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Diseases » Temporal arteritis » Summary
 

What is Temporal arteritis?

What is Temporal arteritis?

Temporal arteritis is a serious disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the large and medium arteries of the head, which supplies ...more »

  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Temporal arteritis: subacute, granulomatous arteritis involving the external carotid arteries, especially the temporal artery; occurs in elderly persons and may be manifested by constitutional symptoms, particularly severe headache, and sometimes sudden unilateral blindness; shares many of the symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Temporal arteritis: inflammation of the temporal arteries; characterized by headaches and difficulty chewing and (sometimes) visual impairment.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Temporal arteritis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Temporal arteritis, or a subtype of Temporal arteritis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Temporal arteritis as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Temporal arteritis: Introduction

Types of Temporal arteritis:

Broader types of Temporal arteritis:

How many people get Temporal arteritis?

Prevalance of Temporal arteritis: 200 per 100,000 people over 50.
Prevalance Rate of Temporal arteritis: approx 1 in 500 or 0.20% or 544,000 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Temporal arteritis: An estimated 200 per 100,000 people over the age of 50 develop giant cell arteritis. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis: NIAMS)

Who gets Temporal arteritis?

Patient Profile for Temporal arteritis: Mainly in people over 50.

Profile for Temporal arteritis: White women over the age of 50 are most at risk of developing polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis. Women are twice as likely as men to develop the conditions. Both conditions almost exclusively affect people over the age of 50. The average age at onset is 70 years. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis: NIAMS)

Gender Profile for Temporal arteritis: Women twice as likely as men.

Gender Ratio for Temporal arteritis: female:male 2:1

Racial predominance for Temporal arteritis: whites more prone than blacks or ethnic groups

How serious is Temporal arteritis?

Complications of Temporal arteritis: see complications of Temporal arteritis
Prognosis of Temporal arteritis: The prognosis for individuals with temporal arteritis is generally good. With treatment, most individuals achieve complete remission, however vision loss may be irreversible. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Vasculitis including Temporal Arteritis Information Page: NINDS) ... Most people with polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis lead productive, active lives. The duration of drug treatment differs by patient. Once treatment is discontinued, polymyalgia may recur; but once again, symptoms respond rapidly to prednisone. When properly treated, giant cell arteritis rarely recurs. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis: NIAMS)

What causes Temporal arteritis?

Causes of Temporal arteritis: see causes of Temporal arteritis

What are the symptoms of Temporal arteritis?

Symptoms of Temporal arteritis: see symptoms of Temporal arteritis

Complications of Temporal arteritis: see complications of Temporal arteritis

Onset of Temporal arteritis: 50-90 years of age

Duration of Temporal arteritis: Typically resolves within 1 or 2 years with treatment.

Can anyone else get Temporal arteritis?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Temporal arteritis

Temporal arteritis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Temporal arteritis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Temporal arteritis.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Temporal arteritis: see treatments for Temporal arteritis
Research for Temporal arteritis: see research for Temporal arteritis

Organs Affected by Temporal arteritis:

Organs and body systems related to Temporal arteritis include:

Name and Aliases of Temporal arteritis

Main name of condition: Temporal arteritis

Class of Condition for Temporal arteritis: autoimmune possibly

Other names or spellings for Temporal arteritis:

cranial arteritis, giant cell arteritis, granulomatous arteritis, Horton-Gilmour syndrome, GCA, Polymyalgia rheumatica, PMR

Giant cell arteritis, Horton-Magath-Brown syndrome Source - Diseases Database

Cranial arteritis, GCA, Giant cell arteritis, PMR, Polymyalgia rheumatica, GCA, Giant cell arteritis, PMR, Polymyalgia rheumatica, PMR, Polymyalgia rheumatica, Cranial arteritis, GCA
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Temporal arteritis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Temporal arteritis:

 

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