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Symptoms » Vision disturbances » Glossary
 

Glossary for Vision disturbances

Medical terms related to Vision disturbances or mentioned in this section include:

  • 3 alpha methylglutaconicaciduria, type 3: A rare genetic condition where a gene mutation prevents the production of certain protein which leads to a build-up of an acid (3-methylglutaconic acid) which can have a negative impact on the body. The condition is characterized mainly by damage to the optic nerve.
  • Achard syndrome: An inherited connective tissue disorder characterized primarily by a short head, long, slender bones, recessed lower jaw and loose hand and foot joints.
  • Achromatopsia 3: A rare form of colorblindness which also involves myopia.
  • Achromatopsia with Myopia: A rare form of colorblindness which also involves myopia.
  • Adams Nance syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, small eyes and the presence of excess glycine in the urine.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy, autosomal, neonatal form: A rare inherited disorder involving the adrenal glands, testes and certain parts of the brain (white matter). It is a less severe form of leukodystrophy where an abnormality within the body cells prevents the metabolism of certain fats (long chain fatty acids).
  • Alpha-Mannosidosis: A rare condition which is characterized by a lysosomal storage defect.
  • Alport syndrome with leukocyte inclusions and macrothrombocytopenia: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes. End-stage kidney disease occurs in about a third of patients and tends to occur during the 3rd and 4th decades of life.
  • Alves Castelo dos Santos syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by hair, eye, skin and spinal abnormalities.
  • Aniridia: A genetic disorder where part or all of the iris of one or both eyes is missing. The iris is the colored part of the eye. There are four forms of the disease: AN-1, AN-II, AN-III and AN-IV.
  • Aniridia -- absent patella: A rare genetic condition characterized by an abnormal or missing kneecap as well as the absence of the iris of the eye.
  • Aniridia -- mental retardation syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation and absent irises.
  • Aniridia II: A genetic disorder where part or all of the iris of one or both eyes is missing. The iris is the colored part of the eye. There are four forms of the disease: AN-1, AN-II, AN-III and AN-IV. AN-II is often associated with other eye problems such as glaucoma and nystagmus.
  • Aniridia, type 2:
  • Anterior polar cataract 2: A rare, dominantly inherited type of cataract which is characterized by small opacities on the front surface of the eye lens. Vision is usually not affected and the cataract is not associated with any other abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 17p13.
  • Anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis: An eye disorder caused by a genetic anomaly. The degree of vision impairment various with the severity of the condition.
  • Aphakia: Absence of the lens of the eye - often due to cataract treatment. Also called aphacia.
  • Arachnodactyly -- ataxia -- cataract -- aminoaciduria -- mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by congenital cataracts, ataxia, mental retardation, abnormal amino acid metabolism and long, thin fingers.
  • Arachnoiditis: A progressive disorder where the arachnoid membrane becomes inflamed and the brain and spinal cord may also become inflamed.
  • Astigmatism: A condition which is characterized by ametropia caused by differences in the curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye
  • Autoimmune uveitis: Autoimmune inflammation of the eye's uvea.
  • Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic congenital nuclear cataract: A rare recessively inherited type of congenital cataract that is not associated with any other abnormality.
  • Back tumour: The presence of tumour growth in the vertebra, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Bassoe syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by hypogonadism, cataracts during infancy and muscle weakness.
  • Bosma-Henkin-Christiansen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a reduced sense of smell, an underdeveloped nose and hypogonadism.
  • Brachycephaly -- deafness -- cataract -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a short head, deafness, cataracts and mental retardation.
  • Brachycephaly -- deafness -- cataract -- microstomia -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a short head, deafness, cataracts and mental retardation.
  • Brachymetapody, anodontia, hypotrichosis, albinoidism: A rare syndrome characterized by short foot bones, total absence of teeth, reduced amount of hair and lack of skin pigmentation.
  • CAMFAK syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, small head, failure to thrive and spinal curvature.
  • CCFDN: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized by cataracts during infancy, unusual facial appearance and neuropathy.
  • Camurati-Engelmann Disease: A very rare genetic disease thickening of areas of bone causing pain, weakness and wasting. Usually affects the legs during childhood. Also called diaphyseal dysplasia.
  • Cardiomyopathy cataract hip spine disease: A rare genetic disorder characterized by heart muscle disease, cataracts and hip and spinal problems.
  • Cataract: A condition which is characterized by an opacity of the lens of the eye
  • Cataract -- Hypertrichosis -- Intellectual Deficit: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by excessive body hair (especially on the back, shoulders and sides of the face), cataracts and mental retardation.
  • Cataract -- ataxia -- deafness: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, ataxia and progressive deafness.
  • Cataract -- intellectual deficit -- anal atresia -- urinary defects: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, mental retardation and genitourinary tract abnormalities and absent anal opening.
  • Cataract Hutterite type: An inherited form of cataract that occurs in children and is not associated with any other abnormalities.
  • Cataract and cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataracts, heart muscle disease, lactic acidosis and skeletal muscle disease. The disorder involves the abnormal storage of lipids and glycogen in the skeletal and heart muscles. The cataracts progress rapidly and require surgery. The severity of the disorder ranges from stillbirth to survival into the fourth decade.
  • Cataract and congenital ichthyosis: A rare syndrome characterized by the presence of cataracts and a dry, scaly skin condition (ichthyosis) at birth or soon after.
  • Cataract congenital dominant non nuclear: A dominantly inherited form of cataract which varied in size, pattern and location of the lens opacities.
  • Cataract dental syndrome: A very rare inherited condition mainly involving eye abnormalities but also various other physical abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cataract skeletal anomalies: A condition characterized by the association of cataracts and skeletal anomalies. Variable other symptoms may also be present.
  • Cataract, Zonular Pulverulent 1: A genetic form of congenital cataract inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Diagnosis usually occurs in the first few years of life. Type 1 refers to the fact that this subtype is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q21.1.
  • Cataract, Zonular Pulverulent 3: A genetic form of congenital cataract inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Diagnosis usually occurs in the first few years of life. Type 3 refers to the fact that this subtype is linked to a defect on chromosome 13q11.
  • Cataract, anterior polar, dominant: A rare, dominantly inherited type of cataract which is characterized by small opacities on the front surface of the eye lens. Vision is usually not affected and the cataract is not associated with any other abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 14q24-qter.
  • Cataract, autosomal recessive congenital 2: A rare, recessively inherited, genetic eye disorder involving congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens).
  • Cataract, autosomal recessive congenital 3: A rare, recessively inherited, genetic eye disorder involving congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens). Type 3 is distinguished by the origin of the genetic defect which is linked to the cataracts.
  • Cataract, congenital nuclear, autosomal recessive 1: A rare recessively inherited type of congenital cataract that is not associated with any other abnormality. Type 1 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 19q13.
  • Cataract, congenital nuclear, autosomal recessive 2: A rare recessively inherited type of congenital cataract that is not associated with any other abnormality. Type 2 is caused by a mutation in the beta-B3 crystallin gene on chromosome 22q11.2-q12.2.
  • Cataract, congenital, Volkmann type: A dominantly inherited form of cataract that was observed in a family named Volkmann. Cataract surgery was required in most cases within the first 20 years of life.
  • Cataract, congenital, autosomal dominant: A dominantly inherited form of cataract.
  • Cataract, congenital, with microcornea or slight microphthalmia: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens) and slightly small eyes or small corneas.
  • Cataract, microphthalmia and nystagmus: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens), small eyes and rapid, involuntary eye movements.
  • Cataract, posterior polar, 1: An inherited form of cataract caused by a defect on chromosome 1pter-p36.1.
  • Cataract, posterior polar, 2: An inherited form of cataract caused by a defect in the CRYAB gene on chromosome 11q.
  • Cataract-microcornea syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly early onset cataracts, small corneas and myopia.
  • Cerebelloparenchymal autosomal recessive disorder 3: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by albinism, incoordination, low muscle tone and eye problems.
  • Cerebro-oculo-dento-auriculo-skeletal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the brain, eyes, teeth, ears and skeleton.
  • Cervenka's syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by joint and facial abnormalities as well as nearsightedness and degenerative eye problems.
  • Chemke-Oliver-Mallek syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye and finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 11, deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Chromosome 1q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q24: A genetic disorder characterized by the deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 2.
  • Chromosome 4 Ring: A rare chromosomal disorder where the ends of chromosome 4 have been deleted and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring shape resulting in a range of symptoms determined by the size and location of the genetic deletion.
  • Chromosome 4 ring syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the ends of chromosome 4 have been deleted and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring shape resulting in a range of symptoms determined by the size and location of the genetic deletion.
  • Chromosome 6, monosomy 6q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 6 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities depending on the location and length of missing genetic material.
  • Chromosome 6q deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 6 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities depending on the location and length of missing genetic material.
  • Chromosome 8 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 8 rather than the normal two which results in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 8, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 8 rather than the normal two which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chylomicron retention disease with Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A rare condition characterized by abnormal lipid metabolism, vitamin E deficiency, incoordination and short stature.
  • Cochleosaccular degeneration of the inner ear and progressive cataracts: A very rare syndrome characterized by cataracts and progressive damage of certain inner ear structures (cochlea and saccule) which results in progressive deafness and vision problems.
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Cohen-Hayden syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, eye defect and various growth abnormalities of the bone, skin and head.
  • Congenital cystic eye, multiple ocular and intracranial anomalies: A rare birth syndrome characterized by various eye and brain abnormalities, The eye abnormality is a developmental disorder where a large cyst forms instead of one eye. The size of the cyst is variable.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1/IIX: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type I/IIX refers to cases where the specific abnormality cannot be determined.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1I: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type Ii is caused by a defect on chromosome 9q22 and involves a defect on the ALG2 gene.
  • Cornea guttata with anterior polar cataract: A rare eye disorder characterized by cataracts and a corneal abnormality called guttata.
  • Craniolenticulosutural dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by skeletal defects and an unusual facial appearance consisting mainly of a prominent forehead, wide-set eyes, broad nose and a prominent forehead with a birthmark.
  • Craniostenosis cataract: A rare condition characterized by the association of cataracts and premature fusion of the skull bones.
  • Craniosynostosis -- cataract: A rare disorder characterized cataracts and the premature fusion of skull bones which gives the head an unusual shape.
  • Criswick-Schepens syndrome: A rare progressive eye disorder which can range in severity.
  • Crome syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by various abnormalities including mental retardation, epilepsy and eye and kidney problems.
  • Dahlberg syndrome: A rare condition characterized by hypoparathyroidism, nephropathy, congenital lymphedema, mitral valve prolapse and short end bones in fingers and toes.
  • Del (2) (q21-q24): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del (2) (q23-q34) mosaicism: A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del (3) (q12-q23): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Deletion 2q24: A genetic disorder characterized by the deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 2.
  • Deletion 6q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 6 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities depending on the location and length of missing genetic material.
  • Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase deficiency: A rare syndrome caused by an enzyme deficiency (Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase).
  • Dementia, familial Danish: A rare inherited form of dementia caused by the deposit of abnormal substances in the brain, spinal cord and retina and the degeneration of brain tissue. Deafness and cataracts usually started in the 20's with severe deafness occurring by the age of 45. Movement problems usually started after the age of 40 with death occurring in the 5th or 6th decade.
  • Dennis-Fairhurst-Moore syndrome: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by dwarfism, characteristic facial features, small eyes and reduced hair.
  • Diffuse leiomyomatosis with Alport syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by multiple tumors (in the esophagus, female genitals, trachea and bronchus) and Alport syndrome which involves progressive kidney dysfunction.
  • Digitorenocerebral syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by numerous abnormalities involving the brain, kidneys, fingers, toes, nails and face as well as mental retardation and vision impairment.
  • Dionisi-Vici-Sabetta-Gambarara syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain abnormality, cataract and immunodeficiency.
  • Diseases associated with senile cataract: It is a vision impairing disease characterised by gradual , progressive thickening of the lens.
  • Diseases related to congenital cataract: Congenital cataracts are usually diagnosed at birth. If a cataract goes undetected in an infant, permanent visual loss may ensue.
  • Dominant zonular cataract: A dominantly inherited form of cataract where only some of the layers of the eye lens are affected.
  • Dup (1) (q25-qter) and del (18p): A very rare chromosomal disorder (single reported case) where the end portion of the long arm (q25-qter) of chromosome one is duplicated and the short arm of chromosome 18 is missing.
  • Dup (1) (q42-qter) & del (18p): A rare chromosomal disorder which manifests as various physical and mental abnormalities. Patients tend to die within the first couple of decades but the condition is poorly defined.
  • Dup (2) (pter-p23): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (2) (q32-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (pter-p25.1) and del (12) (pter-p13.3): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q25-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in a few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q26.2-qter) and del (18p): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in two reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dwarfism -- stiff joint -- ocular abnormalities: A very rare form of dwarfism characterized by short stature as well as stiff joints and eye abnormalities.
  • Dysequilibrium syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and nonprogressive incoordination.
  • Dystrophia myotonica 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by myotonia, muscle atrophy, cataracts and hypogonadism.
  • Electrical burns: Burns caused when an electric current pass through the body or part of it. The symptoms and severity of the burn depends on the strength of the electrical current, the duration of the exposure and the part of the body involved. Prompt treatment in more severe cases can improve the prognosis.
  • Enhanced S-Cone Syndrome: A rare inherited form of eye disease.
  • Epimetaphyseal dysplasia cataract: A rare condition characterized mainly by the association of cataracts with bone abnormalities.
  • Erythromycin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Erythromycin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, X-linked, recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive X-linked manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal dominant: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a dominant manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition is variable.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative retinopathy, familial: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a familial manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 3: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11p13-p12. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 4: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q13.4. It can be inherited in a dominant or recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Eye symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Faciooculoacousticorenal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by facial, eye, ear and kidney abnormalities.
  • Fechtner syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes.
  • Fine-Lubinsky syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a short head, deafness, cataracts and mental retardation.
  • Finlay-Markes syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scalp, nipple and ear abnormalities.
  • Glaucoma: A condition which affects the eye and characterized by an increase in the intraocular pressure
  • Glutaric aciduria 2: A metabolic disorder involving an enzyme deficiency - electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxydoreductase. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of deficiency. The infant onset form is the most severe and often results in death. Severe cases usually develop during childhood or infancy and usually involve metabolic acidosis and its associated symptoms. Milder cases may simply present with muscle weakness initially that develops in adulthood. Some cases may involve additional symptoms such as heart, liver and kidney problems, facial anomalies and genital abnormalities.
  • Goldstein-Hutt syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, excessive eyelash growth and and a blood abnormality (the red blood cells are spherical instead of doughnut shaped which makes them fragile).
  • HARD syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a smooth brain surface and eye, genitourinary and other abnormalities.
  • HARD syndrome (Hydrocephalus -- agyria -- retinal dysplasia): A rare genetic disorder characterized by a smooth brain surface and eye, genitourinary and other abnormalities.
  • HEC syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by excess fluid inside the skull, cataracts and thickening of the heart.
  • Hajdu-Cheney Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by early tooth loss, relaxed joints, small stature and bone abnormalities.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heckenlively syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by eye anomalies, behavioral problems and abnormal amino acid metabolism.
  • Hip cancer: The presence of tumour growth in the bone of the hip, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast; cancer affecting bone of hip likely to affect other bones e.g. vertebra, ribs
  • Hornova-Dlurosova syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation and amyloid (abnormal protein) deposits in the eyelids and gums.
  • Hyperammonemia -- hypoornithinemia -- hypocitrullinemia -- hypoargininemia -- hypoprolinemia: A rare syndrome caused by an enzyme deficiency (Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase).
  • Hyperferritinemia, hereditary with congenital cataracts: A rare disorder characterized by high levels of ferritin in the blood and cataracts that usually occur during infancy.
  • Hyperopia: Inability to focus on close objects.
  • Hypomyelination -- congenital cataract: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataract with progressive neurological impairment due to progressive demyelination.
  • Hypomyelination and congenital cataract: An inherited disorder characterized by congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment due to reduced myelination of nerves.
  • Hypoparathyroidism X-linked: Low parathyroid levels inherited in a X-linked manner and hence only males are symptomatic and females are asymptomatic carriers.
  • Hypopigmented lesions in children: Hypopigmented lesions in children refers are sores or ulcers that are colorless or have lost color in a child.
  • IBIDS syndrome: A rare inherited skin disorder characterized by red, dry, scaly skin (I - ichthyosis), brittle hair (B), impaired physical and mental development (I), decreased fertility (D) and short stature (S). It is the same as PIBIDS syndrome but doesn't involve photosensitivity.
  • Incontinentia Pigmenti: A rare genetic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by eye, teeth, bone, nail and hair malformations as well as central nervous abnormalities and mental deficiency.
  • Infantile spasms -- broad thumbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Intellectual deficit -- cataracts -- calcified pinnae -- myopathy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, cataracts, muscle disease and calcified ear cartilage. The muscle wasting starts in the lower legs and eventually involves the small hand muscles.
  • Intraocular melanoma: A type of cancer that develops from pigment producing cells in the eye. The cancer can occur in the iris, choroids or ciliary body. The melanoma may metastasize in some cases. The condition is often asymptomatic.
  • Johnson-Hall-Krous syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by cataracts, cleft palate, high nose bridge, extra finger and tongue abnormalities.
  • Joubert Syndrome 9: Joubert syndrome is a rare congenital neurological disorder characterized mainly by a brain anomaly where the cerebellar vermis is underdeveloped. This part of the brain is responsible to for balance and coordination. Most of the symptoms are of a neurological type. There are ten subtypes of the disorder, each with a different origin for the genetic anomaly. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 4p15.3.
  • Kahrizi Syndrome: A rare syndrome and characterized by the association of mental retardation, cataracts, coloboma and kyphosis. The condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and was observed in 3 siblings whose parents were possibly related.
  • Karandikar-Maria-Kamble syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, mental retardation, genitourinary tract abnormalities and absent anal opening.
  • Karsch-Neugenbauer syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a split hand deformity, cataracts and rapid involuntary eye movements.
  • Kozlowski-Rafinski-Klicharska syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal bone development, cataracts and an unusual face.
  • Lamellar Cataract: A form of cataract where the opacity only affects some of the layers of the eye lens i.e. the layers outside the nucleus.
  • Lanzietri syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head and face abnormalities, dwarfism and absence of an lower leg bone (fibula).
  • Leg absence -- deformity -- cataract: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by missing bones in one leg, cataracts and progressive spinal curvature.
  • Leiomyomatosis of esophagus, cataract and hematuria: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, benign esophageal tumors and kidney cell cancer.
  • Leiomyomatosis of oesophagus, congenital cataract and hematuria: A rare disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, blood in urine and the development of tumors in the esophagus called a leiomyoma. A leiomyoma is a benign tumor that originates from smooth muscle tissue. These tumors may also be present in the female genital tract and possible in other parts of the body.
  • Leprosy, susceptibility to, 1: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves. The range of manifestations and severity of symptoms is quite variable. Researchers have discovered a number of genetic mutations linked to an increased susceptibility to leprosy. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10p13.
  • Leprosy, susceptibility to, 2: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves. The range of manifestations and severity of symptoms is quite variable. Researchers have discovered a number of genetic mutations linked to an increased susceptibility to leprosy. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 6q25.2-q27.
  • Leprosy, susceptibility to, 3: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves. The range of manifestations and severity of symptoms is quite variable. Researchers have discovered a number of genetic mutations linked to an increased susceptibility to leprosy. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 4q32 and 4p14.
  • Leprosy, susceptibility to, 4: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves. The range of manifestations and severity of symptoms is quite variable. Researchers have discovered a number of genetic mutations linked to an increased susceptibility to leprosy. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Lipidosis with triglyceride storage disease: A very disorder involving abnormal storage of fat (triglycerides in parts of the body). The condition causes blood abnormalities as well as skin, eye and hearing problems.
  • Loose anagene syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized mainly by easily removed hair that grows back rapidly. The condition affects mostly blond or dark blond females and it often improves after puberty.
  • Lundberg II syndrome: A rare syndrome involving cataracts, reduced hormone production by ovaries or testes and myopathy which mainly involves the facial and muscles close to the trunk.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren I: A rare condition characterized by cerebellar ataxia, speaking difficulty, mental retardation, short stature and tooth, hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Martsolf syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, cataracts, small head and hypogonadism (reduced production of hormones by ovaries or testes).
  • Melanoma of the ciliary body: A type of eye cancer that occurs in the pigment-producing cells of the ciliary body which is located between the iris and the choroid.
  • Mental retardation -- short stature -- microcephaly -- eye anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, short stature, small head and eye abnormalities. It has only been reported in one family.
  • Mental retardation cataracts calcified pinnae myopathy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, cataracts, muscle disease and calcified ear cartilage. The muscle wasting starts in the lower legs and eventually involves the small hand muscles.
  • Methylmalonic aciduria -- microcephaly -- cataract: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by excess methylmalonic acid in the urine, small head and cataracts.
  • Micro syndrome: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized by intellectual impairment, small head, various eye problems, small genitals and abnormal brain development.
  • Microcephalic osteodysplastic dysplasia, Saul-Wilson type: A rare skeletal disorder characterized by various abnormalities including short stature, short digits, cataracts and small head.
  • Microcephalic primordial dwarfism, Toriello type: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by dwarfism, mental retardation and other anomalies.
  • Microcephaly, Growth Retardation, Cataract, Hearing Loss, and Unusual Appearance: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of a small head, retarded growth, cataracts, hearing loss and an unusual facial appearance. It was reported in a brother and sister.
  • Microcornea -- cataract -- coloboma syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by cataracts, small corneas and a coloboma (hole in the iris).
  • Microphthalmia -- cataract: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by small eyes and cataracts.
  • Microphthalmia syndromic, type 5: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by small eyes and various other abnormalities. The symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Microphthalmis, isolated, with cataract 1: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens) and small eyes.
  • Microphthalmis, isolated, with cataract 4: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens) and small eyes. The various types differ in the origin of the genetic defect. Type 4 involves a defect on chromosome 22q11.2-q13.1. Type 1 involves a defect on chromosome 16p13.3 and type 2 involves chromosome 14q23.
  • Midline craniofacial anomalies and morning glory disc anomaly: A rare syndrome involving the association of midline skull and facial defects and morning glory disc anomaly - a rare birth defect of the optic papilla which is the part of the eye where the optic nerve emerges. The eye defect usually only affects one eye. The features are variable to some degree.
  • Myopathy mitochondrial -- cataract: A rare disorder characterized by muscle weakness and cataracts.
  • Myopathy, Mitochonrdrial Progressive, with Congenital Cataract, Hearing Loss and Developmental Delay: A rare condition characterized by muscle disease, congenital cataracts, hearing loss and developmental delay.
  • Myopia: Nearsightedness
  • Noble-Bass-Sherman syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by various eye anomalies.
  • Norrie Disease: A rare form of blindness that occurs at birth or soon after due to eye defects. The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Norrie syndrome: A rare form of blindness that occurs at birth or soon after due to eye defects. The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Ocular melanoma: A type of cancer that develops in the eye. The cancer develops from pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. This cancer becomes more common with increasing age.
  • Oculocerebral hypopigmentation syndrome, type Preus: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, brain and pigmentation abnormalities.
  • Opitc atrophy and cataract, autosomal dominant: A very rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by progressive optic nerve dysfunction, cataracts and neurological symptom. The neurological symptoms are usually very mild or don't even occur.
  • Optic Atrophy 3, Autosomal Dominant: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive dysfunction of the optic nerve which results in vision impairment. Vision impairment ranges from moderate to severe. Type 3 is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 19q13.2-q13.3.
  • Optic atrophy and cataract, autosomal dominant: A very rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by progressive optic nerve dysfunction, cataracts and neurological symptom. The neurological symptoms are usually very mild or don't even occur.
  • Optic nerve disorder: Any condition which impairs the function of the optic nerve. Examples of such conditions includes glaucoma, optic nerve inflammation and impaired blood supply to the optic nerve.
  • Orbit Tumour: Tumour growing in the eye socket (space behind or surrounding the eyeball); may be benign or malignant or due to secondary growth from another malignancy
  • Ossified Ear cartilages with Mental deficiency, Muscle Wasting and Bony Changes: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, cataracts, muscle disease and calcified ear cartilage. The muscle wasting starts in the lower legs and eventually involves the small hand muscles.
  • PIBIDS syndrome: A rare inherited skin disorder characterized by photosensitivity (P), red, dry, scaly skin (I - ichthyosis), brittle hair (B), impaired physical and mental development (I), decreased fertility (D) and short stature (S). It is the same as IBIDS syndrome but involves photosensitivity.
  • Pellagra-like syndrome: A rare disorder where the body is unable to metabolise tryptophan which causes a distinctive skin rash and neurological symptoms.
  • Peters anomaly with cataract: A rare genetic eye disorder where abnormal development of the eye structures leads to corneal opacities and cataracts.
  • Pierson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small pupil and kidney disease at birth.
  • Polyneuropathy, Hearing Loss, Ataxia, Retinitis Pigmentosa and Cataract: A very rare, recessively inherited condition characterized by the association of vision, hearing and neurological problems. The condition generally starts during the second decade of life and progresses slowly.
  • Primerose syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, cataracts, muscle disease and calcified ear cartilage. The muscle wasting starts in the lower legs and eventually involves the small hand muscles.
  • Primrose Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, cataracts, muscle disease and calcified ear cartilage. The muscle wasting starts in the lower legs and eventually involves the small hand muscles.
  • Progressive neurodegeneration -- joint laxity -- cataract: A rare syndrome caused by an enzyme deficiency (Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase).
  • Proteus like syndrome mental retardation eye defect: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, eye defect and various growth abnormalities of the bone, skin and head.
  • Pseudo-torch syndrome: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by a small head, eye disease and brain abnormalities. The symptoms are often very similar to another disorder caused by certain infections during pregnancy.
  • Retinopathy of prematurity: Eye problems that occur in premature underweight infants who are exposed to a high oxygen environment.
  • Retinopathy pigmentary -- intellectual deficit: A rare syndrome characterized by eye disease and mental retardation.
  • Retinopathy pigmentary mental retardation: A rare genetic condition characterized by degeneration of retinal pigments, cataracts, small head and mental retardation.
  • Retinopathy, pigmentary and mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized by eye disease and mental retardation.
  • Retinoschisis with early hemeralopia: A rare inherited form of eye disease.
  • Rib symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ribs
  • Rubella virus antenatal infection: A rare disorder caused by exposure of the fetus to maternal rubella and resulting in a range of abnormalities and fetal death is also possible.
  • Scalp -- ear -- nipple syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scalp, nipple and ear abnormalities.
  • Schafer syndrome: A disorder characterized mainly by thickened skin on the palms and soles, white patches in mouth, mental and growth retardation and hair, nail and eye abnormalities.
  • Seow-Najjar syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal tooth enamel, cataracts and a brain abnormality. The brain abnormality involves a narrowed duct (aqueduct of Sylvius) which connects the third and fourth ventricle and allows brain and spinal fluid to pass through.
  • Singh-Chhaparwal-Dhanda syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, mental retardation, eye defects and a missing kneecap.
  • Slavotinek hurst syndrome: A very rare inherited syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, short stature, learning difficulties, skeletal abnormalities and a motor system disorder.
  • Slavotinek-Pike-Mills-Hurst syndrome: A very rare inherited syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, short stature, learning difficulties, skeletal abnormalities and a motor system disorder.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 2: A rare, recessively inherited brain disorder characterized by ataxia and mental retardation. The severity of the disorder is variable and the condition is nonprogressive.
  • Split hand split foot nystagmus: A very rare syndrome characterized by a split deformity of the hands and feet as well as nystagmus.
  • Spondylo-ocular syndrome: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by eye and spinal abnormalities.
  • Stickler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities.
  • Stickler Syndrome, type I: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 12q13.11-q13.2
  • Stickler Syndrome, type II: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 1p21
  • Stickler's syndrome: A condition which is characterized by a hereditary progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy
  • Syndactyly -- cataract -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by webbed fingers and toes, cataract and mental retardation.
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Tetra-Amelia, Autosomal Recessive: A recessively inherited malformation syndrome characterized by absence of all four limbs. Various other malformations were also present.
  • Tetraamelia -- multiple malformations: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a lack of arm and leg bones (hands and feet are still present) as well as other malformations.
  • Total colorblindness with Myopia: A rare form of colorblindness which also involves myopia.
  • Transient ischemic attack: temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of the brain, resulting in brief neurologic dysfunction that persists, by definition, for less than 24 hours.
  • Trichomegaly cataract hereditary spherocytosis: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, excessive eyelash growth and a blood abnormality (the red blood cells are spherical instead of doughnut shaped which makes them fragile).
  • Tsao-Ellingson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • Upper limb defect eye and ear abnormalities: A rare disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumb and ear, deafness and an eye defect.
  • Urban Schosser Spohn syndrome: A condition which is characterised by hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia
  • Usher syndrome, type 1C: A rare inherited disorder characterized by sensorineural deafness and progressive vision loss which starts during the first decade of life and blindness usually occurs between 20-35 years of age. Symptoms are generally more severe than in type 2 with deafness occurring at birth or during first year and vision loss starting during childhood. The defect occurs on chromosome 11p15.1.
  • Uveitis: A condition which is the result of inflammation of the uvea
  • Vasovagal attack: Cranial nerve disorder with various effects.
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome: A genetic disorder which can present with a wide range of phenotypic manifestations which has lead to a number of different names being assigned to the various presentations e.g. DiGeorge Syndrome and Cayler Anomaly Face Syndrome. There are nearly 200 different symptoms that can occur and the severity of the condition is also highly variable depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms that are present.
  • Vision changes: Any change in vision or sight.
  • Vision distortion: Distortions or changes to vision
  • Vision disturbances in children: Vision disturbances in children is a condition in which a child experiences any type of change or abnormality in eyesight.
  • Visual problems: Any problems which might occur that affect ones vision
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by poliosis and hair, skin, eye and ear abnormalities as well as retinal detachment and neurological involvement.
  • WAGR Syndrome: A syndrome that is due to the deletion of chromosome 11.
  • Wagner syndrome 1: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by the early onset of cataracts, retinal degeneration and retinal detachment
  • Wagner-Stickler Syndrome: There is confusion about whether Wagner and Stickler disease are actually extremes of the same disorder and thus the term Wagner-Stickler syndrome is sometimes used. Both conditions involve varying degrees of degeneration of eye structures with Stickler syndrome also involving other variable symptoms such as deafness and facial, oral and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Walker Dyson syndrome: A syndrome that is characterised by mental retardation, aniridia and vision problems.
  • Weleber Hecht Bigley syndrome: A syndrome that is characterised by cataract hyperostosis and dislocating patella
  • Wilms tumor -- aniridia -- genitourinary anomalies -- mental retardation: A syndrome resulting from deletion of genetic material from chromosome the short arm of chromosome 11 (11p13). The characteristic symptoms are partial or complete absence of iris, genitourinary anomalies, mental retardation and Wilms' tumor. The specific range and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the size and exact location of the genetic material that is missing.
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.
  • Zonular Cataract: A form of cataract where the opacity only affects some of the layers of the eye lens i.e. the layers outside the nucleus.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Vision disturbances:

The following list of conditions have 'Vision disturbances' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Vision disturbances:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Vision disturbances' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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