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Symptoms » Sore throat » Glossary
 

Glossary for Sore throat

Medical terms related to Sore throat or mentioned in this section include:

  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Acute bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis: A reoccurring periodontal disease which results in necrosis and ulceration of the gums. Symptoms may include fever, bone loss, breath odor and enlarge neck and throat lymph nodes. Also called trench mouth, Vincent's angina or Vincent's infection.
  • Acute pharyngitis: A condition which is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction of the pharynx
  • Acute sinusitis: An acute inflammation of the sinuses
  • Acute upper respiratory infection: Upper respiratory tract infections, are the illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx
  • Adenoid disorders: A disorder of the adenoids of the throat
  • Adenoiditis: Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region
  • Adenoviridae Infections: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family. The most common sites for infection are membrane linings such as the intestines, respiratory and urinary tract and the eyes. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact. The infection is contagious.
  • Adenovirus infection in immunocompromised patients: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family that occurs in a patient with a weakened immune system. The infection in these people is serious and can be fatal. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact.
  • Adenovirus-related Cold: An Adenovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Adenovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Adenoviruses: Common viruses causing common cold and various other ailments.
  • Adult onset Still's disease: A form of Still's disease that has a later onset and involves arthralgia or arthritis and a characteristic rash that often appears during periods of temperature increase.
  • Adverse reaction to chemical -- Allyl trichloride: Allyl trichloride is a chemical used mainly as a varnish or paint remover, cleaning agent or degreasing agent. Some people can suffer an adverse reaction to the chemical. The severity of symptoms varies amongst patients.
  • Agranulocytosis: Extremely low level of white blood cells (basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils).
  • Airborne allergy: An airborne allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to airborne allergens such as pollen, mold spores and house dust mites. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Allergenic cross-reactivity: Studies have indicated that a significant number of people with certain allergies will also have allergic responses to other allergens which have a similar protein. For example patients allergic to birch pollen will often have allergies to plant foods such as apples and peaches. Symptoms can range from mild response to severe allergic reactions. Cross-reactivity tends to have mainly oral allergy symptoms with breathing problems and anaphylactic reactions being extremely rare. Food allergies related to cross-reactivity tend to be less severe than those not related to cross-reactivity.
  • Allergic rhinitis: An allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa that may occur seasonally
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Angina: Angina is a particular type of pain related to heart conditions
  • Animal allergy: An animal allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to animals such as cats. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, saliva or urine of the animal. Animals frequently lick themselves which results in saliva sticking to the fur. Thus a person allergic to animals will often react to the fur even if it is not attached to the animal. Frequent washing of the animal may reduce symptoms. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Anthrax: A serious infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal.
  • Aphthous Ulcer: Small area of erosion in the mucosa of the mouth and tongue causing a painful, shallow lesion.
  • Arbovirus: Any group of viruses transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and ticks
  • Asthma: A condition which is characterized by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnoea
  • Aureobasidium exposure: Aureobasidium is a type of fungus which is capable of causing a variety of diseases in humans. The fungus is most often found in damp places either inside the home or in the environment. It is often pinkish or blackish. It is a rare cause of disease and is more likely to occur in immunosuppressed patients. It can cause infection in just about any part of the body depending on the nature of the exposure (inhalation, wound, ingestion etc.) and as such the type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bacterial toxic-shock syndrome: A very rare, potentially fatal infection caused by toxins produced by bacteria, especially bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The condition is often associated with tampon use but can originate from other sources.
  • Bird allergy: A bird allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to birds. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the bird. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Bird flu (avian influenza): Bird flu refers to influenza A invection. Influenza A is a viral respiratory infection that can usually occurs in birds (especially poultry) but can be transmitted to humans and cause serious illness. The virus is contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Bronchitis: Inflammation of the bronchi as a symptom
  • Brown-Symmers disease: A rare form of brain inflammation that occurs in children and can quickly lead to death. Symptoms usually start suddenly.
  • CFS subtype 1 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 1 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being anxiety, depression and cognitive, musculoskeletal and sleeping problems.
  • CFS subtype 2 ( musculoskeletal, pain, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 2 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being anxiety, depression, pain and musculoskeletal problems.
  • CFS subtype 3 (mild): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 3 tends to have milder symptoms than other subtypes.
  • CFS subtype 4 (cognitive, musculoskeletal, sleep, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 4 tends to be dominated by cognitive symptoms.
  • CFS subtype 5 (musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 5 tends to be dominated by musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal symptoms.
  • CFS subtype 6 (postexertional): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 6 tends to be dominated by excessive fatigue following exertion.
  • CFS subtype 7 (pain, infectious, musculoskeletal, sleep, neurological, gastrointestinal, neurocognitive, anxiety/depression): Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. CFS subtype 7 tends to be more severe with the dominant symptoms being pain, infections, anxiety, depression and musculoskeletal, sleep, neurological, gastrointestinal and neurocognitive problems.
  • Canary allergy: A canary allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to canaries. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement from the canary. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Candida: Fungal infection often called thrush
  • Carcinoma of the vocal tract: Cancer of the vocal cords in the larynx.
  • Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck: A type of cancer that occurs in the mucosal lining of parts of the head and neck e.g. esophagus, sinuses, nasal cavity, pharynx, mouth and lips. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the cancer.
  • Cat allergy: A cat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cats. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, saliva or urine of cats. Cats frequently lick themselves which results in saliva sticking to the fur. Thus a person allergic to cats will often react to the fur even if it is not attached to the animal. Frequent washing of the cat may reduce symptoms. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,1-Dichloroethene: 1,1-Dichloroethene is a chemical used in packaging, food wraps, carpet backing, adhesives and steel pipe coating. The main effects of an overdose of this chemical central nervous depression and central nervous system depression. However, some people can suffer an adverse reaction to the chemical. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1-Amino-2-propanol: 1-Amino-2-propanol is a chemical used mainly in the synthesis of various pharmaceuticals such as methadone and opioid. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol: 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol is a chemical used mainly as an antiseptic, pesticide, wood preservative, glue preservative and as an antimildew agent in the textile manufacturing industry. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene: 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene is a chemical used mainly as an explosive agent and in the production of dyes and photographic chemicals. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2,4-Dichlorophenol: 2,4-Dichlorophenol is a chemical used in the production of antiseptics, bactericides, disinfectants and fungicides. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Hexanone: 2-Hexanone is a chemical used mainly in paints, solvents and coated fabrics. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- 3,3-Dichlorobenzidine: 3,3-Dichlorobenzidine is a chemical used mainly in the production of pigments for various items such as paint, ink, textiles and plastics. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylamide: Acrylamide is a chemical used mainly in the treatment of waste water, grout agent, paper strengthening agent and adhesive agents. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Adipic Acid: Adipic Acid is a chemical used in a variety of applications from flavoring and setting aid in foods to production of nylons, paints, plasticizers and lubricants . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allyl chloride: Allyl chloride is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of epichlorohydrin and glycerin but is also used in the production of products such as polyester, varnish plastic adhesive, insecticides, perfumes and pharmaceuticals. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aluminum Phosphide: Aluminum Phosphide is a chemical used mainly as a rodenticide and fumigant for grains. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Nitrate: Ammonium Nitrate is a chemical used mainly in explosives, fireworks and fertilizers. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anisole: Anisole is a chemical used mainly as a solvent and food additive and also in perfumes and detergents. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Anti-rust products: Anti-rust products contain various chemicals which are toxic if ingested. The ingested chemicals can continue to cause damage to the organs and gastrointestinal lining for weeks after the ingestion and severe cases can result in death. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Asphalt: Asphalt is the substance used in road surfacing and is also used in electrical adhesive and paints. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Barium Nitrate: Barium Nitrate is a chemical used mainly in fireworks, sparklers and ceramic glazes. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Benzaldehyde: Benzaldehyde is a chemical with an almond-like odor and is therefore often used as a food flavoring. It is also use as an industrical solvent. . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Beryllium: Beryllium is an element used mainly in vehicle electronics, optics, ore processing, microwave oven parts, fuel containers and disc brakes for aeroplanes. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromates: Bromate is a chemical used mainly in perming solution neutralizers and in small amounts as a bread preservative. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Bromide: Bromide is a chemical used for many applications - flame retardant, industrial uses, pesticides, sanitary products, fumigants, medicines, dyes, photographic solutions and water purification. Bromides act as central nervous system depressants and the ingestion of excessive quantities can cause serious symptoms. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butyl Alcohol: Butyl alcohol is a chemical used mainly in solvents and in pharmaceutical manufacturing processes. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Butylamines: Butylamines are chemicals used in a variety of manufacturing processes such as in the production of pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plastics, dyes, textiles and in leather tanning and photography. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium: Cadmium is a chemical used mainly in batteries, solder, amalgams, cigarettes, PVC pigments and phosphate fertilizer production. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Oxide: Calcium oxide is a chemical used mainly in sewage treatment, dry cement and in the manufacture of products such as aluminum, glass and steel. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Polysulfide: Calcium polysulfide is a chemical used mainly in antifungal treatments for trees. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium hypochlorite: Calcium hypochlorite is a chemical used mainly in bleaching products, fungicides, algicides, disinfectants and deodorants. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Camphor: Camphor is a chemical used mainly in moth repellents, pharmaceuticals (preservative) cosmetics, explosives, varnishes and various therapeutic applications. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Caulking products: Caulking products (e.g. silicon, acrylic, neoprene) are used to seal gaps and the chemicals in them can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chlorine: Chlorine is a chemical used mainly in bleaches, water disinfectants and in pulp mills. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. Chlorine is very corrosive and extensive damage to body tissues can result. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloroacetophenone: Chloroacetophenone is a chemical used mainly in tear gas for riot control purposes. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Chloropicrin: Chloropicrin is a chemical used mainly in fumigants for grain storage. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cloth Dyes: Cloth dyes contain chemicals which are considered not toxic but the ingestion of large amounts cay cause symptoms. Some dyes contain corrosive ingredients which can cause severe gastrointestinal damage and even death in severe cases. Most household cloth dyes don't contain corrosive chemicals. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cuticle remover: Cuticle removers contain chemicals such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide which can cause serious symptoms if swallowed or inhaled in excessive quantities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Cyclohexanone: Cyclohexanone is a chemical used mainly as an industrial solvent, in processes involving oxidative reactions and in the manufacture of certain resins, nylons, insecticides, herbicides, paints, varnish, polishes, degreasers and pharmaceuticals. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dibenzoyl Peroxide: Dibenzoyl Peroxide is a chemical used mainly in as a topical treatment for skin conditions such as ulcers and acne. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diborane: Diborane is a chemical used mainly as a rocket propellant and in the manufacture of rubbers and electronics manufacture. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethylnitrosamine: Dimethylnitrosamine is a chemical used mainly as a solving in the manufacture of plastics, rubbers, lubricants and rocket fuel. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Diquat Dibromide: Diquat Dibromide is a chemical used mainly in herbicides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dye remover: Dye removers can contain chemicals which are corrosive and can cause severe gastrointestinal damage and even death in severe cases. The damage may continue for a few weeks after ingestion so death can occur weeks after the incident. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Emulsion paints: Emulsion paints (latex or water-based) contain various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Epichlorohydrin: Epichlorohydrin is a chemical used for a variety of applications - epoxy production, insecticides, solvent and agricultural chemical. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyl Methacrylate: Ethyl Methacrylate is a chemical used mainly in . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ethyleneamine: Ethyleneamine is a chemical which is widely used in the manufacture of products such as adhesive, paper, textiles, fuels, lubricants, varnishes, lacquers, coating resins, cosmetics, photographic chemicals and agricultural chemicals. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Face Powder: Face powder contains various chemicals that can cause symptoms if ingested although this is rare. Eye and inhalation exposure can also cause symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Formaldehyde: Formaldehyde is a chemical used mainly in blues, lacquers, fireproofing, electrical insulation, leather tanning products and embalming. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furfural: Furfural is a chemical used mainly as an industrial solvent and in the manufacture of fuels, foods and ant poisons. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Furniture polish: Furniture polish contains chemicals (hydrocarbons) which can cause serious symptoms if ingested. The ingested chemicals can continue to cause damage to the organs and gastrointestinal lining for weeks after the ingestion and severe cases can result in death. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hair Bleach: Hair bleach contain chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if ingested. The chemicals in the hair bleach can continue to cause gastrointestinal damage for weeks after ingestion. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hair Dye: Hair dyes contain chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if ingested. The chemicals in the hair dye can continue to cause damage for weeks after ingestion. Some dyes contain lead or mercury which can cause neurological problems even if low level exposure occurs over an extended period of time. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorobutadiene: Hexachlorobutadiene is a chemical used mainly in fumigants and as a solvent in the manufacture of products such as lubricants and rubber. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorocyclopentadiene: Hexachlorocyclopentadiene is a chemical used mainly in the production of chlorinated pesticides, flame retardants, dyes and certain resins. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexamethylene Diisocyanate: Hexamethylene Diisocyanate is a chemical used mainly in the production of various products: lacquer, paint, varnish, synthetic rubber, wire insulation, plastic, foams and glue. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrazine: Hydrazine is a chemical used mainly in rocket fuel, photography, laboratory chemical, corrosion inhibitor, mirror silvering and in the production of pharmaceuticals and pesticides. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Chloride: Hydrogen Chloride is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of rubber and vinyl chloride . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Fluoride: Hydrogen Fluoride is a chemical used mainly in car cleaning products and in the production of integrated circuits. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hydrogen Sulfide: Hydrogen Sulfide is a chemical that can be used in production processes (paper, tanneries, sulfide ores) or it may be a byproduct of certain industries. It is also found naturally in sewers and manure. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Isopropyl Alcohol: Isopropyl Alcohol is a chemical used mainly as a rubbing alcohol and also in perfumes, paint thinners, disinfectants, cleaners and fuels. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jewelry cleaner: Jewelry cleaner contains various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if ingested or other types of exposure occurs. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Kerosene: Kerosene is a chemical used mainly in paints, pesticides, lighter fluid, illuminating fuel and heating. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lacquer: Lacquer contains various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if ingested or other types of exposure occurs. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Lighter fluid: Lighter fluid contains various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if ingested or other types of exposure occurs. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metal cleaner: Metal cleaner contains various chemicals which can cause severe symptoms if ingested or other forms of exposure occur. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Metal polish: Metal polish contains various chemicals which can cause severe symptoms if ingested or other forms of exposure occur. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Isocyanate: Methyl Isocyanate is a chemical used mainly in herbicides and pesticides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Methyl Mercaptan: Methyl Mercaptan is a chemical used mainly in the production of plastic, pesticides and jet fuel. It is also used in certain toxic gases to give them a detectable odor. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Morpholine: Morpholine is a chemical used in a variety of applications: rubber industry, corrosion inhibitor, pharmaceuticals, dyes, crop pesticides and as a solvent in various manufacturing processes. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mould remover: Mould removers contains various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if swallowed, inhaled or skin and eye exposure occurs. The chemicals cause damage to the gastrointestinal lining and the damage may continue for weeks after the poison was ingested. Death can result in severe cases. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- N-Butyl Chloride: N-Butyl Chloride is a chemical used mainly in veterinary worming applications. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitric Acid: Nitric Acid is a chemical used mainly as a cleaning agent for food and dairy equipment, in explosives, metal etching, in liquid fuel rockets and as a laboratory reagent. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitroethane: Nitroethane is a chemical used mainly as in industrial solvent, fuel additive, propellant, manufacture of pharmaceutical products and in artificial nail removers . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrofen: Nitrofen is a used as a herbicide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrogen Dioxide: Nitrogen Dioxide is a chemical which has industrial applications but is also an air pollutant formed by burning fossil fuels such as gas, oil and coal as well as vehicle exhaust and industrial byproduct. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitromethane: Nitromethane is a chemical used mainly in racing fuel and as an industrial and cleaning solvent. It is also used in the manufacture of various products: explosives, coatings, pesticides, coatings and pharmaceuticals. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrophenol: Nitrophenol is a chemical used mainly in the production of dyes and pigments and also in fungicides and laboratory chemicals. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Nitrophenol Urea: Nitrophenol Urea is a pesticide. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Oven Cleaners: Oven cleaners contain toxic chemicals which can cause serious symptoms on exposure. Severe gastrointestinal burns can be caused by ingesting oven cleaner. The burns can lead to perforation which involves a high risk of death. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pentachlorophenol: Pentachlorophenol is a chemical used mainly in fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides, algicides and bactericides. It is commonly used as a wood preservative. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phenol: Phenol is a chemical used mainly in the production of fertilizer, explosives, rubber, paint, paint remover, perfumes, asbestos products, wood preservatives, resins, textiles, pharmaceuticals and drugs. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Pool Cleaners: Pool Cleaners contain various chemicals (mainly chlorine) which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. The chemicals are very damaging to the mucosal linings in the body. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Potassium Permanganate: Potassium Permanganate is a chemical used in various applications: topical antibacterial, photography, laboratory chemical, wood dye, water purification and bleaching processes. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Selenium: Selenium is a chemical element used mainly as an industrial catalyst, in glass and ceramic manufacturing, as an animal feed additive, in photography and in the electronics industry. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Selenium Dioxide: Selenium Dioxide is a chemical used mainly in gun bluing solutions. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sodium Hypochlorite: Sodium Hypochlorite is a chemical used mainly in disinfectants, bleach, deodorizers and as a water purifier. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Solder: Solder contains various chemicals and heavy metals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfuryl Fluoride: Sulfuryl Fluoride is a chemical used mainly as a fumigant insecticide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tar remover: Tar remover contains various chemicals (mainly hydrocarbons) which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetrachloroethane: Tetrachloroethane is a chemical used mainly as a dry cleaning solvent but is also used as a degreaser and in paint strippers and spot removers. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetrahydrofuran: Tetrahydrofuran is a chemical used mainly as a plastic solvent and in the processing of varnish, ink, paint and glue. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Tetryl: Tetryl is a chemical used mainly as a military explosive. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thiram: Thiram is a chemical used mainly in the rubber industry, latex manufacture and as a pesticide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Titanium: Titanium is an element used mainly in alloys. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trichloroethane: Trichloroethane is a chemical used mainly as an industrial solvent but also in inks and lubricants. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Triethanolamine: Triethanolamine is a widely used chemical. It is involved in the production of cosmetics, toilet products, waxes, resins, paraffins, dyes, polishes and herbicides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Window cleaner: Window cleaner contains various chemicals (usually alcohols and ammonia) which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are ingested. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest Cold: Acute lower respiratory infection caused by virus
  • Chicken allergy: A chicken allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chickens. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement from the chicken. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Chorditis: Inflammation of a cord, usually the vocal or spermatic cord. The inflammation is most often caused by overuse or abuse of the voice but may also be caused by cancer.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome: A persistent debilitating fatigue of recent onset
  • Chronic pharyngitis: Chronic inflammation of the pharynx.
  • Chronic sinusitis: Chronic inflammation of the sinuses
  • Chronic tonsillitis: Chronic infection/inflammation of the tonsils.
  • Colchicine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Cold-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to the common cold.
  • Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
  • Coronavirus-related Cold: A Coronavirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Coronavirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition. Coronaviruses are a significant cause of common colds in adults.
  • Cough: Any type of coughing symptom.
  • Coughing: The involuntary reflex to forcefully expire air from ones lungs.
  • Coxsackievirus-related Cold: A Coxsackievirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Coxsackievirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Crack addiction: An uncontrollable desire to use crack on a regular basis. Chronic crack use can lead to dependency in as little as two weeks. Crack is a form of cocaine - powdered cocaine is heated with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate to make rocks of crack. Frequent use leads to an increased tolerance to the drug so higher and higher doses are required to achieve the desired euphoric feeling.
  • Croup: A condition characterized by an acute partial obstruction of the upper airway on young children
  • Delayed Viral Syndromes: Syndromes caused by viral infections that are delayed in there appearance
  • Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Severe complication of dengue
  • Dental infection: Infection involving the teeth or gums.
  • Dexamethasone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dexamethasone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Dog allergy: A dog allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to dogs. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, saliva or urine of dogs. Dogs frequently lick themselves which results in saliva sticking to the fur. Thus a person allergic to dogs will often react to the fur even if it is not attached to the dog. Frequent washing of the dog may reduce symptoms. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Dry throat: A condition which is characterized by a sensation of dryness in ones throat
  • Duck allergy: A duck allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to ducks. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement from the duck. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Dust mite allergies: Allergy to dust mites in household dust.
  • Eagle's syndrome: A group of symptoms caused by calcification of the stylohyoid ligament and an abnormally long styloid process. The styloid process is a bone at the base of the skull which is attached to muscles and ligaments connected to the throat and tongue. If this bone is too long then actions such as swallowing and turning the head can cause pain and discomfort. The cause of the condition is unknown but trauma and inflammation may be the cause in some cases.
  • Ebola: Dangerous virus mostly found in Africa.
  • Echovirus-related Cold: An Echovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Echovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Elephant's-ear poisoning: The Elephant's ear is a common garden plant which has large, heart-shaped leaves on long stalks. The plant contains calcium oxalate and saphotoxin which can cause poisoning if eaten and irritation upon contact with skin or eyes. The toxins are quite poisonous and death can occur if sufficient quantities are eaten.
  • Enterovirus-related Cold: Enterovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Enterovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Epiglotitis: Inflamation of the epiglottis in the throat
  • Epiglottiditis: A condition characterized by inflammation of the epiglottis of the throat
  • Epiglottitis: is the inflammation of the epiglottis and is a medical emergency
  • Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
  • Erythema multiforme: An allergic inflammatory skin disorder which has a variety of causes and results in skin and mucous membrane lesions that affect mainly the hands, forearms, feet, mouth nose and genitals.
  • Esophageal carcinoma: A cancer of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal spasm: Esophageal spasm is involuntary contractions or convulsing of the muscles of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal stricture: Narrowing of the esophagus
  • Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus
  • Esophagus diseases: Diseases affecting the esophagus
  • Esophagus symptoms: Symptoms affecting the esophagus (digestive throat passage)
  • Eugenol oil poisoning: Eugenol oil is used as a supplement or as a therapeutic ingredient in various medications and foods but excessive doses of undiluted oil can cause symptoms. Smoking undiluted cloves in cigarettes can also cause symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fever: Raised body temperature usually with other symptoms.
  • Filovirus: A group of viruses that includes Marburg and Ebola
  • Fisher (M.) syndrome: A rare type of nerve disease involving muscle coordination problems, eye muscle paralysis and absent reflexes. It appears to be caused by the body's own immune system destroying the protective layer around nerves. The condition is usually preceded by a viral illness and is not life-threatening.
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Flu-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to flu including fever
  • Francisella tularenis infection: Francisella tularenis is a type of bacteria that can cause infection involving the skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. The nature and severity of symptoms varies depending on the location of the infection. The bacteria primarily causes localized tissue necrosis. The pathogen is considered a possible biological weapon.
  • Garland flower Daphne poisoning: Garland flower Daphne is a small shrub bearing clusters of small pink or white fragrant flowers and white or yellow berries. The plant originated in Europe and is often used as an ornamental plant in gardens. The plant contains chemicals which can cause poisoning symptoms if eaten. Severe cases can result in death. Skin irritation can also occur on skin exposure.
  • Gastric Reflux: Condition where relaxation of the sphincter at the bottom of the oesophagus allows acidic stomach contents to enter the oesophagus, causing irritation (See also Gastro-oesophageal Reflex Disease (GORD))
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced behind the breastbone in the upper chest due to regurgitation of stomach contents.
  • Glossitis in children: Glossitis in children refers to a child who has a swollen tongue with an abnormal color and unusually smooth texture due to inflammation and/or infection.
  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia: A condition which is characterized by sever pain that originates on the side of the throat and extends to the ear
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Goose allergy: A goose allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to geese. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the goose. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Grass pollen allergy: A grass pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by various grasses. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Group A Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria responsible for strep throat, impetigo and some other strep conditions.
  • H1N1 Flu:
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease: Common contagious viral infant or child condition
  • Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome: An infectious viral disease caused by the coxsackievirus A. The disease is characterized by the development of blisters in the mouth and on hands and feet. The disease is spread by contact with body fluids from an infected person and the incubation period is 3 - 7 days. The infection is most common in children under the age of ten but can occur in teenagers and sometimes in adults.
  • Hay fever: A seasonal condition which is a form of allergic rhinitis
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heartburn: Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced behind the breastbone in the upper chest due to regurgitation of stomach contents.
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Clove: Clove can be used as a herbal agent that can be used topically for tooth pain or as a local anesthetic in dentistry. The herbal agent can cause an adverse reaction or even anaphylaxis in some people.
  • Herpangina: A condition which is infective and caused by the coxsackie virus
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Herpes stomatitis: Mouth infection with ulcers/blisters due to the herpes virus
  • Hilger syndrome: A type of headache caused by dilation of the carotid arteries and their branches. It may follow a viral illness, be associated with arteriosclerosis or occur for no obvious reason. Treatment and prognosis is determined by the cause.
  • House dust allergy: House dust allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to allergens dound in household dust such as pet dander, mold and dust mites. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Human T-lymphotropic virus type 3: A former name used for HIV which is an infectious viral disease. The infection usually has an initial symptom-free period which is followed by various stages of increasing severity.
  • Hypersensitivity to pollen: Plants produce the microscopic round or oval grains called pollen which lead to allergy in a few individuals
  • Hypopharyngeal cancer: Cancer of the bottom part of the throat (hypopharynx).
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Infectious meningitis: Infectious meningitis is meningitis caused by bacterial, viral, or protozoan infection. Most of the agents known to cause meningitis are infectious, but very few people exposed to them will get meningitis. Those at greatest danger include people with AIDS, infants, transplant patients, and others whose immune systems may be compromised.
  • Influenza A: A type of virus affecting the respiratory tract
  • Influenza B: A type of virus affecting the respiratory tract
  • Iris poisoning: The iris is a common flowering plant that grows from rhizomes or bulbs. The rhizomes or bulbs contain a toxic chemical called irisin which can cause various symptoms if ingested. Irises are considered to have low toxicity and skin irritation upon skin exposure is usually mild.
  • Laryngeal carcinoma: Cancer of the laryngeal area. Smoking and alcohol increase the risk of this cancer.
  • Laryngitis: This is where there is an inflammation of the laryngitis
  • Larynx conditions: Any condition that affects that larynx
  • Larynx symptoms: Symptoms affecting the larynx (voice box) in the neck
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • Lemierre's syndrome: A very rare condition where a throat infection leads to secondary infection and blood clot formation in the internal jugular vein. The infected blood clot can then travel to other parts of the body and cause problems. The usual bacterial culprit is Fusobacterium necrophorum.
  • Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
  • Linguatula serrata infection: Infection with a parasite called Linguatula serrata. Infection usually occurs through eating raw liver or lymph nodes from infected sheep or goats. Symptoms are usually caused by the larva migrating through parts of the body.
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis: Rodent-borne viral disease often causing meningitis or encephalitis
  • Lymphoma: Any neoplastic disorder that occurs in lymphoid tissue
  • Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 1: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus). The immune system becomes weakened following and EBV infection. As the condition in inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer the full extent of the disease which tends to be eventually fatal in most cases. Female carriers tend not to develop and problems following an EBV infection. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xq25.@
  • Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 2: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus). The immune system becomes weakened following and EBV infection. As the condition in inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer the full extent of the disease which tends to be eventually fatal in most cases. Female carriers tend not to develop and problems following an EBV infection. Type 2 is linked to a defect in the XIAP gene on chromosome Xq25.
  • Lymphoproliferative syndrome, EBV-Associated, Autosomal, 1: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus). Infection with the virus can lead to chronic immune problems which can ultimately result in death. Type 1 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 5q32.
  • Marburg virus: Serious virus related to Ebola.
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
  • Meningococcal infection: A rare infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Neisseria meningitides.
  • Metapneumovirus: A type of viral respiratory infection which was first discovered early in the 21st century. The infection tends to occur mainly in children and infants or the elderly. The incubation period is probably less than a week and the virus is transmitted through large droplets or contact with contaminated surface or objects e.g. used tissue. Symptoms are usually mild but may be severe in some cases.
  • Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary: A type of cancer that occurs in the neck and has spread (metastasized) to the lymph nodes from a primary source that has not been able to be determined. Squamous cells are cells that line hollow organs as well as the skin and throat.
  • Mold allergies: Allergies to airborne or household molds.
  • Mold allergy: A mold allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a mold. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Mouth pain: Pain or burning of the mouth
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Mouth ulcers: Ulcers or sores in the mouth region.
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Musculoskeletal chronic fatigue syndrome: Musculoskeletal chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic condition which is characterized by symptoms such as severe persistent fatigue, depression, weakness, muscle pain and lack of energy. The condition is often debilitating and may be difficult to diagnose due to lack of specific tests for the condition. There is no known cause but it appears to be associated with a previous infection in some cases. Musculoskeletal chronic fatigue syndrome tends to be dominated by musculoskeletal symptoms.
  • Mycoplasmal pneumonia: An infectious disease affecting the lungs and caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Nasopharyngitis: Nasopharyngitis is a contagious, viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system, primarily.It is the most common infectious disease in humans
  • Neck pain: Pain affecting the neck
  • Necrobacillosis: A form of bacterial blood infection caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum which can occur as a complication of throat infections. The infection is potentially fatal and can cause the development of abscesses in various parts of the body including the brain and lungs .
  • Necrotizing fasciitis: A severe, progressive skin infection which causes progressive destruction of skin and underlying tissue. It is caused by certain bacteria and has a high mortality rate.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neutropenia: A reduced number of neutrophils in the blood.
  • Nocturnal heartburn: Heartburn seen more in the nights affecting sleep.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Aesculus pollen: An aesculus pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by aesculus trees. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Alder: An alder allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by alder. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Alder tree: An alder tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Alder trees. The pollen from alder trees is considered to have a relatively moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- American feverfew: An American feverfew allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by a weed called American feverfew. The pollen from American feverfew is considered to have a moderate potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Ash juniper tree pollen: An ash juniper tree pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by ash juniper trees. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Beet: A beet allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by beet plants. The pollen from beet plants is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Bermuda grass: A Bermuda grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Bermuda grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Bluegrass: A bluegrass pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by bluegrass. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Canary grass: A canary grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by canary grass. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Capeweed: A capeweed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by capeweed which is usually found in Australia. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cypress tree: A cypress tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by cypress trees. The pollen from cypress trees is considered to have a relatively moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- English plantain: An English plantain allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by English plantain. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- European Ash tree: A European ash tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by the European Ash tree. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hickory tree: A hickory tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by hickory trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hornbeam tree: A hornbeam tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by hornbeam trees. The pollen from hornbeam trees is considered to have a moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Johnson grass: A Johnson grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Johnson grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Kentucky bluegrass: A Kentucky bluegrass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Kentucky bluegrass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Marsh Elder: A marsh elder allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by marsh elder which is a type of weed. The pollen from Marsh elder is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Monteroy pine tree: A Monteroy pine tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Monteroy pine tree. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Oak tree: An oak tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by oak trees. The pollen from oak trees is considered to have a moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Olea tree pollen: An Olea treepollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Olea trees. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Orache (Atriplex): An orache (Atriplex) allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by weeds called orache. The pollen from Orache is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Patterson's curse: A Patterson's curse allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by a weed called Patterson's curse. The pollen from Patterson's curse is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Pecan trees: A pecan tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by pecan trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Rapeseed oil: A rapeseed oil allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by rapeseed weeds. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Redtop grass: A Redtop grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by Redtop grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Ryegrass pollen: A ryegrass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by ryegrass. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sorrel: A sorrel allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by sorrel which is a type of herb. The pollen from sorrel is considered to have a relatively moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sunflower pollen: A sunflower pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by sunflowers. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Velvet grass: A velvet grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by velvet grass. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- White cedar tree: A white cedar tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by the white cedar tree. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- amaranthus: An amaranthus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by a weed called amaranthus. The pollen from amaranthus is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- ash tree: An ash tree grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by ash trees. The pollen from ash trees is considered to have a relatively moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- beech tree: A beech tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by beech trees. The pollen from beech trees is considered to have a relatively low to moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- bent grass: A bent grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to bent grass which is often used on golf courses and around homes. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- birch tree: A birch tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by birch trees. The pollen from birch trees is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- box elder tree: A box elder tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by box elder trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- chlorine: A chlorine allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chlroine. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- cocklebur: A cocklebur allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by a plant called cocklebur. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- daisy: A daisy allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by daisies. The pollen from daisies is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- dandelion pollen: A dandelion allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by dandelions. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- elm tree: An elm tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by elm trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Alternaria: An Alternaria fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Alternaria. Alternaria is a common outdoor mold and can cause severe asthmatic symptoms as well as other allergy symptoms. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Aspergillus spp: An Aspergillus spp fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Aspergillus spp. Aspergillus is a common indoor and outdoor mold. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Aureobasidium (Pullularia): A Aureobasidium fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Aureobasidium. Aureobasidium is a common outdoor mold often found on paper, lumber and painted objects. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Candida albicans: A Candida albicans fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Candida albicans. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Cladosporium: A Cladosporium fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Cladosporium. Cladosporium is one of the most common outdoor airborne molds. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Epicoccum: An Epicoccum fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Epicoccum. Epicoccum tends to be found in grassland and agricultural areas. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Fusarium: A Fusarium fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Fusarium. Fusarium is often found on rotting plants. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Helminthosporium: A Helminthosporium fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Helminthosporium. Helminthosporium is a fungus found more often in warmer climates. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Mucor: A Mucor fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Mucor. Mucor is a relatively uncommon fungus but can be found on decaying vegetation and damp indoor areas. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Penicillium: A Penicillium fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Penicillium. Penicillium is a common indoor mold and allergy to this fungus is unrelated to a penicillin allergy. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Phoma: A Phoma fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Phoma. Phoma is an outdoor mold which is predominant during wet periods. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, Rhizopus: A Rhizopus fungus allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called Rhizopus. Rhizopus is relatively uncommon but can be found on decaying vegetation and damp indoor areas. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- fungus, smut: A smut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spores produced by a fungus called smut. Smut is common in agricultural areas. Symptoms tend to occur in a seasonal pattern as spore production by molds tends to increase and decrease with changes in seasons. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- goosefoot: A goosefoot allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by a weed called goose foot. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- grass: A grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to grass or pollen produced by grass. Grasses are considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- guayule: A guayule allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by guayule which is a type of weed. The pollen from guayule is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hazel tree: A hazel tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by hazel trees. The pollen from hazel trees is considered to have a relatively moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hemp: A hemp allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by the hemp plant. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- hop shrub: A hop shrub allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by hop shrubs. The pollen from hop shrubs is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- horse chestnut tree: A horse chestnut tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by horse chestnut trees. The pollen from horse chestnut trees is considered to have a relatively low to moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- maple tree: A maple tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by maple trees. The pollen from maple trees is considered to have a relatively low to moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- mountain cedar tree: A mountain cedar tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by mountain cedar trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- mugwort tree: A mugwort tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by mugwort trees. The pollen from mugwort trees is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- nettle: A nettle allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by nettle. The pollen from nettle is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- olive tree: An olive tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by olive trees. The pollen from olive trees is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- orchard grass: An orchard grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by orchard grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- pigweed: A pigweed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by pigweed. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- plane tree: A plane tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by plane trees. The pollen from plane trees is considered to have a moderate to high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- plantago pollen: A plantago pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by plantago which is a type of weed. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- poplar tree pollen: A poplar tree pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by poplar trees. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- ragweed: A ragweed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by ragweed. The pollen from ragweed is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- redroot: A redroot allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by redroot. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sagebrush: A sagebrush allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by sagebrush. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sweet chestnut tree: A sweet chestnut tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by sweet chestnut trees. The pollen from sweet chestnut trees is considered to have a relatively low to moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- sweet vernal grass: A sweet vernal grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by sweet vernal grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tilia tree pollen: A tilia tree pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by tilia tree. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- timothy grass: A timothy grass allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by timothy grass. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tree pollen: A tree pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by trees. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- tumble weed (Russian thistle): A tumble weed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by tumble weed. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- wall pellitory: A wall pellitory allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by wall pellitory. The pollen from wall pellitory is considered to have a relatively high potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- walnut tree: A walnut tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by walnut trees. The pollen from walnut trees is considered to have a moderate potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- willow tree: A willow tree allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by willow trees. The pollen from willow trees is considered to have a relatively low potential for allergy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- willow tree pollen: A willow tree pollen allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pollen produced by willow trees. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Pharynx cancer: Occupational exposure to mustard gas can increase the risk of developing Pharynx cancer.
  • Oral cancer: Cancer (malignant) of the lip or inside the mouth.
  • Oral candidiasis: An infection with the fungus candida which occurs in the mouth
  • Oral lichen planus: Oral lichen planus is a condition in which there are ongoing, long-term abnormal white patches, lesions, papules or plaques in the mouth due to chronic inflammation.
  • Oral pain: Pain in the mouth or oral area.
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that develops in the mouth. Smoking and alcohol can increase the risk of this cancer. The cancer can develop in any part of the mouth including the tonsils, pharynx, tongue, lip and palate. The tumor tends to invade and tissue nearby.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer: Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part of the pharynx (throat) behind the mouth, and includes the back one-third of the tongue, the soft palate, the side and back walls of the throat, and the tonsils.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer, adult: Cancer of the back of the mouth which forms part of the throat including the back of the tongue, tonsils, part of the throat wall and soft palate (oropharynx).
  • Orthomyxovirus-related Cold: An Orthomyxovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Orthomyxovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
  • Palate symptoms: Symptoms affecting the palate
  • Parainfluenza: Milder influenza-like infection
  • Parainfluenza virus type 1: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 1 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause croup as well as respiratory tract infection.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 2: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 2 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause respiratory tract illness but is milder and less frequent than type 1.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 3: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 3 virus occurs during spring and summer in temperate climates but can continue into autumn.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 4: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 4 virus causes mild sporadic illness.
  • Parakeet allergy: A parakeet allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to parakeets. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the parakeet. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Paramyxovirus -related Cold: A Paramyxovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Paramyxovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Paratyphoid fever: A condition which is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Paratyphi
  • Parrot allergy: A parrot allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to parrots. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the parrot. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease: Gastroesophageal reflux is defined as the retrograde movement of gastric contents into the esophagus; it is a physiologic process that occurs in everyone, young and old, particularly after meals. Researchers have found that 10 percent of infants (younger than 12 months) with GER develop significant complications. The diseases associated with reflux are known collectively as Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
  • Pemphigus: A rare group of autoimmune skin disorders where blisters or raw sores develop on the skin and mucous membranes. The bodies immune system destroys proteins the hold skin cells together resulting in blistering. The condition can be life-threatening if untreated.
  • Peritonsillar abscess: also known as quinsy
  • Pet allergy: A pet allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pets such as cats and dogs. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, saliva or urine of the animal. Animals frequently lick themselves which results in saliva sticking to the fur. Thus a person allergic to animals will often react to the fur even if it is not attached to the animal. Frequent washing of the animal may reduce symptoms. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Pfiesteria piscicida infection: Pfiesteria piscicida is a tiny marine organism called a dinoflagellate that is found in waters where fresh and salt water mix e.g. at river mouths. It is believed to be responsible for killing fish as well as health problems in humans.
  • Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx.
  • Pharyngoconjunctival fever: An infectious disease usually caused by adenovirus type 3. The infection may be acute, epidemic or sporadic and is more common in children. Infection can be transmitted through swimming pools. The incubation period is 5-9 days.
  • Pharynx cancer: A condition that is characterised by a malignant lesion located in the pharynx
  • Phenylbutazone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Phenylbutazone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Pigeon allergy: A pigeon allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pigeons. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the pigeon. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Polio: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Pollen food allergy syndrome: A significant number of people with an allergy to pollen also have allergic responses to certain plant foods (usually fruit) which have similar proteins to that found in pollens. Examples of these includes pineapple, avocado, chestnuts, apples, raw carrot, raw celery, melon, peach, pear, plum, kiwi fruit, mango, passionfruit, strawberries, tomato, potato, bell pepper and soy. Symptoms usually only involve the mouth and throat.
  • Polychondritis: A serious, progressive, episodic condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of cartilage in the body. The duration and severity of the episodes can vary.
  • Postnasal drip: Drip from the nose down the back of the throat
  • Primary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by a primary chancre which is infectious and painless
  • Pulmonary Anthrax: Inhaled lung anthrax, most severe form of anthrax.
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Quinsy: Tonsil abscess
  • Rabies: An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms.
  • Radiation sickness: Illness from radiation exposure or cancer radiotherapy.
  • Recurring airway infection:
  • Red throat: Redness inside the throat
  • Reflux laryngitis: A voice disorder caused by the backflow of stomach contents into the voice box area which causes swelling and irritation.
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: A very contagious viral infection that causes respiratory diseases. It generally only causes common cold-like symptoms in adults but can be serious in young children, infants, the elderly and people with a weakened immune system.
  • Respiratory diphtheria: Lung infection from Diphtheria
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Respiratory syncytial virus-related Cold: A Respiratory syncytial virus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Respiratory syncytial virus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Respiratory system cancer: A condition that is characterised by a malignancy anatomically located in the respiratory system
  • Respiratory tract infections:
  • Retropharyngeal abscess: The high mortality rate of retropharyngeal abscess is owing to its association with airway obstruction
  • Rhinovirus: A class of viruses commonly causing the common cold.
  • Rhinovirus infection: Infection with the rhinovirus which can be transmitted through direct contact with contaminated secretions from an infected person (e.g. sneezing or nasal or oral secretions on hands). The rhinovirus can cause the common cold and pharyngitis.
  • Rhinovirus-related Cold: A Rhinovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Rhinovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition. About a third of all common colds in adults are caused by one of the rhinoviruses.
  • Ritter syndrome: A rare infantile skin disorder involving severe redness, inflammation, blistering and peeling of skin and mucous membranes which can result from a variety of infections, malignancies and drugs.
  • Rodent allergy: A rodent allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to rodents such as mice and rats. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, saliva or urine of rodents. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Runny nose: Runny nasal discharge (medically named coryza)
  • Sabia virus: An arbovirus causing fever, rashes and hemorrhagic bleeding
  • Scarlet fever: A complication of infection from strep bacteria such as strep throat.
  • Scarletina (Scarlet Fever): Infection with a Group A streptococcus bacteria, which causes a characteristic sore throat and rash.
  • Schatzki ring: Ring-like constriction of the lower part of the esophagus which can cause swallowing problems.
  • Secondary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by fever, multiform skin eruptions, iritis, alopecia, mucous patches and severe pain in the head and joints
  • Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
  • Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
  • Serratia respiratory tract infection: Respiratory tract infection caused by bacteria from the Serratia genus. These bacteria are a rare cause of infection.
  • Severe congenital neutropenia: A rare inherited blood disorder involving a lack of neutrophils which are a type of white blood cell needed to fight bacterial infections.
  • Severe heartburn: When the heartburn persists even after having taken the medication that normally works, it is known as severe heartburn.
  • Severe sore throat: involvememt of the upper respiratory tract
  • Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
  • Sick building syndrome: A condition that occurs in workers who work in buildings with poor hygiene conditions with respect to ventilation, humidity and dust.
  • Sinusitis: Inflammation of the sinus passages (as a symptom)
  • Slap-cheek syndrome: Viral infection where children get rosy cheeks.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Smoking Cessation:
  • Sore throat: Discomfort in the throat or with swallowing
  • Sore throat in children: Sore throat in children is a condition in which a child has a throat that is irritated, inflamed, and painful.
  • Sore tongue: Pain or soreness of the tongue
  • Sparrow allergy: A sparrow allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to sparrows. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement of the bird. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Sphenoid Sinusitis: Accumulation of mucoid secretions in the sphenoid sinus located deep to the nose, often with subsequent colonisation and infection by bacteria, viruses or fungi
  • Spirochetes disease: Infection with a type of bacteria which is often found in mud, sewage and polluted water. Symptoms are determined by the species involved. Diseases caused by this bacteria include Treponema infection and borreliosis.
  • Stachybotrys chartarum: A toxic black slimy mold that can be found in damp indoor environments. Exposure can occur through the skin, ingestion or inhalation. It can causes conditions such as "sick building syndrome".
  • Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome: A very rare, potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterial toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The condition is often associated with tampon use but can originate from other sources.
  • Strep throat: An infection which occurs in the throat
  • Streptococcal Group A invasive disease: Group A streptococci are bacteria which are commonly found in the throat or on the skin. Often it causes no symptoms but in some cases it can cause mild illnesses such as strep throat or more serious, life-threatening diseases such as toxic shock syndrome or flesh-eating disease. Transmission can occur through direct contact with infected skin sores or nose and throat discharges. Symptoms are determined by the location and extent of the bacterial infection.
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Supraglottic laryngeal cancer: Cancer that arises in the tissue above the vocal cords.
  • Sutton disease 2: A rare condition characterized by recurring periods of painful inflamed mouth ulcers.
  • Swallowing difficulty: Difficulty or pain when swallowing
  • Swine flu: The Swine Flu is a respiratory viral disease which is usually found in pigs but can sometimes be transmitted to humans and cause epidemics or even pandemics. The viral strain involved is type A H1N1. The virus can be spread amongst humans from direct contact which can occur through coughing, sneezing or contamination of hands and surfaces. The severity of symptoms is highly variable, although with most people suffering only relatively mild symptoms. Patients are considered contagious for up to a week after the onset of symptoms but children may be contagious for longer periods of time.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Throat cancer: A malignancy in the throat
  • Throat disorder:
  • Throat infection: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the throat
  • Throat pain: The occurrence of pain which is located in the throat
  • Throat rash: Rash on the mucus membrane lining of the throat.
  • Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
  • Throat ulcers: Ulceration of the internal throat
  • Thyroglossal tract cyst: A rare condition where a soft, slow-growing growth develops at the front of the neck. It occurs as an abnormal growth that develops from thyroid tissue that is left over from fetal development.
  • Thyroid cancer, Hurthle cell: A rare form of cancer that originates in the thyroid gland. This cancer is characterized by the abnormal presence of Hurthle cells which may signify benign or malignant thyroid cancer. The cancer usually responds well to treatment if detected in the earlier stages.
  • Thyroid symptoms: Symptoms affecting the thyroid gland
  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
  • Tongue Cancer: The majority of tongue cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. These arise from the lining that covers the muscles of the tongue
  • Tongue Conditions: Any condition that affects the tongue
  • Tongue ulcers: Ulcers that appear on the tongue
  • Tonsil cancer: A disorder characterised by malignancy that is located on the tonsils
  • Tonsil disorders: Any disorder that occurs on the tonsil
  • Tonsilitis: Inflammation of the tonsils in the throat.
  • Tonsillitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the tonsils
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome: Severe immune reaction causing shock
  • Traumatic laryngitis: Temporary hoarseness caused by inflammation of the larynx due to such things as bacteria, viral infection, allergies, overuse of voice, tumors and hormonal problems.
  • Trench mouth: A reoccurring periodontal disease which results in necrosis and ulceration of the gums. Symptoms may include fever, bone loss, breath odor and enlarge neck and throat lymph nodes. Also called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, Vincent's angina or Vincent's infection.
  • Treponema infection: A rare infectious diseases which is transmitted through sexual contact and caused by Treponema pallidum (a spirochete bacterium). Untreated cases can result in severe complications and even death.
  • Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
  • Turkey allergy: A turkey allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to turkeys. The allergy is usually associated with the skin, feathers or excrement from the turkey. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin and respiratory symptoms.
  • Type A Influenza: Type A influenza is a subtype of the influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type A influenza subtype H10N7: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H10N7 is a subtype of influenza which rarely causes infection in human - only two cases of infectin have been reported.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1N1: The H1N1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause illness in humans. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The H1N1 subtype caused a pandemic called the Spanish Flu in 1918 and resulted in millions of deaths.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1N2: The H1N2 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause illness in humans. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type A influenza subtype H2N2: The H2N2 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause illness in humans. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type A influenza subtype H3N2: The H3N2 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause illness in humans. Subtype H3N2 has caused a number of pandemics (e.g. Hong Kong Flu) and tends to occur in a seasonal pattern in many parts of the world. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type A influenza subtype H5: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H5 is a subtype of influenza which can be further divided into subtypes e.g. H5N1.
  • Type A influenza subtype H5N1: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H5N1 is a subtype of influenza that mainly infects birds but can be transmitted to humans. Infections were reported in Hong Kong in 1997 and in various parts of the world in 2003 - 2007.
  • Type A influenza subtype H7: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H7 is a subtype of influenza which usually infects animals but can be transmitted to humans.
  • Type A influenza subtype H7N2: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H7N2 is a subtype of influenza which has rarely infected humans. Infections were reported in New York in 2003 and in the UK in 2007.
  • Type A influenza subtype H7N3: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H7N3 is a subtype of influenza which rarely infects humans. Infections were reported were reported in Canada in 2004.
  • Type A influenza subtype H7N7: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H7N7 is a subtype of influenza which rarely infects humans. Infections were reported in the UK in 1996 and in the Netherlands in 2003.
  • Type A influenza subtype H9: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H9 is a subtype of influenza which rarely causes infection in humans and tends to only cause mild illness.
  • Type A influenza subtype H9N2: Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise. Influenza A H9N2 is a subtype of influenza which rarely causes infection in humans. A small number of cases occurred in China and Hong Kong in 1999 and 2003 and 2007.
  • Type B Influenza: Type B influenza is a subtype of the influenza virus that tends to occur sporadically - can cause epidemics but not pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type C Influenza: Type C influenza is a subtype of the influenza virus that only rarely infects people and tends to only cause mild illness. It is not known to cause epidemics or pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Ulcer: The sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue causing a local defect in the surface of an organ or tissue
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: The occurrence of an infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Upper respiratory infection: The occurrence of an infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Upper respiratory tract infection: The occurrence of an infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Vanadium poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to vanadium.
  • Vanadium toxicity: Exposure to high levels of the trace element vanadium can occur in certain industrial plants where it can be inhaled. It has not yet been determined if vanadium is an essential element in human diets.
  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis: A mosquito-borne virus that usually affects horses and related animals but may also infect humans. Young, weak and old people may become very sick and in some cases death can occur. It occurs in Central and South America. The incubation period is 2-5 days. The period of illness is usually 3-8 days but relapses are possible.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Viral hemorrhagic fever: A group of diseases caused by viruses which cause damage to blood vessels and result in hemorrhages and fever. The hemorrhaging does not always cause serious bleeding. The specific symptoms may vary depending on which particular virus is involved.
  • Viral pharyngitis:
  • Vitamin B deficiency: When there is a deficiency of vitamin B in the body
  • Voice changes: Any changes which occur to ones voice
  • Voice symptoms: Symptoms affecting the voice
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
  • X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus).

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Sore throat:

The following list of conditions have 'Sore throat' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Sore throat or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Sore throat:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Sore throat' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
Last revision: Nov 6, 2003

 

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