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There are many possible causes of a swollen tongue. A swollen tongue can result from such abnormal processes as infection, inflammation, allergy, genetic disorders, trauma, malignancy and metabolic diseases.
Some causes of a swollen tongue are serious, even life-threatening, such as a anaphylactic reaction. Other causes may be relatively mild, such as a small laceration or contusion due to the biting of the tongue.
Glossitis causes a swollen tongue due to a variety of infectious or inflammatory conditions. Infectious conditions include a tongue bacterial infection, yeast infection or viral infection, such as herpes simplex. Conditions that cause tongue inflammation or irritation include exposure to very hot foods or beverages, spicy foods, tobacco and alcohol. A swollen tongue can also be a side effect of certain medications.
A swollen tongue be a chronic symptom that occurs over a long period of time, such as when it is due to a oral cancer, tongue tumor, acromegaly, sarcoma or a genetic disorder, such as Down syndrome, also known as mongolism.
A swollen tongue can result from an allergic reaction or the more serious anaphylactic reaction. A swollen tongue combined with certain symptoms, such as hives, itching, wheezing, shortness of breath and rapid breathing, called tachypnea, (more that about 16 breaths per minute for an adult) can be a symptom of a serious, potentially life-threatening anaphylactic reaction. This often occurs in a sudden, severe attack that can include respiratory distress.
Because the sudden appearance of a swollen tongue can be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening disease, condition or disorder, it should immediately be evaluated by a physician or other licensed health care provider.
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Swollen tongue.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
The following list of conditions have 'Swollen tongue' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Swollen tongue or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Swollen tongue' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. This computer-generated list of complications may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
This section shows a full list of all the diseases and conditions listed as a possible cause of Swollen tongue in our database from various sources.
The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins
may possibly cause Swollen tongue as a side effect.
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