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Treatments for Thalassemia

Treatment List for Thalassemia

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Thalassemia includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Blood transfusions
  • Pain relief medications
  • Genetic counselling
  • Mild cases may not require treatment. Severe cases may require blood transfusions, removal of iron buildup in body (chelation), surgical removal of spleen or allogeneic hematopoietic transplant
  • Treatment of thalassemia depends on the type and severity of the inherited defect. Treatments include:
    • No treatment - for those with thalassemia traits and little or no anemia
    • Blood transfusion - lifelong for those with the severe homozygous form
    • Chelation therapy - to manage iron overload related to frequent blood transfusions
    • Management of Vitamin E and folate deficiency often associated with severe forms of thalassemia
    • Stem cell transplantation - used in selected patients
    • Splenectomy - may be indicated in patients with high transfusion requirements
    • Genetic counselling

Thalassemia: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Thalassemia may include:

Thalassemia: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Hospital statistics for Thalassemia:

These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Thalassemia:

  • 0.07% (9,233) of hospital consultant episodes were for thalassaemia in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for thalassaemia required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of hospital consultant episodes for thalassaemia were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for thalassaemia were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more hospital information...»

Discussion of treatments for Thalassemia:

Currently, severe thalassemia is treated by blood transfusions, and a minority of patients are cured by bone marrow transplantation. Mouse models are proving to be useful in assessing the potential of gene therapy. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

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