duplication of thumb or big toe and extra fingers or toes.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly Syndrome type 5: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 5 (ACPS 5): A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrodermatitis, persistent: A rare chronic skin condition characterized by the eruption of pustules that usually occur on the ends of fingers
  • Acrodynia: A disease occurring in infants or young children. Symptoms include edema, pruritis, skin rash, extremities are pink, cheeks and nose are scarlet, profuse sweating, digestive disturbance, photophobia, polyneuritis, irritability, listlessness, apathy and failure to thrive.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Nager type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, forearm and cheekbones as well as ear defects.
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Acroosteolysis neurogenic: A very rare inherited condition characterized mainly by the loss of all sensations - the lose the ability to feel pain, temperature and touch. The loss of sensation generally starts at the toes and fingers and spreads up the limbs and the trunk may also be involved in some cases.
  • Acroparesthesia syndrome: A condition involving episodes of paresthesia (tingling, numbness and stiffness) mainly in the lower arms and hands. It most often occurs in middle-aged women.
  • Acrosphenosyndactylia: A rare condition characterized by abnormalities in the appearance of the face and head as well as finger and toe abnormalities. The bones of the skull fuse together too early which prevents it from growing normally. Various toes and fingers may be fused together.
  • Actinic prurigo: An inherited tendency to develop an itchy, bumpy rash on exposure to the sun. Generally only the face and lips are affected. Symptoms tend to occur seasonally.
  • Actinomycetales infection: A bacterial infection from the order of Actinobacteria. The range of symptoms is variable depending on which bacteria from the order is involved.
  • Actinomycosis: A chronic infection usually caused by an organism normally found in human bowels and mouths. The disease usually affects the face and neck and results in deep, lumpy abscesses that emit a grainy pus through multiple sinuses.
  • Actinomycotic appendicitis: Chronic suppurative appendicitis resulting from infection by Actinomyces israelii. . It is extremely rare, but it is important to diagnose it, since failure to treat it adequately may result in protracted illness with extensive local spread.
  • Acute (or transient) urinary incontinence: Acute (or Transient) Incontinence is caused by a new or recent medical problem that can be treated.
  • Acute Alzheimers-like concentration difficulty: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute Alzheimers-like confusion symptoms: unalterable confusion state
  • Acute Alzheimers-like memory loss: also known as dementia
  • Acute Alzheimers-like symptoms: symptoms such as dementia
  • Acute Bokhoror: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Chemical poisoning -- Varnish makers' and painters' Naptha: Varnish makers' and painters' Naptha is an ingredient used in certain pesticides. Exposure to the chemical can cause a range of symptoms depending on the level and route of exposure. Exposure can occur through inhalation, ingestion, the skin or eyes. Acute exposure involves a exposure over a short period of time whereas chronic exposure occurs over a longer period of time.
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A type of encephalitis that usually follows an acute viral infection and involves an immune attack on myelin tissue which is part of the nervous system. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting and drowsiness followed by seizures, coma and paralysis. Often results in permanent neurological disorders.
  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- xylene: Xylene is an ingredient used in certain insecticides. Exposure to the chemical can cause a range of symptoms depending on the level and route of exposure. Exposure can occur through inhalation, ingestion, the skin or eyes. Acute exposure involves a exposure over a short period of time whereas chronic exposure occurs over a longer period of time.
  • Acute Silicosis: An occupation lung disease caused by breathing in high levels of silica dust.
  • Acute Tracheitis: Tracheitis is a bacterial infection of the trachea and is capable of producing airway obstruction
  • Acute VE: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Viliuisk Encephalitis: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Viliuisk Encephalomyelitis: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Vilyuisk Encephalitis: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Vilyuisk Encephalomyelitis: A brain disease caused by an unknown pathogen which is probably from the Picornavirus family of viruses. Mode of transmission is uncertain but genetic susceptibility may be involved. The incubation period appears to be an average of 15 years. The disease can be classified according to rate of progression: acute or subacute, slowly progressive and chronic. Death is common in the acute phase of the infection which can last from four days to four months.
  • Acute Vision Changes in Both Eyes (with pain or inflammation): Vision changes occurring in both eyes, of sudden onset or over a short term period of hours to days with associated symptoms of pain and/or inflammation.
  • Acute abdominal pain: Sudden onset pain occurring within the abdomen.
  • Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy: Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is the sudden onset of abdominal pain in the pregnant woman.
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms in children: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute adult T-Cell leukemia: A form of blood cancer affecting the T-cells which make up the body's immune system. The disease is caused by the HTLV-1 virus (human T-cell leukemia virus) which causes the proliferation of abnormal T-cells. The virus can be transmitted sexually and may lay dormant for decades. There are four subtypes: acute, chronic, lymphoma and smoldering. The acute and lymphoma subtypes have the poorest prognosis. The acute subtype tends to progress rapidly and is the most prevalent form of the condition.
  • Acute appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute chest pain: The sudden and acute onset of pain in the chest
  • Acute cholecystitis: Acute inflammation of the gall bladder, usually due to obstruction by a gall stone
  • Acute cholinergic dysautonomia: A rare condition characterized by the presence of abnormal red blood cells in the bone marrow and blood. The condition is characterized by anemia and generally leads to the development of acute myelogenous leukemia. The acute form has more severe symptoms than the chronic form.
  • Acute chronic headache not migraine-related: conditions which causes severe headache other than migraine
  • Acute chronic herpes-like genital pain: formation of vesicles seen commonly in a rash
  • Acute chronic joint pain: pain in the joints
  • Acute chronic kidney pain: renal related etiologies
  • Acute chronic knuckle pain: severe pain of the heads of the metacarpal bones
  • Acute chronic pain in multiple bones: occurs during physical exercise and is relieved by rest. It usually is a feature of arterial abnormality
  • Acute chronic pain symptoms: continous deep seated pain
  • Acute chronic spinal pain: diseases of the spinal cord
  • Acute chronic tailbone pain: pain due to lesions in the coccyx
  • Acute chronic vaginal pain: pathologies of the vagina
  • Acute colitis-like abdominal pain: conditions which cause pain abdomen similar to that in case of colitis
  • Acute collarbone pain: acute pain due to pathologies related to the clavicle
  • Acute concentration difficulty in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute concentration difficulty with headache-like symptoms: is mostly due to an organic cause
  • Acute cranial nerve dysfunction: dysfunction of certain cranial nerves may affect the eye, pupil, optic nerve, or extraocular muscles and their nerves; thus, they can be considered cranial nerve disorders, neuro-ophthalmologic disorders, or both
  • Acute diabetes-like neuropathy symptoms: also known as peripheral neuropathy is a typical presentation of diabetes but can be a presentation of other diseases too
  • Acute diabetes-like paresthesia symptoms: sensation of sudden, rapid pricking or numbness. It is also called "pins and needles sensation"
  • Acute difficulty concentrating at work: is mostly related to stress
  • Acute difficulty concentrating for long periods: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute elbow pain: conditions of the elbow which can cause acute pain for a long period of time
  • Acute episodes of Alzheimers-like symptoms: symptoms of Alzheimer's disease such as dementia can occur in bouts
  • Acute episodic adhd-like symptoms: ADHD is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms but episodic in nature include
  • Acute episodic concentration difficulty: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute erythroleukemia: A rare condition characterized by the presence of abnormal blood cells (erythroblastic precursors) in the bone marrow and blood. The condition is characterized by anemia and generally leads to the development of acute myelogenous leukemia. The acute form has more severe symptoms than the chronic form.
  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy: A rare complication of pregnancy that can occur in the second half of the pregnancy. It is characterized by excessive fatty deposits in the liver which can be fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment which involves delivering the baby as soon as possible.
  • Acute feeling of having difficulty concentrating: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Acute feet pain: Acute feet pain is the sudden onset of pain in the feet.
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like chronic pain symptoms: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like symptoms: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like symptoms in multiple locations: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute flank pain: acute flank pain refers to sudden onset pain in one side of the body between the upper abdomen and the back
  • Acute flank pain in pregnancy: Acute flank pain in pregnancy is a feeling of discomfort to the sides of the abdomen. This may occur on one side or both, which may give a clue as to its cause.
  • Acute foot pain: Acute foot pain is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain in one foot.
  • Acute forearm pain: forearm pathologies which cause acute pain for a short duration
  • Acute forgetfulness: also known as dementia
  • Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute fulminant multiple sclerosis: Malignant Multiple Sclerosis, is a particularly aggressive form of the disease. Thankfully very rare, this highly aggressive form is defined by its swift and relentless decline to significant disability or even death, often within a few weeks or months after the onset of the initial attack. It is characterized by widespread and progressive cerebral white matter destruction or by severe pathological involvement of clinically strategic regions such as brainstem, resulting in bulbar paralysis.
  • Acute gastritis: Acute gastritis is the sudden onset of irritation or inflammation of the stomach.
  • Acute generalized headache in children: Acute generalized headache in children is a condition in which a child experiences a sudden onset of discomfort throughout the head.
  • Acute gerd-like chest pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute gerd-like sternum pain: Gerd presents with symptoms such as chest pain, heartburn and dysphagia
  • Acute gout: An acute condition which is caused by a disorder of purine or pyrimidine metabolism resulting in inflammatory arthritis
  • Acute headache: Headache, or cephalgia, is defined as diffuse pain in various parts of the head, with the pain not confined to the area of distribution of a nerve.
  • Acute heartburn after eating: food can be the precipitating factor to cause heartburn
  • Acute heartburn after exercise: exercise maybe be a precipitating factor to some conditions presenting with heartburn
  • Acute heartburn pain resistant to treatment: medication may sometimes not help a condition with heartburn
  • Acute heartburn unrelated to eating: acute heartburn which is constant and not related to eating or any other precipitating factor
  • Acute heartburn with acid reflux: acid reflux related disorders
  • Acute heartburn without reflux: acute heartburn not related to reflux diseases
  • Acute heartburn-like chest pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute heartburn-like sternum pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis: A rare degenerative brain disease where the patient suffers edema, many small hemorrhages, necrosis of blood vessel walls, demyelination of nerve fibers. Histiocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils also enter the meninges. Symptoms include severe headache, fever, vomiting and sometimes convulsions and unconsciousness. Also called acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis.
  • Acute hyperactivity in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute hyperactivity in the workplace: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Acute ibd-like abdominal pain: conditions which causes abdominal pain similar to that in case of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Acute ibs-like abdominal pain: conditions which cause acute abdominal pain similar to that in case of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Acute idiopathic polyneuritis: An inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nerves The condition is characterized by weakness, numbness or tingling in the legs or arms or occasionally loss of movement and feeling in the legs, arms, upper body and face. Some patients have minor symptoms and others suffer severe symptoms such as paralysis. Also called Guillain-Barre syndrome, infectious polyneuritis or acute febrile polyneuritis.
  • Acute injuries of both knees related to sports: Acute injuries of both knees related to sports is the sudden onset of sports-related trauma to the knees.
  • Acute injuries of the knee related to sports: The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities.
  • Acute intermittent forgetfulness: Acute intermittent forgetfulness is difficulty with remembering that occurs off and on.
  • Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Acute kidney failure: The sudden and acute loss of kidney function
  • Acute leukaemia of ambiguous lineage: A term used to describe a type of leukemia (a blood cancer) where the leukemic cells cannot be determined as myeloid or lymphoid or where both types of cells are present.
  • Acute leukemia: An acute condition which affects a cell line of the blood which shows little or no differentiation
  • Acute liver pain: pain due to pathology in the liver
  • Acute liver pain in pregnancy: Acute liver pain in pregnancy is pain under the ribs on the right side of the upper abdomen. This pain may or may not actually arise from the liver, so other potential causes are also listed.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A malignant disease that starts suddenly and progresses quickly. It is characterized by a high number of immature cells in the organs, bone marrow and blood. Symptoms include fever, pallor, anorexia, fatigue, anemia, hemorrhage, bone pain, splenomegaly and frequent infections. Also called acute lymphocytic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to: Cancer of the white blood cells characterized by the presence of excessive lymphoblasts. Precursors to white blood cells are called blasts and are made by the bone marrow but in ALL the blasts are abnormal and do not develop into lymphocytes. Instead, the abnormal blasts or leukemic cells multiply rapidly and reduce the level of other types of blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets. There are two subtypes of leukemia linked to a genetic anomaly which increases a person's susceptibility to developing the cancer. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q21 and type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7p12.2.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to, 1: Cancer of the white blood cells characterized by the presence of excessive lymphoblasts. Precursors to white blood cells are called blasts and are made by the bone marrow but in ALL the blasts are abnormal and do not develop into lymphocytes. Instead, the abnormal blasts or leukemic cells multiply rapidly and reduce the level of other types of blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets. There are two subtypes of leukemia linked to a genetic anomaly which increases a person's susceptibility to developing the cancer. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q21.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Susceptibility to, 2: Cancer of the white blood cells characterized by the presence of excessive lymphoblasts. Precursors to white blood cells are called blasts and are made by the bone marrow but in ALL the blasts are abnormal and do not develop into lymphocytes. Instead, the abnormal blasts or leukemic cells multiply rapidly and reduce the level of other types of blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets. There are two subtypes of leukemia linked to a genetic anomaly which increases a person's susceptibility to developing the cancer. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7p12.2.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, adult: Cancer of the white blood cells. Precursors to white blood cells are called blasts and are made by the bone marrow but in ALL the blasts are abnormal and do not develop into lymphocytes. Instead, the abnormal blasts or leukemic cells multiply rapidly and reduce the level of other types of blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia: A malignant disease that starts suddenly and progresses quickly. It is characterized by a high number of immature cells in the organs, bone marrow and blood. Symptoms include fever, pallor, anorexia, fatigue, anemia, hemorrhage, bone pain, splenomegaly and frequent infections. Also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute megacaryoblastic leukemia: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. More specifically, it involves the rapid proliferation of megakaryoblasts (premature form of megakaryocytes).
  • Acute meningitis: Acute meningitis is an inflammation of the brain that presents in an acute fashion. The inflammation may be the result of infective agents such as bacteria, viruses and fungi as well as non-infective agents such as certain drugs. Acute forms of meningitis can develop in within hours or days whereas chronic meningitis develops over weeks or months.
  • Acute mercury inhalation: Inhalation of mercury vapor can lead to serious symptoms and even death if sufficient quantities are inhaled. Mercury inhalation is more likely in confined or poorly ventilated spaces. Mercury from a broken thermometer can lead to symptoms if it occurs in a confined space.
  • Acute migraine-like symptoms: conditions which causes severe headache
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 1: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of immature blood cells (blast cells).
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 2: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 3: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 3 involves the proliferation of promyelocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 4: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 4 involves the rapid proliferation of myelocytes and monocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 5: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 5 involves the rapid proliferation of monoblasts (immature precursors of monocytes) in particular.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 6: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 6 involves the proliferation of the immature precursors of red blood cells called erythroblasts.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 7: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 7 involves the rapid proliferation of megakaryoblasts (premature form of megakaryocytes) in particular.
  • Acute myelocytic leukemia: A malignant cancer of blood-forming tissues resulting in a high number of immature leukocytes. Symptoms include soft bleeding gums, anemia, fatigue, fever, dyspnea, moderate splenomegaly, joint and bone pains and frequent infections. Also called acute granulocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, myeloid leukemia, splenomedullary leukemia, splenomyelogenous leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to alkylating agent: The use of alkylating agents to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to topoisomerase type II inhibitor: The use of topoisomerase type II inhibitors to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes, therapy related: Certain cancer therapies can result in the development of leukemia in some patients. These therapies includes topoisomerase type II inhibitors and alkylating agents.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, adult: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute myelosclerosis: A rare disorder where the bone marrow makes too many blood cells. The disease progresses rapidly with death usually occurring within 6 months of onset.
  • Acute nausea: The sudden and acute onset of the symptom of nausea
  • Acute nausea and vomiting: Sudden onset unpleasant sensation in the abdomen causing a forcible regurgitation of stomach contents through the mouth
  • Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, associated with vomiting.
  • Acute nausea in pregnancy: Acute nausea in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, often associated with vomiting.
  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis: A reoccurring periodontal disease which results in necrosis and ulceration of the gums. Symptoms may include fever, bone loss, breath odor and enlarge neck and throat lymph nodes. Also called trench mouth, Vincent's angina or Vincent's infection.
  • Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets. It is one of the most common forms of leukemia in adults but can occur in children.
  • Acute pain from intercourse: also known as dyspareunia
  • Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy: Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy is the sudden onset of pain in the region of the vagina and pelvis, occurring during intercourse whilst pregnant.
  • Acute pain in both cheeks: Acute pain in both cheeks is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in both cheeks.
  • Acute pain in both thumbs: Acute pain in both thumbs is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly in both thumbs.
  • Acute pain in multiple joints: it could be in the form of pain and swelling
  • Acute pain in one cheek: Acute pain in one cheek is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly in one cheek.
  • Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on both sides: Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on both sides refers to the sudden onset of discomfort or pain that occurs in both maxillary sinuses in the cheekbone areas of the face.
  • Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on one side: Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on pone side refers to the sudden onset of discomfort or pain that occurs in one maxillary sinus in the cheekbone area of one side of the face.
  • Acute pain sitting down: rest pain occurs when blood flow in the extremity falls below resting tissue requirements
  • Acute pain when walking: also known as intermittent claudication
  • Acute pain when walking in pregnancy: Acute pain when walking in pregnancy refers to pain in the region of the hips, lower back and pelvis, occurring in the ambulant woman during pregnancy and often increasing with gestation.
  • Acute pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
  • Acute pelvic pain in children: Acute pelvic pain in children is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in the pelvis of a child.
  • Acute peripheral arterial occlusion: A sudden blockage of a peripheral artery. The blockage may result from a blood clot, embolism, dissection or trauma. Symptoms usually start suddenly.
  • Acute pharyngitis: A condition which is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction of the pharynx
  • Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment: A rare eye disease where the central vision in one or both eyes is affected by inflammation or fluid build up in the retina. The retina lies at the back of the eye. Symptoms such as fever, headache and malaise often precede the eye symptoms. The cause of the condition is unknown but may have autoimmune origins.
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia: A rare bone marrow cancer characterized by a lack of mature blood cells and excessive amounts of immature blood cells (promyelocytes).
  • Acute prostate pain symptoms: conditions which cause acute pain similar to that of pain due to a prostatic pathology
  • Acute prostatitis: An acute condition which affects the prostate which is the result of infammation
  • Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb: Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb is sudden pain or discomfort in the thigh.
  • Acute radiation sickness: Tissue injury can result from exposure to radiation. The radiation dose, rate of dosing and tissues irradiated will determine the severity and type of symptoms. The effects may be chronic, delayed or acute. Acute irradiation sickness usually occurs after abdominal irradiation and lasts for hours or days.
  • Acute retinal necrosis syndrome: An acute infection of the eye usually caused by the chicken pox virus (varicella-zoster), herpes simplex or cytomegalovirus. One or both eyes may be involved.
  • Acute rheumatic fever: Bacterial joint infection with risk of heart complications.
  • Acute seasonal concentration difficulty: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute sensorineural hearing loss by acute acoustic trauma or sudden deafness or surgery induced acoustic trauma: Sudden hearing loss caused by such things as very loud noise (such as an explosion) or surgery.
  • Acute shoulder pain: acute pathologies of the shoulder
  • Acute shoulder pain on both sides: Acute shoulder pain on both sides is sudden pain or discomfort that occurs in both shoulders.
  • Acute shoulder pain on one side: Acute shoulder pain on one side is sudden pain or discomfort that occurs in one shoulder.
  • Acute sinusitis: An acute inflammation of the sinuses
  • Acute sole pain on both sides: Acute sole pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly on both soles of the feet.
  • Acute sole pain on one side: Acute sole pain on one side is a condition in which there is sudden discomfort or pain on the sole of one foot.
  • Acute stress disorder: An acute anxiety state
  • Acute testicular pain in children: Acute testicular pain in children is the sudden appearance of pain or discomfort in the testicle or testicles of a child.
  • Acute thumb pain: Acute thumb pain is sudden pain or discomfort in the thumb.
  • Acute tin poisoning: Acute ingestion of tin can cause various adverse symptoms.
  • Acute toe pain in both feet: Acute toe pain in both feet is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes in both feet.
  • Acute toe pain in one foot: Acute toe pain in one is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes on one foot.
  • Acute triceps pain on both sides: Acute triceps pain on both sides is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute triceps pain on one side: Acute triceps pain on one side is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome: The association of a sudden kidney disorder with eye inflammation. Autoimmune processes are believed to be involved.
  • Acute upper arm pain on both sides: Acute upper arm pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that happens suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute upper arm pain on one side: Acute upper arm pain on one side is a condition in which discomfort or pain happens suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Acute upper respiratory infection: Upper respiratory tract infections, are the illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx
  • Acute urinary conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the urinary system
  • Acute uterine pain: pathologies of the uterus which cause pain for a short duration
  • Acute uterine pain in pregnancy: Acute uterine pain in pregnancy refers to sudden onset of pain in the lower abdomen originating from the uterus in a woman who is pregnant
  • Acute vision changes in one eye (painful or inflamed eye): Vision changes occurring in one eye only, of sudden onset or over a short term period of hours to days with associated symptoms of pain and/or inflammation.
  • Acute vitamin A toxicity: Acute ingestion of vitamin A can cause symptoms. Symptoms usually only last for a day or two.
  • Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy: A very rare eye disorder where the retina at the back of the eye becomes inflamed. Vision loss usually starts suddenly and may then progress for a while. The cause of the inflammation is unknown. Usually vision returns to normal in 1 to 3 years but some people have permanent vision impairment
  • Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short chain, deficiency of: A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy. Symptoms are exacerbated by fasting or acute illness. The severity of symptoms is variable with some patients remaining virtually asymptomatic their whole life while other suffer symptoms from infancy.
  • Adam and Eve poisoning: The Adam and Eve plant is a herb with heart-shaped leaves found in Europe. The plant contains a poisonous chemical called calcium oxalate crystals which can cause a variety of symptoms if ingested. Eye exposure can also cause symptoms due to the abrasive nature of the toxic chemical. Ingestion of the plant generally causes severe mouth pain. Skin exposure usually only causes minor, short-lived skin irritation.
  • Adamantinoma: A very aggressive malignant cancer of the jaw. Also called ameloblastoma, adamantoblastoma or epithelioma adamantinum.
  • Adams Nance syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, small eyes and the presence of excess glycine in the urine.
  • Addington disease: An epidemic disease which resembles polio and was first recorded in South Africa. The range and severity of symptoms experienced is variable and the disease may persist from a week to 3 months in some cases.
  • Adducted thumb syndrome recessive form: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adducted thumbs -- arthrogryposis, Christian type: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adduction and extension of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adduction of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where an enzyme (2, 8-dihydroxyadenine) deficiency results in urinary tract stone formation.
  • Adenitis: Involves the inflammation of a lymph node and usually occurs in conjunction with an oral pharyngeal or ear infection.
  • Adenocarcinoid tumor: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract and tends to metastasize. The symptoms are determined by the location of the tumors.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Refers to a variety of malignant epithelial cell tumors of the glands.
  • Adenocarcinoma of lung: A tumor that develops in the lining of the lung. The tumor is usually slow growing.
  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar: A form of lung cancer that develops in the bronchioles or alveoli.
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell: A type of cancer that occurs mainly in the genitourinary tract and the cells that make up the tumor are clear. It is very rare and most cases occur in females whose mothers used a drug called DES (synthetic estrogen) while pregnant.
  • Adenocarcinoma, Follicular: A type of cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma: A malignant cancer in the form of cysts which may occur in the salivary glands, breast, mucous glands of the respiratory tract and sometimes in vulval vestibular glands. Also called adeoncystic carcinoma, adenomyoepithelioma, cribriform carcinoma or cylindroma.
  • Adenoid cystic carcionoma: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast is a rare neoplasm. It has a biological course of slow progression and near absence of Iymph node metastasis.
  • Adenoid disorders: A disorder of the adenoids of the throat
  • Adenoiditis: Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region
  • Adenoids burning sensation: Abnormal sensations in the adenoids.
  • Adenoids itch: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
  • Adenoids numb: Abnormal sensations in the adenoids.
  • Adenoids pain: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
  • Adenoids tingling: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx. Abnormal sensations in the adenoid.
  • Adenoma, Islet Cell: A pancreatic tumor which may be benign or malignant. Symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor as well as whether the tumor secretes hormones or not. For example, the tumor may block the biliary duct.
  • Adenomyosis: presence of ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Adenosine triphosphatase deficiency, anaemia due to: Deficiency of a chemical (adenosine triphosphate) resulting in anemia.
  • Adenoviridae Infections: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family. The most common sites for infection are membrane linings such as the intestines, respiratory and urinary tract and the eyes. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact. The infection is contagious.
  • Adenovirus infection in immunocompromised patients: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family that occurs in a patient with a weakened immune system. The infection in these people is serious and can be fatal. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact.
  • Adenovirus-related Cold: An Adenovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Adenovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme called adenlyosuccinate lyase which generally results in psychomotor retardation and autistic behavior.
  • Adhd: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Adhesions: A fibrous band or structure by which parts abnormally adhere
  • Adhesive abuse: Adhesive abuse is the use of various inhalants for the purpose of achieving a "high". They are often used as a cheap, readily available alternative to street drugs but they can cause serious damage to the body. Adhesives include household glues, rubber cement and model aeroplane glue. These adhesives can be abused by sniffing them, spraying directly into the mouth, heating them and then inhaling them or injecting them directly into the body.
  • Adhesive addiction: Adhesive addiction refers to the compulsive need to abuse adhesives (e.g. sniffing them). Sufferers have withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop the habit and feel unable to stop the habit despite knowing the harm it is causing their health. Aerosols are very damaging to the body and can readily result permanent brain damage and even death. Death can occur through chronic use and in rare cases can occur after one session of use. Children and teenagers are particular at risk for this type of addiction - it is readily available and users feel it gains them greater acceptance from their peers. Adhesives includes household glue, rubber cement and model airplane glue.
  • Adhesive capsulitis: disorder in which the shoulder capsule, the connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, and grows together with abnormal bands of tissue, called adhesions, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.
  • Adie syndrome: A rare condition where the pupil of the eye is dilated and reacts very slowly to light and other stimulus. Knee and ankle reflexes are also impaired.
  • Adies Syndrome: A condition where the pupil of one eye responds slower to a stimulus such as light or change in distance than the other as well as reduced or absent tendon reflexes (eg in the ankle and knee jerk reflexes).
  • Adiposis dolorosa: A condition which mainly affects women and causes painful fatty swellings
  • Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasms: A type of tumour that develops on particular organs - eyes, skin and uterus. The tumors are usually benign but some may become malignant. The symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor and whether it is benign or malignant. These type of tumors tend to be most common in middle-aged women.
  • Adnexal tenderness: Tenderness of the appendages or secondary structures of the uterus.
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal Cortex Diseases: Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue.
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids.
  • Adrenal adenoma, familial: A benign tumor that develops in the adrenal gland and tends to run in families. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids . Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal crisis: A potentially fatal condition where the adrenal cortex slows or stops functioning resulting in reduced glucocorticoids, decreased extracellular fluid volume and hyperkalemia. Symptoms include shock, coma, low blood pressure, weakness and loss of vasomotor tone. Also called addisonian crisis.
  • Adrenal disorders: Disorders affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction: Excessive activity of the adrenal gland which causes excessive production of one or more adrenal hormones (aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The increased adrenal gland activity may be caused by an adrenal gland tumor or by excessive stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland hypofunction: Reduced adrenal gland activity due to damage to the adrenal gland or lack of stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal hemorrhage, neonatal: Hemorrhage of the adrenal gland after birth. The severity of the disorder is varies from a small hemorrhage to damage to the whole adrenal gland. Sometimes the condition is discovered incidentally during ultrasounds for other reasons. The hemorrhage may occur as the result of a variety of causes including adrenal tumor, neonatal stress, and blood coagulation disorder or for no apparent reason.
  • Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital type 3: A group of disorders that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids. The severity of the condition is variable depending on the degree of deficiency.
  • Adrenal hypertension: Adrenal hypertension is high blood pressure caused by adrenal gland problems. For example, an adrenal tumor can cause excessive production of aldosterone which in turn causes salt-retention and high blood pressure. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the underlying cause.
  • Adrenal hypofunction: A condition which is characterized by a lack of production of hormones from the adrenal gland.
  • Adrenal incidentaloma: A tumor of the adrenal gland that is discovered incidentally while performing an imaging examination for reasons other than an adrenal tumor. The tumor may be asymptomatic or can causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones and resulting symptoms. The tumor may also be malignant or benign.
  • Adrenal medulla neoplasm: A tumor that develops in the part of the adrenal gland called the medulla which produces adrenalin and noradrenaline. The tumor is usually benign but can be malignant.
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma: A condition which is characterized by malignancy which affects the adrenocortex.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy, autosomal, neonatal form: A rare inherited disorder involving the adrenal glands, testes and certain parts of the brain (white matter). It is a less severe form of leukodystrophy where an abnormality within the body cells prevents the metabolism of certain fats (long chain fatty acids).
  • Adult Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition characterized by the production of thick sticky mucus by the mucus glands in the lungs, intestines, liver and pancreas. The condition is most often diagnosed in children or young adults but occasionally, relatively mild symptoms may lead to frequent misdiagnosis or no diagnosis at all unless the symptoms become worse. The condition may be misdiagnosed as emphysema, asthma or chronic bronchitis. It is usually females with a mild form of the disease who tend to be diagnosed at a later age.
  • Adult Panic-Anxiety Syndrome: A psychiatric disorder involving anxiety and panic attacks that occur for no obvious reason.
  • Adult SMA: Form of Spinal Muscular Atrophy in adults.
  • Adult T-Cell leukemia: A form of blood cancer affecting the T-cells which make up the body's immune system. The disease is caused by the HTLV-1 virus (human T-cell leukemia virus) which causes the proliferation of abnormal T-cells. The virus can be transmitted sexually and may lay dormant for decades. There are four subtypes: acute, chronic, lymphoma and smoldering. The acute and lymphoma subtypes have the poorest prognosis.
  • Adult T-Cell lymphoma: A form of blood cancer affecting the T-cells which make up the body's immune system. The disease is caused by the HTLV-1 virus (human T-cell leukemia virus) which causes the proliferation of abnormal T-cells. The virus can be transmitted sexually and may lay dormant for decades. There are four subtypes: acute, chronic, lymphoma and smoldering. The acute and lymphoma subtypes have the poorest prognosis. The lymphoma subtype is aggressive and tends to affect the lymph nodes more than the blood.
  • Adult hypophosphatasia: An rare inherited bone disorder due to an inborn error of metabolism characterized by a deficiency of alkaline phosphate. The condition involves the early loss of primary teeth and childhood rickets followed by a reasonable health until mid-adulthood when dental and skeletal abnormalities again become prevalent.
  • Adult low grade infiltrative supratentorial Astrocytoma: A type of brain cancer that occurs in the supratentorial region of the brain of adults and is relatively non-aggressive.
  • Adult onset Still's disease: A form of Still's disease that has a later onset and involves arthralgia or arthritis and a characteristic rash that often appears during periods of temperature increase.
  • Adult onset angioedema: Tissue swelling that develops during adulthood. The condition may be caused by a variety of disorders such as certain cancers or allergy.
  • Adult progressive spinal muscular atrophy, Aran Duchenne type: A group of inherited motor neuron diseases involving progressive muscle weakness, wasting and paralysis due to degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord. Muscle weakness and wasting usually starts in the hands and may gradually spread to other muscle groups.
  • Adult-onset ALD: Form of ALD in adults.
  • Adult-onset asthma: Adult-onset asthma is a type of asthma that occurs during adulthood. Asthma involves constriction and inflammation of the airways. The severity of symptoms is variable. Allergies account for about half the cases of adult-onset asthma.
  • Adverse reaction: Term to describe unwanted, negative consequences sometimes associated with using medications, diagnostic tests or therapeutic interventions.
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane: 1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane is a chemical used in soil fumigants and as a nematocide for various field crops. Commercial examples include Fumagon, Nemagon, Fumazone, Nemapax, Nemafume. Some people can suffer an adverse reaction to the chemical. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the route of exposure.
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- Allyl trichloride: Allyl trichloride is a chemical used mainly as a varnish or paint remover, cleaning agent or degreasing agent. Some people can suffer an adverse reaction to the chemical. The severity of symptoms varies amongst patients.
  • Aerosol abuse: Aerosol abuse is the use of various inhalants for the purpose of achieving a "high". They are often used as a cheap, readily available alternative to street drugs but they can cause serious damage to the body. Aerosols include air fresheners, hair spray, spray pain and deodorants. These aerosols can be abused by sniffing them, spraying directly into the mouth, heating them and then inhaling them or injecting them directly into the body.
  • Aerosol addiction: Aerosol addiction refers to the compulsive need to abuse aerosol (e.g. sniffing them). Sufferers have withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop the habit and feel unable to stop the habit despite knowing the harm it is causing their health. Aerosols are very damaging to the body and can readily result permanent brain damage and even death. Death can occur through chronic use and in rare cases can occur after one session of use. Children and teenagers are particular at risk for this type of addiction - it is readily available and users feel it gains them greater acceptance from their peers. Aerosols includes spray pain, air freshener, deodorants and hair sprays.
  • Aflatoxicosis: Poisoning from ingestion of aflatoxins.
  • Aflatoxin B1 exposure: Aflatoxin B1 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin B2 exposure: Aflatoxin B2 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin G1 exposure: Aflatoxin G1 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin G2 exposure: Aflatoxin G2 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin exposure: Aflatoxins are toxins produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • African Sleeping sickness: A disease caused by parasites (Trypanosome brucei gamiense or T. brucei rodesiense) and transmitted to humans by the tsetse fly which is found only in Africa. Causes symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, anemia, edema of hands and feet, enlarged lymph glands, lethargy, sleepiness, convulsions and coma. Also called African trypanosomiasis and sleeping sickness.
  • African milk bush poisoning: The African milk bush originated from African and is a shrubby plant with small flowers. The milky sap contains diterpene esters which can cause symptoms if it is eaten or if the sap comes into contact with the skin or eyes. It can cause severe skin irritation and the high toxicity of the sap can cause death if sufficient quantities are eaten.
  • Agapanthus poisoning: The agapanthus is a flowering herb with long leaves, long thick stems and a cluster of blue or white flowers. The plant originated in South Africa. Skin and eye exposure to sap from the plant can cause irritation and eating the plant can cause severe mouth pain. The skin irritation tends to be short-lived.
  • Age-related macular degeneration: Deterioration of the central field of vision.
  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum: Congenital absence of connective part of the brain.
  • Aging: The medical conditions from getting older.
  • Aging brain syndrome: Aging processes in the brain can cause various psychological and neurological symptoms.
  • Agitation: A state of increased tension with episodes of emotional and physical irritability.
  • Agnathia-holoprosencephaly-situs inversus: A very rare disorder characterized by a small or absent jaw, developmental brain defect and internal organs situated on the wrong side of the body (situs inversus). The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Agnosia: is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss
  • Agnosia in children: Agnosia in children is a condition in which a child is unable to recognize and identify objects or persons.
  • Agranulocytosis: Extremely low level of white blood cells (basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils).
  • Agyria: Abnormal condition where the body excessively absorbs silver salts and deposits it in the tissues. Symptoms include gray skin and mucous membranes.
  • Agyria-pachygyria type 1: Abnormal brain development where the brain fails to develop normally during the fetal stage.
  • Aicardi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the structure connecting the two halves of the brain fails to develop which results in seizures and eye abnormalities .
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 1: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 1 is caused by a defect on chromosome 3p21.3-p21.2.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 2: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 13q14-q21.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 3: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 11q13.2.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 19p13.13.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 5: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 3p21.3-p21.2.
  • Air embolism: A condition where an air bubble enters the cardiovascular system (via injection, intravenous therapy, surgery or puncture wound) and obstructs the blood flow.
  • Air hunger: is the sensation of the urge to breathe
  • Air sickness: disturbance between the central nervous system and the inner ear which affects the balance and equilibrium
  • Airborne allergy: An airborne allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to airborne allergens such as pollen, mold spores and house dust mites. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Akathisia: A condition characterized by a constant urge to move resulting in the sufferer being unable to sit still. Can be caused by use of anti-psychotic drugs or anti-depressants or can occur spontaneously.
  • Akathisia in children:
  • Akesson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by excessive skin folds and furrows on the scalp, mental retardation the failure of the thyroid to develop.
  • Aksu von Stockhausen syndrome: A rare condition observed in a Turkish family and characterized by various head and neck malformations that have resulted from abnormal development of the branchial arches.
  • Al Gazali -- Nair syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by bone abnormalities, eye problems, seizures and developmental delay. The reported cases involved related parents.
  • Al Gazali Sabrinathan Nair syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by bone and eye problems, seizures and mental retardation.
  • Al Murrah-induced lead poisoning: Al Murrah is a folk remedy used mainly by Saudi Arabian people to treat problems such as stomach pain, diarrhea and colic. This folk remedy has the potential to cause lead poisoning due to its relatively high content of lead. Children are more susceptible to the effects of lead. The use of folk remedies is still prevalent in some cultures. Lead poisoning can result in serious illness and even death in severe cases.
  • Alagille syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the liver and characterized by the absence of some or all of the liver bile ducts that transport bile within the liver.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Nerve symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Nerve symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Nerve symptoms or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #

Conditions listing medical complications: Nerve symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Nerve symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise