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Symptoms » Pitted nails » Glossary
 

Glossary for Pitted nails

Medical terms related to Pitted nails or mentioned in this section include:

  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Dyshidrotic dermatitis: A skin disorder (eczema) that affects the soles of the feet, the palms of the hands and the sides of the fingers. There is no known cause but contributing factors include stress, hot or cold weather, pre-existing atopic condition, metal implants, smoking, and aspirin and oral contraceptive use.
  • Eczema: Skin rash usually from allergic causes.
  • Hypodontia -- nail dysgenesis: A syndrome that is characterized by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities. Primary teeth are usually normal but some secondary teeth may be missing. The toenails tend to be more affected than the fingernails.
  • Hypodontia dysplasia of nails: A syndrome that is characterised by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities. Primary teeth are usually normal but some secondary teeth may be missing. The toenails tend to be more affected than the fingernails.
  • Incontinentia Pigmenti: A rare genetic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by eye, teeth, bone, nail and hair malformations as well as central nervous abnormalities and mental deficiency.
  • Pitted nails in children:
  • Pompholyx (dyshidrotic eczema): Pompholyx is an itchy skin condition characterized by small fluid-filled blisters. The condition tends to predominantly affect the fingers, toes, palms and soles. This form of eczema is relatively uncommon.
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis, susceptibility to: An inflammatory condition where the defective immune system causes joint inflammation as well as skin cells to grow rapidly causing psoriasis. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Psoriatic arthritis, juvenile form: A type of arthritis associated with psoriasis in children. Psoriasis and arthritis are both inflammatory conditions with one affecting the skin and the other affecting the joints. The arthritis tends to precede the psoriasis.
  • Revesz Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by disease of the eye retinas, anemia and central nervous system anomalies.
  • T-cell immunodeficiency, congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by alopecia, abnormal nails and immunodeficiency (T-cell).
  • Tooth and nail syndrome: A genetic condition which affects the teeth and nails
 

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