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Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis: Introduction

Trichomoniasis is a common type of sexually transmitted disease. Trichomoniasis is the result of an infection by a tiny parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.

In trichomoniasis, Trichomonas vaginalis multiples and infects the vagina of a women. In men Trichomonas vaginalis infects the epididymis, prostate, and/or the bladder.

Trichomoniasis is passed from one person another during sexual contact that involves penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact in homosexual women. The more sexual partners a person has, the greater the risk of catching a trichomoniasis infection. Trichomoniasis is generally not spread through contact with such objects as toilet seats.

Trichomoniasis that is diagnosed early can be quickly and easily treated. However, if left untreated trichomoniasis can lead to serious complications, including an increased risk for catching and transmitting other sexually transmitted diseases. Symptoms of trichomoniasis can include vaginal discharge in women, but men may have no symptoms until complications of trichomoniasis develop. For details about additional symptoms and serious complications, refer to symptoms of trichomoniasis.

A diagnosis of trichomoniasis infection can easily be made by taking a medical and sexual history, performing simple trichomoniasis testing, and completing a physical and pelvic examination for women and an exam of the penis and testicles for men. During the examination, the health care practitioner will assess the reproductive organs and take a swab sample of the woman's vagina and cervix or the man's urethra and have it tested for the presence of trichomoniasis. For women with severe symptoms that may indicate the development of pelvic inflammatory disease, a pelvic ultrasound may also be done.

A urine test may also be done to diagnose trichomoniasis of the bladder in men.

Because there may be no symptoms in the early stage of trichomoniasis in men, some infected men may be unaware of a problem, and a diagnosis of trichomoniasis infection can be missed or delayed. In addition, symptoms of trichomoniasis are similar to symptoms of other diseases. For more information on misdiagnosis and diseases that can mimic trichomoniasis, refer to misdiagnosis of trichomoniasis.

The first step in the treatment of trichomoniasis infection is prevention. Prevention of trichomoniasis infection is best accomplished by abstaining from sexual activity or having sex only within a mutually monogamous relationship in which neither partner is infected with trichomoniasis or another sexually transmitted disease. Latex condoms also provide some protection when used properly, but they are not 100 percent effective in preventing the transmission of trichomoniasis and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Trichomoniasis is treatable and curable with medication. Prompt diagnosis and treatment increases the chances of preserving fertility and reducing other complications in both men and women. For more detailed information on treatment, refer to treatment of trichomoniasis. ...more »

Trichomoniasis: Trichomonas vaginalis is a microscopic parasite found worldwide. Infection with trichomonas is called trichomoniasis (trick-oh-moe-nye-uh-sis). ... more about Trichomoniasis.

Trichomoniasis: Sexually transmitted parasitic infection. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Trichomoniasis is available below.

Trichomoniasis: Symptoms

Symptoms of trichomoniasis infection can vary among individuals. It is not unusual for men with trichomoniasis to have no symptoms at all in the early stage of the disease. Symptoms of early disease or of trichomoniasis that is progressing in men include irritation of the urethra, penis discharge, or burning with urination or ejaculation.

If ...more symptoms »

Trichomoniasis: Treatments

Treatment of trichomoniasis infection starts with prevention. Preventive measures include seeking regular medical care throughout the lifetime. Regular medical care allows a licensed health care professional to best evaluate the risks of contracting a trichomoniasis infection and regularly test for the disease with a simple swab test. These measures greatly increase the ...more treatments »

Trichomoniasis: Misdiagnosis

A prompt diagnosis and treatment of trichomoniasis infection increases the chances of preserving fertility and preventing other complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and prostatitis.

Trichomoniasis is quick and easy to diagnose, but a diagnosis can be missed or delayed because there are often no symptoms in men. Symptoms that do occur in men and symptoms in women can ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Treatments for Trichomoniasis

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Trichomoniasis:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis: Related Patient Stories

Trichomoniasis: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Trichomoniasis.

Diagnostic Tests for Trichomoniasis

Test for Trichomoniasis in your own home

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  • Discharge swab tests
  • Microscopic examination of discharge
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Trichomoniasis: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Trichomoniasis:

Causes of Trichomoniasis

Read more about causes of Trichomoniasis.

Disease Topics Related To Trichomoniasis

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Trichomoniasis:

Trichomoniasis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Trichomoniasis

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics kill off not only "bad" bacteria, but...read more »

Misdiagnosed weight-related causes of infertility: A woman's weight status can affect her level of fertility. Although obesity or overweight can in...read more »

Trichomoniasis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Trichomoniasis

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Trichomoniasis:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Trichomoniasis, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Trichomoniasis: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Trichomoniasis: Animations

Prognosis for Trichomoniasis

Prognosis for Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis can usually be cured with the prescription drug metronidazole given by mouth in a single dose. (Source: excerpt from Trichomoniasis: DSTD)

Research about Trichomoniasis

Visit our research pages for current research about Trichomoniasis treatments.

Clinical Trials for Trichomoniasis

The US based website ClinicalTrials.gov lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on ClinicalTrials.gov for Trichomoniasis include:

Prevention of Trichomoniasis

Prevention information for Trichomoniasis has been compiled from various data sources and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Trichomoniasis.

Statistics for Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis: Broader Related Topics

Trichomoniasis Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Trichomoniasis, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Trichomoniasis

Trichomonas Infection: DPD (Excerpt)

Trichomonas vaginalis is a microscopic parasite found worldwide. Infection with trichomonas is called trichomoniasis (trick-oh-moe-nye-uh-sis). Trichomoniasis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, mainly affecting 16-to-35-year old women. In the United States, it is estimated that 2 million women become infected each year. (Source: excerpt from Trichomonas Infection: DPD)

Trichomoniasis: DSTD (Excerpt)

Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that affects both women and men, although symptoms are more common in women. (Source: excerpt from Trichomoniasis: DSTD)

Vaginitis Due to Vaginal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)

Trichomoniasis, sometimes referred to as "trich," is a common STD that affects 2 to 3 million Americans yearly. It is caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract; the urethra is the most common site of infection in man, and the vagina is the most common site of infection in women. (Source: excerpt from Vaginitis Due to Vaginal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Vaginal Infections & Vaginitis: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Trichomoniasis, sometimes referred to as "trich," is a common STD that affects 2 to 3 million Americans yearly. It is caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract; the urethra is the most common site of infection in men, and the vagina is the most common site of infection in women. (Source: excerpt from Vaginal Infections & Vaginitis: NWHIC)

Definitions of Trichomoniasis:

A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Infection of the vagina - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

 

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