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Symptoms » Underdeveloped lungs » Glossary
 

Glossary for Underdeveloped lungs

Medical terms related to Underdeveloped lungs or mentioned in this section include:

  • Achondrogenesis: A type of dwarfism where the main limbs are short and the head and trunk are hydropic (contain an accumulation of clear fluid).
  • Achondrogenesis type 1A: A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal cartilage formation and growth of bones. Type 1A differs from other types by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 1A involves abnormal cartilage-forming cells (chondrocytes) whereas type 1B involves an abnormal cartilage matrix. Type 1B is the most severe disorder.
  • Allanson-Pantzar-McLeod syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal development of kidney tubules results in severe kidney problems that start during the fetal stage.
  • Ankylosis -- facial anomalies -- pulmonary hypoplasia syndrome: A rare familial syndrome characterized mainly by fused or stiff joints, facial anomalies and underdeveloped lungs.
  • Anophthalmia with pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare disorder characterized by absent or very small eyes and underdeveloped lung tissue.
  • Aphalangy -- hemivertebrae -- urogenital-intestinal dysgenesis: A rare congenital disorder characterized by missing fingers and toes, abnormal vertebrae and various malformations of the organs.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita -- pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities. Reduced fetal activity causes many of the problems.
  • Atresia of urethra: A rare congenital malformation where the urethra ends blindly which makes it unuseable by the body to eliminate urine. This usually results in death unless surgical intervention provides alternative communication between the bladder and the amniotic sac. In rare cases, there is an abnormal opening between the bladder and the rectum which allow the urine to drain. The inability of the fluid to pass out of the body of the fetus results in a reduced amount of amniotic fluid which in turn affects the development of the lungs.
  • Benazepril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Benazepril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Bentham-Driessen-Hanveld syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of undescended testes, long thin fingers and mental retardation.
  • Blomstrand syndrome: A rare lethal congenital condition characterized by abnormal bone development.
  • Boomerang dysplasia: A rare lethal disorder characterized by bone abnormalities (lack of bone ossification and missing bones) and a characteristic face.
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A condition which is characterized by dysplasia of the brochopulmonary vessels
  • Captopril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Captopril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Carbamazepine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Carbamazepine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cervical ribs, sprengel anomaly, anal atresia, urethral obstruction: A rare disorder characterized mainly by kidney and urinary system abnormalities, scoliosis and omphalocele. The features of the disorder are variable with male cases tending to be more severe than female cases. Only a few cases of this condition have been reported.
  • Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
  • Chondrodysplasia: An inherited disease where bones grow abnormally long, especially the arm and leg bones.
  • Chondrodysplasia punctata lethal neonatal: A rare skeletal disorder which results in the infant's death before or soon after birth. Symptoms include a variety of severe skeletal abnormalities and an enlarged head.
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Classical Potter syndrome: A term that describes the physical appearance that occurs when kidney disease results in a reduced volume of amniotic fluid. In the classical type, both kidneys are absent.
  • Congenital unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare disorder where one of the two lung structures fail to develop normally.
  • Deformity symptoms: Various types of deformity
  • Del(1) (q25-q32): A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q25-q32) of chromosome one is missing. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Diaphanospondylodysostosis: A rare disorder characterized by bone formation anomalies including a lack of bone formation in the spine during the fetal stage as well as kidney problems.
  • Diaphragmatic defect -- limb deficiency -- skull defect: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a defect in the diaphragm that allows some of the abdominal organs to move into the chest cavity, poor skull calcification and limb abnormalities involving missing or abnormal bones in the arms or legs.
  • Dup (2) (p22-p16): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case (fetus). The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Duplication 10p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Emanuel syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 11 is translocated with a portion of chromosome 22. The disorder involves a wide range of abnormalities such as kidney, genital and heart abnormalities, mental retardation, small head and failure to thrive.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fosinopril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fosinopril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Frontonasal dysplasia -- phocomelic upper limbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short arms, facial anomalies and various other abnormalities.
  • Game-Friedman-Paradice syndrome: A rare condition characterized by retarded growth, hydrocephaly, underdeveloped lungs and various other anomalies. The condition was observed in four offspring from one family.
  • Glutaric aciduria 2: A metabolic disorder involving an enzyme deficiency - electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxydoreductase. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of deficiency. The infant onset form is the most severe and often results in death. Severe cases usually develop during childhood or infancy and usually involve metabolic acidosis and its associated symptoms. Milder cases may simply present with muscle weakness initially that develops in adulthood. Some cases may involve additional symptoms such as heart, liver and kidney problems, facial anomalies and genital abnormalities.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hemolytic anaemia, lethal -- genital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities and hemolytic anemia which often causes death.
  • Hemolytic anemia, lethal -- genital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities and hemolytic anemia which often causes death.
  • Herrmann-Opitz craniosynostosi: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, skeletal abnormalities and an unusual facial appearance.
  • Hydroxychloroquine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroxychloroquine (an antimalarial drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Infant symptoms: Symptoms affecting babies and infants.
  • Johnson-Munson syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by missing fingers and toes, abnormal vertebrae and various malformations of the organs.
  • Larsen-like syndrome, lethal form: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by joint dislocations and breathing problems due to respiratory system abnormalities. The condition is a manifestation of abnormal collagen formation.
  • Lethal chondrodysplasia, Moerman type: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal bone development.
  • Lethal congenital contracture syndrome (LCCS): A rare inherited lethal disorder characterized by multiple congenital contractures. There are two main types caused by different genetic defects. Type 2 differs from type 1 in that it includes additional head, face and eye symptoms and hydrops, joint webbing and fractures were usually absent.
  • Lethal congenital contracture syndrome 1: A rare inherited lethal disorder characterized by multiple congenital contractures. Type 1 occurs as a result of a genetic defect on chromosome 9q34.
  • Lisinopril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lisinopril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Lissencephaly type III -- familial foetal akinesia sequence: A rare brain malformation where the surface of the brain is smoother than normal. Fetal akinesia sequence is also present and is characterized by the absence of fetal movement and degeneration of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Losartan -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Losartan during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Manouvrier syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the failure of the lungs to develop fully, heart defects and thumb abnormalities.
  • Maroteaux-Stanescu-Cousin syndrome: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal bone development.
  • Mebendazole -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Mebendazole during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked, Reish type: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, brain anomalies, skeletal malformations, intestinal problems, eye and ear anomalies, cleft palate and kidney abnormalities. Some infants with the disorder die soon after birth due to breathing problems. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Methotrexate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methotrexate during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Microphthalmia syndromic, type 9: A rare inherited disorder characterized by small or absent eyes and lung, heart and diaphragmatic abnormalities. The disorder is caused by a defect on the STRA6 gene.
  • Morse-Rawnsley-Sargent syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development and reduced fetal movement.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Nasopharyngeal teratoma with Dandy-Walker -- diaphragmatic hernia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a nasopharyngeal tumor, diaphragmatic hernia and the Dandy-Walker anomaly (brain cyst).
  • Novak syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly underdeveloped lungs and by an abnormal opening in the area of the larynx, trachea and esophagus.
  • Pena Shokeir syndrome, type 1: A rare congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities. Reduced fetal activity causes many of the problems.
  • Perinatal hypophosphatasia: An inherited bone disorder due to an inborn error of metabolism characterized by a severe deficiency of alkaline phosphate which results in death before or within days of birth.
  • Perinatal-lethal Gaucher disease: A disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. The foetal form is one of several forms of Gaucher disease and is the rarest. The fetal form causes death before birth or soon after.
  • Piepkorn karp hickoc syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short ribs, premature fusion of skull bones and webbed fingers.
  • Potter syndrome: A congenital condition involving absence of kidneys resulting in decreased amniotic fluid and compression of the fetus. The affected baby has leg deformities, poorly developed lungs and a wrinkled, flattened facial appearance and often don't survive.
  • Potter syndrome type 2: A term that describes the physical appearance that occurs when kidney disease results in a reduced volume of amniotic fluid. In type 2, one kidney is absent and the other is small and malformed.
  • Prednisone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Ptosis -- coloboma -- trigonocephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by droopy eyelids, coloboma and triogoncephaly as well as other variable features.
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia familial primary: A rare malformation where the lungs fail to develop properly. Death often occurs as a result.
  • Pyridostigmine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pyridostigmine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Quinapril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Quinapril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Raine syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density which ultimately results in death.
  • Ramipril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ramipril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Renal dysplasia -- limb defects syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal kidney development and various arm bone defects.
  • Renal dysplasia diffuse autosomal recessive: A rare inherited kidney defect which is inherited in a recessive manner.
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Rhabdomyomatous dysplasia -- cardiopathy -- genital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital anomalies, heart disease and lung problems.
  • Short limb dwarf lethal, Mcalister Crane type: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short arms and legs and resulting in stillbirth or infant death.
  • Short ribs -- craniosynostosis -- polysyndactyly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short ribs, premature fusion of skull bones and webbed fingers.
  • Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, Dandy-Walker: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities as well as the Dandy-Walker anomaly (brain cyst).
  • Stuve-Wiedemann dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, bowed long bones and permanent flexion of fingers.
  • Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, bowed long bones and permanent flexion of fingers.
  • Tetra-Amelia, Autosomal Recessive: A recessively inherited malformation syndrome characterized by absence of all four limbs. Various other malformations were also present.
  • Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
  • Urophathy distal obstructive polydactyly: A rare syndrome characterized by extra digits and an obstructive urinary system disorder.
  • VACTERL with hydrocephalus, X-linked: A rare X-linked syndrome characterized by the VACTERL abnormalities (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital cardiac disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, radial dysplasia, limb defects) as well as a buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus).

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Underdeveloped lungs:

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Conditions listing medical complications: Underdeveloped lungs:

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