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Diseases » Tremor conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Tremor conditions

  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The symptoms are variable depending on the disorder involved. Some of the disorders are: alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, alcohol intoxication, alcohol withdrawal, alcohol intoxication delirium, alcohol withdrawal delirium, alcohol-induced persisting dementia, alcohol-induced persisting amnestic disorder, alcohol-induced psychotic disorder, alcohol-induced mood disorder, alcohol-induced anxiety disorder, alcohol-induced sexual dysfunction, alcohol-induced sleep disorder, liver damage, liver cancer and esophageal cancer.
  • Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration: Cerebellar degeneration is a disease process in which the neurons in the cerebellum- the area of the brain that controls muscle co-ordination and balance- deteriorate and die.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism-dementia complex: A nerve degeneration disorder that involves progressive dementia and parkinsonism which ultimately leads to death.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism/dementia complex 2: A nerve degeneration disorder that involves progressive dementia and parkinsonism which ultimately leads to death.
  • Benign Fasciculation Syndrome: Common movement disorder manifesting in a fine (fast) tremor; it is an inherited condition of unknown cause.
  • Benign essential tremor syndrome: A condition characterized mainly by tremor affecting usually then hands and head and the tremors may then slowly progress to other parts of the body.
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with ptosis and parkinsonism: CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. This particular type of CMT also involves a drooping upper eyelid and parkinsonism.
  • Dystonia-Parkinsonism, Adult-Onset: A rare condition characterized by the association of parkinsonism and dystonia due to a neurodegenerative disorder which progresses quickly.
  • Essential tremor: It is a progressive neurological disease whose most recognizable feature is a tremor of the arms that is apparent during voluntary movements such as eating and writing.
  • Fronto-temporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17): A rare neurodegenerative disorder caused by a genetic anomaly and characterized by dementia and parkinsonism.
  • Genetic Parkinson disease: A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease.
  • Idiopathic Parkinson's disease: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease is Parkinson's disease for which no particular cause can be determined - it is the most prevalent form of the condition. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Infantile parkinsonism: A rare disorder of amino acid metabolism characterized by a defect in the enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase. The enzyme is needed to convert phenylalanine to dopamine.
  • Mitochondrial Parkinson's disease: A form of Parkinson's disease that seems to be linked to mitochondrial defects - mitochondria are the energy-producing components of body cells. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Occasional tremors:
  • Orthostatic tremor: A condition which is characterized by a tremor on transferring from lying to standing
  • Parkinson disease 10: A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 1p.
  • Parkinson disease 10 (PARK10): Type 10 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 1p32. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 11: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 2q36-q37.
  • Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11): Type 11 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2q21.2. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 12: A X-linked form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome Xq21-q25.
  • Parkinson disease 12 (PARK12): Type 12 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome Xq21-q25. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 13: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the serine protease gene on chromosome 2p12.
  • Parkinson disease 13 (PARK13): Type 13 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2p12. This form of the condition tends to progress slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 2, autosomal recessive juvenile (PARK2): Type 2 Parkinson disease is juvenile form of the condition and is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 6q25.2-q27. The condition may be inherited in a recessive manner and symptoms tend to be milder following sleep. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 3: A genetic form of Parkinson disease which involves progressive degeneration of the central nervous system.
  • Parkinson disease 3, autosomal dominant Lewy body (PARK3): Type 3 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2p13. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 4, autosomal dominant Lewy body (PARK4): Type 4 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4q21. This form of the condition tends to start around the age of 45 years and progresses rapidly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 4, autosomal dominant, Lewy body: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene on chromosome 4q21.
  • Parkinson disease 5 (PARK5): Type 5 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4p14. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 6, autosomal recessive early-onset (PARK6): Type 6 Parkinson disease is an early-onset form of the condition and is linked to a genetic mutation on the PINK1 gene on chromosome 1p36. The condition may be inherited in a recessive manner and symptoms tend to fluctuate during the day. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 6, autosomal recessive, recessive early-onset: A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the PINK1 gene on chromosome 1p36.
  • Parkinson disease 7, autosomal recessive early-onset (PARK7): Type 7 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation in the DJ1 gene on chromosome 1p36. This form of the condition tends to start before the age of 40 years and progresses slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 7, autosomal recessive, early-onset: A recessively inherited form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the DJ1 gene on chromosome 1p36. Disease progression tends to be slow.
  • Parkinson disease 8: A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the dardarin gene on chromosome 12q12.
  • Parkinson disease 8 (PARK8): Type 8 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 1p32. This form of the condition tends to progress slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease 9: A genetic form of Parkinson disease (a progressive degeneration of the central nervous system) that progresses rapidly once it starts. Dementia, spasticity and eye movement problems are also characteristic of this form of Parkinson disease.
  • Parkinson disease 9 (PARK9): Type 9 Parkinson disease is linked to a mutation in the ATP13A2 gene on chromosome 1p36. This condition progresses rapidly and usually starts during the second decade of life. Dementia, eye movement problems and wasting of the brain tissue occur in addition to the typical symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease, familial, Type 1: A form of Parkinson's disease involving a mutation in the alpha-synuclein gene on chromosome 4q21.
  • Parkinson disease, familial, type 1 (PARK1): Type 1 familial Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4q21. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements.
  • Parkinson disease, genetic types: A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease.
  • Parkinson disease, juvenile, autosomal recessive: A rare form of Parkinson disease that tends to occur by the age of 40 and is inherited in a recessive manner. Symptoms tend to be more severe during the day rather than the night.
  • Parkinson's Disease: Degenerative brain condition characterised by tremor.
  • Parkinson's disease dementia, familial: A condition characterized by the association of parkinsonism with dementia. Eye muscle weakness and pyramidal signs also develop in the early stage of the disease.
  • Parkinsonism, early onset with mental retardation: An early onset form of Parkinson's disease as well as mental retardation.
  • Parkinsonism, early-onset -- mental retardation: An early onset form of Parkinson's disease as well as mental retardation.
  • Primary Parkinsonism: A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease.
  • Primary orthostatic tremor: A rare movement disorder where rapid tremors occur in the legs when standing. The disorder occurs on its own and is not associated with any condition or disease. Patients have difficulty standing still but have no trouble walking.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss, early greying, and essential tremor: A rare syndrome characterized by hearing impairment, premature graying of hair and tremors which start in adulthood.
  • Tremor: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Tremor hereditary essential, 1: An inherited movement disorder involving tremors which occurs mainly in the arms but other parts of the body are often involved. Any kind of stress on the body such as hunger and tiredness can aggravate the condition.
  • Tremor hereditary essential, 2: An inherited movement disorder involving tremors. Any kind of stress on the body such as hunger and tiredness can aggravate the condition.
  • Tremor, hereditary essential, and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: An inherited disorder characterized by tremor and normal pressure hydrocephalus.
  • Tremor, hereditary essential, and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocpehalus: A dominantly inherited disorder characterized by early onset essential tremor and later-onset hydrocephalus.
  • Wilson's Disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.

 

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