Glossary for Polydactyly in children
Medical terms related to Polydactyly in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Acro-reno-ocular syndrome: A disorder characterized by eye abnormalities, kidney defects and abnormalities of the arm and hand bones.
- Apert syndrome: A rare condition characterized by abnormalities in the appearance of the face and head as well as finger and toe abnormalities. The bones of the skull fuse together too early which prevents it from growing normally. Various toes and fingers may be fused together.
- Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
- Asphyxiating Thoracic Dystrophy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short limbs, underdeveloped iliac wings and a narrow rigid thoracic cage that often results in asphyxiation.
- Barnicoat-Baraitser syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra digits and excessive growth resulting in an increased birth weight and size.
- Bloom Syndrome: A rare genetic inherited genetic disorder which mainly affects Ashkenazic Jewish people and is characterized by short stature, malar hypoplasia, and a telangiectatic erythema of the face.
- Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
- Carpenter syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones, craniofacial abnormalities, heart defects, growth retardation and other disorders.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Dandy-Walker Syndrome: A congenital brain malformation characterized by increased fluid in the brain.
- Ellis -van creveld syndrome:
- Ellis-van Creveld syndrome:
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Finger symptoms: Symptoms affecting any fingers
- Foot symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both feet
- Hand symptoms: Symptoms affecting the hand
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hereditary spherocytic hemolytic anemia: An inherited blood disorder where a metabolic defect causes defects in the red blood cells membranes which leads to their characteristic spherical shape (normal cells are doughnut shaped) and premature destruction.
- Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome: A condition which occurs with arthritis and resembles the symptoms of general paresis.
- Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
- Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
- Lower leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower legs, calves and shins.
- McKusick-Kaufman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hydrometrocolpos (fluid buildup in vagina and uterus), extra fingers and congenital heart defects.
- Meckel Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder involving numerous abnormalities and characterized by death within the first few weeks.
- Moebius Syndrome: Moebius syndrome is a very rare condition characterized by underdevelopment of the facial nerves (particularly sixth and seventh cranial nerves) which causes facial paralysis.
- Mohr syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by oral frenula, oral clefts, underdeveloped nose flaps and finger abnormalities.
- Pallister-Hall Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hypothalamic hamartoblastoma, hypopituitarism, imperforate anus and polydactyly.
- Pfeiffer syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
- Polydactyly: More than the normal number of fingers or toes.
- Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, broad thumbs and toes, slanted palpebral fissures and hypoplastic maxilla.
- Short rib -- polydactyly syndrome: A very rare group of syndrome characterized mainly by short ribs and extra fingers. Often there are other associated abnormalities. The group of syndromes vary in severity and include Ellis Van Creveld's disease and Jeune's thoracic dystrophy as well as other disorders.
- Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
- Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome: A rare genetic condition involving a severe defect in the process of cholesterol synthesis resulting in low cholesterol levels in cells but high levels of the chemicals that are made into cholesterol.
- Syndactyly, type 2: A birth defect involving webbing between the 3rd and 4th fingers as well as duplication of all or some of the fourth digit within the webbed tissue. The foot may also be involved with webbing between the 4th and 5th toe with an extra 5th toe in the webbed tissue.
- Toe symptoms: Symptoms affecting the toes
- VACTERL association: A rare syndrome characterized by often severe deformities involving the limbs, kidneys, anus, heart, esophagus and spine.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Polydactyly in children:
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