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Diseases » Tangier disease » Glossary
 

Glossary for Tangier disease

  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Cholesterol metabolism conditions: Disorders affecting the metabolism of cholesterol or lipids.
  • Enlarged tonsils: Enlargement of the tonsils, which are glands found in the oropharynx.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Lipid metabolism conditions: Disorders affecting the metabolism of lipids (blood fats), including cholesterol.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Swollen spleen: Swelling or enlargement of the spleen

 

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