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Diseases » Tooth loss » Glossary
 

Glossary for Tooth loss

  • Acrodynia: Symptoms caused by chronic mercury poisoning in infants in children.
  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis: A rare form of bacterial oral infection which causes inflammation and ulceration of the gums. The infection results in an excess number of the bacteria which are normally found in healthy mouths. Certain viruses may be a factor in allowing the overgrowth of these bacteria. Factors such as smoking, stress, poor nutrition and poor oral hygiene may increase the risk of the infection.
  • Alveolar Bone Loss: Loss of bone tissue in the thickened bone ridge that holds the tooth sockets. Gum disease is the main cause of alveolar bone loss.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Dental caries: A destructive process causing decalcification of the tooth enamel leading to cavitation of the tooth
  • Dental conditions: Conditions that affect ones dentition
  • Down Syndrome: A chromosome syndrome causing physical effects and mental retardation.
  • Familial Expansile Osteolysis: An hereditary condition characterized by degradation of the bones of the body
  • Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums
  • Gum disease: Dental condition affecting the gums.
  • Hand-Schuller-Christian Syndrome: A group of blood disorder involving excess production of histiocytes (type of immune cell) throughout the body. Accumulation of histiocytes results in non-cancerous growths which can damage organs and other body tissues such as bones. Symptom vary hugely and depend on location and size of tumor growths.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 1: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving an overactive immune system. More specifically, the body becomes infiltrated by large numbers of histiocytes (macrophages) that accumulate in various organs such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin and central nervous system. It usually only occurs in infants and young children and can be life-threatening.
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 2: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving an overactive immune system. More specifically, the body becomes infiltrated by large numbers of histiocytes (macrophages) that accumulate in various organs such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin and central nervous system. It usually only occurs in infants and young children. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 10q22.
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 3: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving an overactive immune system. More specifically, the body becomes infiltrated by large numbers of histiocytes (macrophages) that accumulate in various organs such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin and central nervous system. It usually only occurs in infants and young children. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 17q25.1.
  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial, 4: A rare recessively inherited disorder involving an overactive immune system. More specifically, the body becomes infiltrated by large numbers of histiocytes (macrophages) that accumulate in various organs such as the liver, spleen, bone marrow, skin and central nervous system. It usually only occurs in infants and young children. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 6q24.
  • Hypophosphatasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short limbs, dwarfism and general lack of bone calcification.
  • Juvenile Paget disease: A rare genetic bone disorder involving abnormal loss of bone mineralization and remineralization, broadened bone shafts and high levels of alkaline phosphatase in the blood. Some juvenile cases are relatively mild.
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: A condition which is characterized by proliferation of Langerhans cells
  • Letterer-Siwe disease: A rare usually fatal condition characterized by skin lesions, bleeding tendency, enlarged liver and spleen, enlarged lymph nodes and progressive anemia. The condition is caused by excessive proliferation of histiocytes.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. There are two subtypes with type B involving loss of fat layers under the skin mainly in the extremities, face and trunk whereas type A involves mainly the extremities. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Mandibuloacral dysplasia with type A lipodystrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a prematurely aged appearance and bone abnormalities. Loss of fat layers under the skin occurs mainly in the extremities in type B. The severity of the symptoms is variable.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Osteopetrosis lethal: A severe, lethal form of the brittle bone condition called osteopetrosis.
  • Paget disease juvenile type: A rare genetic bone disorder involving abnormal loss of bone mineralization and remineralization, broadened bone shafts and high levels of alkaline phosphatase in the blood. Some juvenile cases are relatively mild.
  • Periodontitis: Dental infection of the gums and/or related bones.
  • Periodontitis as in case of leukemia: Periodonditis is a dental disorder that results from progression of gingivitis, involving inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth.
  • Tooth Abrasion: The loss or erosion of the outer part of the tooth (enamel). Sometimes the inner structures of the tooth are also involved. The condition is often caused by brushing too hard but can also be caused by eating lots of acidic foods, acid reflux and excessive vomiting (such as in bulimia).
  • Tooth abnormalities as seen in diabetes: are acquired and inherited conditions which alter the size, shape and number of teeth.
  • Tooth loss: The loss of a tooth

 

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