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Diseases » Thalassemia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Thalassemia

  • Alpha thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Anisocytosis: Variation in red blood cell size, commonly seen in anaemia
  • Autosomal Genetic Diseases: Any conditions that are related to any non-sex-determining chromosome
  • Autosomal Recessive Genetic Diseases: Any conditions that are related to any non-sex-determining chromosome
  • Beta thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Beta thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the two genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital conditions -- blood disorders: Congenital medical conditions affecting the blood at birth.
  • Facial feature symptoms: Different facial features as symptoms
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fractures: Fracture of a bone; also "broken bone".
  • Frontal bossing: Frontal bossing is an abnormally large forehead.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Heart enlargement: Increased thickness of muscular walls of heart causing an abnormally large sized heart
  • Hemolytic anemia: Hemolytic anemia is a term used to describe the premature desctruction of red blood cells. Red blood cells are normally broken down every 3-4 months and replaced but in haemolytic anemia the red blood cells are broken down at a faster rate than they can be replenished. The causes are numerous and the severity ranges considerably. Severe cases can lead to death.
  • Hydrops fetalis: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the fetus which can be fatal. Excessive fluid leaves the blood and enters the tissues. It can have non-immune and immune (mother's immune system destroys fetal red blood cells).
  • Hypersplenism: A condition which is characterized by the exaggeration of blood degrading function of the spleen
  • Iron deficiency anemia: Iron-deficiency anemia is a blood condition characterized by low levels of iron in the body which leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells.
  • Leg ulcers: Ulcers or sores on the legs.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Paleness: Whitening or pallor of the skin
  • Recessive Genetic Diseases: A disease that produces an effect in humans only when it is homozygous
  • Skull deformity: A condition which is characterized by a deformity that is located in the skull
  • Stillbirth: Where a woman delivers a child who is dead
  • Tiredness: Feeling tired either physically or mentally

 

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