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Glossary for Thrombocytopenic purpura, autoimmune

  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive use of alcohol ranging from binge drinking to severe alcoholism
  • Angioid streaks: Streaks that radiate out from the optic nerve head under the retina. The streaks may be red, brown or grey. The streaks resemble blood vessels and hence the term angioid. The streaks represent tiny breaks in the elastic membrane of the retina (Bruch's membrane). The anomaly is often associated with conditions such as Paget's disease, sickle cell anemia, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Bleeding and coagulation conditions:
  • Bleeding under skin: Bleeding into or under the skin
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • DIC: DIC s a syndrome triggered by a number of medical conditions including malignancy, infection and liver disease, and results in consumption of clotting factors in the blood.
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Evan's syndrome: A rare condition where circulating antibodies red blood cells and a low level of blood platelets causing low iron levels and reduced blood clotting ability.
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Hypersplenism: A condition which is characterized by the exaggeration of blood degrading function of the spleen
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes: A group of syndromes characterized by a disruption in the production of blood cells. Often the bone marrow increases production of various blood cells but because many of them are defective, they are destroyed before the reach the blood stream.
  • Nosebleeds: The discharge of blood from the nose
  • Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension: Preeclampsia is the development of high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine and swelling during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The blood pressure usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • Purpura: Various bruising conditions where small blood vessels hemorrhage
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia. The condition may be familial or acquired - symptoms tend to recur regularly in the familial form.
  • Vaginal bleeding: Bleeding in or from the vagina.

 

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