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Glossary for Women's health symptoms

Medical terms related to Women's health symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 11q Partial Trisomy: A very rare genetic disorder caused by a duplication of part of chromosome 11q. The characteristic symptoms of the disorder are delayed growth before and after birth, mental retardation (varying severity) and skull and facial defects. The type and severity of symptoms that can occur are variable.
  • 18p minus syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • 3-Beta-HSD, Deficiency of: A rare condition where the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase) results in reduced levels of adrenal hormones - mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and sex steroids. The condition results in variable degrees of salt wasting and abnormal sexual organ development depending on the level of deficiency.
  • 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase deficiency: A rare condition where the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase) results in reduced levels of adrenal hormones - mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and sex steroids. The condition results in variable degrees of salt wasting and abnormal sexual organ development depending on the level of deficiency.
  • 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase, Type II, Deficiency of: A rare condition where the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase) results in reduced levels of adrenal hormones - mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and sex steroids. The condition results in variable degrees of salt wasting and abnormal sexual organ development depending on the level of deficiency.
  • 3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria: A rare inborn metabolic disorder which causes brain and facial anomalies, seizures and growth problems.
  • 3-M Syndrome: A rare genetic condition which is characterized by distinctive physical features and severe growth retardation that starts during the fetal stage. Intelligence is not affected.
  • 46,XX Gonadal dysgenesis epibulbar dermoid: A rare disorder characterized by gonad abnormalities and an eye disorder called epibulbar dermoid.
  • 46,XX chromosome 7 deletion p13-p21: A chromosomal disorder where a small portion of chromosome 7 is deleted which results in a range of abnormalities.
  • 46,XX testicular DSD: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.
  • 46,XX testicular disorder of sex development: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.
  • 47,XXX syndrome: A genetic condition where females have an extra X chromosome in each of their cells. Normally female cells have two X chromosomes. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • ACE Inhibitors -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of ACE Inhibitors during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. The related description Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be a more modern description of the disease.

    Misdiagnosis of ADD is a well-known controversy in the sense that cases of hyperactivity in children may be over-diagnosed. There is a tendency for parents to seek and doctors to prescribe the drug Ritalin even in cases where the diagnosis of ADD or ADHD may be incorrect. Alternative diagnoses include normal child behavior (i.e. just an active child), food intolerances, or other behavioral disorders (see misdiagnosis of ADD).

    On the other hand, ADD is under-diagnosed in adults, with a large number of adults having ADD without knowing it; see misdiagnosis of Adult ADD.

  • ADHD-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • APECED Syndrome: APECED is a recessively inherited genetic disease characterized by the presence of two of the following three conditions: impaired parathyroid function, yeast infection (candidiasis) and impaired adrenal gland function (Addison's disease). It is an autoimmune disease resulting from a genetic defect. The body's immune system malfunctions and attacks it's own body tissues.
  • Aase-Smith I syndrome: A very rare hereditary syndrome characterized by deformities such as joint contractures, anemia, hydrocephalus and cleft palate.
  • Abdominal Cancer: Growth of abnormal cells (tumour) affecting the organs in the abdominal cavity; may be due to primary growth of a tumour or spread from another tumour (metastases, secondary tumour)
  • Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy: Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy are spasms of pain felt in the region between the lowest line of the ribs and the pubic/pelvic bones.
  • Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy: Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy is an unpleasant sensation felt in the region between the lower border of the ribs and the pelvis.
  • Abdominal Distension in Pregnancy: Abdominal Distension/Abdominal Fullness in Pregnancy is the sensation or appearance of the abdomen being enlarged more than expected.
  • Abdominal Fullness in Pregnancy: Abdominal Fullness in Pregnancy is the sensation or appearance of the abdomen being enlarged more than expected.
  • Abdominal Guarding in Pregnancy: Abdominal Guarding in Pregnancy is voluntary or involuntary muscle contraction of the abdominal wall, preventing the examiner from feeling the deeper contents of the abdomen and protecting the examinee from pain produced by the examination.
  • Abdominal Mass in Pregnancy: Abdominal Mass in Pregnancy is a lump felt under the skin, within the abdominal cavity.
  • Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy: Moderate to severe discomfort in the abdomen, occurring during pregnancy, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy is a painful sensation felt in the region between the lower border of the ribs and the pelvis.
  • Abdominal cramps during pregnancy: Intermittant discomfort in the abdomen, related to abdominal muscles or internal organs, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal mass in adults: An abdominal mass in adults is a lump or growth in an adult's abdomen.
  • Abdominal pain in adults: Abdominal pain in adults refers to abdominal discomfort that occurs in adults.
  • Abdominal pain in the second trimester: Abdominal pain in the second trimester refers to pain, cramping, or discomfort that occurs in the abdomen during the second trimester of pregnancy.
  • Abdominal pain that worsens with menses: also known as dysmenorrhea
  • Abdominal rebound tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal rebound tenderness in pregnancy is the feeling of pain that occurs immediately after an examiner removes the hand with which he/she has been palpating the abdomen.
  • Abdominal swelling in pregnancy: Abdominal swelling in pregnancy is a lump or enlarged area felt under the skin, within the abdominal cavity.
  • Aberrant behaviour in pregnancy: Aberrant behaviour in pregnancy is a deviation from the woman's usual, expected manner or attitude.
  • Abnormal Liver Function Tests in Pregnancy: Abnormal Liver Function Tests in Pregnancy are found when a doctor orders a liver screen in response to abnormal symptoms in a pregnant woman.
  • Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy: Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy is a change in the usual appearance of the way an adult woman moves when ambulating.
  • Abnormal infrequent menstrual bleeding: also known as oligomenorrhea is the infrequent uterine bleeding episodes with intervals of more than 35 days
  • Abnormal thinking in pregnancy: Abnormal thinking in pregnancy is a deviation from the woman's usual, expected thought processes or attitude.
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding: The loss of blood from the uterus that varies from that which is considered normal
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding: refers to vaginal bleeding at any time during the menstrual cycle other than normal menstruation
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding in children: Abnormal vaginal bleeding in children is any kind of bleeding or hemorrhage from the vagina in a girl who has not yet reached menses or puberty.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding in pregnancy: Bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy that occurs after conception but before the onset of labour.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge: Abnormal vaginal discharge includes any type of discharge from the vagina that is not expected or typical, is heavier than usual, is bloody, is more watery than usual, and/or has an unusual smell.
  • Abortion: The loss of an intrauterine pregnancy prior to viability of the fetus.
  • Abortion in pregnancy: Abortion in pregnancy, also known as a miscarriage, refers to the loss of the foetus before viability in a woman who is pregnant. Therapeutic abortion refers to the deliberate use of medical or surgical techniques to terminate a pregnancy.
  • Abrupt Mood Swings in Pregnancy: Abrupt Mood Swings in Pregnancy are the rapid change in mental state from positive to negative and back again.
  • Abruptio Placentae in Pregnancy: Abruptio placentae, or placental abruption refers to the separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus before delivery of the foetus in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Abruptio placentae: A condition which is characterized by the premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus
  • Absence of vaginal bleeding: also called amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation in a women of reproductive age group. It maybe be primary or secondary
  • Absent anal opening: Absent anal opening is an abnormal condition in which there is no orifice or opening to create an anus at the end of the digestive tract.
  • Absent menses: amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women where body hair grows in a masculine manner. Hormonal therapy is used to correct the endocrine imbalance.
  • Aches in pregnancy: Aches in pregnancy are physical areas of discomfort felt in any part of the body, but usually confined to the torso, including the pelvis and ribs. Aching legs are also common.
  • Achondrogenesis: A type of dwarfism where the main limbs are short and the head and trunk are hydropic (contain an accumulation of clear fluid).
  • Achondrogenesis type 1A: A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal cartilage formation and growth of bones. Type 1A differs from other types by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 1A involves abnormal cartilage-forming cells (chondrocytes) whereas type 1B involves an abnormal cartilage matrix. Type 1B is the most severe disorder.
  • Achondrogenesis type 1A and 1B: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by a low nasal bridge, very short limbs and incomplete bone formation of lower spine.
  • Achondrogenesis type 1B: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by a low nasal bridge, very short limbs and incomplete bone formation of lower spine.
  • Achondrogenesis type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by very small stature, abnormal bone formation and early death.
  • Achondrogenesis, Langer-Saldino Type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by very small stature, abnormal bone formation and early death.
  • Achondrogenesis, type 3: Severely abnormal bone development which invariably results in death before or soon after birth. Type III may actually be a part of achondrogenesis type II.
  • Acid Reflux in pregnancy: Acid Reflux in pregnancy is the movement of the acid contents of the stomach through the gastro-oesophageal sphincter up into the oesophagus, causing a burning, pain or discomfort in the chest, commonly known as heartburn.
  • Acne in pregnancy: Acne in pregnancy is the inflammation and bacterial infection of skin pores that can occur more commonly in pregnancy.
  • Acne-like rash in pregnancy: Acne-like rash in pregnancy is the appearance of a rash with raised red pimples and inflamed skin.
  • Acquired angioedema: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. The disorder occurs in patients with lymphoproliferative or autoimmune disorders which result in the dysfunction of a complex blood protein called C1 inhibitor.
  • Acquired angioedema, type 1: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. The disorder occurs in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders which affects the function of a complex blood protein called C1 inhibitor.
  • Acquired angioedema, type 2: A rare disorder characterized by recurring episodes of swelling of parts of the skin or mucous membranes. Sometimes internal organs may be involved. Type 2 is an autoimmune disorder where patients develop autoantibodies which destroy the function of C1 esterase inhibitor.
  • Acquired prothrombin deficiency: A deficiency of prothrombin (vital for blood clotting) which is acquired through other conditions such as liver disease, anticoagulant drugs or vitamin K deficiency. The severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of deficiency.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Catania form: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Catania form is very rare.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Preis type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Preis type is very rare and the range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Rodriguez type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Rodriguez type is very rare and primarily involves severe limb and organ malformations.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Nager type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, forearm and cheekbones as well as ear defects.
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Acrorenal syndrome: A rare lethal syndrome characterized limb anomalies and kidney malformations.
  • Acrorenal syndrome recessive: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized by the association of kidney and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • Actinomycosis: A chronic infection usually caused by an organism normally found in human bowels and mouths. The disease usually affects the face and neck and results in deep, lumpy abscesses that emit a grainy pus through multiple sinuses.
  • Acute (or transient) urinary incontinence: Acute (or Transient) Incontinence is caused by a new or recent medical problem that can be treated.
  • Acute Dyspnoea in pregnancy: acute dyspnoea in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of difficulty breathing occurring in a pregnant woman.
  • Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy: Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is the sudden onset of abdominal pain in the pregnant woman.
  • Acute acid reflux into mouth during pregnancy: Reflux-like vomiting in pregnancy is the movement of the acid contents of the stomach through the gastro-oesophageal sphincter up into the oesophagus, causing a burning, pain or discomfort in the chest, commonly known as heartburn and followed by an episode of vomiting.
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute chronic vaginal pain: pathologies of the vagina
  • Acute concentration difficulty in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute difficulty concentrating at work: is mostly related to stress
  • Acute epididymitis:
  • Acute flank pain in pregnancy: Acute flank pain in pregnancy is a feeling of discomfort to the sides of the abdomen. This may occur on one side or both, which may give a clue as to its cause.
  • Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute herpes-like penile ulcers: formation of vesicles similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Acute herpes-like vaginal ulcers: formation of vaginal ulcers similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Acute hyperactivity in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute inattention in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute leukaemia of ambiguous lineage: A term used to describe a type of leukemia (a blood cancer) where the leukemic cells cannot be determined as myeloid or lymphoid or where both types of cells are present.
  • Acute liver pain in pregnancy: Acute liver pain in pregnancy is pain under the ribs on the right side of the upper abdomen. This pain may or may not actually arise from the liver, so other potential causes are also listed.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 1: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of immature blood cells (blast cells).
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 2: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 3: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 3 involves the proliferation of promyelocytes.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 6: A rare form of malignant bone marrow cancer involving the rapid proliferation of immature precursors of blood cells. Type 6 involves the proliferation of the immature precursors of red blood cells called erythroblasts.
  • Acute myelocytic leukemia: A malignant cancer of blood-forming tissues resulting in a high number of immature leukocytes. Symptoms include soft bleeding gums, anemia, fatigue, fever, dyspnea, moderate splenomegaly, joint and bone pains and frequent infections. Also called acute granulocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, myeloid leukemia, splenomedullary leukemia, splenomyelogenous leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to alkylating agent: The use of alkylating agents to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes related to topoisomerase type II inhibitor: The use of topoisomerase type II inhibitors to treat cancer can result in leukemia in some patients.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes, therapy related: Certain cancer therapies can result in the development of leukemia in some patients. These therapies includes topoisomerase type II inhibitors and alkylating agents.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, adult: A form of blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, associated with vomiting.
  • Acute nausea in pregnancy: Acute nausea in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, often associated with vomiting.
  • Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets. It is one of the most common forms of leukemia in adults but can occur in children.
  • Acute oophoritis:
  • Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy: Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy is the sudden onset of pain in the region of the vagina and pelvis, occurring during intercourse whilst pregnant.
  • Acute pain when walking in pregnancy: Acute pain when walking in pregnancy refers to pain in the region of the hips, lower back and pelvis, occurring in the ambulant woman during pregnancy and often increasing with gestation.
  • Acute poor glucose tolerance in pregnancy: Acute poor glucose tolerance in pregnancy is usually detected at a routine blood test in the late 2nd trimester.
  • Acute poorly controlled diabetes symptoms in pregnancy: Acute poorly controlled diabetes symptoms in pregnancy refers to elevated blood sugar levels (causing polyuria, polydipsia etc), or low blood sugar levels (causing light-headedness etc).
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia: A rare bone marrow cancer characterized by a lack of mature blood cells and excessive amounts of immature blood cells (promyelocytes).
  • Acute prostate blockage like symptoms: conditions which cause acute symptoms similar to that when there is a blockage to prostate secretions
  • Acute prostate pain symptoms: conditions which cause acute pain similar to that of pain due to a prostatic pathology
  • Acute prostate symptoms: acute symptoms related to the prostate includes painful micturition, hestiatancy and frequency of micturition
  • Acute prostate-related urinary dribbling: weak urinary stream
  • Acute prostate-related urinary symptoms: Symptoms include urinary frequency, urgency, urgency incontinence, voiding at night (nocturia), weak urinary stream, hesitency (needing to wait for the stream to begin), intermittency (when the stream starts and stops intermittently), straining to void, dysuria (burning sensation in the urethra), and dribbling
  • Acute prostate-related weak urinary stream: weak urinary stream
  • Acute prostatitis: An acute condition which affects the prostate which is the result of infammation
  • Acute recurring depression-like symptoms in pregnancy: Acute recurring depression-like symptoms in pregnancy can include a lowered mood, altered sleep pattern, altered appetite and fatigue.
  • Acute reflux-like regurgitation in pregnancy: Acute reflux-like regurgitation in pregnancy is the movement of the acid contents of the stomach through the gastro-oesophageal sphincter up into the oesophagus, causing a burning, pain or discomfort in the chest, commonly known as heartburn. The contents sometimes reach the mouth and may be swallowed or expelled.
  • Acute reflux-like symptoms in pregnancy: Acute reflux-like symptoms in pregnancy is the movement of the acid contents of the stomach through the gastro-oesophageal sphincter up into the oesophagus, causing a burning, pain or discomfort in the chest, commonly known as heartburn. The contents sometimes reach the mouth and may be swallowed or expelled.
  • Acute reflux-like vomiting in pregnancy: Acute reflux-like vomiting in pregnancy is the movement of the acid contents of the stomach through the gastro-oesophageal sphincter up into the oesophagus, causing a burning, pain or discomfort in the chest, commonly known as heartburn. The contents sometimes reach the mouth and may be swallowed or expelled.
  • Acute salpingitis:
  • Acute stomach ulcer-like symptoms in pregnancy: Acute stomach ulcer-like symptoms in pregnancy is the feeling of a burning, discomfort or nausea in the epigastric area. Pain may radiate from the epigastrium through to the back.
  • Acute testicular pain in children: Acute testicular pain in children is the sudden appearance of pain or discomfort in the testicle or testicles of a child.
  • Acute torsion of testis:
  • Acute uterine pain: pathologies of the uterus which cause pain for a short duration
  • Acute uterine pain in pregnancy: Acute uterine pain in pregnancy refers to sudden onset of pain in the lower abdomen originating from the uterus in a woman who is pregnant
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell: A type of cancer that occurs mainly in the genitourinary tract and the cells that make up the tumor are clear. It is very rare and most cases occur in females whose mothers used a drug called DES (synthetic estrogen) while pregnant.
  • Adenomyosis: presence of ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Adhd: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasms: A type of tumour that develops on particular organs - eyes, skin and uterus. The tumors are usually benign but some may become malignant. The symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor and whether it is benign or malignant. These type of tumors tend to be most common in middle-aged women.
  • Adnexal tenderness: Tenderness of the appendages or secondary structures of the uterus.
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal Cortex Diseases: Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue.
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids.
  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital (General): Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an inherited condition characterized by adrenal insufficiency. It is caused by a deficiency in an enzyme needed to produce certain adrenal hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone.
  • Adrenal adenoma, familial: A benign tumor that develops in the adrenal gland and tends to run in families. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids . Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction: Excessive activity of the adrenal gland which causes excessive production of one or more adrenal hormones (aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The increased adrenal gland activity may be caused by an adrenal gland tumor or by excessive stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital type 3: A group of disorders that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids. The severity of the condition is variable depending on the degree of deficiency.
  • Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital, due to 11-Beta-hydroxylase deficiency: A rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia characterized by a deficiency of 11-Beta-hydroxylase which results in excess androgen production and hypertension. The disorder can occur in virilizing, hypertensive and salt-wasting forms and symptoms may range from mild to severe.
  • Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked: A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
  • Adrenal incidentaloma: A tumor of the adrenal gland that is discovered incidentally while performing an imaging examination for reasons other than an adrenal tumor. The tumor may be asymptomatic or can causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones and resulting symptoms. The tumor may also be malignant or benign.
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma: A condition which is characterized by malignancy which affects the adrenocortex.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
  • Adult ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental disorder with symptoms such as hyperactivity, inattention, poor concentration, and other similar symptoms. The disorder is called "ADHD" in modern times; see more details about Adult ADHD.

    ADD can be undiagnosed into adulthood and the adult will have varying levels of dysfunction in their work, home and social lives. Affected adults have issues with as difficulting focusing on work tasks, boredom, distractedness, and so on. See symptoms of Adult ADHD.

  • Adult ADHD: Adult ADHD, (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a common neurobehavioral developmental disorder with an onset in childhood that continues into adulthood. Children do not simply grow out of ADHD, as is often believed. Just the opposite is commonly true - the symptoms of ADHD often get worse as a child grows into adulthood. The predominant behaviors of adult ADHD are the same as in children and include:
    • Inattentiveness
    • Hyperactivity
    • Impulsivity

    These behaviors result in difficulties with:

    • Concentration
    • Remaining focused on a task or activity
    • Controlling behavior
    • Hyperactivity or over-activity

    The symptoms of adult ADHD can be treated, but there currently is no cure for the disorder. Most people with ADHD can be successfully treated and lead normal, productive lives at home, work, school and with friends and family. The cause or causes of ADHD are not yet known, although researchers believe that genes may be one factor in the development of the disease. It is most likely that the disorder is the result of a combination of elements, including environmental factors, traumatic head injuries, nutrition, and social influences.

  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome: A condition which is characterized by fulminant pulmonary interstitial alveolar oedema.
  • Aging: The medical conditions from getting older.
  • Agnathia-holoprosencephaly-situs inversus: A very rare disorder characterized by a small or absent jaw, developmental brain defect and internal organs situated on the wrong side of the body (situs inversus). The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Ahumada-Del Castillo Syndrome: A form of secondary amenorrhea often resulting from a pituitary gland tumor. The condition causes galactorrhea and amenorrhea even when the patient is not pregnant.
  • Al Awadi syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by severe malformations involving the limbs and pelvis.
  • Al Awadi-Raas-Rothschild syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by severe malformations involving the limbs and pelvis. The exact type and severity of symptoms is variable. Most cases appear to occur in cases where the parents were related.
  • Al Gazali Hirschsprung syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by Hirschsprung disease (an intestinal disorder), nail abnormalities and facial anomalies.
  • Alagille syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the liver and characterized by the absence of some or all of the liver bile ducts that transport bile within the liver.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Allanson-Pantzar-McLeod syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal development of kidney tubules results in severe kidney problems that start during the fetal stage.
  • Allergic seminal vulvovaginitis: Vaginal inflammation following contact with semen after ejaculation.
  • Alopecia -- hypogonadism -- extrapyramidal disorder: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, progressive movement problems and a lack of gonadal function which affects puberty.
  • Alpha thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Alpha-Mannosidosis: A rare condition which is characterized by a lysosomal storage defect.
  • Alport syndrome with leukocyte inclusions and macrothrombocytopenia: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes. End-stage kidney disease occurs in about a third of patients and tends to occur during the 3rd and 4th decades of life.
  • Altered bladder habits in pregnancy: Altered bladder habits in pregnancy are normal and consist of nocturia and frequency of micturition.
  • Altered bowel habit in pregnancy: Altered bowel habit in pregnancy refers to a change in the normal pattern of bowel movements in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Altered consciousness in adults: Altered consciousness in adults is a change in the usual level of alertness and orientation of an adult.
  • Altered pigmentation in pregnancy: Altered pigmentation in pregnancy consists of a deepening of the colour of the areolae, and appearance of the linea nigra on the abdomen, together with a change in colour of the vagina and cervix from pink to a deep purple colour due to venous dilatation. Additionally some women develop brown patches of pigmentation on their faces (typically over the cheekbones.) These changes reverse after pregnancy.
  • Ambiguous genitalia: Genitalia that is difficult to distinguish.
  • Ambiguous genitalia in children: Ambiguous genitalia in children include variations and/or combinations of genitalia in a child that makes it unclear if it is a boy or a girl.
  • Amelia, autosomal recessive: A rare disorder characterized by the complete absence of the arms and a partial absence of the legs. The disorder has been described in the 3 fetuses of one family.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods.
  • Amniotic Bands: A rare condition where abnormal fetal development occurs when bands of tissue encircle parts of the fetus and affect the growth of that portion. The band of tissue develops from the internal womb lining. The location of the band on the fetus determines the symptoms and the seriousness of the condition.
  • Amphetamine abuse: Use of the stimulant drugs known as amphetamines or "speed"
  • Anaemia in pregnancy: Anaemia in pregnancy is a decreased haemoglobin concentration in the blood, often giving rise to weakness, pallor and breathlessness.
  • Anal discomfort in pregnancy: Anal discomfort in pregnancy is pain or itch in the region of the anus. This may be accompanied by bleeding, a lump or discharge.
  • Anal disorder in pregnancy: Anal disorder in pregnancy includes pain or itch in the region of the anus. This may be accompanied by bleeding, a lump or discharge.
  • Anal disorders in adults:
  • Anal lump in pregnancy: Anal lump in pregnancy may be accompanied by pain, itch, bleeding or discharge.
  • Anal pain in pregnancy: Anal pain in pregnancy be accompanied by bleeding, a lump or discharge.
  • Anal swelling in pregnancy: Anal swelling in pregnancy may be accompanied by pain, itch, bleeding or discharge.
  • Anal symptoms in pregnancy: Anal symptoms in pregnancy include pain or itch in the region of the anus. This may be accompanied by bleeding, a lump or discharge.
  • Analgesic syndrome: The use of large quantities of pain-killer drugs can sometimes cause serious kidney damage as well as various other problems.
  • Andrade's syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by deposits of an abnormal protein called amyloid in various parts of the body including organs. The condition mainly involves neurological symptoms.
  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Females with male XY genetics but inability to respond to testosterone.
  • Anemia in fetus: Anemia in a fetus is an abnormally low number of blood cells in a developing baby during pregnancy that can be caused by a variety of disorders, diseases and conditions.
  • Anemia in pregnancy: Low haemoglobin count in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Anemia of pregnancy: Anemia of pregnancy is anemia that occurs during pregnancy. Women's bodies have a greater demand for iron during pregnancy and if intake is not sufficient, anemia can result. Anemia in pregnant women can lead to infant problems such as premature birth, fetal death, retarded growth and other problems.
  • Anemia, Iron-Deficiency: A lack of fully functioning red blood cells due to a deficiency of iron. The iron allows the body to make hemoglobin in red blood cells which in turn allows the red blood cell to carry oxygen.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. There are two types: type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a quarter of cases in type 1 and a third of cases in type 2.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts, type 1: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. Type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a quarter of cases in type 1.
  • Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts, type 2: A bone marrow disease which results in insufficient red blood cells in the blood (anemia). The prognosis is poor with death usually occurring within a couple of years. Type 1 refers to cases where the level of blasts is less than 10% and type 2 refers to cases where the level of blasts is 10-20%. When too many immature blood cells (blasts) are produced by the bone marrow, the condition may progress to acute myeloid leukemia - occurs in about a third of cases in type 2.
  • Anencephaly: A birth defect where large parts of the brain is missing and the brainstem is malformed.
  • Anencephaly and spina bifida X-linked: A severe X-linked malformation syndrome involving anencephaly where a part or all of the brain and associated skull is missing as well as a defect or opening in the spinal column.
  • Angular cheilitis: This is an inflammation with maceration, exudation and fissure formation at the labial commissures
  • Ankylosis -- facial anomalies -- pulmonary hypoplasia syndrome: A rare familial syndrome characterized mainly by fused or stiff joints, facial anomalies and underdeveloped lungs.
  • Anogenital pruritus: An itching located in the anal and genital regions
  • Anophthalmia -- hypothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anophthalmia -- hypyothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anophthalmia -- megalocornea -- cardiopathy -- skeletal anomalies: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by absent or very small eyes, large corneas, congenital heart defects and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Anophthalmia -- microcephaly -- hypogonadism: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by absent eyes, a small head and hypogonadism.
  • Anophthalmia with pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare disorder characterized by absent or very small eyes and underdeveloped lung tissue.
  • Anorectal atresia: Congenital malformation where the anal or rectal opening is obstructed. The malformation is often associated with other abnormalities.
  • Anorexia: This is known as a lack of or loss of appetite for food
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Anorexia nervosa, genetic types: There is mounting evidence that anorexia nervosa may be caused by genetic factors which when combined with psychosocial factors can increase a persons risk of developing the condition.
  • Antalgic gait in adults: Antalgic gait in adults is an abnormal type of walk or limp in adults.
  • Antepartum Eclampsia: Antepartum eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Antepartum means that it occurs before delivery. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Anterior pituitary hyperhormonotrophic syndrome: A syndrome characterized by the excessive production of various hormones (gonadotrophic, thyrotrophic, lactotrophic and pancreatrophic hormone).
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome: An autoimmune disorder characterized by blood clots and pregnancy losses.
  • Anxiety disorder in pregnancy: Anxiety disorder in pregnancy causes a feeling of distress and apprehension usually related to the fear of a situation either real or imagined. Some physiological causes exist, and symptoms may be physical or psychological.
  • Anxiety in pregnancy: Anxiety in pregnancy is a feeling of distress and apprehension usually related to the fear of a situation either real or imagined. Some physiological causes exist, and symptoms may be physical or psychological.
  • Aorto-ventricular tunnel: A rare heart defect where a tunnel from between the ascending aorta and the cavity of the left or sometimes right heart ventricle. The severity of the condition is highly variable from asymptomatic for many years to fetal death. Often other heart anomalies are also associated.
  • Aplasia cutis congenita -- epibulbar dermoids: A very rare syndrome characterized by increased skin pigmentation, a localized absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenital) and epibulbar dermoids (a benign eye tumor).
  • Aplastic anemia: A blood disorder where the bone marrow produces insufficient new blood cells.
  • Apprehension in pregnancy: Apprehension in pregnancy is a feeling of distress and anxiety usually related to the fear of a situation either real or imagined. Some physiological causes exist, and symptoms may be physical or psychological.
  • Arachnodactyly: Hands and fingers, and feet and toes, are abnormally long and slender.
  • Aromatase deficiency: A congenital deficiency of the enzyme called aromatase which is needed to convert androgens to estrogens.
  • Arthrogryposis -- renal dysfunction -- cholestasis syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by joint contractures, kidney dysfunction and liver problems.
  • Arthrogryposis due to muscular dystrophy: A rare disorder where a non-progressive muscle disease results in the presence of multiple joint contractures at birth.
  • Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita -- pulmonary hypoplasia: A rare congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities. Reduced fetal activity causes many of the problems.
  • Ascites in adults: Ascites in adults is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in an adult's abdomen.
  • Asherman Syndrome: A condition where adhesions form inside the uterus because of uterine surgery or infection. The adhesions may cause menstruation to cease and/or infertility.
  • Asherman's syndrome: Scarring and adhesions that develop in the uterus and can result in menstrual and fertility problems.
  • Asthma in pregnancy: Asthma in pregnancy refers to inflammation and constriction of the airways that is occurs during pregnancy. Women who are pregnancy may decide to stop taking their asthma medication in order to reduce the perceived risk of side effects to the developing fetus. The reality is that the potential harmful effects on the fetus are very small compared to the problems caused to mother and fetus if a severe asthma attack develops. Furthermore, uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy may also cause problems such as small birth weight or premature birth. Pregnant women should consult their physician in order to determine the optimal management of their condition. During pregnancy, asthma symptoms may become worse, improve or stay the same.
  • Astley-Kendall syndrome: A very rare syndrome involving abnormal skeletal development and resulting in short limbs, fragile bones and cartilage abnormalities. The condition generally results in stillbirth or death during early infancy.
  • Atelosteogenesis, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bone formation abnormalities, short stature and early death.
  • Atelosteogenesis, type 2: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving the bone and cartilage and resulting in various bone abnormalities.
  • Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency: A severe immunodeficiency disorder found in Navajo and Apache populations.
  • Atresia of urethra: A rare congenital malformation where the urethra ends blindly which makes it unuseable by the body to eliminate urine. This usually results in death unless surgical intervention provides alternative communication between the bladder and the amniotic sac. In rare cases, there is an abnormal opening between the bladder and the rectum which allow the urine to drain. The inability of the fluid to pass out of the body of the fetus results in a reduced amount of amniotic fluid which in turn affects the development of the lungs.
  • Atrophic vaginitis: Type of vaginitis usually related to aging and menopause
  • Attenuated congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A late onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where insufficient adrenal corticosteroids are produced by the body due to the deficiency of a particular chemical. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person and onset may occur as early as childhood.
  • Autoimmune Endometriosis: An endometriosis that is caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Autoimmune Hypophysitis: Inflammation of part of the pituitary gland due to an autoimmune process resulting in impaired pituitary hormone production. The range and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of damage to the pituitary gland.
  • Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia: Autoimmune disorder causing a lack of blood platelets.
  • Autoimmune oophoritis: An autoimmune condition where the body's own immune system attacks the ovaries and causes them to become inflamed. It can lead to ovarian function stopping prematurely.
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease associated Celiac Disease: Patients with autoimmune thyroid disease are more susceptible to developing celiac disease than the average population. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by intolerance to gluten by the small intestine. The type and severity of symptoms varies amongst people - some people have severe gastrointestinal symptoms from infancy whereas other have no symptoms other than fatigue or anemia during adulthood.
  • Autoimmune thyroid diseases: Autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Autonomic neuropathy: A condition which is characterized by a functional disturbance or pathological change in the autonomic nervous system
  • Autosomal Recessive Tetra-Amelia: A rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four extremities as well as skeletal, nervous system, craniofacial and other abnormalities. The condition is causes death before or soon after birth.
  • Back muscle pain in pregnancy: Back muscle pain in pregnancy usually occurs in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Back pain in pregnancy: Back pain in pregnancy usually occurs in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Back symptoms in pregnancy: Back symptoms in pregnancy usually occur in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Backache in pregnancy: Backache in pregnancy usually occurs in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Bacterial prostatitis: Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Bacterial toxic-shock syndrome: A very rare, potentially fatal infection caused by toxins produced by bacteria, especially bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The condition is often associated with tampon use but can originate from other sources.
  • Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy:
  • Bad back in pregnancy: Bad back in pregnancy usually occurs in the lower back, and the description can sometimes also refer to pain arising from the pelvic girdle.
  • Ballantyne-Runge syndrome: A pregnancy that goes over the normal gestation term of 42 weeks. The greatest problem with prolonged gestation is the fact that the placenta may shrink and be unable to supply the fetus with sufficient oxygen and nutrients. In extreme cases, the fetus may lose weight or suffer problems from chronic oxygen shortage.
  • Bamforth syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning.
  • Baraitser burn fixen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by skeletal abnormalities, a skin disorder and an expressionless face.
  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a defect in chromosome 11q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 10: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 10 is caused by a defect in chromosome 12q.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 11: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 11 is caused by a defect in chromosome 9q33.1.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 12: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 12 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a defect in chromosome 16q21.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 3: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 3 is caused by a defect in chromosome 3p12-q13.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 4: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 4 is caused by a defect in chromosome 15q22.3.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 5: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 5 is caused by a defect in chromosome 2q31.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 6: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 6 is caused by a defect in chromosome 20p12.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 7: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 7 is caused by a defect in chromosome 4q27.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 8: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 8 is caused by a defect in chromosome 14q32.11.
  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 9: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities. Type 9 is caused by a defect in chromosome 7p14.
  • Bartholin's abscess: Abscess in a small vaginal gland
  • Bartholin's cyst: Cyst in a small vaginal gland
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4 also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4A: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4A also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter Syndrome type 4B: Bartter syndrome is a rare disorder where abnormal kidney metabolism results in low blood acidity an potassium levels. Type 4B also involves sensorineural deafness.
  • Bartter's syndrome, antenatal type 1: A rare genetic kidney disorder that causes hypokalemia. A defect in the NKCC2 gene impairs the functioning of the Na-Cl cotransporter and leads to electrolyte imbalance. The rate of death is high prior to diagnosis.
  • Bartters syndrome, antenatal , type 2: A rare genetic kidney disorder that causes hypokalemia. A defect in the ROMK gene impairs the ATP-regulated potassium channel functioning and leads to electrolyte imbalance.
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Behavior problems at work: difficulty in adjusting with the surroundings
  • Behavior problems in adults: difficulty in adjusting with the surroundings
  • Behaviour changes in pregnancy: Behaviour changes in pregnancy may result from, or cause, physical or psychological symptoms.
  • Behcet's syndrome: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Benign mucosal pemphigoid: A rare chronic disease involving blistering and scarring of the mucous membranes especially in the mouth and conjunctiva of the eye.
  • Benign ovarian cyst:
  • Benign prostate hypertrophy: Non-cancerous prostrate enlargement common with aging
  • Bent penis: Abnormal bending or curvature of the penis
  • Bernard-Soulier Syndrome: A congenital bleeding disorder marked by inability of platelets to coagulate or by insufficient platelets. The platelets that are present are often large.
  • Berndorfer syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a cleft palate, harelip and cleft hands and feet.
  • Biemond syndrome type 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and underdeveloped genitals.
  • Bilateral adnexal tenderness: grave gynaecological complication
  • Bilateral nasal discharge in adults: Bilateral nasal discharge in adults is a condition in which there is discharge or secretions from both nares or both sides of the nose in an adult.
  • Bilateral renal agenesis dominant type: A rare birth defect where both kidneys are absent. The disorder results in death within days of birth.
  • Birth control pill poisoning: Birth control pill contain hormones such as estrogen and progestin and excessive ingestion of the pills can result in relatively minor symptoms - usually there are no serious problems associated with the ingested of many birth control pills at one time. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Birth defects: Conditions which are present at birth and are considered alterations to what is considered normal in a newborn baby
  • Birth prematurity: Birth prematurity is the birth of a fetus before it is fully developed at nine months gestation.
  • Birth symptoms: Symptoms related to childbirth.
  • Birth trauma: injury during labor and delivery
  • Bladder cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bladder infections in pregnancy: Bladder infections in pregnancy cause pain in the suprapubic area, burning pain with micturition, urinary frequency, and are sometimes associated with pyelonephritis.
  • Bladder pain in pregnancy: Bladder pain in pregnancy is usually caused by a urinary tract infection.
  • Bladder symptoms in pregnancy: Bladder symptoms in pregnancy are usually represented by pain in the suprapubic area, burning pain with micturition, urinary frequency, and are sometimes associated with pyelonephritis.
  • Bleeding after sex: Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after sex in pregnancy: Bleeding after sex in pregnancy refers to the loss of blood from the genital region whilst pregnant. The blood loss may or may not be accompanied by other symptoms such as pain.
  • Bleeding gums in pregnancy: Bleeding gums in pregnancy refer to easy bleeding from the gums in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Bleeding that occurs after a woman has stopped menstruating: postmenopausal bleeding
  • Blepharophimosis -- nasal groove -- growth delay: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eyelid abnormalities, retarded growth and a nasal groove.
  • Blepharophimosis -- nasal groove -- growth retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eyelid abnormalities, retarded growth and a nasal groove.
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid. The severity of symptoms is variable. There are two subtypes of the condition: Type 2 involves eye anomalies as well as female fertility problems whereas type 1 only involves the eye anomalies.
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid. The severity of symptoms is variable. There are two subtypes of the condition: Type 2 involves eye anomalies as well as female fertility problems whereas type 1 only involves the eye anomalies.
  • Blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus: A rare genetic disorder characterized by inner canthal folds, lateral displacement of inner canthi and drooping upper eyelid.
  • Blomstrand syndrome: A rare lethal congenital condition characterized by abnormal bone development.
  • Blood clot in pregnancy: Blood clot in pregnancy is relatively common and is caused largely by physiological factors related to pregnancy, but can also be caused by pathology unrelated to pregnancy.
  • Blood clots in pregnancy: Blood clots in pregnancy are relatively common and are caused largely by physiological factors related to pregnancy, but can also be caused by pathology unrelated to pregnancy.
  • Blood loss in pregnancy: Blood loss in pregnancy refers to the loss of blood from the genital region whilst pregnant. This blood is often found on the toilet paper, in the toilet bowl or after sexual intercourse. The blood loss may or may not be accompanied by other symptoms such as pain.
  • Bloody ejaculation: Blood appearing in the ejaculate after male ejaculation
  • Bloody semen: Blood appearing in ejaculated semen
  • Bloody vaginal discharge: discharge from the vagina other than normal menstruation
  • Bloody vaginal discharge in pregnancy: Bloody vaginal discharge in pregnancy refers to the loss of blood from the vagina whilst pregnant. This blood is often found on the toilet paper, in the toilet bowl or after sexual intercourse. The blood loss may or may not be accompanied by other symptoms such as pain.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Boggy enlarged prostate: enlarged painful prostate
  • Bone dysplasia, lethal, Holmgren type: A rare lethal bone malformation syndrome.
  • Boomerang dysplasia: A rare lethal disorder characterized by bone abnormalities (lack of bone ossification and missing bones) and a characteristic face.
  • Boredom-related behavior problems at work: lack of interest in any of the activities at work
  • Borjeson Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by severe mental deficiency, large ears, hypogonadism and other abnormalities.
  • Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by severe mental deficiency, large ears, hypogonadism and other abnormalities.
  • Bosma-Henkin-Christiansen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a reduced sense of smell, an underdeveloped nose and hypogonadism.
  • Boucher-Neuhauser syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by spinocerebellar ataxia, eye abnormalities and a failure of the pituitary to stimulate gonadal development during puberty.
  • Boutonneuse fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Bowel infrequency in pregnancy: Bowel infrequency in pregnancy is defined as emptying the bowels less frequently, with a bowel movement that is usually drier and harder to pass.
  • Bowel movements in pregnancy: Bowel movements in pregnancy can be normal but constipation is common.
  • Bowel problems in pregnancy: Bowel problems in pregnancy usually relate to constipation, which is the less frequent and more difficult passage of stools that are harder and drier than normal.
  • Breakthrough bleeding: Breakthrough bleeding includes any type of mild to severe bleeding or hemorrhaging that occurs after initial bleeding has stopped.
  • Breast discomfort in pregnancy: Breast discomfort in pregnancy is soreness in the breasts including the nipples, and is common. On some occasions the pain may not arise from the breast.
  • Breast lump during pregnancy: Lump in the region of the breast whilst pregnant.
  • Breast symptoms in pregnancy: Breast symptoms in pregnancy usually refers to soreness in the breasts including the nipples, and is common. On some occasions the pain may not arise from the breast. Other breast symptoms such as change in size and colour of the areolae also occur in normal pregnancy.
  • Breast tenderness in pregnancy: Breast tenderness in pregnancy is soreness in the breasts including the nipples, and is common. On some occasions the pain may not arise from the breast.
  • Breath symptoms in pregnancy: breath symptoms in pregnancy is an awareness of breathing occurring in a pregnant woman.
  • Breathing difficulties in pregnancy: breathing difficulties in pregnancy describes the sensation of increased effort associated with either inspiration or expiration in a pregnant woman. This may extend to include other symptoms such as a cough.
  • Breathing problems worsened by exercise in pregnancy: Breathing problems worsened by exercise in pregnancy is the feeling of difficulty with either inspiration or expiration occurring in a pregnant woman. Other symptoms may be present, including a cough. Minimal exercise may be needed to produce this symptom in affected women.
  • Breathing symptoms in pregnancy: Breathing symptoms in pregnancy is an awareness of breathing occurring in a pregnant woman.
  • Breathing worsened by exercise in pregnancy: Breathing worsened by exercise in pregnancy is the feeling of difficulty with either inspiration or expiration occurring in a pregnant woman. Other symptoms may be present, including a cough. Minimal exercise may be needed to produce this symptom in affected women.
  • Breathlessness on exertion in pregnancy: breathlessness on exertion in pregnancy is the feeling of difficulty breathing occurring in a pregnant woman during physical activity, which may be minimal.
  • Breisky disease: A progressive wasting disease of the vulva that occurs in postmenopausal women and is probably caused by hormonal imbalance.
  • Brenner tumor: A benign ovarian tumor
  • Brenner tumor of the vagina: A Brenner tumour usually occurs in the ovaries but can sometimes occur in the vagina. The tumor is generally benign.
  • Bruch's disease: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Bruising in pregnancy: Bruising of the skin whilst pregnant that may or may not be related to trauma.
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Burning during urination in pregnancy: Burning during urination refers to discomfort when urinating in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Burning urination in pregnancy: Burning urination in pregnancy is a condition in which a pregnant woman has burning in the urethra while urinating.
  • Bébé Collodion syndrome: A rare birth abnormality where an infant is born covered in a tight, yellow, shiny membrane. The membrane peels off and may reform several times. As the membrane dries it can leave crack which can result in infection, dehydration or inability to control body temperature. The tight skin can also affect breathing and feeding ability or impair blood supply to limbs. In mild cases the underlying skin may be normal. 10% of cases resolve themselves within a few weeks of birth.
  • C1esterase deficiency: C1esterase deficiency is a condition characterized by swelling under the skin or mucosal tissue - the skin, respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract may be affected. The condition may be inherited or acquired. Symptoms tend to develop over a few days and then abate after two to five days. Swelling attacks may occur fairly regularly e.g. weekly or sporadically e.g. once or twice a year.
  • CCFDN: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized by cataracts during infancy, unusual facial appearance and neuropathy.
  • CDG syndrome type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • CDG syndrome type I: A rare genetic disorder where the body is unable to synthesize glycoproteins which results in multisystem problems.
  • Calcitriol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Calcitriol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Calf swelling in pregnancy: Swelling of the calves in a woman who is pregnant, with or without associated pain.
  • Camera-Marugo-Cohen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, muscle weakness, obesity and an asymmetrical body.
  • Campomelia Cumming type: A rare syndrome characterized by limb and multiple abdominal organ abnormalities. The disorder results in death before birth or soon after.
  • Campomelic Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by dwarfism due to bowed shin and thigh bones as well as various craniofacial and other skeletal anomalies.
  • Campomelic dwarfism: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bowed tibia, underdeveloped shoulder blades and a flat face.
  • Campomelic dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bowed tibia, underdeveloped shoulder blades and a flat face.
  • Camptodactyly: A flexion deformity of the finger where the finger is bent and unable to straighten.
  • Camurati-Engelmann Disease: A very rare genetic disease thickening of areas of bone causing pain, weakness and wasting. Usually affects the legs during childhood. Also called diaphyseal dysplasia.
  • Candida in pregnancy: Candida in pregnancy is an infection of the vagina caused by the organism Candida Albicans and causing itch, white discharge, discomfort and occasionally slight bleeding of the vaginal mucosa. It is quite common in pregnancy.
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Cardiac arrest in pregnancy: cardiac arrest in pregnancy refers to cessation of the heartbeat that without swift action will result in death in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Cardioencephalomyopathy fatal infantile due to cytochrome c oxidase deficiency: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where the body doesn't have enough of an enzyme called cytochrome C oxidase (COX) which is needed in the process of energy production by body cells. The fatal infant type generally affects the hear, brain and kidneys as well as the muscles.
  • Cardiomyopathy -- hypogonadism -- metabolic anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart muscle disease, hypogonadism, blindness, deafness and metabolic anomalies. Puberty was normal despite the hypogonadism.
  • Cardiomyopathy, fatal fetal, due to myocardial calcification: A rare syndrome characterized by heart muscle disease caused by calcium deposits in the heart muscle. The disorder causes fetal death.
  • Cardiomyopathy, hypogonadism, collagenoma syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized primarily by skin nodules. The skin nodules may be associated with organ system involvement resulting in a variety of other symptoms.
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome in pregnancy:
  • Cat's cry: A chromosomal disorder marked by microcephaly, epicanthal folds, micrognathia, strabismus, mental and physical retardation, and a characteristic catlike whine
  • Cataract and cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataracts, heart muscle disease, lactic acidosis and skeletal muscle disease. The disorder involves the abnormal storage of lipids and glycogen in the skeletal and heart muscles. The cataracts progress rapidly and require surgery. The severity of the disorder ranges from stillbirth to survival into the fourth decade.
  • Cataract deafness hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, cataracts and a deficiency of sex hormone production.
  • Caudal appendage -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, finger bone abnormalities and a spinal extension giving a tail-like appearance (caudal appendage).
  • Ceftazidime -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ceftazidime (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 1: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p21.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 10: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q25-q26. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 11: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q28. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 12: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6q25.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 13: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect in the SH2B3 gene on chromosome 12q24. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 2: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 5q31-q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 3: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 4: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 19p13.1. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 5: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 15q11-q13. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 6: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 4q27. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 7: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 1q31. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 8: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q11-q12. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 9: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3p21. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cephalic disorders: Various congenital brain defects
  • Cephalopolysyndactyly: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones and craniofacial abnormalities, finger and toe abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is variable with many cases remaining undiagnosed because their condition is relatively mild and doesn't cause many problems.
  • Cephalothoracic progressive lipodystrophy: A rare acquired disorder that involves adipose tissue abnormalities and is characterized by loss of adipose tissue mainly in the trunk and arms.
  • Ceptaz -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ceptaz (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: Dysplasia of the cervical epithelium often premalignant.
  • Cervical Teratoma: A cervical teratoma is a very rare form of germ cell tumor that occurs in the neck. These tumors usually develop in the fetus and tend to be large and benign even though they grow continually. In rare cases they can occur in adults in which case they tend to be malignant. These tumors can be quite large and cause problems in other neck structures. Sometimes surgery is required in the uterus or during delivery in order to ensure the infant has access to an airway.
  • Cervical cancer: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of malignancy on the cervix
  • Cervical dilatation: Cervical dilatation is the opening of the cervix, the entrance to a woman's uterus.
  • Cervical dilation: Dilation of the cevix.
  • Cervical erosion: A shallow superficial ulceration of the cervix.
  • Cervical polyps: Benign polyps on the cervix of the uterus
  • Cervicitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervix bleeding: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical bleeding
  • Cervix blister: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical blisters
  • Cervix bruise: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical pain
  • Cervix burning sensation: Inflammatory conditions which cause burning sensation of the cervix
  • Cervix conditions: Conditions of the cervix (entrance) of the female uterus.
  • Cervix deformity: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical pain
  • Cervix infection: Inflammatory conditions of the cervix.
  • Cervix inflammation: Inflammatory conditions of the cervix.
  • Cervix itch: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical pain
  • Cervix lump: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical lump
  • Cervix obstruction: Obstruction either at the internal or external os.
  • Cervix pain: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical pain
  • Cervix rash: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical rash and erythema
  • Cervix redness: Inflammatory conditions of the cervix which causes erythema.
  • Cervix spasm: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical spasms
  • Cervix swelling: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical swelling
  • Cervix symptoms: Symptoms affecting the cervix
  • Cervix ulcer: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical ulcers
  • Cervix weakness: Weakness of the cervical muscle contraction.
  • Chancre: An ulcer like eruption that is located on an epithelial surface
  • Chancroid: An sexually transmitted disease caused by the Haemophilus ducreyi bacteria and is characterized by painful genital ulceration.
  • Change in sexual desire in pregnancy: Change in sexual desire in pregnancy is an alteration in a woman's libido during pregnancy. Libido may be increased or decreased, and can very at different times throughout the pregnancy.
  • Changes in normal menstrual cycle: can cause increase or decrease in the menstrual flow
  • Chapple syndrome: A rare birth disorder characterized by painful menstruation, knees bent back and a uterus that is tilted backwards (retroverted). It is believed to be caused by an abnormal fetal position inside the womb.
  • Cheesy vaginal discharge: curdy white precipitate which bleeds on removal
  • Chest discomfort in pregnancy: An unpleasant sensation in the chest occurring in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Chest pain in pregnancy: Chest pain in pregnancy refers to pain in the chest in a woman who is pregnant.
  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome: A hormonal disorder where a woman continues to produce milk even after the child has been weaned.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Chitayat-Moore-Del Bigio syndrome: A rare birth disorder characterized mainly by brain abnormalities, large head and facial anomalies.
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Chlamydia in pregnancy:
  • Chlamydial infection: Infection from Chlamydia genus.
  • Chondrodysplasia punctata lethal neonatal: A rare skeletal disorder which results in the infant's death before or soon after birth. Symptoms include a variety of severe skeletal abnormalities and an enlarged head.
  • Chondrodysplasia punctata, brachytelephalangic: A rare disorder characterized by abnormal bone development involving stippled (speckled) calcification of growing ends of long bones. The main features of this disorder are retarded growth, facial anomalies and short end bones in fingers.
  • Chondrodysplasia, acromesomelic, with genital anomalies: A very rare condition characterized by severe limb malformations and genital anomalies. The reported case involved related parents.
  • Chondrodystrophia calcificans congenita: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Chondrodystrophia punctata, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Chorea gravidarum: Chorea gravidarum is a specific type of abnormal involuntary movements that occur during pregnancy.
  • Chorea in adults: Chorea in adults refers to an adult who has a specific type of abnormal involuntary movement.
  • Choriocarcinoma: Rare cancer of the placenta
  • Chromosome 1, Partial Trisomy: A rare genetic disorder where part of the genetic material from chromosome 1 is duplicated so there are three copies in the body's cells rather than the normal two copies. The type and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the size and location of the genetic material duplicated.
  • Chromosome 1, duplication 1p21 p32: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as short stature, newborn or fetal death, small head, undescended testes and various facial abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 1, monosomy 1q32 q42: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as fetal or newborn death, facial dysmorphism, short stature, finger defects and various other anomalies.
  • Chromosome 1, pter-p36: A very rare chromosomal disorder where the end portion of the short arm of chromosome 1 is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Chromosome 1, trisomy 1q32 qter: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as retarded fetal growth, facial anomalies, mental retardation, stillbirth, heart defects and finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10pter p13: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 10 causes various abnormalities such as a wasted build, gut and heart placement abnormalities and lack of reflexes.
  • Chromosome 10p terminal deletion syndrome: A very rare syndrome caused by a chromosomal defect (10p terminal deletion) and can result in a variety of malformations that are similar to DiGeorge syndrome and velocardiofacial syndrome.
  • Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q: A very rare genetic disorder caused by a duplication of part of chromosome 11q. The characteristic symptoms of the disorder are delayed growth before and after birth, mental retardation (varying severity) and skull and facial defects. The type and severity of symptoms that can occur are variable.
  • Chromosome 13p duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 13 causes various abnormalities such as mental retardation, short stature, facial dysmorphism, delayed puberty and heart defects.
  • Chromosome 14 trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of genetic material from chromosome 14 resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chromosome 15 Ring: A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 15 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic material missing.
  • Chromosome 15q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 15q, partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 15q, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 16, uniparental disomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where an extra copy of chromosome 16 is inherited from one parent only.
  • Chromosome 16q, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 16. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material. Severe cases often result in spontaneous abortion or infant death.
  • Chromosome 17p, partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the lost genetic material.
  • Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Chromosome 18p minus syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material from the short arm of chromosome18 is missing. The symptoms or severity may vary somewhat between patients.
  • Chromosome 18q, partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 18. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the lost genetic material.
  • Chromosome 20, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 20 rather than the normal two which results in severe abnormalities and death.
  • Chromosome 21 monosomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is only one copy of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two leading to various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 21, monosomy 21q22: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm of chromosome 21 is deleted.
  • Chromosome 21q deletion syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 21 is missing. The symptoms or severity may vary somewhat between patients.
  • Chromosome 22, trisomy: A very rare disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 22 in all the body cells. The condition is usually fatal soon after birth or during the fetal stage.
  • Chromosome 3 duplication syndrome: There is very little information on this very rare genetic condition where there is an extra copy of chromosome 3 in the body's cells. The condition is considered lethal.
  • Chromosome 3, monosomy 3p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 3 is absent and is characterized by mental and growth deficiency, drooping upper eyelid and polydactyly.
  • Chromosome 3, trisomy 3p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 3 is duplicated so there is three copies of it rather than the normal two.
  • Chromosome 6p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 6 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 6q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 6 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 7, Partial Deletion of Short Arm: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 7 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size and location of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 7, partial monosomy 7p: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 7 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size and location of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 8 recombinant syndrome: A rare recombinant chromosomal disorder involving chromosome 8 which results in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 8 ring: A rare chromosomal disorder involving chromosome 8 which causes various abnormalities such as mental retardation, ureter anomalies, finger defects and facial dysmorphism.
  • Chromosome 8, partial trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of part of chromosome 8 rather than the normal two which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chromosome 9 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 9 in the body's cells instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 9 in the body's cells instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q32: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 9 causes various abnormalities such as short stature and mental retardation and facial anomalies.
  • Chromosome 9p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
  • Chronic adhd-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Chronic concentration difficulty in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Chronic difficulty concentrating at work: is mostly related to stress
  • Chronic herpes-like genital pain: formation of vesicles seen commonly in a rash
  • Chronic herpes-like genital rash: formation of vesicles similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Chronic herpes-like genital symptoms: formation of vesicles associated with pain similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Chronic herpes-like genital ulcers: formation of ulcers similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Chronic herpes-like penile ulcers: formation of vesicles similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Chronic herpes-like vaginal ulcers: formation of vaginal ulcers similar to the presentation in herpes
  • Chronic hyperactivity in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Chronic hyperactivity in the workplace: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Chronic impulsivity in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Chronic inattention in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Chronic inattentiveness in the workplace: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Chronic prostate blockage like symptoms: conditions which cause chronic symptoms similar to that when there is a blockage to prostate secretions
  • Chronic prostate pain symptoms: conditions which cause chronic pain similar to that of pain due to a prostatic pathology
  • Chronic prostate symptoms: symptoms related to the prostate includes painful micturition, hestiatancy and frequency of micturition

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Women's health symptoms:

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Conditions listing medical complications: Women's health symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Women's health symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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