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Glossary for The Congenital Lactic Acidoses

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital metabolic disorders: Congenital (birth) defects affecting any metabolic systems.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Infant Death: The death of an infant
  • Lethargy: feeling of tiredness
  • Metabolic acidosis: Metabolic acidosis is a process which if unchecked leads to acidemia (i.e. blood pH is low (less than 7.35) due to increased production of H+ by the body or the inability of the body to form bicarbonate (HCO3-) in the kidney.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency: An inherited carbohydrate metabolism disorder where a deficiency of pyruvate dehydrogenase results in metabolic acidosis and mental retardation as well as other neurological symptoms. The condition may be mild or severe. The condition is exacerbated by eating high carbohydrate meals and stress.
  • Reduced muscle tone: Reduced muscle tone is a loss of or less than normal amount of muscle tightness.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

 

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