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Symptoms » Skeletal anomalies » Glossary
 

Glossary for Skeletal anomalies

Medical terms related to Skeletal anomalies or mentioned in this section include:

  • Acrofacial dysostosis Preis type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Preis type is very rare and the range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Alpha-Mannosidosis: A rare condition which is characterized by a lysosomal storage defect.
  • Asymmetric short stature syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by short stature, unequal leg lengths and facial anomalies.
  • Autosomal Recessive Tetra-Amelia: A rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four extremities as well as skeletal, nervous system, craniofacial and other abnormalities. The condition is causes death before or soon after birth.
  • Battaglia Neri syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, small head, epilepsy, coarse facial features and skeletal anomalies. Only two reported cases of this syndrome.
  • Beveridge syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a large head, skeletal and visceral problems and patches of reduced skin pigmentation.
  • Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
  • Brachydactyly, long thumb type: A rare digital anomaly characterized by short fingers and a long thumb.
  • CDG syndrome (generic term): Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. The main symptom in all the disorders is psychomotor retardation but other variable symptoms also occur depending on the subtype of the disorder.
  • CDG syndrome type 3: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 3 has variable symptoms.
  • Cataract skeletal anomalies: A condition characterized by the association of cataracts and skeletal anomalies. Variable other symptoms may also be present.
  • Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The symptoms are variable depending on the exact location of chromosomal deletion.
  • Chromosome 13q-mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where a copy of the long arm of chromosome 13 in some of the body's cells. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Chromosome 6, monosomy 6p23: A very rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various abnormalities including mental retardation, facial, finger and toe anomalies as well as heart, skeletal and neurological problems.
  • Chromosome 8, mosaic trisomy: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 8 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Chromosome 9/mosaic: A rare chromosomal disorder where chromosome 9 is duplicated in some of the body's cells resulting in various abnormalities determined by the type and number of cells that contain the extra genetic material.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2E: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 2e is caused by a defect on chromosome 16p and involves a defect in the gene for oligomeric complex-7.
  • Craniofaciocervical osteoglyphic dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by a short head and face, skeletal anomalies and destruction of tooth sockets.
  • Deafness -- cataracts -- skeletal anomalies: A rare disorder characterized by deafness, cataracts and skeletal abnormalities as well as other anomalies.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Dwarfism: An abnormally short individual
  • Ehlers danlos syndrome: An inherited disorder of the connective tissue causing it to become weak and fragile. Connective tissue is found in skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments and hence all of these may be affected by weakness
  • Etretinate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Etretinate (a drug used to treat psoriasis) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Ferlini-Ragno-Calzolari syndrome: A rare syndrome reported in only a few families and characterized by skeletal problems, excessive fluid inside the skull and neurological problems.
  • Frank-Ter Haar syndrome: A rare genetic bone disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities, enlarged corneas and characteristic facial abnormalities.
  • Gigantism: Gigantism refers to abnormally high linear growth due to excessive action of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) while the epiphyseal growth plates are open during childhood.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Holoprosencephaly -- caudal dysgenesis: A very rare syndrome where the tailbone and the portion above the tailbone (coccyx and sacrum) fail to develop. The brain also fails to divide into two lobes resulting in a single-lobed brain
  • Hydrocephalus -- Skeletal Anomalies -- Mental Disturbance: A very rare condition reported in only a few families and characterized by a buildup of fluid inside the brain, skeletal anomalies and mental disturbance.
  • Hydrocephalus -- growth delay -- skeletal anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull and various skeletal anomalies.
  • Hydrocephalus -- growth retardation -- skeletal anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull and various skeletal anomalies.
  • Hydrocephalus skeletal anomalies: A condition characterized by the association of hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid inside the brain) and skeletal anomalies.
  • IMAGe syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by retarded fetal growth, abnormal bone development, underdeveloped adrenal glands and genital abnormalities.
  • Intrauterine growth retardation -- metaphyseal dysplasia -- adrenal hypoplasia congenita -- genital anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized by retarded fetal growth, abnormal bone development, underdeveloped adrenal glands and genital abnormalities.
  • Localized epiphyseal dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by localized abnormality of part of the bone where growth occurs.
  • Marden-Walker-like syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by long, thin fingers, contractures from birth and narrow eye slits.
  • Marfan's syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked, Wittwer type: A rare disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, retarded growth, seizures and vision and hearing problems. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Metaphyseal undermodeling, spondylar dysplasia, and overgrowth: A rare condition characterized by the association of skeletal anomalies and overgrowth. One of the three children observed with the condition died during adolescence.
  • Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism types 1 and 3: Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism types 1 and 3 were originally regarded as separate conditions but it was recently concluded that they were different expressions of the same condition. The main differences between the two forms is a difference in the radiological bone anomalies. The condition is characterized mainly by bone abnormalities, short stature and a small head.
  • Monosomy 1p36: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The range and severity of symptoms is variable with some cases being relatively mild.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I Hurler-Scheie syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (?-L-diuronidase) needed to break it down.
  • Nathalie syndrome: A very rare condition described in four children of one family. The condition is characterized by wasting of the spine muscles, abnormal heart electrical activity, cataracts, hypogonadism and hearing impairment.
  • Native American myopathy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by muscle disease from birth, cleft palate and malignant hyperthermia.
  • Nonkeratan-sulfate-excreting Morquio syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of certain enzymes needed to break it down. This disorder is distinguished form other similar conditions by the fact that no keratosulfate is excreted in the urine.
  • Orofaciodigital syndrome, Gabrielli type: A rare genetic disorder involving oral, facial and digital abnormalities as well as skeletal anomalies and psychomotor delay.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta: Weak bones ("brittle bone disease") and loose joints
  • Pterygium syndrome, X-linked: A rare disorder involving skin, bone and muscle abnormalities with webbing in parts of the body such as the neck, elbows and back of legs.
  • Rhombencephalosynapsis: Abnormal development of the brain where the vermis of the cerebellum is partially or totally absent and the cerebellar hemispheres are joined together. The type and severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the abnormality - symptoms can range from mild ataxia to cerebral palsy and mental retardation. The condition is usually associated with various other abnormalities or syndromes.
  • Richieri-Costa Da Silva syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, skeletal anomalies and delayed muscle relaxation.
  • Scheie syndrome:
  • Skeletal pain: Skeletal pain is discomfort in the bones.
  • Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
  • Skull symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skull surrounding the brain.
  • Tegison -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tegison (a drug used to treat psoriasis) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Thumb absent -- short stature -- immune deficiency: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an absent thumb, short stature and immune deficiency.
  • Trisomy 8 mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 8 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Warfarin syndrome: Various physical and other abnormalities that can result from the use of the drug Warfarin during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Skeletal anomalies:

The following list of conditions have 'Skeletal anomalies' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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