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Glossary for Teen health conditions

  • Acne: Pimples and blackheads on the face and skin.
  • Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia: A form of rapidly progressing blood cancer resulting in the rapid proliferation of granulocytes and monocytes, red blood cells and platelets. It is one of the most common forms of leukemia in adults but can occur in children.
  • Adolescent cataract and infertility syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts and infertility in male adolescents.
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Adolescent depression: It isnot unusual for young people to experience "the blues" or feel low occasionally. Adolescence is always an unsettling time, with the many physical, emotional, psychological and social changes that accompany this stage of life.
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A condition which occurs to an adolescent without any known cause resulting in scoliosis of the spine
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Anorexia nervosa, genetic types: There is mounting evidence that anorexia nervosa may be caused by genetic factors which when combined with psychosocial factors can increase a persons risk of developing the condition.
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Delusional belief about body shape or appearance
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Cold sores: Skin cores on the skin, face, or lips.
  • Conduct Disorder: Behavioral disorder with antisocial behaviors
  • Dent-Friedman syndrome: A rare form of osteoporosis that occurs in children and adolescents and no cause can be determined.
  • Difficulty concentrating in teens: it can occur either due to medical conditions or psychological conditions
  • Ewing's sarcoma: Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant round-cell tumor. It is a rare disease in which cancer cells are found in the bone or in soft tissue. The most common areas in which it occurs are the pelvis, the femur, the humerus, and the ribs.
  • Gonadotropin-dependent precocious puberty: A rare disorder affecting females where premature puberty occurs due to premature release of gonadotropin hormones.
  • Gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty: A rare disorder affecting males where premature puberty is not caused by a premature release of gonadotropin hormones.
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hypertension in children from 11 through adolescence: Hypertension in children from 11 through adolescence refers to a child between the ages of 11 years through adolescence who has an abnormal elevation in blood pressure.
  • Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: Spinal curvature that occurs in adolescents for no apparent reason.
  • Malignant germ cell tumor: Malignant tumors that are made up of germ cells which are immature cells that eventually become reproductive system tissues in males and females. The symptoms depend on the location of the tumor which may occur in the ovaries, testes or anywhere along the body's midline such as the chest, head, abdomen, pelvis and lower back.
  • Marijuana overdose: Marijuana is a relatively common recreational drug sometimes used to manage pain or stress disorders. Very large amounts have to be smoked or eaten in order to result in overdose symptoms and death is extremely unlikely. The symptoms of excessive doses are more unpleasant than dangerous.
  • Mental retardation, X linked -- precocious puberty -- obesity: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, premature puberty and obesity. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males display the full range of symptoms whereas female carriers may have mild or no symptoms.
  • Mild acne: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the skin forming pustules
  • Myelogenous leukemia: A condition which is characterized proliferation of myeloid tissue and the abnormal increase in granulocytes
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A type of lymphoma, a cancer affecting lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder: A behavioral problem that occurs in children and involves persistent disobedience, defiance and hostility towards authority figures. The behavioral problem is greater than the normal pattern of child misbehaviors. The severity of the problem affects the child's ability to perform satisfactorily in home, school and community environments.
  • Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of malignant bone cancer, accounting for 35% of primary bone malignancies. There is a preference for the metaphyseal region of tubular long bones. 50% of cases occur around the knee.
  • Paediatric conditions: Any condition that affects a child
  • Pediatric AIDS: Pediatric AIDS is an immune system disease in infants or children caused by the HIV virus. AIDS is a term used when a person infected with HIV has a CD4+ T cell count below 200 or 14% of lymphocytes. AIDS is an advanced form of HIV. To be classified as AIDS the person must also have an AIDS-related condition such as opportunistic infections. Symptoms in children are similar to those of an adult but their susceptibility to various AIDS-related conditions varies e.g. children are less susceptible to Kaposi sarcoma, taxoplasmosis and cryptococcosis than adults.
  • Pediatric conditions: Any condition which affects a child
  • Precocious puberty: A rare condition where the hormones that trigger the development of secondary sex characteristics are released prematurely resulting in puberty at an early age. In severe cases puberty can occur before the age of 3.
  • Puberphonia: A voice disorder where a person has a high-pitched adolescent voice even though they are past the age of puberty. The exact cause is difficult to determine.
  • Puberty: Sexual and physical maturation in adolescents
  • Pyogenic arthritis -- pyoderma gangrenosum -- acne: A very rare autoinflammatory disorder involving the joints and skin. Sufferers develop arthritis, skin lesions and severe acne during adolescence. Usually only one joint is affected during episodes and various joints can be affected - especially the elbows, knees and ankles.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma: Soft tissue cancer occurring in children
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma, embryonal: A type of cancer that arises from rhabdomyoblasts which are immature muscle cells. The tumors can occur arise from muscle tissue almost anywhere in the body but in the embryonal form, tends to occur primarily in the head, neck and genitourinary areas. Symptoms depend on size and location of the tumor.
  • Scheuermann's disease: A rare disorder that causes abnormal spine development during adolescence and results in a rounded appearance to the back.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Spastic paraplegia glaucoma precocious puberty: A rare syndrome characterized by premature puberty, mental retardation, glaucoma and progressive spastic paraplegia.
  • Spastic paraplegia with precocious puberty: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by early onset of progressive weakness of the lower legs as well as premature onset of signs of puberty.
  • Spheroid body myopathy: A slow developing muscle disorder which usually starts during adolescence and causes loss of movement ability.
  • Suicide: Taking one's own life or attempting to do so.
  • Youth risk behavior: Risky behaviors common in young people
  • Youth risk behaviour: Where youths are prone to undertaking risky behaviour

 

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