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Diseases » Tics » Glossary
 

Glossary for Tics

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Aicardi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the structure connecting the two halves of the brain fails to develop which results in seizures and eye abnormalities .
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A motor neuron disease involving progressive degeneration and eventual destruction of the function of nerves that control voluntary movement.
  • Angelman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Brain damage: Damage to the brain from various causes
  • Chemical poisoning -- 2-Methyl-4-Chlorophenoxyacetic Acid: 2-Methyl-4-Chlorophenoxyacetic Acid is a chemical mainly used as a herbicide for field crops and turf. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Allethrin: Allethrin is a chemical used as an insecticide, mainly in households. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chorea: Any disorder causing involuntary movement or spasms.
  • Choreoacanthocytosis amyotrophic: A rare inherited disease involving neurological degeneration and abnormal red blood cell shape. The disorder progresses slowly and causes involuntary movements, loss of cognitive ability, behavioral changes and seizures.
  • Convulsions: Involuntary spasms especially those affecting the full body
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • FACWA syndrome: A rare progressive neurological disorder involving degeneration of part of the brain (basal ganglia) and muscle wasting.
  • Febrile Seizures: Fever-caused seizures in infants or children.
  • Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety and worrying.
  • Haloperidol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Haloperidol (an antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Horse Chestnuts: Horse Chestnuts can be used as a herbal agent to treat varicose veins, improve blood circulation through veins and to prevent fluid buildup following operations. The herbal agent contains a chemical called aesculin which can cause various symptoms if excessive quantities are taken. As little as one seed can cause symptoms such as headache and vomiting in some people.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Peppermint Oil: Peppermint Oil can be used as an antispasmodic (to treat nausea, dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome) and as an antibacterial. The herbal agent contains various chemicals (menthol, menthone, methyl acetate) which can cause symptoms if excessive quantities are taken.
  • Hypoparathyroidism: A condition where the parathyroid glands don't produce enough parathyroid hormone for normal body functioning. The primary function of these hormones is to regulate body calcium levels.
  • Levine-Critchley syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder mainly involving progressive muscle weakness and wasting, abnormal limb movement, progressive cognitive loss and red blood cell abnormalities.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • MoyaMoya disease 1: A very rare disorder involving progressive blocked arteries at the base of the brain (basal ganglia). Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 3p26-p24.2.
  • MoyaMoya disease 2: A very rare disorder involving progressive blocked arteries at the base of the brain (basal ganglia). Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 17q25.
  • MoyaMoya disease 3: A very rare disorder involving progressive blocked arteries at the base of the brain (basal ganglia). Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 8q23.
  • Moyamoya Syndrome: A very rare disorder involving progressive blocked arteries at the base of the brain (basal ganglia).
  • Myokymia: Involuntary muscle movement, causing a rippling appearance in the skin.
  • Nervous system disorders: Any disorder affecting the nervous system
  • Neuroacanthocytosis: An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by tics, chorea, and personality changes
  • PANDAS: A rare disorder characterized by the association of a tic disorder or OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) with a streptococcal infection and neuropsychiatric symptoms. The symptoms can start suddenly and recovery is slow with frequent relapses. It is believed that the infection affects a part of the brain that is involved with movement.
  • Psychogenic Movement Disorders: Movement problems for which no neurological, chemical or structural cause can be determined. The condition is believed to be the result of a psychiatric problem and symptoms occur subconsciously.
  • Respiratory alkalosis: An acid-base imbalance disorder involving the blood gases. It is characterized by decreased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood and is caused by an increase in the breathing rate or volume. The severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Spastic paraparesis: A rare disorder where parts of the body develop spasticity and weakness. Usually the limbs are involved. The disorder is usually an inherited condition.
  • Thyroid disorders: Any disorder of the thyroid gland.
  • Tic disorders:
  • Tics: Involuntary muscle twitches
  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Twitches: Involuntary sudden movements of part of the body

 

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