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Glossary for Sensorineural deafness

Medical terms related to Sensorineural deafness or mentioned in this section include:

  • Acoustic neuroma: A rare benign tumor that forms in the hearing canal. Can cause tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, headaches, facial numbness, papilledema, dizziness and an unsteady walk. Speaking and swallowing difficulty can occur in advanced stages. Also called acoustic neurilemoma, acoustic neurinoma and acoustic neurofibroma.
  • Albers-Schonberg disease -- malignant recessive form: A rare disorder characterized primarily by increased bone density as old bone is not resorbed and replaced with new bone - is also known as marble bone disease. The malignant infantile form is the most severe form of this disorder and death usually occurs in the first decade of life.
  • Alpha-mannosidosis type II: A rare inherited metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-mannosidosase) which results in the accumulation of certain chemicals in the body which leads to progressive damage. This form of the condition is less severe than type I (infantile form).
  • Alpha-mannosidosis, adult-onset form:
  • Alport Syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder involving the progressive deterioration of parts of the kidney resulting in chronic kidney disease.
  • Alström Syndrome: A progressive condition which is characterized by deafness, obesity and visual problems in childhood that may lead to diabetes and kidney failure in adulthood
  • Arthritis -- short stature -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized by arthritis, short stature, deafness and numerous other abnormalities.
  • Aspirin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Aspirin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis: A rare neurological disorder caused by abnormal brainstem development and function.
  • Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency: A severe immunodeficiency disorder found in Navajo and Apache populations.
  • Atherosclerosis, premature -- deafness -- diabetes mellitus -- photomyoclonus -- nephropathy -- degenerative neurologic disease: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, kidney disease and premature hardening of the arteries.
  • Atherosclerosis- deafness -- diabetes -- epilepsy -- nephropathy: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, kidney disease and premature hardening of the arteries.
  • Barakat syndrome: A rare condition characterized by deafness, kidney disease and insufficiency parathyroid hormone production.
  • Bartter Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder of kidney metabolism characterized by reduced blood acidity and low potassium levels.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4 also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4A: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4A also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4B: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4B also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bjornstad syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by twisted hairs and nerve deafness.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bosley-Salih-Alorainy syndrome: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving inner and outer ear deformity, eye movement disorder, deafness, cardiovascular malformations and other anomalies. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome: A very rare progressive disorder characterized by nerve deafness and cranial (and sometimes spinal) nerve paralysis.
  • Bumetanide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Bumetanide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • CHARGE Syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by choanal atresia, coloboma, ear and genital abnormalities and congenital heart defects.
  • Cataract deafness hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, cataracts and a deficiency of sex hormone production.
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and palmoplantar keratoderma syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain development, neurological problems, scaly skin and thickened skin on the palms and soles.
  • Cholesteatoma: Uncommon middle ear condition
  • Chromosome 3, monosomy 3p25: A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by mental retardation, short stature, deafness, extra digits, facial anomalies and various other abnormalities.
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10), deficiency: A rare inherited disorder characterized by the deficiency of Coenzyme Q 10. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
  • Congenital cytomegalovirus: Fetal infection with cytomegalovirus.
  • Congenital syphilis: Syphilis inherited from mother during pregnancy.
  • Corneal dystrophy and perceptive deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized by eye problems and deafness. Hearing starts to deteriorate during the 20's and 30's.
  • Craniofacial -- deafness -- hand syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by facial anomalies, deafness and hand abnormalities.
  • De Sanctis-Cacchione syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by sunlight sensitivity, skin atrophy and pigmentation and skin tumors as well neurologic involvement.
  • Deafness: Partial or complete hearing loss
  • Deafness -- onychodystrophy -- osteodystrophy -- mental retardation: A very rare inherited disorder involving deafness (D), onychodystrophy (O - nail malformation), osteodystrophy (O - bone malformation) and mental retardation (R).
  • Deafness -- skeletal dysplasia -- lip granuloma: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, skeletal abnormalities, mental retardation and full lips.
  • Deafness neurosensory -- pituitary dwarfism: A very rare syndrome characterized by deafness and deficient sex hormone and pituitary hormone activity.
  • Deafness peripheral -- neuropathy -- arterial disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by artery disease, deafness and peripheral neuropathy.
  • Deafness, Autosomal Dominant 2B: A dominantly inherited form of progressive hearing loss that involves a defect on chromosome 1p35.1. Males tend to be more severely affectd than females.
  • Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 1B: A recessively inherited form of progressive hearing loss that involves a defect on chromosome 13q12. Males tend to be more severely affected than females.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant 3B: A dominantly inherited form of hearing loss that involves a defect on chromosome 13q12.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 1: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 1 involves a defect of the Drosophila diaphanous gene on chromosome 5q31.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 10: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 10 involves a defect on chromosome 6q23.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 11: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 11 involves a defect of myosin VIIA gene on chromosome 11q13.5.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 12: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 12 involves a defect of alpha-tectorin gene on chromosome 11q22-q24.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 13: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 13 involves a defect of COL11A2 gene on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 15: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 15 involves a defect of POU4F3 gene on chromosome 5q31.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 18: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 18 involves a defect on chromosome 3q22.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 2: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 2 involves a defect on chromosome 1p34,1p35.1.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 21: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 21 involves a defect on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 25: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 25 involves a defect on chromosome 12q21-q24.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 28: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 28 involves a defect of TFCP2L3 gene on chromosome 8q22.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 3: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 3 involves a defect in the connexin-26 gene on chromosome 13q11-q12.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 30: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 30 involves a defect on chromosome 15q25-q26.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 31: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 31 involves a defect on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 36: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 36 involves a defect of transmembrane cochlear-expressed gene 1 on chromosome 9q13-q21.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 4: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 4 involves a defect on chromosome 19q13.33.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 41: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 41 involves a defect on chromosome 12q24.32-qter.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 43: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 43 involves a defect on chromosome 2p12.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 44: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 44 involves a defect of CCDC50 gene on chromosome 3q28.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 47: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 47 involves a defect on chromosome 9p22-p21.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 48: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 48 involves a defect on chromosome 12q13-q15. The hearing impairment was usually moderate to severe but rarely profound.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 49: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 49 involves a defect on chromosome 1q21-q23.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 5: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 5 involves a defect on chromosome 7p15.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 53: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 53 involves a defect on chromosome 14q11.2-q12.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 6: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 6 involves a defect on chromosome 4p16.1.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 7: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 7 involves a defect on chromosome 1q21-q23.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 8: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 8 involves a defect of alpha-tectorin gene on chromosome 11q22-q24.
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural 9: Dominantly inherited hearing loss that occurs without any other symptoms - i.e. is not associated with any other condition. Type 11 involves a defect of the cochlin gene on chromosome 14q12-q13.
  • Deafness, congenital onychodystrophy, recessive form: A very rare inherited disorder involving deafness (D), onychodystrophy (O - nail malformation), osteodystrophy (O - bone malformation) and mental retardation (R).
  • Del(1) (pter-p36.2): A very rare chromosomal disorder where the end portion of the short arm of chromosome one is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Dementia, familial Danish: A rare inherited form of dementia caused by the deposit of abnormal substances in the brain, spinal cord and retina and the degeneration of brain tissue. Deafness and cataracts usually started in the 20's with severe deafness occurring by the age of 45. Movement problems usually started after the age of 40 with death occurring in the 5th or 6th decade.
  • Diaphragmatic hernia -- exomphalos -- corpus callosum agenesis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a diaphragmatic hernia (defect in the diaphragm that allows some of the abdominal organs to move into the chest cavity), brain development abnormalities and deafness.
  • Down Syndrome: A chromosome syndrome causing physical effects and mental retardation.
  • Duane-radial ray syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by impaired control of eye movement and bone abnormalities in the hands and feet.
  • Ear symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ear or hearing
  • Enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome: An ear disorder involving progressive hearing loss that starts during childhood. The disorder is caused by abnormal fluid movement within the ear structures due to the large size of some of the structures that hold the fluid. The fluid canal actually doesn't fully mature until the child reaches the age of about 4. Head trauma can make the condition worse in young children.
  • FG syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 1, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq12-q21.31.
  • FG syndrome 2: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 2, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq28.
  • FG syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 3, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp22.3.
  • FG syndrome 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 4, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp11.4-p11.3.
  • FG syndrome 5: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 5, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq22.3.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fechtner syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes.
  • Feigenbaum-Bergeron-Richardson syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, kidney disease and premature hardening of the arteries.
  • Galactosemia III: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme (UDP-Galactose-4-epimerase) prevents the metabolism of galactose which is a sugar component of milk. The condition may vary from mild to severe.
  • Gentamicin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Gentamicin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Growth delay due to insulin-like growth factor I deficiency: A rare disorder where the deficiency of a growth factor (IGF-1) causes growth delay, deafness and mental retardation.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hearing Impairment: Impaired ability to hear.
  • Hearing impairment: Impaired ability to hear.
  • Hearing loss: The loss of part or all of ones ability to hear
  • Hearing symptoms: Problems with the ear's hearing ability
  • Human HOXA1 Syndromes: Human HOXA1 syndromes are very rare conditions caused by genetic defects involving the HOXA1 gene. The severity of the condition is highly variable depending on the extent of the defect and inheritance pattern. The most severe form is Bosley-Salih-Alorainy syndrome which involves a homozygous mutation. Other manifestations of the genetic defect are Athabaskan Brainstem Dysgenesis syndrome and Navajo Brainstem syndrome. The gene is involved in the development of the cardiovascular system, inner ear and the hindbrain so defects tend to involve mainly these parts of the body.
  • Ichthyosiform Erythroderma, Corneal Involvement and Deafness Syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by keratitis, skin lesions and sensorineural deafness. The deafness and skin redness are usually present at birth and the corneas of the eye are gradually destroyed by keratitis which can result in loss of vision.
  • Ichthyosiform erythroderma, corneal involvement, deafness: A very rare recessively inherited disorder characterized by deafness, eye problems and red scaly skin.
  • Iris dysplasia with ocular hypertelorism, psychomotor retardation and sensorineural deafness: A rare syndrome characterized by wide-set eyes, psychomotor retardation, deafness and an eye abnormality.
  • Jensen syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of the optic nerve (causing impaired vision), deafness due to nerve damage and dementia due to calcification of the central nervous system. Death usually results by about the age of 40 with extensive calcification of all parts of the nervous system.
  • Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder involving a range of abnormalities including a characteristic beak-like small nose, hypothyroidism and deafness.
  • Jones syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive hearing loss and gum tumors.
  • Juvenile Paget disease: A rare genetic bone disorder involving abnormal loss of bone mineralization and remineralization, broadened bone shafts and high levels of alkaline phosphatase in the blood. Some juvenile cases are relatively mild.
  • Juvenile-onset dystonia: A rare form of progressive dystonia that starts early in life - first or second decade. Dystonia is prolonged involuntary muscle spasms or contractions. Various other physical abnormalities are also present and severe hearing loss usually occurs by the middle of the first decade. In the two reported cases, death occurred early in the third decade.
  • Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by keratitis, skin lesions and sensorineural deafness. The deafness and skin redness are usually present at birth and the corneas of the eye are gradually destroyed by keratitis which can result in loss of vision.
  • Kernicterus: Kernicterus refers to neurological damage (brain damage) resulting from the passageof bilirubin through the immature blood brain barrier in infants. It can occur in jaundiced infants but not all jaundiced infants will develop kernicterus.
  • Keutel syndrome: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by narrowing of blood flow through the pulmonary artery, calcification of cartilage (such as in nose, ear, ribs) and short end bones on fingers and toes
  • Knuckle pads, leukonychia and sensorineural deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, knuckle pads and white nails.
  • LEOPARD Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple lentigines, pulmonic stenosis, widely spaced eyes and deafness.
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • Leiomyomatosis of oesophagus, congenital cataract and hematuria: A rare disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, blood in urine and the development of tumors in the esophagus called a leiomyoma. A leiomyoma is a benign tumor that originates from smooth muscle tissue. These tumors may also be present in the female genital tract and possible in other parts of the body.
  • Lenz Majewski hyperostotic dwarfism: A rare genetic disorder characterized by dense, thick bones and symphalangism.
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Marshall syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a distinctive face and vision and hearing impairment.
  • Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness: A rare disorder characterized by deafness associated with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
  • Melnick-Fraser syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hearing loss and kidney malformations. Type 1 involves a defect on the EYA1 gene on chromosome 8q13.3.
  • Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Mental retardation, X-linked, Reish type: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, brain anomalies, skeletal malformations, intestinal problems, eye and ear anomalies, cleft palate and kidney abnormalities. Some infants with the disorder die soon after birth due to breathing problems. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by nerve degeneration. Deafness usually occurs early in life.
  • Molarization of anterior teeth deafness: A very rare condition characterized by the association of deafness with molarization of the anterior teeth.
  • Muckle-Wells syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by amyloidosis (protein deposits), deafness, hives and limb pain.
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I Hurler-Scheie syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (?-L-diuronidase) needed to break it down.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Myhre Syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by retarded growth, mental retardation, bone abnormalities and distinctive facial features.
  • Myoclonus with epilepsy with ragged red fibers: A rare disorder of mitochondrial metabolism characterized by myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red muscle fibers. Mitochondria are the part of the body cells that produce energy.
  • Ménière's disease: Ear fluid disorder causing balance problems.
  • Nerve deafness: Deafness that is associated with a defect in the nerve either structurally or functionally
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuroectodermal endocrine syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hormonal, hair, skin and brain abnormalities.
  • Neurofibromatosis-2: Genetic disorder often leading to tumors on nerves.
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type I: Type I hereditary sensory neuropathy is an inherited condition characterized by progressive degeneration of the nervous system which manifests primarily as loss of sensation in the hands and feet. The sensory loss is worse in the feet and legs than the hands and arms. Muscle wasting and weakness of variable severity tends to occur after sensory loss.
  • Neurosyphilis -- general paresis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the brain cells and causes a range of neurological symptoms. The condition is progressive and life-threatening.
  • Neurosyphilis -- meningovascular: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the central nervous system and causes cranial nerve palsies and pupil abnormalities.
  • Neurosyphilis -- tabes dorsalis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the spinal cord and progressively impairs muscle function and nerve damage may also occur. This form of the condition is progressive and life-threatening.
  • Neutropenia -- monocytopenia -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness and a blood disorder.
  • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss from loud noise exposure.
  • Onychodystrophy -- deafness: A very rare inherited disorder involving deafness (D), onychodystrophy (O - nail malformation), osteodystrophy (O - bone malformation) and mental retardation (R).
  • Osteochondrodysplatic dwarfism -- deafness -- retinitis pigmentosa: A rare syndrome characterized by extreme dwarfism, deafness, progressive scoliosis and retinal pigment anomalies.
  • Otodental dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by ear and tooth abnormalities. The back teeth are large and have bulbous crowns without the normal grooves and features.
  • Paget disease juvenile type: A rare genetic bone disorder involving abnormal loss of bone mineralization and remineralization, broadened bone shafts and high levels of alkaline phosphatase in the blood. Some juvenile cases are relatively mild.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
  • Pendred syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by hearing loss and goiter formation. The enlarged thyroid gland often continuges to function normally.
  • Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase superactivity: A rare X-linked metabolic disorder caused by the excessive activity of a particular enzyme (Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase). The main manifestations are increased production of uric acid and purine nucleotide.
  • Presbycusis: High frequency hearing loss associated with difficulty in speech differentiation.
  • Probable human carcinogen -- Cisplatin: Cisplatin (a chemotherapy drug) is a substance deemed to be a probable carcinogen to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Refsum Disease: A metabolic disorder where a deficiency of phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase results in a buildup of phytanic acid in the body which causes neurological disorders.
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Rubella congenital syndrome: The transplacental infection of a fetus with rubella
  • Schaap-Taylor-Baraitser syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, cataracts and a deficiency of sex hormone production.
  • Senior-Loken Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease.
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
  • Senter syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by ichthyosiform erythroderma and sensorineural deafness.
  • Short stature deafness neutrophil dysfunction: A very rare syndrome characterized by short stature, deafness and frequent infections due to abnormal neutrophils.
  • Southwestern Athabaskan genetic diseases: A group of four genetic diseases that are unique to the Navajo and Apache (Southwestern Athabaskan) populations. The disease are Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency, Navajo neurohepatopathy, Navajo poikiloderma and Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, X-linked, 3: A rare neurological disorder involving mainly ataxia and deafness which starts during infancy and progresses quite rapidly to result in childhood death.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, congenita: A rare genetic bone growth disorder characterized by prenatal growth deficiency, myopia and short trunk.
  • Stickler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities.
  • Stickler Syndrome, type I: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 12q13.11-q13.2
  • Stickler Syndrome, type II: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 1p21
  • Stickler Syndrome, type III: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and ear abnormalities. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 6q21.3. Type 3 doesn't involve any of the eye problems that occur in type 1 and 2.
  • Stickler's syndrome: A condition which is characterized by a hereditary progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy
  • Streptomycin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Streptomycin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Susac syndrome: A very rare characterized by poor blood supply resulting in damage to chochlear, retinal and brain tissue. It is results form inflammation of small blood vessels. Recurring attacks occur over a couple a couple of years and are months apart. The condition resolves itself eventually and the severity of persisting symptoms is variable.
  • Temtamy preaxial brachydactyly syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, deafness, retarded growth, finger abnormalities and various other anomalies.
  • Thiamine responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by megaloblastic anemia, hearing loss and diabetes. The condition is caused by a deficiency of a thiamine (vitamin B1) transporter protein which means that the body is unable to effectively utilize thiamine from the diet.
  • Thyrocerebral-retinal syndrome: A very rare syndrome observed in a brother and sister and characterized by thyroid, kidney and neurological disease.
  • Townes-Brocks Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by anal, hand, foot and ear abnormalities.
  • Tunglang-Savage-Bellman syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hearing loss and abnormal salivary gland function.
  • UDP-Galactose-4-epimerase deficiency: A condition which is characterised by a mutation in the UDP-galactose-4-epimerase gene.
  • Usher Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by sensorineural deafness and progressive vision loss.
  • Usher Syndrome 1H: A rare inherited disorder characterized by sensorineural deafness and progressive vision loss which starts during the first decade of life and blindness usually occurs between 20-35 years of age. Symptoms are generally more severe than in type 2 with deafness occurring at birth or during first year and vision loss starting during childhood. The defect occurs on chromosome 17q24-q25.
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by poliosis and hair, skin, eye and ear abnormalities as well as retinal detachment and neurological involvement.
  • Wildervanck syndrome: A rare birth disorder involving hearing loss, fusion of vertebrae and eye movement abnormalities/
  • Wolfram's disease: A condition that is inherited and consists of multiple symptoms
  • Yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome: A condition which is characterised by the association of several symptoms which affect ones hearing and vision

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Sensorineural deafness:

The following list of conditions have 'Sensorineural deafness' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Sensorineural deafness:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Sensorineural deafness' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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