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Glossary for Tooth and Nail syndrome

  • ADULT syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by nail abnormalities, abnormal teeth development, tear duct obstruction, pigmentation anomalies and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • Angel shaped phalangoepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic bone development disorder characterized mainly by an unusual angel-shaped ends of some bones (fingers and hips) which leads to early osteoarthritis.
  • Cherubism: Hereditory progressive swelling of the mandible and sometimes whole jaw giving a cherubic look of the face.
  • Chromosome 4 short arm deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 4 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 4p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 4 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Deletion 4p: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 4 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Dental conditions: Conditions that affect ones dentition
  • Ectodermal dysplasia: A group of rare inherited conditions which affect the ectodermal skin layer which includes the skin, hair, teeth and nails.
  • Ellis-van Creveld syndrome:
  • Focal dermal hypoplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bone, skin, teeth and pigmentation abnormalities as well as asymmetry of the face, trunk and extremities.
  • Foot conditions: Any condition that may affect the foot
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome: A very rare inherited condition involving various physical and mental abnormalities.
  • Hand conditions: Any condition that affects the hand
  • Hay-Wells Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hypodontia -- nail dysgenesis: A syndrome that is characterized by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities. Primary teeth are usually normal but some secondary teeth may be missing. The toenails tend to be more affected than the fingernails.
  • Incontinentia Pigmenti: A rare genetic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by eye, teeth, bone, nail and hair malformations as well as central nervous abnormalities and mental deficiency.
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Lower limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the lower limbs, i.e. the legs, knees, feet, etc..
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Mulibrey Nanism syndrome: A very rare inherited malformation characterized by very small stature (dwarfism), pericardial constriction and yellow dots in fundus of the eye.
  • Nail conditions: Any condition that affects the nail
  • Rieger Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped or absent teeth and craniofacial and eye abnormalities.
  • Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome: A syndrome which is characterized by atrophy, pigmentation and telangiectasia of the skin.
  • Schopf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by thickened skin on palms and soles, missing teeth, sparse hair and eyelid cysts.
  • Sener syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an unusual facial appearance and an unusual condition where there a cystic spaces around blood vessels as they enter the brain.
  • Spoon-shaped nails: is when the nail curves upwards and is known as koilonychia
  • Taurodontism: Enlarged tooth pulp chamber.
  • Upper limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the upper limbs, i.e. the arms, elbows, hands, etc.
  • Van der Woude syndrome: A syndrome which is characterised by multiple congenital abnormalities
  • Van der Woude syndrome 2: A syndrome which is characterised by multiple congenital abnormalities
  • Witkop syndrome: A syndrome that is characterised by the occurrence of nail dysplasia and tooth abnormalities due to a mutation in the MSX1 gene

 

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