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Diagnostic Tests for Pregnancy symptoms

Diagnostic Test list for Pregnancy symptoms:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Pregnancy symptoms includes:

  • Physical examination
    • Blood pressure and pulse (to detect shock from blood loss)
    • Height and weight
    • Palpate the abdomen to feel the size of the uterus and feel for any tenderness
    • Vaginal examination looking for any bleeding coming through the opening of the cervix, looking for patency of the cervical opening (indicating that a miscarriage is inevitable) and looking for products of conception in the cervical opening or vagina
    • If movement of the cervix with the examining hand causes significant pain must consider ectopic pregnancy
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count (looking for evidence of anemia due to iron deficiency or blood loss)
    • Blood group (if Rh D negative, must be given Anti D immunoglobulin if any bleeding in pregnancy)
    • Beta hCG pregnancy test
    • Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV screening
    • Rubella serology
    • Syphilis serology
    • If recurrent miscarriages suggest oral glucose tolerance test for diabetes; ANA and ds DNA autoantibodies for systemic lupus erythematosus; anticardiolipin antibodies and lupus anticoagulant for phospholipids syndrome; karyotyping
  • Urine tests
    • Urine pregnancy test
    • Urinalysis for protein, glucose, white cells and nitrates
    • Urine collection for microscopy and culture
  • Radiological investigations
    • Pelvic ultrasound scan looking for site of pregnancy, viability of pregnancy and to rule out molar pregnancy (placental tumor)
    • If recurrent miscarriages, may indicate hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy - may be indicated if recurrent miscarriages.

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Pregnancy symptoms causes:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Pregnancy symptoms:

All pregnancy tests are based on the presence of a hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), that the pregnant woman produces after conception. The first self tests of the 1970's used ring, or "tube agglutination," tests consisting of prepackaged red blood cells to detect HCG in urine. A ring at the bottom of the tube indicated a positive result. Sensitive to movement and human error, ring tests are now rarely used. (Source: excerpt from Pregnancy Tests: NWHIC)

Although most manufacturers claim 99 percent accuracy in laboratory tests, inaccurate results may be more frequent in actual use, due to such factors as improper use of the test, using a product past its expiration date, exposure of the test to the sun, and cancers. The procedures outlined in the instructions must be followed exactly for results to be accurate.

Whitehall Laboratories markets the newest one-step brand, Clearblue Easy. It gives results in three minutes and informs the user when the test hasn't been done properly. This new testing method, called rapid assay delivery system, combines a biochemical process with monoclonal antibodies in one pen-like instrument.

Whatever the result or the brand used, most manufacturers recommend repeating the process a few days later to confirm the results. After conception, a woman produces a minimal amount of HCG. The strength of each test varies, and although a woman may be pregnant, the test may not pick up the amount of HCG hormone present the first time. (Source: excerpt from Pregnancy Tests: NWHIC)

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Pregnancy symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Pregnancy symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Pregnancy symptoms or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Pregnancy symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Pregnancy symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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