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Symptoms » Thumb deformity » Glossary
 

Glossary for Thumb deformity

Medical terms related to Thumb deformity or mentioned in this section include:

  • 3q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 3 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • ACPS III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Aarskog Syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by facial, hand, genital and growth abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalopolydactyly -- Cardiac Disease -- Ear, Skin and Lower Limb Defects: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalopolysyndactyly type III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly Syndrome type 5: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 5 (ACPS 5): A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Nager type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, forearm and cheekbones as well as ear defects.
  • Acropectorovertebral dysplasia: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities involving the fingers, toes, palate and chest bones.
  • Adducted thumbs Dundar type: A rare disorder characterized by a thumb abnormality as well as mental retardation, foot defects and other anomalies.
  • Anonychia onychodystrophy brachydactyly type b: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized abnormal or absent nails, permanently flexed fingers and a broad, finger-like thumb.
  • Anonychia-onychodystrophy with brachydactyly type B and ectrodactyly: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized abnormal or absent nails, missing fingers, permanently flexed fingers and a broad, finger-like thumb.
  • Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
  • Arthrogryposis Distal: A form of arthrygryposis (congenital contractures) which tends to affect mainly the distal parts of limbs (hands and feet). The degree of limb involvement is variable.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita type 2B: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that also involves craniofacial abnormalities.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, distal type 1: A form of arthrygryposis (congenital contractures) which tends to affect mainly the distal parts of limbs (hands and feet). The degree of limb involvement is variable.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, distal, X-linked: A rare condition characterized by the presence of contractures at birth as well as various other anomalies. The condition is X-linked.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, type 2B: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that also involves craniofacial abnormalities.
  • Baller-Gerold Syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by premature fusion of skull bones and radial defects. Variable other abnormalities may be present.
  • Bd syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of mental retardation, small eyes and a movement disorder.
  • Broad thumb: A broad thumb is a thumb that is wider and larger than the average thumb.
  • Broad thumbs: Broad thumbs refers to thumbs that are wider and bigger than usual.
  • Cephalopolysyndactyly: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones and craniofacial abnormalities, finger and toe abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is variable with many cases remaining undiagnosed because their condition is relatively mild and doesn't cause many problems.
  • Chromosome 1, monosomy 1q25 q32: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as digital defects, facial dysmorphism, retarded growth, mental retardation and spasticity.
  • Chromosome 11q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 11 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Chromosome 13 ring syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 13 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic material missing.
  • Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 15, trisomy mosaicism: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 15 causes various abnormalities such as clubfoot, poor muscle tone, neurological dysfunction and hand abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 15q duplication mosaicism: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 15 in some of the body's cells causes various abnormalities such as clubfoot, poor muscle tone, neurological dysfunction and hand abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chromosome 16p, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 16. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 16q, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 16. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material. Severe cases often result in spontaneous abortion or infant death.
  • Chromosome 1q21.1 Deletion Syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder caused by the deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 at a specific location (1q21.1). The main symptoms were mental retardation and various physical anomalies. The manifestations in individuals is quite variable.
  • Chromosome 5, trisomy 5q: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 5 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 5q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 5 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Congenital microgastria limb reduction defect: A rare syndrome characterized by micrograstia and limb reduction as well as other abnormalities.
  • Craniosynostosis radial aplasia syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones, growth deficiency and anal, limb, urogenital and craniofacial abnormalities.
  • De Lange 1: A rare disorder involving a variety of congenital abnormalities including retarded growth, behavioral problems, characteristic facial features and upper limb abnormalities.
  • Deformity symptoms: Various types of deformity
  • Del(1) (q25-q32): A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q25-q32) of chromosome one is missing. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Deletion 13q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Diabetes: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Duane-radial ray syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by impaired control of eye movement and bone abnormalities in the hands and feet.
  • Duplication 5q: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 5 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Duplication of the thumb, unilateral biphalangeal: A rare malformation where the two bones in one thumb are duplicated.
  • Duputyren's contracture:
  • Dysostosis acral with facial and genital abnormalities: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by short stature and head, face, skeletal and genital abnormalities. The facial appearance is that of a two-month old fetus. The severity and range of symptoms is variable. This dominantly inherited form of Robinow syndrome tends to be milder than the recessive form.
  • Ethisterone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethisterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • FG Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and a prominent forehead.
  • FG syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 1, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq12-q21.31.
  • FG syndrome 2: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 2, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq28.
  • FG syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 3, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp22.3.
  • FG syndrome 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 4, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp11.4-p11.3.
  • FG syndrome 5: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 5, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq22.3.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Facio-auriculo-radial dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by limb abnormalities, deafness and an abnormal heart rhythm.
  • Facioskeletalgenital syndrome, Rippberger type: A rare syndrome characterized by facial, skeletal and genital abnormalities.
  • Fanconi pancytopenia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by upper limb defects and kidney abnormalities.
  • Finger symptoms: Symptoms affecting any fingers
  • Floating Harbor Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, typical facial appearance and speech delay.
  • Flucytosine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Flucytosine (an antifungal drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Fluorouracil -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fluorouracil (a chemotherapy drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Frints -- De Smet -- Fabry -- Fryns syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a variation of Larsen syndrome where the physical manifestations are asymmetrical. This is believed to be a mosaic form of the genetic condition where the genetic anomaly is present in only some of the body's cells leading to asymmetric manifestations.
  • Gonadal dysgenesis XY type associated anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a large range of variable physical abnormalities and gonad anoamlies.
  • Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones and craniofacial abnormalities, finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Grix-Blankenship-Peterson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, bone defects and head and face abnormalities.
  • Hand symptoms: Symptoms affecting the hand
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hirschsprung disease type D brachydactyly: A developmental defect of the intestinal tract where the muscles of the intestines are unable to function and move food along the digestive tract. This form of Hirschsprung disease also involves finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Holt-Oram Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by hand, arm and heart abnormalities. Bone abnormalities usually affect the left arm more than the right and occasionally only one arm and/or hand is affected.
  • Houlston ironton temple syndrome de: A rare syndrome characterized by forearm abnormality, heart defect and an eye anomaly called blepharophimosis.
  • Hunter-Carpenter-Macdonald syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by various abnormalities including small head, facial anomalies, mental retardation and hair, skin and nail anomalies. Fetal exposure to alcohol is believed to be a factor in the syndrome.
  • Hydrocephalus -- growth delay -- skeletal anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull and various skeletal anomalies.
  • Hydrops fetalis -- anaemia -- immune disorder -- absent thumb: A rare syndrome characterized by an absent thumb, anemia, an immune disorder and hydrops fetalis.
  • Hydroxyprogesterone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroxyprogesterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Hypopigmented lesions in children: Hypopigmented lesions in children refers are sores or ulcers that are colorless or have lost color in a child.
  • Infantile spasms -- broad thumbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • Juberg-Hayward syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder characterized by a growth hormone deficiency as well as mouth and limb abnormalities.
  • Larsen syndrome, dominant type: A congenital, genetic disorder characterized by many abnormalities including joint dislocations, bone abnormalities and an unusual dish-shaped face. The dominant form tends to have less severe dwarfism and more severe flattening of the face and is less likely to include webbed fingers, cleft palate and genital anomalies than the recessive form.
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Leprosy: Hypopigmented lesions in children refers are sores or ulcers that are colorless or have lost color in a child.
  • Leri Pleonosteosis: A ver rare inherited disorder involving skeletal malformations, short stature and flat facial features.
  • Lewis (F.) syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by heart and upper limb defects.
  • Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
  • Mallet finger: Mallet finger is also known as baseball finger. It is an injury that occurs when a ball hits the tip of the finger, bending it down
  • Mental retardation -- macrocephaly -- coarse facies -- hypotonia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, large head, coarse face and reduced muscle tone.
  • Mental retardation -- short broad thumbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and short, broad thumbs.
  • Mental retardation athetosis microphthalmia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of mental retardation, small eyes and a movement disorder.
  • Mental retardation, Wolff type: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by severe mental retardation and facial anomalies. The parents came from the same bloodline.
  • Microlissencephaly -- micromelia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short arms, a brain defect called microlissencephaly, small head and early death.
  • Microsomia -- hemifacial -- radial defects: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a wide range of defects involving the face, ear, mouth, vertebrae and radial bones.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses: A lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by a deficiency of the ability to metabolise glycosaminoglycans
  • Nager Syndrome: A congenital defect syndrome
  • Numbness of both elbows: Numbness of both elbows refers to the loss or reduction of sensation in the elbows.
  • Onychodystrophy and anonychia with type B brachydactyly and ectrodactyly: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized abnormal or absent nails, missing fingers, permanently flexed fingers and a broad, finger-like thumb.
  • Opitz-Reynolds-Fitzgerald syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra little fingers, deafness and bone abnormalities of the face.
  • Oto-Palatal-digital syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized a variety of abnormalities including skeletal anomalies, distinctive face and cleft palate. There are two types of the disorder (type 1 and 2) with type 2 being more severe.
  • Oto-Palato-digital syndrome type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by deafness, cleft palate, broad fingers and toes and short nails.
  • Oto-palato-digital syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head, face, mouth and bone abnormalities.
  • Pfeiffer Syndrome Type I: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity. Type I is the mildest of the three Pfeiffer Syndrome subtypes.
  • Pfeiffer syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Phocomelia -- contractures -- absent thumb: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by absent thumbs, contractures and missing arm and leg bones.
  • Podophyllum -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Podophyllum during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Polydactyly preaxial type 1: A rare hand deformity involving duplication of one or more bones of the thumb. The duplication may simply involve a part of the end bone in the thumb which gives it a broad appearance or it may involve duplication of the whole thumb.
  • Polydactyly, Preaxial 2: A medical term for a hand defect where the thumb is partially or completely duplicated. The anomaly can range from a simple broadening of the end thumb bone with a division in the bone tip to a completely duplicated thumb which gives risk to the four subtypes of the anomaly. Type 2 involves the duplication of the end bone in the thumb which gives it a broad appearance.
  • Polydactyly, preaxial IV: A hand and foot malformation involving extra preaxial digits and webbing of digits.
  • Progesterone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Progesterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Radial ray agenesis: A rare birth defect where the radius (forearm) bone and all of the bones involved with the thumb are absent. There may be a partial or complete absence of these bones. Teratogens have been associated with these sort of birth defects.
  • Radio renal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney, forearm and and thumb abnormalities.
  • Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, broad thumbs and toes, slanted palpebral fissures and hypoplastic maxilla.
  • Rubinstein-Taybi like syndrome: A condition characterized by numerous congenital abnormalities including small head, unusual facial features, short stature, broad thumb and big toe and mental retardation.
  • Sakati syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Sallis-Beighton syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized mainly by hand and foot abnormalities.
  • Samson-Gardner syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by premature fusion of skull bones, small skull, elbow fusion and thumb abnormalities. There is also an abnormal sack of fluid between the brain and the skull.
  • Scleroderma, systemic: A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved.
  • Seckel syndrome: A rare condition characterized by fetal and postnatal growth retardation, mental retardation and characteristic facial features.
  • Seckel-like syndrome, type Buebel: A rare syndrome characterized by dwarfism and other abnormalities characteristic of Seckel syndrome as well as hand and foot anomalies.
  • Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome:
  • Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by accelerated growth and other defects.
  • Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hydrops fetalis and various other severe abnormalities. The condition usually results in death within two months of birth.
  • Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal Dysplasia, Aggrecan Type: A very rare syndrome observed in 3 siblings and characterized primarily by various bone abnormalities.
  • Steinfeld syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by kidney abnormalities, single brain lobe and a heart defect.
  • Thumb deformity: Distortion of the thumb.
  • Thumb pain: A feeling of distress and agonycaused by the stimulation of pain nerve endings in the thumb
  • Thumb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the thumb on the hand.
  • Townes-Brocks Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by anal, hand, foot and ear abnormalities.
  • Trigonocephaly -- bifid nose -- acral anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prominent triangular shaped forehead, short head, bulbous nose, small jaw, large mouth, poor muscle tone and foot abnormalities.
  • Trigonocephaly -- broad thumbs: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by broad thumbs and a prominent triangular shaped forehead.
  • Tsao-Ellingson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • VACTERL hydrocephaly: A rare syndrome characterized by the VACTERL abnormalities (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital cardiac disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, radial dysplasia, limb defects) as well as a buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus).
  • Weaver Syndrome: A syndrome that is considered a variant of the Marshall-Smith syndrome
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • White matter hypoplasia corpus callosum agenesia mental retardation: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain development and mental retardation.
  • Winter Shortland Temple syndrome: A congenital syndrome characterised by multiple birth defects and dysmorphic features
  • Yunis Varon syndrome: A multisystem genetic disease that affects the skeletal system in particular

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Thumb deformity:

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