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Diseases » Toxocariasis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Toxocariasis

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Ascariasis: Large intestinal roundworm from 6 to 13 inches.
  • Bronchospasm: sudden spasm of the bronchi
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Chorioretinitis: Inflammation of the choroids and retina of the eye. It can be caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungus or protozoa. Other noninfectious diseases such as sarcoidosis can cause abnormal deposits in the eye which can also result in inflammation.
  • Clonorchiasis: Infection with the Chinese liver fluke called Clonchorchis sinensis. Infection usually results from ingesting contaminated fish and crayfish. The infection primarily affects the liver as the flukes tend to occupy the biliary ducts of the liver. Recurring infections can cause more severe symptoms. Infection with this fluke is endemic in Asia but can occur occasionally in countries such as the US though the source of contamination is food from Asia.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Detachment: Inappropriate loss of interest or involvement.
  • Diseases contagious from animals: Diseases that can be contracted from animals
  • Diseases contagious from cats: Diseases that can be contracted from cats
  • Diseases contagious from contaminated water: Diseases that can be contracted from contaminated water
  • Diseases contagious from dogs: Diseases that can be contracted from dogs
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Eosinophilia: This is when there is an abnormal increase in the eosinophils in the blood
  • Eye lesions: Any lesion that occurs in the eye
  • Eye symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye
  • Fascioliasis: A rare parastitic infectious disease caused by liver fluke Fasciola hepatica which can cause blockage of the bile ducts in the liver.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Retinoblastoma: A very rare malignant tumor that originates in the retina.
  • Roundworm: A worm of the class nematode
  • Strongyloidiasis: A parasitic infectious disease involving the intestines and caused by the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis. Infection usually occurs in crowded, unsanitized populations.
  • Toxocara canis: A form of nematode found in the dog
  • Toxocara cati: A form of nematode found in the cat
  • Toxocariasis: A parasitic roundworm (Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati) infection that normally occurs in cats and dogs but can be transmitted to humans by ingesting the larvae or eggs. The infection may be asymptomatic or severe and symptoms depend on where the larvae travel to when they migrate through the body.
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Worm conditions: Any condition that is caused by infestation of worms
  • Zoonotic Diseases: When a condition is transmitted through a zoonotic organisms

 

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